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Encyclopedia > Arcata, California
Arcata

Seal
Map of California showing the location of Arcata
Map of California showing the location of Arcata
Coordinates: 40°52′22″N 124°4′58″W / 40.87278, -124.08278
Country United States
State California
County Humboldt
Settlement 1850
Incorporated 1858
Government
 - Type Mayor-council
 - Mayor Mark Wheetley
 - City manager Michael Hackett
Area
 - Total 11.0 sq mi (28.6 km²)
 - Land 9.2 sq mi (23.8 km²)
 - Water 1.9 sq mi (4.8 km²)
Elevation 23 ft (7 m)
Population (2000)
 - Total 16,651
 - Density 1,812.1/sq mi (699.7/km²)
  Source: U.S. Census
Time zone PST (UTC-8)
 - Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP codes 95518, 95521
Area code(s) 707
FIPS code 06-02476
GNIS feature ID 0277471
Website: www.cityofarcata.org

Arcata is a small city adjacent to the Arcata Bay (northern) portion of Humboldt Bay in Humboldt County, California, United States. According to the California State Statistical Abstract, Arcata's population in 2006 was estimated to be 17,294.[1] This college town is home to Humboldt State University. Image File history File links Arcata_Seal. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... This list of countries, arranged alphabetically, gives an overview of countries of the world. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      A U.S. state is any one of the fifty subnational entities of... This article is about the U.S. state. ... The U.S. state of California is divided into 58 counties. ... Humboldt County is a county located on the northwest coast of the U.S. state of California, on the Pacific Ocean. ... In local government, incorporation occurs when municipalities such as cities, towns, townships, villages, and boroughs become self-governing entities under the laws of the state or province in which they are located. ... Mayor-Council government is one of two variations of government most commonly used in modern representative municipal governments in the United States. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... This article is about the unit of length. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... The United States Census is a decennial census mandated by the United States Constitution. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... PST is UTC-8 The Pacific Standard Time Zone (PST) is a geographic region that keeps time by subtracting eight hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) resulting in UTC-8. ... −12 | −11 | −10 | −9:30 | −9 | −8 | −7 | −6 | −5 | −4 | −3:30 | −3 | −2:30 | −2 | −1 | −0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Although DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... PST is UTC-8 The Pacific Standard Time Zone (PST) is a geographic region that keeps time by subtracting eight hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) resulting in UTC-8. ... −12 | −11 | −10 | −9:30 | −9 | −8 | −7 | −6 | −5 | −4 | −3:30 | −3 | −2:30 | −2 | −1 | −0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... A telephone numbering plan is a plan for allocating telephone number ranges to countries, regions, areas and exchanges and to non-fixed telephone networks such as mobile phone networks. ... The 707 area code covers Napa, Vallejo, Fairfield, Santa Rosa, Fort Bragg, Crescent City, Eureka, Ukiah and northwestern California. ... Federal Information Processing Standards (FIPS) are publicly announced standards developed by the U.S. Federal government for use by all (non-military) government agencies and by government contractors. ... GNIS (The Geographic Names Information System) contains name and locative information about almost two million physical and cultural features located throughout the United States of America and its Territories. ... Humboldt Bay is located in Humboldt County along the rugged north coast of California, United States. ... Humboldt County is a county located on the northwest coast of the U.S. state of California, on the Pacific Ocean. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... In North America, a college town or university town is a community (often literally a town, but possibly a small or medium sized city, or in some cases a neighborhood or a district of a city) which is dominated by its university population. ... Not to be confused with Humboldt University of Berlin. ...

