The Archbishopric of Trier was one of the important ecclesiastical principalities of the Holy Roman Empire. It encompassed territory along the Moselle River between Trier, near the French border, and Koblenz on the Rhine. The Archbishop of Trier was traditionally an Imperial Elector, and held the honorary office of Archchancellor of Gaul (here taken to mean the Kingdom of Arles, or Burgundy, along with Germany and Italy one of the three component kingdoms of the Empire).
Unlike the other Rhenish Archbishoprics, Mainz and Cologne, which were raised to archepiscopal status during the Carolingian period, Trier, as the important Roman city of Augusta Treverorum, had been home to an Archbishop since Roman times.
From 1795, the territories of the Archbishopric on the left bank of the Rhine (i.e. almost all of it) were under French occupation, and were annexed in 1801. In 1803, what was left of the Archbishopric was secularized and annexed by the Princes of Nassau.
Archbishops of Trier, 273-1803
Martin II 309-310
Maximinus I 310-322
Maximinus II 1335-1352
Felix II 384-398
Mauritius II 398-407
Auctor II 409-427
Marcus II 461-465
Rusticus II 566-573
Heinrich I 956-964
Dietrich I 965-977
Kuno I 1066
Adalberon von Munsterol 1131-1152
Hillin von Fallemanien 1152-1169
Arnold I 1169-1183
Johann I 1189-1212
Dietrich von Wied 1212-1242
Arnold II von Isenburg 1242-1259
Heinrich I von Finstingen 1260-1286
Bohemond I von Warnesberg 1286-1299
Diether von Nassau 1300-1307
Heinrich III von Virneburg 1300-1306 (in opposition)
TRIER (French treves), an ancient city of Germany, formerly the capital of an archbishopric and electorate of the empire, and now the seat of a Roman Catholic bishop and the chief town of a governrnental department in the Prussian province of the Rhine.
In the south-east corner of the city are the picturesque ruins of the Roman imperial palace, and near the bridge are the extensive substructures of the 4thcentury Roman baths, 660 ft. in length.
In the vaults are buried twenty-six archbishops and electors.
Trier is the seat of the Archbishopric of Trier, as well as being home to a university, a technical college, the administration of the Trier-Saarburg district and the seat of the ADD (Aufsichts- und Dienstleistungsdirektion), which until 1999 was the borough authority of Trier.
The Archbishop of Trier was, as chancellor of Burgundy, one of the seven Electorates of the Holy Roman Empire, a right which originated in the 12th or 13th century, and which continued until the French Revolution.
Trier's status as an archbishopric city was confirmed in 1364 AD by Emperor Charles IV and by the Reichskammergericht; The city's dream of self-rule came definitively to an end in 1583.
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