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Encyclopedia > Archbishop of Turku

The Archbishop of Turku, or the Archbishop of Åbo is the head of the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Finland.



Influenced by Papal bulls Swedish magnates in the 12th century set up crusadeing expeditions to convert the heathens in the eastern Baltic. This resulted in the establishment of the Catholic Church, the Christian religion and the Swedish conquest of Finland. Åbo, or Turku, became the principal city in Finland and residence of a Bishopric. As a result of Protestant Reformation in the 16th century the Catholic Church had to give way for the Church of Sweden which was established by Gustav I of Sweden, whose principal reformer in Finland was Mikael Agricola and from 1554 also the Bishop.

After the Finnish War Finland became part of the Russian Empire. In 1817 the Bishop was created Archbishop and became head of the Church in Finland. Upon independence in 1917 the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Finland became a state church of Finland.

Catholic Bishops



Lutheran Bishops

Lutheran Archbishops

External links

  • Evangelical Lutheran Church of Finland (http://www.evl.fi/english/) - Official site

  Results from FactBites:
Turku (3509 words)
Turku (IPA2ˈturku, Swedish : Audiosv-Åbo.ogg'''Åbo'''), founded in the 13th century, is the oldest and fifth largest city in Finland, with a population of 174,825 (as of 2004).
Turku has a cultural identity as Finland's historical centre, as it was the largest city in the country and served as its capital from its foundation in the 13th century to 1812.
Turku is the central economic hub of southwestern Finland, and the capital of the Turku economic district.
Turku - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (3047 words)
During the Middle Ages, Turku was the seat of the Bishop of Turku (a title later upgraded to 'Archbishop of Turku'), and the only city in Finland to trade with the Hanseatic League.
Turku is the central economic hub of southwestern Finland, and the capital of the Turku economic district.
The Turku Music Festival and the rock festival Ruisrock (held on the island of Ruissalo) are among the oldest of its kind in Scandinavia.
  More results at FactBites »



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