Contents

Government

Arcata is notably progressive in its political makeup, and is the first city in the United States to elect a majority of its city council members from the Green Party. As a result of the progressive majority, Arcata capped the number of chain restaurants allowed in the city. Residents debate local and national issues, including protection of the environment, the domination of America by corporate culture, legalization of marijuana, and the statue of President William McKinley that is located in Arcata's downtown plaza. Arcata was the first city in the nation to pass a resolution in the spirit of nullifying the USA PATRIOT Act in the city [1]. The legality of the resolution has not yet been tested. Arcata was also the first municipality to ban the growth of any type of Genetically Modified Organism within city limits, with exceptions for research and educational purposes. For other uses, see Progressivism (disambiguation). ... This article is about the American political party, Green Party. ... Many countries have laws regarding the cultivation, possession, supply or use of cannabis (hemp). ... This article is about the 25th President of the United States; for other people named William McKinley, see William McKinley (disambiguation). ... In the United States, the Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism Act of 2001 (Public Law 107-56), known as the USA PATRIOT Act or simply the Patriot Act, is an Act of Congress which President George W. Bush signed into law... GMO redirects here. ...


Geography

Arcata is located at 40°52′22″N, 124°4′58″W (40.8728, -124.0828)[2]. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 11.0 square miles (28.6 km²), of which, 9.2 square miles (23.8 km²) of it is land and 1.9 square miles (4.8 km²) of it (16.76%) is water. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ...


There are several neighborhoods, or geophysical areas, that are within Arcata, including Aldergrove, Alliance, Bayside, the "Bottoms", California Heights, Greenview, Northtown, South G Street, Sunny Brae, Valley West, Westwood, and others.


Climate

Arcata's climate is dominated by marine influences associated with Humboldt Bay and the Pacific Ocean. On average, Arcata experiences 40 - 50 inches of rain per year, mostly falling between October and April. Northerly winds keep the springs feeling very cold, and create a coastal upwelling of deep, cold ocean water. This upwelling in turn results in foggy conditions throughout the summer, with high temperatures commonly in the 50's and low 60's. Yet just a few miles inland the temperatures may be up to 50 degrees warmer in the summer and fall. Winter high temperatures average in the low 40's to mid-50's, with lows in the mid-30's to lower 40's. Temperatures rarely dip below 30 °F (−1 °C) in winters, and infrequently climb to the 70's Fahrenheit in late summer and fall.

Weather averages for Arcata, California
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F 53 54 54 55 57 60 60 61 62 60 57 55 57
Average low °F 42 42 42 44 48 51 52 52 51 48 45 43 47
Precipitation inches 8.6 6.3 5.3 2.5 2.3 0.9 0.1 0.2 0.8 3.5 4.9 6.7 41.9
Average high °C 11 12 12 12 13 15 15 16 16 15 13 12 13
Average low °C 5 5 5 6 8 10 11 11 10 8 7 6 8
Precipitation cm 21 15 13 6 5 2 0 0 1 8 12 17 106
Source: Weatherbase[3] May 2007

For more climate graphs and averages: [2]


Demographics

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 16,651 people, 7,051 households, and 2,813 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,812.1 people per square mile (699.6/km²). There were 7,272 housing units at an average density of 791.4/sq mi (305.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 84.51% White, 1.56% Black or African American, 2.65% Native American, 2.27% Asian, 0.20% Pacific Islander, 3.49% from other races, and 5.31% from two or more races. 7.22% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. Hispanics are a rapidly growing ethnic subgroup in Arcata and Humboldt County. Image:1870 census Lindauer Weber 01. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... Hispanic Americans (Spanish: Hispano Americano) are Americans of Hispanic ethnicity who largely identify with the Hispanic cultural heritage. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ...


The composition of Arcata's households reflect the large number of unrelated college-age students living together. Of the 7,051 households in Arcata, only 19.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, only 25.9% were married couples living together, 10.4% had a female householder with no husband present, while 60.1% were non-families. 34.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.16 and the average family size was 2.81. Matrimony redirects here. ...


Arcata's age cohorts are also distorted by a large percentage of college-age students. Only 15.3% of Arcata residents are under the age of 18, while nearly a third (32.3%) fall between ages 18 and 24, and 27.8% are 25 to 44 years old. Among older age cohorts, 15.9% are 45 to 64 years old, and 8.7% were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 26 years. For every 100 females there were 99.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.9 males.


