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Encyclopedia > Arbroath
Arbroath
Scottish Gaelic: Obair Bhrothaig
Scots: Aiberbrothock


Arbroath from the south // Scottish Gaelic (Gàidhlig) is a member of the Goidelic branch of Celtic languages. ... This article is about the Anglic language of Scotland. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 445 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 570 pixel, file size: 235 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Arbroath ...


Arbroath shown within Scotland
Population 22,785 (2001 Census)
OS grid reference NO645415
Council area Angus
Lieutenancy area Angus
Constituent country Scotland
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town ARBROATH
Postcode district DD11
Dialling code 01241
Police Tayside
Fire Tayside
Ambulance Scottish
European Parliament Scotland
UK Parliament Angus
Scottish Parliament Angus
List of places: UKScotland

Coordinates: 56°34′N 2°35′W / 56.56, -2.58 Image File history File links Size of this preview: 451 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1154 × 1535 pixel, file size: 661 KB, MIME type: image/png) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Red_pog2. ... This article is about the country. ... The British national grid reference system is a system of geographic grid references commonly used in Great Britain, different from using latitude or longitude. ... For local government purposes, Scotland is divided into 32 areas designated as Council Areas of Scotland which are all governed by unitary authorities designated as Councils which have the option under the Local Government (Gaelic Names) (Scotland) Act 1997 (as chosen by Na h-Eileanan an Iar) of being known... This article is about the council area in Scotland. ... The Lieutenancy areas of Scotland are the areas used for the ceremonial lords-lieutenant, the monarchs representatives, in Scotland. ... This article is about the council area in Scotland. ... Constituent countries is a phrase used, often by official institutions, in contexts in which a number of countries make up a larger entity or grouping, concerning these countries; thus the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) has used the phrase in reference to the parts of former Yugoslavia... This article is about the country. ... This is an alphabetical list of the sovereign states of the world, including both de jure and de facto independent states. ... A post town is a required part of all UK postal addresses. ... UK postal codes are known as postcodes. ... The DD postcode area, also known as the Dundee postcode area[2], is a group of postal districts around Arbroath, Brechin, Carnoustie, Dundee, Forfar, Kirriemuir, Montrose, Newport-on-Tay and Tayport in Scotland. ... +44 redirects here. ... There are a number of policing agencies in the United Kingdom. ... Map showing the council areas of Scotland with the ones in the police area highlighted. ... A Fire Appliance belonging to the Greater Manchester Fire and Rescue Service The fire service in the United Kingdom has undergone dramatic changes since the beginning of the 21st century, a process that has been propelled by a devolution of central government powers, new legislation and a change to operational... Tayside Fire and Rescue Service is the statutory fire and rescue service for the area of Tayside and covering a geographical area of 7,500 square kilometres. ... Two Mercedes-Benz Sprinter-based ambulances of the Scottish Ambulance Service The Scottish Ambulance Service serves all of Scotland and is a special health board funded directly by the health department of the Scottish Executive. ... This is a list of Members of the European Parliament for the United Kingdom in the 2004 to 2009 session, ordered by name. ... Scotland constitutes a single constituency of the European Parliament. ... The United Kingdom House of Commons is made up of Members of Parliament (MPs). ... Angus is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. ... For the national legislative body up to 1707, see Parliament of Scotland. ... Angus is a constituency of the Scottish Parliament (Holyrood). ... List of burghs in Scotland List of cities in the United Kingdom Lists of places within Scottish regions List of places in Orkney List of places in Shetland List of places in the Borders region of Scotland List of places in the Central region of Scotland List of places in... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


Arbroath or Aberbrothock (Scottish Gaelic: Obair Bhrothaig which translates literally as 'at the mouth of the Brothock'[1]) is a former royal burgh and the largest town in the council area of Angus in Scotland, and has a population of 22,785.[2] It lies on the North Sea coast, around 17 miles (27.4 km) north-east of Dundee and 51 miles (82.1 km) south of Aberdeen. Scottish Gaelic (Gàidhlig) is a member of the Goidelic branch of Celtic languages. ... A Royal Burgh is a type of Scottish burgh (town or city), used today for ceremonial purposes only. ... For local government purposes, Scotland is divided into 32 areas designated as Council Areas of Scotland which are all governed by unitary authorities designated as Councils which have the option under the Local Government (Gaelic Names) (Scotland) Act 1997 (as chosen by Na h-Eileanan an Iar) of being known... This article is about the council area in Scotland. ... This article is about the country. ... The North Sea is a sea of the Atlantic Ocean, located between the coasts of Norway and Denmark in the east, the coast of the British Isles in the west, and the German, Dutch, Belgian and French coasts in the south. ... “Miles” redirects here. ... “km” redirects here. ... For other uses see Dundee (disambiguation) Dundee is Scotlands fourth largest city, population 154 674 (2001), situated on the North bank of the Firth of Tay. ... This article is about the Scottish city. ...


Its history begins, like nearby Dundee, with the Picts in the Iron Age, and remained a small village until 1178 AD, when King William the Lion founded an abbey, which was completed in 1233. During the medieval period, the Abbey fell into disuse and eventually disrepair, with the lead from the roof rumoured to have been used in the manufacture of bullets for the civil wars during the reign of King James VI. During the Industrial Revolution the jute industry caused Arbroath to expand in the manner of Dundee. A new harbour was built in 1839 and by the 1900s, Arbroath had become one of the larger fishing ports in Scotland and continues to be known as the home of the Arbroath Smokie.[3] A replica of the Hilton of Cadboll Stone. ... Iron Age Axe found on Gotland This article is about the archaeological period known as the Iron Age, for the mythological Iron Age see Iron Age (mythology). ... Look up AD, ad-, and ad in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... William I the Lion ( known in Gaelic as Uilliam Garm1 or William the Rough), (1142/1143 - December 4, 1214) reigned as King of Scots from 1165 to 1214. ... Bold textTHIS IS THE PAGE THAT A.S. REALLY NEEDS!! THIS IS NOW MARKED!!! ] ps i like A.O. This article is about an abbey as a Christian monastic community. ... The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times. ... James VI and I (19 June 1566 – 27 March 1625) was King of Scots as James VI, and King of England and King of Ireland as James I. He ruled in Scotland as James VI from 24 July 1567, when he was only one year old, succeeding his mother Mary... A Watt steam engine, the steam engine that propelled the Industrial Revolution in Britain and the world. ... The word Jute is also used in reference to the Germanic people, the Jutes. ... A harbor (or harbour) or haven is a place where ships may shelter from the weather or are stored. ... Arbroath Smokies are a type of lightly smoked small haddock – a speciality of the town of Arbroath in Angus, Scotland. ...


The town is notable as the home of the Declaration of Arbroath, the statement of Scottish independence signed by the nobility in the 14th century. The town's ancient ruined abbey is central to the story of the declaration and remains a key tourist attraction for Scotland. Arbroath was the birthplace of postal reformist James Chalmers[4] and David Dunbar Buick, founder of Buick and inventor of the overhead valve engine.[5] Arbroath is also well known both at home and overseas as home to 45 Commando of the Royal Marines.[6] The Declaration of Arbroath was a declaration of Scottish independence, and set out to confirm Scotlands status as an independent, sovereign state and its use of military action when unjustly attacked. ... Scottish independence is a political ambition of a number of political parties, pressure groups and individuals within and outside of Scotland. ... Arbroath Abbey, showing distinctive sandstone colouring. ... The ruins of Melrose Abbey, Scottish Borders Scotland is a well-developed tourist destination, with tourism generally being responsible for sustaining 200,000 jobs mainly in the service sector, with tourist spending averaging at £4bn per year [1]. Tourists from the United Kingdom make up the bulk of visitors to... James Chalmers was a native of Arbroath in Scotland who moved to Dundee and established himself there as a bookseller, printer and publisher, eventually serving as a Town Councillor and becoming Convener of the Nine Incorporated Trades. ... David Dunbar Buick David Dunbar Buick (September 17, 1854 - March 5, 1929) was a Scottish-American inventor best known for founding the Buick Motor Company. ... Buick is a brand of automobile built in the United States, Canada, China and in Spain by General Motors Corporation. ... 45 (RM) Commando is a battalion sized formation of the British Royal Marines and subordinate unit within 3 Commando Brigade, the principal Commando formation and under the Operational Command of Commander in Chief Fleet. ... The Royal Marines (RM) are the marines and amphibious infantry of the United Kingdom and, along with the Royal Navy and Royal Fleet Auxiliary, form the Naval Service [2]. They are also the United Kingdoms amphibious force and specialists in mountain and Arctic warfare. ...

