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Encyclopedia > Arbor Day
Arbor Day
Trees are the main focus of Arbor Day.
Observed by United States and other countries.
Type Cultural
Significance A holiday celebrating trees.
Date Final Friday in April (US), various other days (other countries).
Celebrations Planting and caring for trees, educating about the importance of trees.
Related to Greenery Day (Japan)

Arbor Day is a holiday in which individuals and groups are encouraged to plant and care for trees. Arbor Day originated in Nebraska City, Nebraska, United States but is also celebrated by several other countries. In Japan, a similarly-themed Greenery Day is celebrated. Download high resolution version (399x603, 71 KB)Italic textA Coast Redwood File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Greenery Day (Japanese: みどりの日 Midori no hi) is one of the holidays for Japanese Citizen. ... For other uses, see Holiday (disambiguation). ... The coniferous Coast Redwood, the tallest tree species on earth. ... Nebraska City is a city in Otoe County, Nebraska, United States. ... Greenery Day (Japanese: みどりの日 Midori no hi) is one of the holidays for Japanese Citizen. ...

Contents

History

Arbor Day was established by J. Sterling Morton of Nebraska City, Nebraska in 1872. Julius Sterling Morton (NSHC statue) Julius Sterling Morton (April 22, 1832 – April 27, 1902) was born in Adams, New York. ... Nebraska City is a city in Otoe County, Nebraska, United States. ...


J. Sterling Morton and his wife moved from Detroit, Michigan to the Nebraska Territory in 1854 , where he was the editor of Nebraska's first newspaper. His influence as a journalist led to his involvement in politics, and he became a promoter of the settlement of Nebraska. The lack of trees, however, was an obstacle. “Detroit” redirects here. ... Nebraska Territory was a historic, organized territory of the United States from May 30, 1854 until March 1, 1867 when Nebraska became the 37th U.S. state. ...


The Great Plains had been described as the "Great American Desert." The tallgrass prairie that covered much of Nebraska at that time could provide rich farmland, but without wood for building houses or for fuel to heat homes, few found it convenient to settle there. Even the allotment of free land by the Homestead Act failed to entice sufficient numbers of families to relocate to Nebraska.[citation needed]Morton proposed Arbor Day as a tree planting holiday in 1872 at a meeting of the Nebraska State Board of Agriculture. On the first Arbor Day, prizes were offered to counties and to individuals for properly planting the largest number of trees. It was claimed that more than 1 million trees were planted in Nebraska on that day. The Great Plains covers much of the central United States, portions of Canada and Mexico. ... The Great American Desert was an inaccurate term that described the area west of the Missouri River and east of the Rocky Mountains in the 19th century. ... Prairie grasses The tallgrass prairie is an ecosystem native to central North America, with fire as its primary periodic disturbance. ... The Homestead Act was a United States Federal law that gave freehold title to 160 acres (one quarter section or about 65 hectares) of undeveloped land in the American West. ... Official language(s) English Capital Lincoln Largest city Omaha Largest metro area Omaha Area  Ranked 16th  - Total 77,421 sq mi (200,520 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 430 miles (690 km)  - % water 0. ... Julius Sterling Morton (NSHC statue) Julius Sterling Morton (April 22, 1832 – April 27, 1902) was born in Adams, New York. ...


During the course of the 1870s, several other states passed legislation to observe Arbor Day. Schools began to adopt the tradition beginning in 1882. By 1894, Arbor Day was celebrated in each state of the United States.


Morton's home in Nebraska City, Arbor Lodge, is a state historical park, which includes an arboretum and extensive landscaped grounds. Adjacent to the public park, Morton's farm, now called Arbor Day Farm, is run by the National Arbor Day Foundation. Arbor Lodge State Historical Park and Arboretum (72 acres) is a mansion, state park, and arboretum located at 2300 2nd Avenue, Nebraska City, Nebraska. ... An arboretum is a botanical garden primarily devoted to trees and other woody plants, forming a living collection of trees intended at least partly for scientific study. ...


Observances

Australia

July 28 is National Tree Planting Day for schools throughout Australia and 30 July is National Tree Planting Day for the rest of the Nation.


