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Encyclopedia > Arcangelo Corelli
Arcangelo Corelli
Arcangelo Corelli

Arcangelo Corelli (February 17, 1653January 8, 1713) was an influential Italian violinist and composer of Baroque music. is the 48th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events February 2 - New Amsterdam (later renamed New York City) is incorporated. ... is the 8th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1713 (MDCCXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... A violinist is an instrumentalist who plays the violin. ... A composer is a person who writes music. ... Baroque music describes an era and a set of styles of European classical music which were in widespread use between approximately 1600 and 1750. ...

Contents

Biography

Arcangelo Corelli was born at Fusignano, Italy, in the current-day province of Ravenna. Little is known about his early life. His master on the violin was Giovanni Battista Bassani. Matteo Simonelli, the well-known singer of the pope’s chapel, taught him composition. Fusignano is a commune in the province of Ravenna in Emilia-Romagna in Italy. ... Province of Ravenna Ravenna is a city and comune in the Emilia-Romagna region of Italy. ...


His first major success was gained in Paris at the age of nineteen, and to this he owed his European reputation. From Paris, Corelli went to Germany. In 1681 he was in the service of the electoral prince of Bavaria; between 1680 and 1685 he spent a considerable time in the house of his friend and fellow violinist-composer Cristiano Farinelli (believed to be the uncle of the celebrated castrato Farinelli). This article is about the capital of France. ... Events March 4 - Charles II of England grants a land charter to William Penn for the area that will later become Pennsylvania. ... For other uses, see Bavaria (disambiguation). ... Events First Portuguese governor was appointed to Macau The Swedish city Karlskrona was founded as the Royal Swedish Navy relocated there. ... Events February 6 - James Stuart, Duke of York becomes King James II of England and Ireland and King James VII of Scotland. ... Cristiano Farinelli (17th century) was an Italian composer and violinist. ... Farinelli, by Wagner after Amigoni 1735 Farinelli (January 24, 1705 – September 16, 1782), was the stage name of Carlo Broschi, one of the most famous Italian soprano castrato singers of the 18th century. ...


In 1685 Corelli was in Rome, where he led the festival performances of music for Queen Christina of Sweden and he was also a favorite of Cardinal Pietro Ottoboni, grand-nephew of another Cardinal Pietro Ottoboni who in 1689 became Pope Alexander VIII). From 1689 to 1690 he was in Modena; the Duke of Modena was generous to him. In 1708 he returned to Rome, living in the palace of Cardinal Ottoboni. His visit to Naples, at the invitation of the king, took place in the same year. For other uses, see Rome (disambiguation). ... Christina (Kristina) (December 8, 1626 – April 19, 1689), later known as Maria Christina Alexandra and sometimes Count Dohna, was Queen regnant of Sweden from 1632 to 1654. ... Alexander VIII, né Pietro Vitto Ottoboni (April 22, 1610 - February 1, 1691), pope from 1689 to 1691, was born of a noble Venetian family, was created cardinal, and then successively bishop of Brescia and datary. ... Alexander VIII, né Pietro Vito Ottoboni (April 22, 1610 - February 1, 1691), pope from 1689 to 1691, was born of a noble Venetian family, and was the son of Marco Ottoboni, chancellor of the Republic of Venice. ... Year 1689 (MDCLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... Events Giovanni Domenico Cassini observes differential rotation within Jupiters atmosphere. ... Modena (Mòdna in Modenese dialect) is a city and a province on the south side of the Po valley, in Emilia-Romagna, Italy. ... // Events March 23 - James Francis Edward Stuart lands at the Firth of Forth July 1 - Tewoflos becomes Emperor of Ethiopia September 28 - Peter the Great defeats the Swedes at the Battle of Lesnaya Kandahar conquered by Mir Wais In Masuria one third of the population die during the plague J... Location of the city of Naples (red dot) within Italy. ...