Contents

History

The ruined Arbroath Abbey, built from local red sandstone.
The ruined Arbroath Abbey, built from local red sandstone.

Arbroath, like nearby Dundee, was first settled 3500 years ago by the Picts, and was known by the name Aberbrothock, a reference to the Brothock Burn which runs through the town. The general area around Arbroath has several relics of early settlement including the Aberlemno Stone and Eassie Stone. The modern name Arbroath became prevalent in the mid-nineteenth century as a colloquialism of the original name. Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 347 KB)Arbroath Abbey, showing distinctive sandstone colouring. ... Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 347 KB)Arbroath Abbey, showing distinctive sandstone colouring. ... Arbroath Abbey, showing distinctive sandstone colouring. ... Red sandstone interior of Lower Antelope Canyon, Arizona, worn smooth due to erosion by flash flooding over millions of years Sandstone is a sedimentary rock composed mainly of sand-size mineral or rock grains. ... A replica of the Hilton of Cadboll Stone. ... Butchers Creek, Omeo, Victoria A stream, brook, beck, burn or creek, is a body of water with a detectable current, confined within a bed and banks. ... The Eassie Stone is a carved Pictish stone at the village of Eassie, Angus, Scotland. ...


The first modern development in Arbroath was the Abbey, founded by King William the Lion in 1178 for monks of the Tironensian order from Kelso Abbey. It received consecration in 1197 with a dedication to Saint Thomas Becket. It was the King's only personal foundation, and he was buried within its precincts in 1214. The Abbey was not finally completed until 1233. The Abbey relatively quickly fell into disuse and eventual disrepair after its dissolution at the Reformation, the lead from the roof rumoured to have been used in the English Civil War and the stonework plundered for housebuilding throughout the town. The ruins were a popular site for travellers during the 17th and 18th centuries, and finally in 1815 the remains were taken into the care of the State for preservation. The remains are now administered by Historic Scotland.[1] William I (William the Lion, William Leo, William Dunkeld or William Canmore), (1142/1143 - December 4, 1214) reigned as King of Scotland from 1165 to 1214. ... Tironensian monks, of the Order of Tiron, also spelled Thiron - apparently from Latin thironium, a high hill (Guillemin, 1999)- so called after the location of the mother abbey (established in 1109) in the woods of Tiron, Perche (some 35 miles west of Chartres, France). ... Kelso Abbey Kelso Abbey is a Scottish abbey built in the 12th century by a community of Tironensian monks (originally from Tiron, near Chartres, in France) who had moved from the nearby Selkirk Abbey. ... St. ... The Protestant Reformation was a movement which began in the 16th century as a series of attempts to reform the Roman Catholic Church, but ended in division and the establishment of new institutions, most importantly Lutheranism, Reformed churches, and Anabaptists. ... For other uses, see English Civil War (disambiguation). ...


On 6 April 1320 the Scottish Parliament met at Arbroath Abbey and addressed to the Pope the Declaration of Arbroath, drafted by the Abbot of the time Bernard de Linton. This document detailed the services which their "lord and sovereign" Robert the Bruce had rendered to Scotland, and affirmed in eloquent terms the independence of the Scots. In 1950 the Stone of Destiny was stolen by Scottish Nationalists from Westminster Abbey and in 1951 the Stone was found within the grounds of Arbroath Abbey.[7] is the 96th day of the year (97th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events January 20 - Dante - Quaestio de Aqua et Terra January 20 - Duke Wladyslaw Lokietek becomes king of Poland April 6 - The Scots reaffirm their independence by signing the Declaration of Arbroath. ... For other uses, see Pope (disambiguation). ... The Declaration of Arbroath was a declaration of Scottish independence, and set out to confirm Scotlands status as an independent, sovereign state and its use of military action when unjustly attacked. ... Robert I, King of Scots (Mediaeval Gaelic:Roibert a Briuis; modern Scottish Gaelic: Raibeart Bruis; Norman French: Robert de Brus or Robert de Bruys; 11 July 1274 – 7 June 1329), usually known in modern English as Robert the Bruce, was King of Scotland from 1306 until his death in 1329. ... The Stone of Scone, (pronounced scoon) also commonly known as the Stone of Destiny or the Coronation Stone (though the former name sometimes refers to Lia Fáil) is a block of sandstone historically kept at the now-ruined abbey in Scone, near Perth, Scotland. ... The Collegiate Church of St Peter, Westminster, which is almost always referred to by its original name of Westminster Abbey, is a mainly Gothic church, on the scale of a cathedral (and indeed often mistaken for one), in Westminster, London, just to the west of the Palace of Westminster. ...


During the industrial revolution, Arbroath's economy expanded and the population of the town expanded, with new housing having to be constructed to house the influx of workers. Arbroath became moderately well known for jute and sailcloth production, with 34 mills employing 1400 looms and producing over one million yards of osnaburg cloth and 450,000 yards of sailcloth in 1875. Arbroath is believed to be the source of the sails used on the Cutty Sark.[8] In 1849, the mills in Arbroath employed between 3700 and 5000 people, depending on the size of workforce required on any given day. Arbroath was also prominent in the manufacture of shoes and lawnmowers; local firm Alexander Shanks supplied mowers to the Old Course at St Andrews and the All England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club.[3][9][10] A Watt steam engine, the steam engine that propelled the Industrial Revolution in Britain and the world. ... Cutty sark is 18th century Scots for short chemise or short undergarment[1]. Hyphenated, Cutty-sark was a nickname for a fictional character created by Robert Burns, and from there it became part of an idiom - Weel done, Cutty-sark! (Well done, Cutty-sark!) in colloquial English, especially Scottish English. ... The 18th green and clubhouse of the R&A. Looking up the 18th fairway towards the clubhouse with the famous bridge over the Swilken Burn in the middle distance. ... The All England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club is based at Wimbledon in the London Borough of Merton, at grid reference TQ242721. ...


Arbroath today is mostly known for its connection with the Scottish fishing industry. After the original harbours, dating from the 14th and 18th centuries, were replaced in 1839 with a larger harbour, the local council tried to find fishermen who would be interested in migrating to Arbroath in order to take advantage of the new facilities offered. The town council contacted fishermen in nearby Auchmithie and further afield, including Shetland. The fishing industry grew and at its peak years between 1900 and 1980, around 40 whitefish and pelagic vessels worked from Arbroath, with hundreds of men employed directly as fishermen, hundreds more employed ashore to service the fishing vessels and to process the fish. Quota cuts and decommissioning took its toll on the fishing industry throughout Scotland from the 1980s to present. Today, Arbroath remains a designated whitefish landing port, and although no fish auction takes place, the fishmarket remains open and is used for landing shellfish.[11] There is now only one large fishing vessel operating regularly from Arbroath, and a further three Arbroath owned vessels operating from Aberdeen and ports further north. The fish processing sector remains one of the largest employers in the town however, but fish for processing now comes from Aberdeen, Peterhead and occasionally from Iceland, Norway and Ireland.[3][12][13] Auchmithie is a fishing village in Angus, Scotland, three miles north east of the town of Arbroath. ... For other uses, see Shetland (disambiguation). ... Whitefish (or white fish) has several meanings: It is a fisheries term referring to the flesh of many types of fish; see Whitefish (fisheries term) It refers precisely to the whitefishes of the salmonid genus Coregonus It can refer specifically to the common whitefish (Coregonus lavaretus) It was formerly used... The pelagic zone is the part of the open sea or ocean comprising the water column, i. ... Categories: Stub ...


Governance

The Royal Burgh of Arbroath's Coat of Arms
The Royal Burgh of Arbroath's Coat of Arms

Arbroath was made a royal burgh in 1178 by King William the Lion at the same time as the Abbey was established. The burgh of regality permitted the monks to hold a weekly market, dispense basic justice and to establish a harbour. In 1559, the town's burgh of regality was reconfirmed in 1559 by King James VI of Scotland. A provost and a town council were appointed and it was at this point Aberbrothock became a fully fledged royal burgh.[3] Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... A Royal Burgh is a type of Scottish burgh (town or city), used today for ceremonial purposes only. ... William I the Lion ( known in Gaelic as Uilliam Garm1 or William the Rough), (1142/1143 - December 4, 1214) reigned as King of Scots from 1165 to 1214. ... James VI and I (19 June 1566 – 27 March 1625) was King of Scots as James VI, and King of England and King of Ireland as James I. He ruled in Scotland as James VI from 24 July 1567, when he was only one year old, succeeding his mother Mary...


Arbroath was controlled by Arbroath Town Council from the time of King James VI through to 1975, when Arbroath (and the county of Angus) were amalgamated with the counties of Perthshire and Dundee City into Tayside, under the control of Tayside Regional Council. Angus, together with Dundee City and Perth & Kinross were re-established following reorganisation under the Local Government etc. (Scotland) Act 1994.[14] Tayside (Taobh Tatha in Gaelic) was a local government region of Scotland from 1974 to 1995. ... The Local Government Act etc. ...