Belgium

International Day of Treeplanting is celebrated in Flanders on or around 21 March as a theme-day/educational-day/observance, not as public holidays. Tree planting is sometimes combined with awareness campaigns of the fight against cancer: Kom Op Tegen Kanker. For other uses, see Flanders (disambiguation). ... is the 80th day of the year (81st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


Cambodia

National Tree Planting Day is on June 1. is the 152nd day of the year (153rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


Central African Republic

National Tree Planting Day is on July 22. is the 203rd day of the year (204th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


Iran

National Tree Planting Day is on March 5. This article is about the day. ...


Israel

Israel celebrates Tu B'Shevat, the new year for trees, on the fifteenth day of the month of Shevat, which usually falls in January or February. Originally based on the date used to calculate the age of fruit trees for tithing as mandated in Leviticus 19:23-25, the holiday now is most often observed by planting trees, or raising money to plant trees.[1] Tu Bishvat (ט״ו בשבט ṭū bišḇāṭ) is the Jewish holiday equivalent of Arbor Day— it is the new year for trees. ... In the story of Xenogears, Shevat is the name of a country, named after the Hebrew month. ... A tithe (from Old English teogotha tenth) is a one-tenth part of something, paid as a voluntary contribution or as a tax or levy, usually to support a religious organization. ... Leviticus is the third book of the Hebrew Bible, also the third book in the Torah (five books of Moses). ...


Japan

Japan celebrates a similarly themed Greenery Day, held on May 5th. Although it has a similar theme to Arbor Day, its roots lay in celebration of the birthday of Emperor Hirohito. Greenery Day (Japanese: みどりの日 Midori no hi) is one of the holidays for Japanese Citizen. ... // is the 125th day of the year (126th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the CPR ocean liner, see Empress of Japan. ... Emperor Shōwa ) (April 29, 1901 – January 7, 1989) was the 124th emperor of Japan according to the traditional order of succession, reigning from December 25, 1926 until his death in 1989. ...


Kenya

National Tree Planting Day is on April 21. is the 111th day of the year (112th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


Lesotho

National Tree Planting Day is on March 21. is the 80th day of the year (81st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


Malawi

National Tree Planting Day is on the 2nd Monday of December.


Namibia

National Tree Planting Day is on September 7.


Netherlands

Since conference and of the Food and Agriculture Organization's publication World Festival of Trees, and a resolution of the United Nations in 1954: "The Conference, recognising the need of arousing mass consciousness of the aesthetic, physical and economic value of trees, recommends a World Festival of Trees to be celebrated annually in each member country on a date suited to local conditions"; it has been adopted by the Netherlands. In 1957 the National Committee Day of Planting Trees/Foundation of National Festival of Trees (Nationale Boomplantdag/Nationale Boomfeestdag) was created. The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that leads international efforts to defeat hunger. ... UN and U.N. redirect here. ...


On or around 21 March (the first day of Spring) or sometimes on or around 21 September (the first day of Autumn), threequarters of city school-children and others plant trees. is the 80th day of the year (81st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see Spring. ... is the 264th day of the year (265th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the temperate season. ...


In 2007 the 50th anniversairy will be celebrated with special golden jubilee-activities.



NEW ZEALAND


New Zealand's first Arbor Day planting was in Greytown in the Wairarapa on 3 July 1890. The first official celebration took place in Wellington in August 1892, with the planting of pohutukawa and Norfolk pines along Thorndon Esplanade.


Born in 1855, Dr Leonard Cockayne (generally recognised as the greatest botanist who has lived, worked, and died in New Zealand) worked extensively on native plants throughout New Zealand and wrote many notable botanical texts. Even as early as the 1920s he held a vision for school students of New Zealand to be involved in planting native trees and plants in their school grounds. This vision bore fruit and schools in New Zealand have long planted native trees on Arbor Day.


Since 1977 New Zealand has celebrated Arbor Day on June 5, which is also World Environment Day, prior to then Arbor Day, in New Zealand, was celebrated on August 4 - which is rather late in the year for tree planting in New Zealand hence the date change.


What the Department of Conservation (DOC) does for Arbor Day: Many of DOC’s Arbor Day activities focus on ecological restoration projects using native plants to restore habitats that have been damaged or destroyed by humans or invasive pests and weeds. There are great restoration projects underway around New Zealand and many organisations including community groups, landowners, conservation organisations, iwi, volunteers, schools, local businesses, nurseries and councils are involved in them. These projects are part of a vision to protect and restore the indigenous biodiversity and create healthy habitats where native animals can live.