As of 2002, there were 8,210 employed persons living in Arcata [3] and an unemployment rate of 7.2%. For many years the timber industry dominated Arcata's economy. Today the majority of Arcata jobs come from government (including schools and Humboldt State University), the city's many owner-resident small businesses, some lumber and food manufacturing, and a wide variety of service industries (ranging from professional services to restaurant and hospitality). A large but unmeasurable cannabis economy employs many in Arcata and the surrounding area. The area's economy and population are both growing more slowly than the State of California overall.


Median reported household income in Arcata was $22,315, and the median income for a family was $36,716. Males had a median income of $26,577 versus $24,358 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,531. About 14.3% of families and 32.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.4% of those under age 18 and 6.0% of those age 65 or over. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


Politics

In the state legislature Arcata is located in the 2nd Senate District, represented by Democrat Pat Wiggins, and in the 1st Assembly District, represented by Democrat Patty Berg. Federally, Arcata is located in California's 1st congressional district. Californias Capitol, where the State Legislature meets California State Assembly chamber California state Senate chamber The California Legislature is the legislative branch of the state government of California. ... California State Senate chamber The California State Senate is the upper house of the California State Legislature. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      Further information: Politics of the United States#Organization of American political parties The Democratic... Pat Wiggins has been a State Senator since 2006. ... The California State Assembly chamber California State Assembly Chamber in the State Capitol The California State Assembly is the lower house of the California State Legislature. ... Patty Berg was first elected to the California State Assembly in November 2002 to represent the 1st Assembly District. ... California congressional districts since 2003. ...


The political leanings of Arcata are as diverse as its population. Arcata is a hub of liberal thought as befitting a small California college town. Environmentalism and most liberal causes are prominently embraced. The area also is home to commercial fishermen and those in the timber industry who tend to follow a more conservative philosophy. The two opposing factions mostly co-exist well. The college students and staff as well as old hippies and the current generation of neo-hippies provide the strongest political influences. Arcata was the first city to elect a member of the GREEN party to an office. The City Council, and at times even the mayor, is composed in part by college students. Arcata prides itself on being the liberal hub of the north coast.[citations needed]


Education

Arcata is the site of Humboldt State University, the northernmost campus of the 23-campus California State University system. With a student body equaling nearly half the city's total population, Arcata is a classic example of a traditional "college town" — with all the concomitant cultural advantages, but also with the inevitable tensions that arise between year round residents and the student population. Housing is a current example of the stress that students put upon local residents. Not to be confused with Humboldt University of Berlin. ... The California State University (CSU) is one of three public higher education systems in the state of California, the other two being the University of California system and the California Community College System. ...


Culture

The heart of Arcata is the Plaza. In the 1850's the Plaza was where goods and services destined for the Trinity County mines were loaded onto mule trains. The Plaza has a green lawn, extensive flower plantings, and at its center a statue of President McKinley. The Plaza is surrounded by stores, bars, coffee shops, restaurants, and live music venues. The Plaza is also the center of the summer time farmer's market, and serves as a venue for 4th of July festivities, the Oyster Festival, the start of the Kinetic Sculpture Race, and the North Country Fair. The Plaza is also a popular rendezvous point for travelers on the great West Coast hippie trail who stop off in Arcata.


Arcata also features a large number of original Victorian structures, many of which have been lovingly restored, and is home to one of the three oldest movies-only theaters in the United States which is still in operation (the Minor Theater of Arcata)[4]. For its size, the city has many bookstores, coffeehouses, restaurants, galleries and music venues, yet remarkably few bars. Manchester Town Hall is an example of Victorian architecture found in Manchester, UK. The Carson Mansion is an example of a Victorian home in Eureka, California, USA The term Victorian architecture can refer to one of a number of architectural styles predominantly in the Victorian era. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... Discussing the War in a Paris Café, Illustrated London News 17 September 1870 Coffee shop redirects here. ...


History

Indigenous cultures

The local tribes refer to themselves as "American Indians" or just "Indians" and generally prefer that designation in favor of the more politically correct "Native American" or "Indigenous People" and the popular Canadian designation of "First Nation" is almost never used.