Local government

Arbroath is a constituent town of Angus, one of 32 council areas of Scotland. Prior to the 2006 boundary changes, Arbroath was represented by seven councillors, each in turn representing one individual ward. Councillors were elected using a first past the post system. Following the boundary changes in 2006, the seven wards were amalgamated into two large wards (Arbroath West & Letham and Arbroath East & Lunan) with each ward now returning four councillors, voting takes place using the Single Transferable Vote system. The May 3, 2007 elections were the first in which the new voting system was used to elect councillors for the new wards. The Scottish National Party lost four councillors and the remaining parties formed a coalition called the "Angus Alliance" in order to take over as the ruling party of Angus Council.[15][16] The council areas of Scotland form the local government areas of Scotland, all of them unitary authorities. ... This STV ballot for the Australian Senate illustrates group voting tickets. ... is the 123rd day of the year (124th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... The Scottish National Party (SNP) (Scottish Gaelic: is a centre-left political party which campaigns for Scottish independence. ... A coalition government, or coalition cabinet, is a cabinet in parliamentary government in which several parties cooperate. ...

Angus Council Election Result 2007
Party Seats Gains Losses Net Gain/Loss Seats % Votes % Votes +/-
  Scottish National Party 13 N/A* N/A* -4 N/A* N/A* N/A* N/A*
  Independent 6 N/A* N/A* 0 N/A* N/A* N/A* N/A*
  Conservative Party 5 N/A* N/A* +3 N/A* N/A* N/A* N/A*
  Liberal Democrats 3 N/A* N/A* 0 N/A* N/A* N/A* N/A*
  Labour Party 2 N/A* N/A* +1 N/A* N/A* N/A* N/A*

* Due to the changes in boundaries and amalgamation of wards across Angus, it's not possible to accurately tell which seats were won or lost by the respective parties, or to accurately calculate percentage differences in voting and turnout. The Scottish National Party (SNP) (Scottish Gaelic: is a centre-left political party which campaigns for Scottish independence. ... The Conservative Party is one of the two largest political parties in the United Kingdom and the most successful party in political history based on election victories. ... The Liberal Democrats, often shortened to Lib Dems, are a liberal political party in the United Kingdom. ... This article is about the Scottish Labour Party founded in 1976. ...


Arbroath is represented by three Scottish National Party councillors, two Independent councillors, two Conservative councillors and one Liberal Democrat councillor, one Independent councillor, both Conservative councillors and the one Liberal Democrat councillor are members of the ruling Angus Alliance, whilst the one remaining Independent councillor has no political affiliation. The three SNP councillors and the remaining Independent councillor have no official function within the council, other than to represent their constituents' interests. The Scottish National Party (SNP) (Scottish Gaelic: is a centre-left political party which campaigns for Scottish independence. ... The Conservative Party is one of the two largest political parties in the United Kingdom and the most successful party in political history based on election victories. ... The Liberal Democrats, often shortened to Lib Dems, are a liberal political party in the United Kingdom. ...


Parliamentary representation

For elections to the House of Commons, Arbroath forms part of the Angus constituency, presently represented by Michael Weir (SNP) who held the seat with a small majority of 1200 votes (4.2%) at the 2005 General Election.[17] In the Scottish Parliament, Arbroath forms part of the Angus Scottish Parliamentary constituency, represented by Andrew Welsh (SNP). Arbroath also forms part of the North East Scotland electoral region and is represented by seven members of the Scottish Parliament who are elected through a Single Transferable Vote system from votes placed in the individual constituencies which make up the North East Scotland electoral region. The representatives for the Angus UK and Angus Scottish Parliament constituencies are elected through a first past the post system.[18] Type Lower House Speaker Michael Martin, (Non-affiliated) since October 23, 2000 Leader Harriet Harman, (Labour) since June 28, 2007 Shadow Leader Theresa May, (Conservative) since May 5, 2005 Members 659 Political groups Labour Party Conservative Party Liberal Democrats Scottish National Party Plaid Cymru Democratic Unionist Party Sinn Féin... Angus is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. ... Michael Fraser Weir (born 24 March 1957) is a Scottish politician. ... The Scottish National Party (SNP) (Scottish Gaelic: is a centre-left political party which campaigns for Scottish independence. ... The United Kingdom general election of 2005 was held on Thursday, 5 May 2005. ... For the national legislative body up to 1707, see Parliament of Scotland. ... Angus is a constituency of the Scottish Parliament (Holyrood). ... Andrew Welsh (born 1944) was a Scottish National Party member of parliament for South Angus from 1974 to 1979, Angus East from 1987 to 1997 and Angus from 1997 to 2001. ... North East Scotland is one of the eight electoral regions of the Scottish Parliament which were created in 1999. ... This STV ballot for the Australian Senate illustrates group voting tickets. ... An example of a plurality ballot. ...


Peter Fraser was previously the local member of parliament representing the former Angus South (later Angus East constituency which became the Angus Constituency following devolution in 1997). Peter Fraser was made a life peer and appointed Lord Advocate by Margaret Thatcher in 1989. Fraser was responsible for preparing much of the prosecution case against the Lockerbie bomber Abdel Basset Ali al-Megrahi.[19] Peter Lovat Fraser, Baron Fraser of Carmyllie, PC, QC (b. ... Her Majestys Advocate, known as the Lord Advocate (Morair Tagraidh in Scottish Gaelic) is the chief legal adviser to the Scottish Executive and the Crown in Scotland for both civil and criminal matters that fall within the devolved powers of the Scottish Parliament. ... Margaret Hilda Thatcher, Baroness Thatcher, LG, OM, PC, FRS (née Roberts; born 13 October 1925) served as British Prime Minister from 1979 to 1990 and leader of the Conservative Party from 1975 until 1990, being the first and only woman to hold either post. ... PA 103 redirects here. ... Abdelbaset Ali Mohmed Al Megrahi Abdelbaset Ali Mohmed Al Megrahi (Arabic: عبد الباسط محمد علي المقرحي) (born April 1, 1952) is a former Libyan intelligence officer, head of security for Libyan Arab Airlines, and director of the Center for Strategic Studies in Tripoli. ...


Arbroath has no twin town. However Arbroath Academy has twinned with Friedensburg-Oberschule, a secondary school in Germany.[20] The first exchange taking place in 1987, on the 750th Anniversary of the foundation of Berlin. As part of this celebration, the mayor of Berlin paid for the schools trip. This article is about partnerships between towns distant from each other; see Twin cities for the different concept of physically neighbouring cities. ... This article is about the capital of Germany. ...


Geography

At 56°33′31″N, 02°34′58″W, Arbroath is located on the North Sea coast in eastern Scotland 17 miles (25 km) northeast of Dundee, within the Angus region. Geologically, Arbroath sits predominantly on Old Red Sandstone. Lower-lying parts of the town were below sea level during and immediately after the last ice age.[21] The North Sea is a sea of the Atlantic Ocean, located between the coasts of Norway and Denmark in the east, the coast of the British Isles in the west, and the German, Dutch, Belgian and French coasts in the south. ... “km” redirects here. ... For other uses, see Dundee (disambiguation). ... This article is about the council area in Scotland. ... The Old Red Sandstone is a rock formation of considerable importance to early paleontology. ...


Arbroath is located 98 miles (158 km) northeast of Glasgow, 50 miles (80 km) southwest of Aberdeen and 77 miles (124 km) from Edinburgh. The neighbouring villages of St Vigeans, Carmyllie, Friockheim, Colliston and Inverkeilor are considered part of Arbroath for the purposes of council representation, and together with Carnoustie, share the 01241 telephone area code with Arbroath. For other uses, see Glasgow (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Aberdeen (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Edinburgh (disambiguation). ... St Vigeans is a small village and parish in Angus, Scotland. ... Carmyllie is a rural parish in Angus, Scotland. ... Friockheim is a village in Angus, Scotland dating from 1848. ... Inverkeilor is a town in Angus, Scotland. ... , Carnoustie (Gaelic: Càrn Fheusda) is a town and former police burgh in the council area of Angus, Scotland. ...

Panorama of Arbroath Cliffs in winter.

Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 65 pixelsFull resolution (12319 × 998 pixel, file size: 2. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 65 pixelsFull resolution (12319 × 998 pixel, file size: 2. ...