The style of execution introduced by Corelli and preserved by his pupils, such as Francesco Geminiani, Pietro Locatelli, and many others, was of vital importance for the development of violin playing. It has been said that the paths of all of the famous violinist-composers of 18th-century Italy lead to Arcangelo Corelli who was their "iconic point of reference." (Toussaint Loviko, in the program notes to Italian Violin Concertos, Veritas, 2003) Francesco Geminiani (December 5, 1687 – September 17, 1762), Italian violinist, composer, and music theorist, was born at Lucca. ... Pietro Antonio Locatelli (September 3, 1695–March 30, 1764) was an Italian composer and violinist. ...

However, Corelli used only a limited portion of his instrument's capabilities. This may be seen from his writings; the parts for violin he very rarely proceeded above D on the highest string, sometimes reaching to the E in fourth position on the highest string. The story has been told and retold that Corelli refused to play a passage which extended to A in altissimo in the overture to Handel’s oratorio il Trionfo del Tempo e Disinganno (premiered in Rome, 1708), and took serious offence when the composer played the note. Arcangelo Corelli File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... HANDEL was the code-name for the UKs National Attack Warning System in the Cold War. ... An oratorio is a large musical composition for orchestra, vocal soloists and chorus. ...


Nevertheless, his compositions for the instrument mark an epoch in the history of chamber music. His influence was not confined to his own country. Johann Sebastian Bach studied the works of Corelli and based an organ fugue (BWV 579) on Corelli's Opus 3 of 1689. Chamber music is a form of classical music, written for a small group of instruments which traditionally could be accommodated in a palace chamber. ... “Bach” redirects here. ...


Musical society in Rome also owed much to Corelli. He was received in the highest circles of the aristocracy, and for a long time presided at the celebrated Monday concerts in the palace of Cardinal Ottoboni.


Corelli died in possession of a fortune of 120,000 marks and a valuable collection of pictures, the only luxury in which he had indulged. He left both to his benefactor and friend, who generously made over the money to Corelli's relatives. Corelli is buried in the Pantheon at Rome. One can still trace back many generations of violinists from student to teacher to Corelli. Facade of the Pantheon The Pantheon (Latin Pantheon[1], from Greek Πάνθεον Pantheon, meaning Temple of all the gods) is a building in Rome which was originally built as a temple to the seven deities of the seven planets in the state religion of Ancient Rome. ...


His compositions are distinguished by a beautiful flow of melody and by a mannerly treatment of the accompanying parts, which he is justly said to have liberated from the strict rules of counterpoint. For other uses, see Counterpoint (disambiguation). ...


His concerti grossi have often been popular in Western culture. For example, a portion of the Christmas Concerto, op.6 no.8, is in the soundtrack of the film Master and Commander: The Far Side of the World. He is also referred to frequently in the novel Captain Corelli's Mandolin. Arcangelo Corelli Twelve concerti grossi, op. ... Arcangelo Corellis Christmas Concerto is one of his most famous pieces. ... Master and Commander: The Far Side of the World Master and Commander: The Far Side of the World is a 2003 film directed by Peter Weir and starring Russell Crowe as Jack Aubrey, with Paul Bettany as Stephen Maturin. ... Captain Corellis Mandolin, a 1993 novel written by Louis de Bernières, is a story about an Italian captain (Antonio Corelli) and the daughter (Pelagia) of the local physician (Dr. Iannis) on the island of Kefalonia set against the background of the Italian/German occupation of the island during...

Arcangelo Corelli
Arcangelo Corelli

Works

Corelli composed 48 trio sonatas, 12 violin and continuo sonatas and 12 Concerti grossi. The trio sonata is a musical form which was particularly popular around the end of the 17th century and the beginning of the 18th century. ... The concerto grosso was a popular form of baroque music centered around an ensemble, usually having four to six movements in which the musical material is passed between a small group of soloists (the concertino) and full orchestra (the ripieno). ...