People's Republic of China

Arbor Day (植樹節) is on March 12 to commemorate the passing of Dr. Sun Yat-sen, the Chinese revolutionary, in 1925. In 1981, the fourth session of the Fifth National People's Congress adopted the "Resolution on the unfolding of a nationwide voluntary tree-planting campaign". This resolution stipulated that every able-bodied citizen between the ages of 11 and 60 should plant three to five trees per year or do the equivalent amount of work in seedling, cultivation, tree tending or other services. Supporting documentation instructs all units to report population statistics to the local afforestation committees as the basis for workload allocation. Moreover, those failing to do their duty are expected to make up planting requirements, provide funds equivalent to the value of labour required or pay heavy fines. Therefore, the tree-planting campaign is actually compulsory, or at least obligatory (that is, an obligation to the community). The "voluntary" in the title referred to the fact that the tree-planters would "volunteer" their labour. is the 71st day of the year (72nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Sun Yat-sen (November 12, 1866 – March 12, 1925) was a Chinese revolutionary and political leader often referred to as the father of modern China. Sun played an instrumental role in the eventual overthrow of the Qing Dynasty in 1911. ...


South Africa

Arbor Day was celebrated from 1983 until 1999 in South Africa, when the national government extended it to National Arbor Week, which lasts from 1-7 September. Two trees, one common and one rare, are highlighted to increase public awareness of indigenous trees, while various "greening" activities are undertaken by schools, businesses and other organizations.


South Korea

Arbor Day (Sikmogil, 식목일) was a public holiday in South Korea on April 5 until 2005. The day is still celebrated, though. On non-leap years, the day coincides with Hansik. This is a list of Public holidays in South Korea. ... is the 95th day of the year (96th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... A leap year (or intercalary year) is a year containing an extra day (or, in case of lunisolar calendars, an extra month) in order to keep the calendar year synchronised with the astronomical or seasonal year. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Cold Food Festival. ...


Sri Lanka

National Tree Planting Day is on October 15. is the 288th day of the year (289th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


Tanzania

National Tree Planting Day is on January 1. is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...


Taiwan

Arbor Day (植樹節) is a public holiday in the Republic of China (Taiwan) on March 12. It commemorates the passing of Dr. Sun Yat-sen, the Father of the Republic of China, in 1925. For the Chinese civilization, see China. ... is the 71st day of the year (72nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Sun Yat-sen (November 12, 1866 – March 12, 1925) was a Chinese revolutionary and political leader often referred to as the father of modern China. Sun played an instrumental role in the eventual overthrow of the Qing Dynasty in 1911. ...


Uganda

National Tree Planting Day is on March 24. is the 83rd day of the year (84th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


United States

The national holiday is celebrated every year on the last Friday in April; it is a civic holiday in Nebraska. Each state celebrates its own state holiday. The customary observance is to plant a tree. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Holidays in Canada. ... Official language(s) English Capital Lincoln Largest city Omaha Largest metro area Omaha Area  Ranked 16th  - Total 77,421 sq mi (200,520 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 430 miles (690 km)  - % water 0. ...


See also

Earth Day Flag. ... Arbor Day is an American holiday that encourages the planting and care of trees. ... Oak Apple Day is celebrated in the United Kingdom on 29th May. ... Tu Bishvat (or Tu BiShevat) (טו בשבט) is a minor Jewish holiday (meaning there are no restrictions on working) and one of the four Rosh Hashanahs (New Years) mentioned in the Mishnah, the basis of the Talmud. ... The timeline of environmental events is a historical account of events that have shaped humanitys perspective on the environment. ...

References

  1. ^ Judaism 101: Tu B'Shevat. Accessed August 20, 2007.

External links

Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to:
Arbor Day

  Results from FactBites:
 
The National Arbor Day Foundation (678 words)
Arbor Day was officially proclaimed by the young state's Gov. Robert W. Furnas on March 12, 1874, and the day itself was observed April 10, 1874.
But a number of state Arbor Days are at other times to coincide with the best tree planting weather, from January and February in the south to May in the far north.
Arbor Day has now spread beyond the United States and is observed in many countries of the world.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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