Demography

Residents of Arbroath are called Arbroathians, or Reid Lichties (due to the prominent red harbour light of the town). At the 2001 census, the population of Arbroath was 22,785. Approximately 88.9% were born in Scotland, while 97.7% were born in the United Kingdom as a whole. Most Arbroath residents are between 16 and 65, with 19.8% under 16, 59.5% between 16 and 65 with those over 65 making up 20.7% of the population. There are 47.1% males to 52.9% females.[2] UK Census 2001 logo A nationwide census, commonly known as Census 2001, was conducted in the United Kingdom on Sunday 29 April 2001. ...


Arbroath has one of the highest rates of unemployment in Scotland - around 4.0% of the population are claiming unemployment-related social welfare benefits.[22] CIA figures for world unemployment rates, 2006 Unemployment is the state in which a person is without work, available to work, and is currently seeking work. ... ...


Migrant workers represented 2.14% of the population,[2] although this percentage is likely to increase over time due to a significant influx of workers to the Arbroath-Dundee region from the Czech Republic and Slovenia over the past 10 years and from Poland following that country's accession to the European Union in 2004. A report in The Times in January 2007 claimed 1,500 Bulgarians had also moved to the Dundee region and more would follow.[23] The Times is a national newspaper published daily in the United Kingdom (and the Kingdom of Great Britain before the United Kingdom existed) since 1788 when it was known as The Daily Universal Register. ...


Economy

Arbroath has no sizeable employers outside of the public sector, with most workers commuting to Dundee.[24] Arbroath itself has an economically active population of 9,192 people, with the public sector (21.8%) the largest employer of Arbroath residents closely followed by the manufacturing (16%) and retail sector (15.4%). The fishing industry accounts for 0.4% (fewer than 50 people) although the processing sector is considered separately under manufacturing and the figure of 50 people relates directly to the catching and support sectors.[25][26] < [[[[math>Insert formula here</math>The public sector is that part of economic and administrative life that deals with the delivery of goods and services by and for the [[government </math></math></math></math> Direct administration funded through taxation; the delivering organisation generally has no specific requirement to meet commercial... Manufacturing (from Latin manu factura, making by hand) is the use of tools and labor to make things for use or sale. ... Drawing of a self-service store. ...


History

Arbroath's prospects originally revolved around the harbour. The original harbour was constructed and maintained by the abbot within the terms of an agreement between the burgesses and John Gedy, the abbot in 1394 AD. This gave way to a more commodious port in 1725, which in turn was enlarged and improved in 1839.[3] Arbroath became a major port for the coastal shipping trade and in 1846, there were 89 Arbroath registered vessels, totalling 9100 gross tons. In the same year, 599 vessels docked at Arbroath, 56 from foreign ports (mainly Baltic ports) with the remaining 543 employed on the coastal trade. Bark, flax, hemp, hides, oak, and fir timber, and guano for manure, groceries from London, and numerous articles of Baltic produce were imported via Arbroath, with manufactured goods (mainly sailcloth) exported via Arbroath.[10] For other uses, see Abbot (disambiguation). ... Burgess originally meant a freeman of a borough or burgh. ... Look up AD, ad-, and ad in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... For other uses, see Baltic (disambiguation). ...

View of Arbroath Harbour.
View of Arbroath Harbour.

Arbroath was a manufacturing centre but during the early 1970s manufacturing began to decline. A major employer, Keith & Blackman, closed in 1985 and Giddings and Lewis-Fraser wound down their operations at about the same time, with the entire plant eventually demolished to make way for a Safeway (now Morrisons) supermarket.[27][28] Alps Electric Co. were a large employer in Arbroath from 1990 to 2001, employing 180 staff. Following the closure of the plant, all 180 staff were made redundant[29] In 2004, there was speculation that the Condor Barracks would be transferred to the Army as a replacement for Fort George and that the Condor Barracks would become a permanent base for a battalion of The Royal Regiment of Scotland. These plans never went beyond the planning stage and in 2005 it was confirmed the Royal Marines would remain based at the Condor Barracks.[30] Image File history File linksMetadata Arbroath_Harbour. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Arbroath_Harbour. ... Safeway is a brand name used by several fraudulent supermarket chains around the world: Safeway Inc. ... For other uses, see Morrison. ... Alps Electric Co. ... Look up redundancy in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The British Army is the land armed forces branch of the British Armed Forces. ... Fort George, Ardersier, Highland, Scotland, is a large 18th century fortress near Inverness with perhaps the mightiest artillery fortifications in Europe. ... The Royal Regiment of Scotland is the senior line infantry regiment and only Scottish regiment of the British Army infantry. ...


Housing

House Prices in Arbroath are very close to the national average and in April-June 2006 were £99 below the national average, local prices averaging £113,646 compared to the national average of £113,745.[31] The average house price across Angus has risen by 14.9% in the past year (to November 2006) and now stands at £124,451.[32] Angus Council suggests the recent upgrading of the A92 between Arbroath and Dundee to dual carriageway has lured Dundonians to Arbroath and this may be driving up house prices.[33]


Tourism

Tourism plays some part in the Arbroath economy, with Arbroath Abbey attracting over 14,000 visitors each year.[34] Attractions during the summer months include the Seafront Spectacular, which includes an airshow, and the Seafest which is themed around Arbroath's maritime heritage. There is also a re-enactment of the signing of the Declaration of Arbroath (the declaration of Scottish independence) and in past years there has been a mock Viking invasion culminating in the burning of a longship.[35] Arbroath Abbey, showing distinctive sandstone colouring. ... The Declaration of Arbroath was a declaration of Scottish independence, and set out to confirm Scotlands status as an independent, sovereign state and its use of military action when unjustly attacked. ... The Oseberg longship (Viking Ship Museum, Norway) Oseberg longship from the front, one of the most stunning expressions of Norse art and craftsmanship A longship tacking in the wind Longships were ships primarily used by the Scandinavian Vikings and the Saxons to raid coastal and inland settlements during the European...


Arbroath is home to Kerr's Miniature Railway, the oldest miniature railway in Scotland, which has been operating since 1935 and which at its height, in 1955, saw 60,000 visitors. Today, the railway is operated as a hobby by a group of volunteers and remains popular with locals, tourists and railway enthusiasts.[36] Kerrs Minature Railway is a 10 1/4 gauge railway situated on the common at Arbroath. ...


Transport

Arbroath is served by the A92 road which connects the city to Dundee and Fife to the south west, and Stonehaven in the north east. The A92 joins the A90 north of Stonehaven and leads to Aberdeen further north. The A92 is dual carriageway from the southern outskirts of Arbroath to the northern outskirts of Dundee, the A92 proceeds through Dundee before crossing the Tay estuary into Fife via the Tay Road Bridge. The A90 can also be reached at Dundee heading both north (to Aberdeen) and south (to Perth and Edinburgh). Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Arbroath railway station Serves the town of Arbroath in Angus. ... The A92 is a major road in Scotland. ... For other uses, see Dundee (disambiguation). ... This article is about the area in Scotland. ... Market Square, Stonehaven Stonehaven (Steenhive in the Doric dialect of Scots) and Cala na Creige in Gaelic is a town with around fourteen thousand inhabitants (9,577 in 2001 (census)) on the North-East coast of Scotland. ... The A90 is a major road in Scotland. ... For other uses, see Aberdeen (disambiguation). ... The Tay Road Bridge is a road bridge in Scotland over the River Tay from Newport-on-Tay in the north east of Fife, to the City of Dundee. ...