Six opuses are authentically ascribed to Corelli, together with a few other works.

Sonata da Chiesa is Italian for church sonata. Sonatas are instrumental compositions of three or more movements. ... The trio sonata is a musical form which was particularly popular around the end of the 17th century and the beginning of the 18th century. ... Figured bass, or thoroughbass, is a kind of integer musical notation used to indicate intervallic content (the intervals which make up a sonority), later chords, in relation to a bass note. ... For other uses, see Rome (disambiguation). ... Events March 4 - Charles II of England grants a land charter to William Penn for the area that will later become Pennsylvania. ... Sonata da camera (or chamber sonata) is a type of trio sonata intended for secular performance. ... Events February 6 - James Stuart, Duke of York becomes King James II of England and Ireland and King James VII of Scotland. ... Year 1689 (MDCLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... Events February 6 - The colony Quilombo dos Palmares is destroyed. ... The violone (literally large viol in Italian, -one being the augmentative suffix) is a musical instrument of the viol family. ... Harpsichord in the Flemish style A harpsichord is a musical instrument played by means of a keyboard. ... Events January 1 - Russia accepts Julian calendar. ... For the ballet Theme and Variations, see Theme and Variations (ballet). ... La Folia is one of the oldest European musical themes. ... Arcangelo Corelli Twelve concerti grossi, op. ... A concertino is the smaller group of instruments in a concerto grosso. ... This article is about the stringed musical instrument. ... Ripieno (Italian for stuffing) or tutti (Italian for everybody) is the larger of the two ensembles in the concerto grosso. ... For other uses, see Amsterdam (disambiguation). ... Battle of Gangut, by Maurice Baquoi, 1724-27. ... The word Woo may have a number of meanings: Courtship. ...

Music files

  • Christmas Concerto - part 1
    Performed by the Advent Chamber Orchestra
    Christmas Concerto - part 2, final 3 movements
    Performed by the Advent Chamber Orchestra
    Concerto Grosso Op. 6 No. 4
    Performed by the Advent Chamber Orchestra
    Trio Sonata 11, 1st movement
    Trio Sonata 11, 2nd movement
    Trio Sonata 11, 3rd movement
  • Problems playing the files? See media help.

Corelli-Trio Sonata 11-1. ... Corelli-Trio Sonata 11-2. ... Corelli-Trio Sonata 11-3. ...

External links

Free sheet music

The International Music Score Library Project (IMSLP) is a project for the creation of a virtual library of public domain music scores, based on the wiki principle. ... The Werner Icking Music Archive, often abbreviated WIMA, is a web archive of public domain sheet music. ... The Mutopia project is an effort to create a library of public domain sheet music, in a way similar to Project Gutenbergs library of public domain books. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Arcangelo Corelli - LoveToKnow 1911 (343 words)
ARCANGELO CORELLI (1653-1713), Italian violin-player and composer, was born on the 12th or 13th of February 1653, at Fusignano near Imola, and died in 1713.
Corelli died possessed of a sum of 120,000 marks and a valuable collection of pictures, the only luxury in which he had indulged.
Corelli's compositions are distinguished by a beautiful flow of melody and by a masterly treatment of the accompanying parts, which he is justly said to have liberated from the strict rules of counterpoint.
HOASM: Arcangelo Corelli (878 words)
Corelli was the fifth child born to a prosperous family of landowners; his initial musical study was probably with the local clergy, then in nearby Lugo and Faenza, and finally in Bologna, where he went in 1666.
By 1675 (and perhaps as early as 1671) Corelli was in Rome; he may have studied composition under Matteo Simonelli, from whom he would have absorbed the styles of Roman polyphony inherited from Palestrina.
Corelli's treatment differs fundamentally from that of his predecessors, for whereas they had merely detached small groups from a main orchestral body from time to time to vary the texture, he opposes a fixed 'concertino' string trio of two violins and cello to a 'ripieno' string band, each group having its own continuo.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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