The Wiyot People and Yurok People lived in this area prior to Russian and European arrival. "Kori" is the name for the Wiyot settlement that existed on the site of what would become Arcata[5]. The natives of this region are the farthest-southwest people whose language has Algonquian roots. The traditional homeland of the Wiyot ranged from the Little River in the north and continues south through Humboldt Bay (including the present cities of Eureka and Arcata) and then south to the lower Eel River basin. The traditional homeland of the Yurok ranges from Mad River to beyond the Klamath River in the north. Due to several factors, including the effects of disease, loss of traditional sources of food, and attempted genocide against the Wiyot people[citation needed], their population was reduced to less than 5% of pre-European numbers. See the article on the Wiyot people for more on their history in the region. The Yurok managed slightly better. The native languages of all local tribes have been almost completely lost and the tribes are no longer truly distinct groups. The Yurok Tribe was granted fishing rights on the lower Klamath river as salmon and steelhead are traditional food stuffs for them and of great cultural significance. In the years since gaining the rights to one half of the salmon that spawn in the Klamath River, the fish stocks have plummeted due to the tribe members using mono-filament nets and jet boats rather than tradition fishing techniques. Today the tribal lands on the north coast are some of the most continuously polluted areas in the state. Due to the tribes rights to manage wildlife on their lands, the various reservations are also grossly over hunted and almost devoid of several keystone species. The environmental movement that is strongly rooted in the surrounding communities has not taken hold with the Indians. California does not have any true sovereign nation Indian reservations and anyone can own land in the various reservations. Unlike sovereign nations reservations, the state and county governments maintain jurisdiction over the tribes lands with the exception of civil proceedings and wildlife management. Generally, the reservations are not popular tourist destinations and are not to be considered among the safer locations for non tribe members. Today, two tribes operate gaming casinos in the greater Arcata area. The casinos are points of controversy for the community. Wiyot (also Wishosk) is an extinct Algic language. ... Yurok (also Weitspekan) is an Algic language. ... The Algonquian (also Algonkian) languages are a subfamily of Native American languages that includes most of the languages in the Algic language family (others are Wiyot and Yurok of northwestern California). ... Humboldt Bay is located in Humboldt County along the rugged north coast of California, United States. ... Motto: Eureka! - (I have found it!) Eureka shown within Humboldt County in the State of California Coordinates: , Country State County Humboldt Founded May 13, 1850 (settlement) Incorporated April 18, 1856 (town) Re-incorporated February 19, 1874 (city) Government  - Type Mayor-council  - Mayor Virginia Bass  - City manager David Tyson Area  - Total... Arcata is a city located in Humboldt County, California. ... Eel River may refer to: The Eel River in California in the United States The Eel River (northern) in Indiana in the United States The Eel River (southern) in Indiana in the United States The Eel River in Massachusetts in the United States. ... The Klamath River, approximately 263 miles (400 km) long, is a major river in southern Oregon and northern California in the United States. ...


Euro-American arrival

Arcata was originally founded as the town of Union (the permanent name change occurred in 1860). Union was created as a port and re-provisioning center for the gold mines in the Klamath/Trinity/Salmon mountains to the east. It was slightly closer to the mines than Eureka, which gave Union an early advantage. What was to become the first significant town on Humboldt Bay began as Union Company employees laid out the plaza and first city streets in the Spring of 1850. By later in the 1850's redwood timber replaced the depleted gold fields as the economic driver for the region, and Eureka became the principal city on the bay, gaining the county seat by the end of the decade. [6] Motto: Eureka! - (I have found it!) Eureka shown within Humboldt County in the State of California Coordinates: , Country State County Humboldt Founded May 13, 1850 (settlement) Incorporated April 18, 1856 (town) Re-incorporated February 19, 1874 (city) Government  - Type Mayor-council  - Mayor Virginia Bass  - City manager David Tyson Area  - Total... Humboldt Bay is located in Humboldt County along the rugged north coast of California, United States. ...


Recent history

In August 1989, the voters of Arcata passed the Nuclear Weapons Free Zone Act, prohibiting activities benefiting nuclear weapons contractors within city jurisdictional limits. The mushroom cloud of the atomic bombing of Nagasaki, Japan, 1945, rose some 18 km (11 mi) above the epicenter. ...