Arbroath has a modest public bus transport system, with the Arbroath Bus Station serving as the town's main terminus. Stagecoach Strathtay and Travel Wishart (part of National Express) operate most of the local services, with most rural services operated by Stagecoach Strathtay. Arbroath has one railway station, a short walk from the bus station, with regional train services to the east coast of Scotland, Edinburgh, Perth and Glasgow whilst intercity services operate to destinations in England such as Newcastle, Birmingham, York and London. Passenger services at Arbroath are provided by First ScotRail, CrossCountry Trains and National Express East Coast. Dundee has a regional airport which offers commercial flights to London City Airport five times a week.[37] The airport has a 1,400-metre runway capable of serving small aircraft and is located 3 kilometres west of the city centre, adjacent to the Tay river. The nearest major international airports are in Edinburgh and Aberdeen. Arbroath has a sizeable airfield at the Royal Marines military base on the western outskirts of the town, but this remains a dedicated military airfield. Strathtay Scottish Omnibuses Ltd, in Scotland, was formed as a bus operating subsidiary of the Scottish Transport Group in June 1985 from Walter Alexander & Sons (Midland) Ltd and Walter Alexander & Sons (Northern) Ltd. ... National Express coach on route 561 National Express is the brand under which the majority of long distance bus and coach services in the United Kingdom are marketed, and also the company that manages this network and operates some of the services. ... Strathtay Scottish Omnibuses Ltd, in Scotland, was formed as a bus operating subsidiary of the Scottish Transport Group in June 1985 from Walter Alexander & Sons (Midland) Ltd and Walter Alexander & Sons (Northern) Ltd. ... Arbroath railway station Serves the town of Arbroath in Angus. ... This article is about a city in the United Kingdom. ... This article is about the British city. ... York shown within England Coordinates: , Sovereign state Constituent country Region Yorkshire and the Humber Ceremonial county North Yorkshire Admin HQ York City Centre Founded 71 City Status 71 Government  - Type Unitary Authority, City  - Governing body City of York Council  - Leadership: Leader & Executive  - Executive: Liberal Democrat  - MPs: Hugh Bayley (L) John... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... First ScotRail is the brand under which FirstGroup PLC runs its railway franchise to operate all domestic passenger services within Scotland, as well as the cross-border Caledonian Sleeper service to London. ... This article is about CrossCountry trains. ... National Express East Coast is the name under which the new train operating company NXEC Trains Ltd has stated it will operate the InterCity East Coast rail franchise, which includes services in England and Scotland. ... Gate 4 of the Airport Dundee Airport (IATA: DND, ICAO: EGPN) is located 3 km from the centre of Dundee, Scotland or, for navigation purposes, 0. ... London City Airport (IATA: LCY, ICAO: EGLC) is a single-runway airport, intended for use by STOL (Short Take Off and Landing) airliners, and principally serving the financial districts of London. ... Edinburgh Airport (IATA: EDI, ICAO: EGPH) is located in Edinburgh, Scotland, and was the busiest airport in Scotland in 2007, handling 9,037,200 passengers. ... For the airport in Aberdeen, South Dakota, see Aberdeen Regional Airport. ... The Royal Marines (RM) are the marines and amphibious infantry of the United Kingdom and, along with the Royal Navy and Royal Fleet Auxiliary, form the Naval Service [2]. They are also the United Kingdoms amphibious force and specialists in mountain and Arctic warfare. ...


Places of worship

Arbroath has several churches, serving almost all Christian denominations with Church of Scotland, Roman Catholic and Episcopal churches in the town. There are no synagogues, mosques or temples and Jewish, Muslim and Hindu worshippers travel to Dundee in order to worship. For other uses, see Christian (disambiguation). ... The Church of Scotland (CofS; Scottish Gaelic: ), known informally by its pre-Union Scots name, The Kirk, is the national church of Scotland. ... The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... The neutrality of this article is disputed. ... A synagogue (from , transliterated synagogÄ“, assembly; beit knesset, house of assembly; or beit tefila, house of prayer, shul; , esnoga) is a Jewish house of worship. ... The Masjid al-Haram in Mecca as it exists today A mosque is a place of worship for followers of the Islamic faith. ... The word Jew ( Hebrew: יהודי) is used in a wide number of ways, but generally refers to a follower of the Jewish faith, a child of a Jewish mother, or someone of Jewish descent with a connection to Jewish culture or ethnicity and often a combination of these attributes. ... There is also a collection of Hadith called Sahih Muslim A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم, Persian: Mosalman or Mosalmon Urdu: مسلمان, Turkish: Müslüman, Albanian: Mysliman, Bosnian: Musliman) is an adherent of the religion of Islam. ... This article discusses the adherents of Hinduism. ...


Culture

Arbroath is home to the Webster Theatre, a venue which has featured Harry Lauder, Jimmy Tarbuck,[38] Charlie Landsborough, The Illegal Eagles, and the Drifters, and was the first venue the Alexander Brothers, a Scottish easy listening act, performed in as a professional duo.[39] The Webster Theatre recently went through a multi-million pounds refurbishment and opened in February of 2008. Sir Harry Lauder, KBE (4 August 1870 - 26 February 1950) was a very famous Scottish entertainer, described by Sir Winston Churchill as Scotlands greatest ever ambassador! // Early Years Born Henry Lauder at 4 Bridge Street Portobello, the residence of his mother’s father, he was the eldest son of... Jimmy Tarbuck OBE (born 6 February 1940, Liverpool, Lancashire, England) is an English comedian, emcee and the father of actress and television presenter Liza Tarbuck, he attended the same school as Beatle John Lennon and newscaster Peter Sissons. ... This article is about the American band. ... The Alexander Brothers are an easy-listening folk-music duo from Scotland, who have been performing since the 1950s. ...


There are several amateur theatre and musical companies based in and around Arbroath, the most well known being the Angus Minstrels group, the last group in Britain to regularly perform blackface. In 2005, following pressure from Angus Council, who feared legal action, the show began performing without any makeup, and the group changed its name from 'The Angus Black and White Minstrels' to simply 'The Angus Minstrels'. The decision to stop performing the show in blackface received widespread press coverage in the UK.[40][41] This reproduction of a 1900 minstrel show poster, originally published by the Strobridge Litho Co. ...


Since 1947, a pageant commemorating the signing of the Declaration has been held within the roofless remains of the abbey. This is run by the local Arbroath Abbey Pageant Society, and re-enacts the story of the signing.[42] A beauty contest, or beauty pageant, is a competition between people, based largely, though not always entirely, on the beauty of their physical appearance. ...


The author Sir Walter Scott is famous for the Waverley series of novels, including Rob Roy and Ivanhoe. Scott is known to have visited Arbroath three times, and his personal favourite in the series, The Antiquary (1816) features affectionately fictionalised versions of both Arbroath ("Fairport") and Auchmithie ("Musselcrag").[43] Raeburns portrait of Sir Walter Scott in 1822. ... Waverley is a novel by Sir Walter Scott. ... Rob Roy (1817) is a novel by Walter Scott about Frank Osbaldistone, the son of an English merchant who goes to the Scottish Highlands to collect a debt stolen from his father. ... For other uses, see Ivanhoe (disambiguation). ... In his novel Italic textThe AntiquaryItalic text Walter Scott romanticises the life of a collector of old things. ... Auchmithie is a fishing village in Angus, Scotland, three miles north east of the town of Arbroath. ...


Arbroath has one museum, the former Bell Rock Lighthouse Signal Tower. In 1807 Arbroath became the base of operations for the building of the Bell Rock Lighthouse. The shore station for the lighthouse - the Bell Rock Signal Tower - was completed in 1813 and acted as a lifeline for the keepers offshore. The Signal Tower Museum was opened in 1974 as a visitor centre detailing the history of the lighthouse and the town of Arbroath.[44] View of the Bell Rock Signal Tower shore station in Arbroath, looking out to sea. ... The Signal Tower is a museum in the coastal town of Arbroath, Angus, Scotland. ...


Arbroath Smokies

Arbroath Smokies, for which Arbroath is well-known nationally and internationally, are made solely in Arbroath following the award of Protected Geographical Indication in 2004, which limits Arbroath Smokie production to within 4 km of Arbroath. Arbroath Smokies are a local specialty of Arbroath, of county Angus in Scotland. ... Protected designation of origin (PDO) and protected geographical indication (PGI) and Traditional Speciality Guaranteed (TSG) are classifications defined in European Union Law to protect regional foods. ...


Smokies are made from haddock using traditional methods dating back to the late 1800s where the fish are first salted overnight to preserve them, before being left tied in pairs to dry. Next, the dried fish are hung in a special barrel containing a hardwood fire and covered with a lid. After around an hour of smoking, the fish are golden brown and ready to eat.[45]


The preparation of Smokies remains a cottage industry in Arbroath, centred almost exclusively at the harbour area, though one larger processor, RR Spink, supplies Arbroath Smokies to several UK supermarket chains, and to HM Queen Elizabeth II for which the company holds a Royal Warrant.[46][47] The use of the term has expanded, and is used to refer to any event which allows a large number of people to lalalawork part time. ... Elizabeth II in an official portrait as Queen of Canada (on the occasion of her Golden Jubilee in 2002, wearing the Sovereigns badges of the Order of Canada and the Order of Military Merit) Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary) (born 21 April 1926), styled HM The... It has been suggested that this article be split into multiple articles accessible from a disambiguation page. ...


