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Encyclopedia > Archaeological record

The archaeological record is a term used in archaeology to denote the physical remains of past human activities which archaeologists seek out and record in an attempt to analyise and reconstruct the past. In the main it denotes buried remains unearted during excavation. The archaeological record on a specific archaeological site is sometimes refered to as the archaeological sequence or sequence for short thou the two terms are not exactly interchangable as the term Archaeological record is more global in its meaning and can be applied to artifacts and other evidence such as Biofacts and Manuports as well as the stratigraphy of a site. Where as the sequence really refers to the stratigraphy of a given site as revealed by stratification. Bold textSUCK ON THAT MUTHA FUCKA!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! Archaeology, archeology, or archæology (from the Greek words αρχαίος = ancient and λόγος = word/speech/discourse) is the study of human cultures through the recovery, documentation and analysis of material remains and environmental data, including architecture, artifacts, biofacts, human remains, and landscapes. ... Archaeology or sometimes in American English archeology (from the Greek words αρχαίος = ancient and λόγος = word/speech) is the study of human cultures through the recovery, documentation and analysis of material remains, including architecture, artefacts, biofacts, human remains, and landscapes. ... Excavation is the best-known and most commonly used technique within the science of archaeology. ... An archaeological site is a place (or group of physical sites) in which evidence of past activity is preserved (either prehistoric or historic or contemporary), and which has been investigated using the discipline of archaeology. ... I archaeology, an artifact or artefact is any object made or modified by a human culture, and often one later recovered by some archaeological endeavor. ... In archaeology, a biofact or ecofact is an object, found at an archaeological site and carrying archaeological significance, but (unlike an artifact) not altered by human hands. ... In archaeology and anthropology, a manuport is a natural object which has been moved from its original context by human agency but otherwise remains unmodified. ... Stratigraphy, a branch of geology, is basically the study of rock layers and layering (stratification). ... In archaeology, especially in the course of excavation, stratification is a paramount and base concept. ...


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Puranic Time and the Archaeological Record (5216 words)
A careful study of the archaeological record, and the history of archaeology itself, broadly confirms these two predictions.
Richard Thompson and I have concluded (1993) that the muting of this evidence was accomplished by application of a double standard, whereby favoured evidence was exempted from the severely sceptical scrutiny to which disfavoured evidence was subjected.
One example from the many that could be cited to demonstrate the operation of linear progressive preconceptions in the editing of the archaeological record is the case of the auriferous gravel finds in California.
What is archaeology and why is it important? (1840 words)
The archaeological record itself is fluid, and interpretations of it have varied from era to era, and from archaeological paradigm to paradigm.
There are of course multiple sources to variation within any given archaeological context and assemblage, but in understanding such variation, a basic acknowledgement of the over all cultural context, the environment processes (sedimentation, patination, erosion, etc), all have aided in a dynamic understanding of cultural effects beyond the range of arrow heads, potshards, and pottery.
Thusly, the archaeological record changes by its vary nature in regards to the cultures it studies; but its interpretation has changed through out the history of the discipline of archaeology, ultimately leading to basic questions of why archaeology is important.
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