In 2003 the city passed a law making it illegal to voluntarily cooperate with enforcement of the USA PATRIOT Act, making it the first to take such a step. [7] In the United States, the Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism Act of 2001 (Public Law 107-56), known as the USA PATRIOT Act or simply the Patriot Act, is an Act of Congress which President George W. Bush signed into law...


On January 4, 2006, the Arcata city council adopted the New Year's Resolution, demanding the impeachment or the resignation of President George W. Bush and Vice President Richard B. Cheney for violations of Constitutional and International law, making it the first city to pass such a resolution. This is the second time the City Council has passed a resolution calling for the impeachment of President Bush. George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is the forty-third and current President of the United States of America, originally inaugurated on January 20, 2001. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ...


Arcata is also known for its progressive involvement in environmental politics and environmental activism. As an example, in 1981, Arcata constructed the Arcata Marsh and Wildlife Sanctuary. The Arcata Marsh has multiple uses including recreation, wildlife habitat, education, and wastewater treatment. In 1996 Arcata elected the first-ever Green Party city council majority. This majority was lost two years later, restored in 2004 and lost again in 2006. Environmentalism is the support of or involvement with the environmental movement by environmentalists. ... The Arcata Marsh and Wildlife Sanctuary is an innovative sewer management system employed by the city of Arcata, California. ... This article is about the American political party, Green Party. ...


Transportation

Roads

U.S. Route 101 extends north and south and bisects the city. The downtown has several overcrossings, Arcata is considered a fairly walkable community[5]. State Route 299 connects to U.S. Route 101 at the northern end of Arcata. SR 299 begins at this point and extends easterly towards Weaverville, Redding, Alturas, and Nevada. U.S. Route 101, also known as Highway 101, The 101 in Southern California, and simply 101 in Northern California, is one of the last remaining and longest U.S. Routes still active in California. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Pedestrian-oriented development. ... JUNCTION MILE POST US-101 ? US-395 ? Legend < Route 282 Route 330 > The California State Highway System California State Route 299 is a California state highway that runs across Northern California. ... Weaverville is a census-designated place and the county seat of Trinity County, California. ... Redding from space, April 1994 Redding (pop. ... Alturas is the county seat of Modoc County, USA. The population was 2,896 at the 2001 census. ... This article is about the U.S. State of Nevada. ...


The highways connecting Arcata to areas outside Humboldt County contain long segments of winding two-lane road traversing remote mountains and river canyons, portions of which can become closed after extensive rain and wind storms, necessitating sometimes very long detours. Arcata, Eureka, Fortuna and the Redwood Coast region is one of the most remote locations along the continental US west coast. Motto: Eureka! - (I have found it!) Eureka shown within Humboldt County in the State of California Coordinates: , Country State County Humboldt Founded May 13, 1850 (settlement) Incorporated April 18, 1856 (town) Re-incorporated February 19, 1874 (city) Government  - Type Mayor-council  - Mayor Virginia Bass  - City manager David Tyson Area  - Total... Fortuna is a city located in Humboldt County, California. ...


Transit

Redwood Transit System (RTS) is the major provider of public bus transportation in Humboldt County with several stops in Arcata. Arcata and Mad River Transit Service (AMRTS) is the local bus and serves Arcata and a small surrounding area. Dial-A-Ride service is available from Humboldt Senior Resource Center through an application process. Redwood Transit is a fixed-route transit service that serves towns between Scotia and Trinidad, including Fortuna, Loleta, Fields Landing, Eureka, Arcata, McKinleyville, and Westhaven, on the 101 corridor in Humboldt County, California. ... Arcata and Mad River Transit System (AMRTS) is a fixed-route bus service for Arcata, California. ...


Transit and longhaul bus services including Amtrak and Greyhound use the Arcata Transit Center as their central interchange point for Arcata. The Arcata Transit Center is a bus station in Arcata, California. ...


Hitch-hiking

The transient population and some students frequently hitch hike in and out of the area. Northbound travelers congregate under the pedestrian overpass on north G street.