Sport

Arbroath has one professional football team, Arbroath, presently playing in the 3rd division of the Scottish Football League. Arbroath play their home matches at Gayfield Park, which holds the record for being the closest stadium to the sea in European football (around five metres from the high tide line).[48] Arbroath F.C. holds the world record for the largest winning margin in a senior football match, 36-0, in their Scottish Cup match against Bon Accord (a scratch team from Aberdeen) on September 12, 1885.[49] Further goals were disallowed either for offside, or because it was not clear whether the ball had gone into the goal.[50] For this reason the AFC supporters' club is called the 36-0 club in memory of this event. Arbroath F.C. are nicknamed The Red Lichties due to the red light that used to guide fishing boats back from the North Sea to the harbour (Lichtie being a Scots word for light). Arbroath and the surrounding areas are home to several amateur senior and junior teams competing in the various amateur leagues, such as Arbroath Victoria F.C. and Arbroath SC. Arbroath F.C. are a Scottish Association football team currently playing in the Scottish Football League. ... The Scottish Football League is a league of football teams in Scotland. ... Gayfield Park is a football stadium in Arbroath, Scotland. ... Bon Accord were a football team from Aberdeen, Scotland who suffered the worst defeat in any British senior football match, losing 36-0 to Arbroath in the 1885 Scottish Cup. ... is the 255th day of the year (256th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1885 (MDCCCLXXXV) is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... The Scottish Junior Football Association (SJFA) is the organising body for the junior grade of football (soccer) in Scotland. ... Arbroath Victoria (the Vics) are one of the oldest junior clubs in Scotland, having been formed in 1882. ... Arbroath Sporting Club (commonly known as Arbroath SC) is a Scottish junior football club based in Arbroath. ...


Arbroath also has a cricket club, Rugby union club and several bowls clubs, with the present (2006) World and British singles champion Darren Burnett a native of Arbroath. Darren also works as a police officer with Tayside Police.[51] This article is about the sport. ... For other uses, see Rugby (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Bowl (disambiguation). ... Map showing the council areas of Scotland with the ones in the police area highlighted. ...


Education

Arbroath has one further education college, Angus College which is based in the former Arbroath High School buildings. There are two secondary schools and 11 primary schools. One primary school is Roman Catholic, the remaining schools are non-denominational. There are 2260 pupils in primary school education in Arbroath with a further 1720 pupils in secondary education.[52] High School also refers to the highest form of classical riding, High School Dressage. ... Primary or elementary education is the first years of formal, structured education that occurs during childhood. ...


Secondary schools

Arbroath has two secondary schools, Arbroath High School and Arbroath Academy. The High School (the older of the two), was originally a grammar school and the Academy a comprehensive. The Academy is located near the Mayfield area and the High School near Keptie Pond. Both schools are well regarded with exam results along reading and writing performance indicators above the national average.[53] A grammar school is a school that may, depending on regional usage as exemplified below, provide either secondary education or, a much less common usage, primary education (also known as elementary). Grammar schools trace their origins back to medieval Europe, as schools in which university preparatory subjects, such as Latin... A comprehensive school is a secondary school that does not select children on the basis of academic attainment or aptitude. ...


Noted former pupils of Arbroath High School include Michael Forsyth, former Scottish Secretary[54] and Andrew Webster, a professional footballer who is on loan at Rangers from Wigan Athletic football club. Michael Bruce Forsyth, Baron Forsyth of Drumlean, PC, (born 16 October 1954) is a Conservative & Unionist Party politician in the United Kingdom. ... Andrew Neil Webster (born April 23, 1982 in Dundee) usually known as Andy Webster is a Scottish professional football currently playing for Rangers in the Scottish Premier League, on loan from Wigan Athletic. ... Soccer redirects here. ... For other uses, see Rangers F.C. (disambiguation). ... Wigan Athletic Football Club are a football team based in Wigan, England. ...


Further education

Angus College, a further education college, has around 8500 students, with 80% of passing the course for which they enrol. There are around 1700 full time students with part-time students making up the majority of the student population. Arbroath is not a student town and there are no student residences in the town. The student population is made up solely of local students living within commuting distance of the college. Angus College offers courses up to Higher National Diploma (HND) level in a variety of trade related disciplines including courses related to beauty therapy and the building trades, as well as a sizeable number of programs relating to computing, information technology and office administration. A large number of the student body are mature students taking evening classes related to computing, digital photography and various software packages.[55] Further education (often abbreviated FE) is post-secondary, post-compulsory education (in addition to that received at secondary school). ... A Higher National Diploma (HND) is a higher education qualification in the United Kingdom. ... A mature student (aka adult student) in tertiary education (at a university or a college) is normally classified as an (undergraduate) student who is at least 21 years old (23 years old in Ireland) at the start of their course and usually having been away from school for at least...


School leavers going onto study at university have the choice of several local institutions - the University of Dundee, the University of Abertay Dundee, the University of St Andrews and the University of Aberdeen all within around one hour's travel from Arbroath. The University of Dundee is the principal university in the city and Royal burgh of Dundee, Scotland. ... The University of Abertay Dundee, usually known simply as Abertay University, is a university in Dundee, Scotland. ... St Marys College Bute Medical School St Leonards College[5][6] Affiliations 1994 Group Website http://www. ... The University of Aberdeen was founded in 1495, in Aberdeen, Scotland. ...


Notable Arbroathians

David Dunbar Buick David Dunbar Buick (September 17, 1854 - March 5, 1929) was a Scottish-American inventor best known for founding the Buick Motor Company. ... Buick is a brand of automobile built in the United States and China by General Motors. ... In a discussion of art technology, enamel (or vitreous enamel, or porcelain enamel in American English) is the colorful result of fusion of powdered glass to a substrate through the process of firing, usually between 750 and 850 degrees Celsius. ... For the foundations of the World Trade Center, see The Bathtub. ... OHV redirects here. ... James Chalmers was a native of Arbroath in Scotland who moved to Dundee and established himself there as a bookseller, printer and publisher, eventually serving as a Town Councillor and becoming Convener of the Nine Incorporated Trades. ... A selection of Hong Kong postage stamps A postage stamp is evidence of pre-paying a fee for postal services. ... The Penny Post is any one of several postal systems in which normal letters could be sent for one penny. ... Paul Dominik Diamond (known as Dominik Diamond) is a television and radio presenter from Arbroath, Scotland. ... John Ritchie Findlay (21 October 1824 - 16 October 1898) was a Scottish newspaper owner and philanthropist. ... The Scotsmans offices in Edinburgh The Scotsman is a Scottish national newspaper, published in Edinburgh. ... is the 294th day of the year (295th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1824 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Sir Harry Lauder, KBE (4 August 1870 - 26 February 1950) was a very famous Scottish entertainer, described by Sir Winston Churchill as Scotlands greatest ever ambassador! // Early Years Born Henry Lauder at 4 Bridge Street Portobello, the residence of his mother’s father, he was the eldest son of... Earl of Inchcape is a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom created in 1929. ... The Peninsular and Oriental Steam Navigation Company, which is usually known as P&O, is a British shipping and logistics company which dates from the early 19th century. ... The British East India Company, sometimes referred to as John Company, was a joint-stock company string of investors, which was granted a Royal Charter by Elizabeth I on December 31, 1600, with the intent to favour trade privileges in India. ... Judy Garland (born Frances Ethel Gumm; June 10, 1922 - June 22, 1969) was an Academy Award-nominated American film actress and singer, best known for her role as Dorothy Gale in The Wizard of Oz (1939). ... Liza Minnelli (born March 12, 1946 in Los Angeles, California) is an American actress and singer. ... Morris Pert (born 1947 in Arbroath, Scotland) is a Scottish musical composer, drummer and percussionist who has played as a session musician with many big name artists, including Paul McCartney, Andrew Lloyd-Webber, John Williams, Kate Bush, Mike Oldfield, Peter Gabriel, Phil Collins and the jazz-rock band Brand X... For other uses, see Phil Collins (disambiguation). ... A typical modern gasoline-powered mower. ... Andy Stewart (1933 - 1993) was a Scottish singer and entertainer. ... For other uses, see Glasgow (disambiguation). ...

See also

‹ The template below has been proposed for deletion. ... St Vigeans is a small village and parish in Angus, Scotland. ... Carmyllie is a rural parish in Angus, Scotland. ... Arbroath Smokies are a type of lightly smoked small haddock – a speciality of the town of Arbroath in Angus, Scotland. ... View of the Bell Rock Signal Tower shore station in Arbroath, looking out to sea. ... The Signal Tower is a museum in the coastal town of Arbroath, Angus, Scotland. ... Arbroath Abbey, showing distinctive sandstone colouring. ... Kerrs Minature Railway is a 10 1/4 gauge railway situated on the common at Arbroath. ... The Declaration of Arbroath was a declaration of Scottish independence, and set out to confirm Scotlands status as an independent, sovereign state and its use of military action when unjustly attacked. ... Aber and Inver are common elements in place-names of Celtic origin. ...

References

  1. ^ a b Arbroath : Arbroath Abbey. Retrieved on 2007-01-06.
  2. ^ a b c Arbroath 2001 Census - Population. Scotland's Census Results Online (SCROL). Scottish Executive. Retrieved on 2007-01-07.
  3. ^ a b c d e A glimpse of old Arbroath. Angus Council. Retrieved on 2007-01-06.
  4. ^ a b James Chalmers. The Gazetteer for Scotland. Retrieved on 2007-01-06.
  5. ^ a b Dunn, Jim (2006-10-20). The dreamer from Arbroath who inspired General Motors. The Scotsman. Retrieved on 2007-01-07.
  6. ^ 45 Commando, Royal Marines. Royal Navy. Ministry of Defence. Retrieved on 2007-01-12.
  7. ^ Roll back the stone plea. BBC News Online. BBC (2001-01-23). Retrieved on 2007-01-07.
  8. ^ travel.yahoo.com. Rough Guides. Yahoo Travel. Retrieved on 2007-01-30.
  9. ^ a b Alexander Shanks. The Gazetteer for Scotland. Retrieved on 2007-01-06.
  10. ^ a b Andrew's, St - Arbroath. A Topographical Dictionary of Scotland (1846). Retrieved on 2007-01-13.
  11. ^ "Second boost as Arbroath harbour back on the map". The Courier and Advertiser. D.C Thompson (2004-03-04). Retrieved on 2007-01-30.
  12. ^ Fishing Industry Statistics. Aberdeenshire Council. Retrieved on 2007-01-06.
  13. ^ Urquhart, Frank (2005-12-23). Quotas site to put bite on fish & chips. The Scotsman. Retrieved on 2007-01-06.
  14. ^ Local Government etc. (Scotland) Act 1994. Office of Public Sector Information (1994). Retrieved on 2007-01-07.
  15. ^ Councillor Information. Angus Council. Retrieved on 2007-11-24.
  16. ^ The Angus (Electoral Arrangements) Order 2006. (2006 No.393). Scottish Statutory Instruments. Scottish Executive (2006). Retrieved on 2007-01-07.
  17. ^ UK Parliamentary Election for the Angus Constituency. Angus Council (2005-05-05). Retrieved on 2007-01-07.
  18. ^ MSP Locator. Scottish Parliament. Retrieved on 2007-01-07.
  19. ^ Lord arrested after air incident. BBC News Online. BBC (2006-12-20). Retrieved on 2007-01-07.
  20. ^ Twinning with Arbroath Academy in Angus, Scotland. Friedensburg. Retrieved on 2007-01-07.
  21. ^ Forfarshire. Encyclopaedia Britannica (1911). Retrieved on 2007-01-06.
  22. ^ Unemployment Statistics (PDF). Angus Council (January 2007). Retrieved on 2007-03-17.
  23. ^ Bannerman, Lucy (2007-03-17). Goodbye Sofia, hello to... Dundee. The Times (London). Retrieved on 2007-01-07.
  24. ^ Dundee Economic Profile (PDF). Dundee City Council. Retrieved on 2007-01-07.
  25. ^ Census - Supporting Information. Scotland's Census Results Online (SCROL). Scottish Executive. Retrieved on 2007-01-07.
  26. ^ Arbroath 2001 Census - Employment. Scotland's Census Results Online (SCROL). Scottish Executive. Retrieved on 2007-01-08.
  27. ^ Jarrett, Andrew (2004-05-11). Disappointment for Arbroath Shoppers. Dundee Courier & Advertiser. DC Thompson. Retrieved on 2007-01-13.
  28. ^ a b Arbroath Timeline. Retrieved on 2007-01-13.
  29. ^ also a severed head was found here