State law allows hitchhiking as long as the solicitor does not stand on the roadway. No pedestrians, hitchhikers or others, are allowed to be on designated "freeway" areas and this includes all areas adjacent to the road between the perimeter fences.[citations needed]


Air

The closest airport is the Arcata-Eureka Airport and is located in McKinleyville. This airport was built by the Army Air Corps in World War II in a particularly foggy location, as a site to test fog dispersal techniques. No successful dispersal method appears to have been found, and after demobilization the airfield was given to the County of Humboldt as a civilian airport. This airport is one of the foggiest in the world, which can affect flights. Some flights are canceled or diverted to Redding, California, a three hour drive to the east. Arcata/Eureka Airport (IATA: ACV, ICAO: KACV, FAA LID: ACV), also known as Arcata Airport, is an airport located in McKinleyville, California serving Humboldt County, including the two towns that make its name: Arcata and Eureka. ... McKinleyville is a census-designated place located in Humboldt County, California. ... The Army Air Corps is a component of the British Army. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Redding from space, April 1994 Redding (pop. ...


Water

There is a deep water port in nearby Eureka. In 1854, the Union Wharf and Plank Walk Company built redwood plank and rails 2.7 miles (4.3 km) out into the deeper water of Arcata Bay, providing Arcata with a deep-water seaport. This was initially a horse-drawn railroad, though it was later converted to steam. This eventually became the Arcata and Mad River Railroad (now defunct). Arcata's wharf is long gone, and only a few piers can be seen at low tide. Some very small recreational boats can be launched from the foot of I street at the Arcata Marsh at high tide. However, at low tide Arcata Bay becomes a vast mud flat and a challenge to boaters. The Arcata and Mad River Railroad, (AAR reporting mark AMR), was affectionately known as the Annie and Mary. AMRs predecessor, the Union Wharf and Plank Walk Company was incorporated on December 15, 1854 to provide access over the mud flats near the town of Union (later Arcata) to ocean...


Media

The newspaper with the largest circulation produced in the city is the regional weekly publication known as the North Coast Journal. The paper is free and circulates 21,000 [6] papers a week throughout the northcoast region. The Arcata Eye, with a circulation of around 5,000, is the only paper that covers Arcata solely and extensively. HSU also has a weekly student-run paper called The Lumberjack, which won California College Newspaper Association awards for General Excellence (third place), Back to School Issue (first place), editorial (third place), and feature photo (first place) in 2008 for Fall 2007 issues.[citations needed] The university also has a student-run, general-interest magazine, the Osprey, which is published once per semester. Osprey has won several awards, including the Society of Professional Journalists' award for "Best Student Magazine Published More than Once a Year" for the Western region (California, Nevada, Arizona) in 2005. The Times-Standard is the only major regional daily publication covering Arcata. The The Eureka Reporter, which reduced publication at the end of 2007 and cut its staff by 25%, remains a major regional 5 day per week publication . Arcata also has a number of small 'zines and blogs that cover a variety of issues important to Arcatans, such as youth culture and homelessness. The North Coast Journal is an alternative weekly newspaper serving Humboldt County, California. ... The Arcata Eye is a tabloid which describes itself as the mildly objectionable weekly newspaper for Arcata, California. ... The Lumberjack is the student-run Newspaper out of Northern Arizona University. ... A fanzine (also called a zine) is an amateur publication created by fans of a particular cultural phenomena (such as a literary genre or type of music) to address or correspond with others who share their interest. ... It has been suggested that Online diary be merged into this article or section. ... Bag lady redirects here. ...


The Northcoast Environmental Center, located in Arcata, publishes the Econews, a monthly journal dedicated to "educate, activate, and when necessary litigate on behalf of the Klamath-Siskiyou bioregion."[citation needed]


Arcata Community Access Channel served the area for many years.