    Military

    Arbroath is home to 45 Commando of the Royal Marines, who have been based at the Condor Barracks since 1971. The Condor Barracks were originally built in 1940 and commissioned as RNAS Arbroath / HMS Condor, a Royal Naval Air Station with Blackburn Buccaneers stationed at the base until 1971. The Royal Marines moved to Arbroath in 1971 and remain a major contributor to the local economy, in addition to the Marines stationed at Arbroath, with around 600 residents employed by the Ministry of Defence.<ref></ref> The Royal Marines from 45 Commando were recently engaged on operations in Afghanistan and have deployed in support of operations in Iraq and the Falklands War.<ref> {{cite web|url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/6250215.stm |title=UK forces battle Taliban fighters |accessdate=2007-01-11 |date=2007-01-11 |work=BBC News Online |publisher=BBC }}</li> <li id="cite_note-cond1-29">'''[[#cite_ref-cond1_29-0|^]]''' {{cite web|url=http://thescotsman.scotsman.com/index.cfm?id=857922004 |title=Fort George at risk from defence cuts |accessdate=2007-01-10 |last=Chamberlain |first=Gethin |coauthors=John Ross |date=2004-07-24 |work=The Scotsman }}</li> <li id="cite_note-upmystreet-30">'''[[#cite_ref-upmystreet_30-0|^]]''' {{cite web|url=http://www.upmystreet.com/property/prices/l/Arbroath.html |title=Average property prices in Arbroath |accessdate=2007-01-08 |work=UpMyStreet.com }}</li> <li id="cite_note-BBC3-31">'''[[#cite_ref-BBC3_31-0|^]]''' {{cite web|url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/shared/spl/hi/in_depth/uk_house_prices/html/qc.stm |title=UK House Prices |accessdate=2007-01-10 |date=2006-11-17 |work=BBC News Online |publisher=BBC }}</li> <li id="cite_note-32">'''[[#cite_ref-32|^]]''' {{cite web|url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/scotland/tayside_and_central/6287211.stm |title=New road 'improves' town fortune. |accessdate=2007-01-30 |date=2007-01-22 |work=BBC News Online |publisher=BBC }}</li> <li id="cite_note-SCO1-33">'''[[#cite_ref-SCO1_33-0|^]]''' {{cite web|url=http://www.scotland.gov.uk/News/Releases/2003/08/3932 |title=Arbroath Abbey wins gold for green tourism |accessdate=2007-01-08 |date=2003-08-14 |publisher=Scottish Executive }}</li> <li id="cite_note-DCT1-34">'''[[#cite_ref-DCT1_34-0|^]]''' {{cite web|url=http://www.thecourier.co.uk/output/2006/07/17/newsstory8552763t0.asp |title=Thrills galore at Seafront Spectacular |accessdate=2007-01-10 |date=2006-07-17 |work=Dundee Courier & Advertiser |publisher=DC Thompson }}</li> <li id="cite_note-kerr-35">'''[[#cite_ref-kerr_35-0|^]]''' {{cite web|url=http://www.geocities.com/kmr_scotland/ |title=Kerr's Miniature Railway |accessdate=2007-01-12 }}</li> <li id="cite_note-36">'''[[#cite_ref-36|^]]''' {{cite web | url = http://www.dundeecity.gov.uk/airport/main.htm | title = Dundee Airport | accessdate = 2006-09-20 | format = HTML | publisher = Dundee City Council }}</li> <li id="cite_note-vis1-37">'''[[#cite_ref-vis1_37-0|^]]''' {{cite web|url=http://www.visitscotland.com/library/TheatresinPerthDundeeFife |title=Theatres in Perthshire, Angus, Dundee and Fire |accessdate=2007-01-08 |publisher=Visit Scotland }}</li> <li id="cite_note-webs1-38">'''[[#cite_ref-webs1_38-0|^]]''' {{cite web|url=http://www.footstompin.com/artists/the_alexander_brothers |title=The Alexander Brothers |accessdate=2007-01-10 |work=Foot Stompin' Celtic Music }}</li> <li id="cite_note-mins1-39">'''[[#cite_ref-mins1_39-0|^]]''' {{cite web|url=http://www.thecourier.co.uk/output/2005/11/07/newsstory7715420t0.asp |title=Happy days with minstrels recalled |accessdate=2007-01-09 |last=Barnett |first=Ralph |date=2005-11-07 |work=Dundee Courier & Advertiser |publisher=DC Thompson }}</li> <li id="cite_note-mins2-40">'''[[#cite_ref-mins2_40-0|^]]''' {{cite web|url=http://news.scotsman.com/scotland.cfm?id=2209882005 |title=Minstrels order to stop 'blacking up' |accessdate=2007-01-09 |last=Bayer |first=Kurt |date=2005-11-08 |work=The Scotsman }}</li> <li id="cite_note-pag1-41">'''[[#cite_ref-pag1_41-0|^]]''' {{cite web|url=http://www.eveningtelegraph.co.uk/output/2005/04/05/story6984886t0.shtm |title=Preparing for Tartan Day events in Angus |accessdate=2007-01-09 |last=Barnett |first=Ralph |date=2005-04-05 |work=Dundee Evening Telegraph |publisher=DC Thompson }}</li> <li id="cite_note-walterscott-42">'''[[#cite_ref-walterscott_42-0|^]]''' {{cite web|url=http://www.walterscott.lib.ed.ac.uk/links/individualworks.html |title=Walter Scott |accessdate=2007-01-09 |date=2006-02-07 |publisher=Edinburgh University Library }}</li> <li id="cite_note-BRorgSignalTower">'''[[#cite_ref-BRorgSignalTower_0|^]]''' <strong class="error">Cite error: Invalid <code>&lt;ref&gt;</code> tag; no text was provided for refs named <code>BRorgSignalTower</code></strong></li> <li id="cite_note-defra1-44">'''[[#cite_ref-defra1_44-0|^]]''' {{cite web|url=http://www.defra.gov.uk/foodrin/foodname/UKingdom/arbsm.htm |title=Arbroath Smokie PGI |accessdate=2007-01-09 |date=2004-03-31 |work=DEFRA EU Protected Food Names |publisher=HM Government }}</li> <li id="cite_note-spinkwar-45">'''[[#cite_ref-spinkwar_45-0|^]]''' {{cite web|url=http://www.royalwarrant.org/DirectorySQL.asp |title=The Royal Warrant Holders Association |accessdate=2007-01-09 }}</li> <li id="cite_note-RRsmokie-46">'''[[#cite_ref-RRsmokie_46-0|^]]''' {{cite web|url=http://thescotsman.scotsman.com/index.cfm?id=363452004 |title=New factory revives 'Smokie' production |accessdate=2007-01-09 |last=Urquhart |first=Frank |date=2004-04-30 |work=The Scotsman }}</li> <li id="cite_note-scotfootiegrnd-47">'''[[#cite_ref-scotfootiegrnd_47-0|^]]''' {{cite web|url=http://www.scottishgroundguide.co.uk/arbroath.htm |title=Arbroath Gayfield Park |accessdate=2007-01-09 |publisher=Scottish Football Ground Guide}}</li> <li id="cite_note-48">'''[[#cite_ref-48|^]]''' {{cite news | url = http://heritage.scotsman.com/traditions.cfm?id=2372812005 | title = ''A day when Scottish football scorched the record books''| publisher = The Scotsman | date = 2005-12-09 }}</li> <li id="cite_note-49">'''[[#cite_ref-49|^]]''' {{cite news | url = http://heritage.scotsman.com/traditions.cfm?id=2372812005 | title = ''The 36-0 team''| publisher = Arbroath F.C. | date = 2003 }}</li> <li id="cite_note-NZher-50">'''[[#cite_ref-NZher_50-0|^]]''' {{cite web|url=http://www.nzherald.co.nz/section/4/story.cfm?c_id=4&objectid=10418090 |title=Bowls: Lawson scorches path to last eight |accessdate=2007-01-09 |date=2007-01-08 |work=New Zealand Herald }}</li> <li id="cite_note-ACsch-51">'''[[#cite_ref-ACsch_51-0|^]]''' {{cite web|url=http://www.angus.gov.uk/atoz/primaryschools.cfm |title=Angus Council Schools |accessdate=2007-01-09 |publisher=Angus Council }}</li> <li id="cite_note-HMSIang-52">'''[[#cite_ref-HMSIang_52-0|^]]''' {{cite web|url=http://www.hmie.gov.uk/documents/inspection/Angus%20INEA%2004_02.pdf |title=HMSI - Angus Council |accessdate=2007-01-09 |date=2002-04 |format=PDF |work=HMSI |publisher=Scottish Executive }}</li> <li id="cite_note-BBC10-53">'''[[#cite_ref-BBC10_53-0|^]]''' {{cite web|url=http://www.bbc.co.uk/election97/candidates/293.htm |title=Michael Forsyth |accessdate=2007-01-09 |date=1997 |work=BBC News Online |publisher=BBC }}</li> <li id="cite_note-college1-54">'''[[#cite_ref-college1_54-0|^]]''' {{cite web|url=http://www.angus.ac.uk/FOI |title=Angus College FOI |accessdate=2006-11-14 |publisher=Angus College }}</li> <li id="cite_note-dd-55">'''[[#cite_ref-dd_55-0|^]]''' {{cite web|url=http://www.manchestereveningnews.co.uk/news/showbiz/s/210/210743_tv_presenter_backs_out_of_crucifixion_ordeal.html |title=TV presenter backs out of crucifixion ordeal |accessdate=2007-01-10 |date=2006-04-14 |work=Manchester Evening News }}</li> <li id="cite_note-jrf-56">'''[[#cite_ref-jrf_56-0|^]]''' {{cite web|url=http://www.geo.ed.ac.uk/scotgaz/people/famousfirst1289.html |title=John Ritchie Findlay |accessdate=2007-01-09 |work=The Gazetteer for Scotland }}</li> <li id="cite_note-lauder-57">'''[[#cite_ref-lauder_57-0|^]]''' {{cite web|url=http://special.lib.gla.ac.uk/sta/lauder/index.html |title=Harry Lauder |accessdate=2007-01-09 |publisher=Glasgow University Library }}</li> <li id="cite_note-liza-58">'''[[#cite_ref-liza_58-0|^]]''' {{cite web|url=http://www.genealogy.com/famousfolks/liza-minnelli/ |title=Ancestry of Liza Minnelli |accessdate=2007-01-09 |publisher=Genealogy.com }}</li> <li id="cite_note-mp-59">'''[[#cite_ref-mp_59-0|^]]''' {{cite web|url=http://www.morrispert.com/mp_bio.html |title=Morris Pert Official Biography |accessdate=2007-01-09 |work=morrispert.com |publisher=Morris Pert }}</li> Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 6th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 7th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 6th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 6th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 293rd day of the year (294th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 7th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 12th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 23rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 7th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 30th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 6th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 13th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 63rd day of the year (64th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 30th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 6th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 357th day of the year (358th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 6th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 7th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 328th day of the year (329th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 7th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 125th day of the year (126th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 7th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 7th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 354th day of the year (355th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 7th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 7th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 6th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 76th day of the year (77th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 76th day of the year (77th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Times is a national newspaper published daily in the United Kingdom (and the Kingdom of Great Britain before the United Kingdom existed) since 1788 when it was known as The Daily Universal Register. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 7th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 7th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 7th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 8th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 131st day of the year (132nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 13th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 13th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 45 (RM) Commando is a battalion sized formation of the British Royal Marines and subordinate unit within 3 Commando Brigade, the principal Commando formation and under the Operational Command of Commander in Chief Fleet. ... The Royal Marines (RM) are the marines and amphibious infantry of the United Kingdom and, along with the Royal Navy and Royal Fleet Auxiliary, form the Naval Service [2]. They are also the United Kingdoms amphibious force and specialists in mountain and Arctic warfare. ... The Blackburn Buccaneer was a British attack aircraft serving with the Royal Navy and the Royal Air Force. ... The Ministry of Defence (MOD) is the United Kingdom government department responsible for implementation of government defence policy and is the headquarters of the British Armed Forces. ... Belligerents Argentina United Kingdom Commanders President Leopoldo Galtieri Vice-Admiral Juan Lombardo Brigadier-General Ernesto Crespo Brigade-General Mario Menéndez Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher Admiral Sir John Fieldhouse Rear-Admiral John “Sandy” Woodward Major-General Jeremy Moore Casualties and losses 649 killed 1,068 wounded 11,313 taken prisoner...

    <li id="cite_note-andystewart-60">'''[[#cite_ref-andystewart_60-0|^]]''' {{cite web|url=http://www.geo.ed.ac.uk/scotgaz/people/famousfirst303.html |title=Andrew (Andy) Stewart |accessdate=2007-01-09 |work=The Gazetteer for Scotland }}</li></ol></ref>

External links

This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain. Encyclopædia Britannica, the eleventh edition The Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition (1910–1911) is perhaps the most famous edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica. ... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Arbroath - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1465 words)
The Royal Burgh of Arbroath or Aberbrothock (archaic, Scottish Gaelic: Obair Bhrothaig) is the largest burgh in the council area of Angus in Scotland, and has a population of approximately 23,000 people (2001 census).
The town is internationally famous as the home of the Declaration of Arbroath, the statement of Scottish independence signed by the nobility in the 14th century.
Arbroath Abbey was founded by King William the Lion in 1178 for monks of the Tironesian order from Kelso Abbey.
Arbroath Smokie - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (283 words)
Arbroath Smokies are a type of lightly smoked small haddock – a speciality of the town of Arbroath in Angus, Scotland.
The preparation of Smokies remains a cottage industry in Arbroath, centred exclusively on the harbour area, known locally as the fit i'the toon (foot of the town).
Arbroath town council encouraged the fishermen and their families to the town by allocating land on which they could build.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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