Environmentalism

The city is known worldwide in the scientific community for its revolutionary marsh-based wastewater treatment system, the Arcata Marsh, started in 1979 as a natural way of processing the city's wastewater. The marsh was built on a retired municipal solid waste dump and has received many awards, including the Innovations in Government award from the Ford Foundation/Harvard University Kennedy School of Government. Despite being effectively a series of open air sewage lagoons, passer's by would not notice unless told as there is only minimal stench. The marsh is a popular destination for cyclists, bird watchers, transients, and joggers. Arcata has an innovative waste water treatment facility that uses nature to clean the water. The process replaces smelly and unsightly plants of municipalities with a series of controlled mashes that separate heavy metals and use bacteria and algae to clean the water. This facility is just south of town and is surrounded by walking trails and birding stations. The Arcata Marsh and Wildlife Sanctuary is an innovative sewer management system employed by the city of Arcata, California. ... The Ford Foundation is a charitable foundation incorporated in Michigan and based in New York City created to fund programs that promote democracy, reduce poverty, promote international understanding, and advance human achievement. ...


Arcata is also one of the several North Coast "nuclear free" zones. The area is rich with rugged coastlines, sandy beaches, and redwood forests. The community is very environmentally minded and has been active in saving the Headwaters Forest from logging. The Headwaters forest is a series of old growth redwood groves measuring about 60,000 acres. ...


Local environmental efforts have at times caused problems for the greater community. A logging protester, who was trespassing, was accidentally killed by a falling tree. Tensions between those dependent on the lumber industry for their livelihood and the environmentalist have long existed in the area and boil to the surface from time to time. The effort to save the Headwaters Forest in the 1990's resulted in the arrests of hundreds and strained Humboldt County's abilities to deal with the protesters who trespassed, littered, and left human waste throughout the forests, peoples yards, and highway right-of-ways. Some of the more militant environmentalists also drove steel spikes into trees belonging to the lumber companies as a way to discourage logging by creating a serious safety concern.[citations needed]


Sports

Arcata is home to the Humboldt Crabs, the nation's longest continuously operated semi-pro baseball team,[8] who frequently play for sold-out crowds (of c. 1500) each summer.


Notable people

Robert A. (Bob) Gearheart (born 1938) is an emeritus professor of Environmental Engineering at Humboldt State University, in Arcata, California. ... Tim McKay, (1947- July 30, 2006) lived in northern California for most of his life. ... Wesley Chesbro was a State Senator from Californias 2nd district from 1998 until 2006. ... Dan Hauser served in the California State Assembly from 1982 until he was termed out in 1996. ...

Sister city

  • Camoapa, Nicaragua

Events

A kinetic sculpture makes the bay crossing Ferndale, California 1969 --- The first Kinetic Sculpture Race happened when local sculptor Hobart Brown improved the appearance of his sons tricycle. ...

See also

  • Humboldt County Historical Society

The Humboldt County Historical Society (HCHS) is located at the historic Gross-Wells-Barnum House in Eureka, Humboldt County, California. ...

Notes

  1. ^ California State Statistical Abstract
  2. ^ US Gazetteer files: 2000 and 1990. United States Census Bureau (2005-05-03). Retrieved on 2008-01-31.
  3. ^ Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Arcata, California, United States of America (English). Retrieved on May 1, 2007.
  4. ^ American FactFinder. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved on 2008-01-31.
  5. ^ Gudde, Erwin (August 1998). California Place Names: The Origin and Etymology of Current Geographical Names. University of California Press, 13. ISBN 978-0-520-21316-6. 
  6. ^ Van Kirk, Susan. (1986).The Plaza. White City Publishing. Arcata, CA.
  7. ^ Stuart, Catriona. "Freedom First: Arcata, CA Rejects USA Patriot Act", The Indypendant, July 4, 2003. Retrieved on September 12, 2007. 
  8. ^ Humboldt Crabs. Retrieved November 23, 2006 from http://www.humboldtcrabs.com/

The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 123rd day of the year (124th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 31st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 31st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...

References

  • The Plaza, by Susan Van Kirk, 1986. White City Publishing. Arcata, CA.

External links

CITY RELATED

  • Arcata, California is at coordinates 40°52′22″N 124°04′58″W / 40.8728, -124.0828 (Arcata, California)Coordinates: 40°52′22″N 124°04′58″W / 40.8728, -124.0828 (Arcata, California)
  • Interactive detail map from Appropedia, the Appropriate Technology wiki.

OTHER Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


 
 

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