FACTOID # 20: Statistically, Delaware bears more cost of the US Military than any other state.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Aramaic alphabet
Aramaic alphabet
Type: Abjad
Languages: Aramaic, Hebrew, Syriac, Mandaic
Time period: 600 BCE to 600 CE
Parent writing systems: Proto-Canaanite alphabet
 Phoenician alphabet
  Aramaic alphabet
Child writing systems: Hebrew
Nabataean
Syriac
Palmyrenean
Mandaic
Brāhmī
Pahlavi
Bilingual inscription (Greek and Aramaic) by the Indian emperor Ashoka the Great, 3rd century BC.
Bilingual inscription (Greek and Aramaic) by the Indian emperor Ashoka the Great, 3rd century BC.
History of the Alphabet

Middle Bronze Age 19–15th c. BC
An abjad is a type of writing system where there is one symbol per consonantal phoneme, sometimes also called a consonantary. ... Aramaic is a group of Semitic languages with a 3,000-year history. ... Hebrew redirects here. ... Syriac ( Suryāyā) is an Eastern Aramaic language that was once spoken across much of the Fertile Crescent. ... The Mandaic language is the liturgical language of the Mandaean religion; a vernacular form is still spoken by a small community in Iran around Ahwaz. ... Centuries: 8th century BC - 7th century BC - 6th century BC Decades: 650s BC 640s BC 630s BC 620s BC 610s BC - 600s BC - 590s BC 580s BC 570s BC 560s BC 550s BC Events and Trends Fall of the Assyrian Empire and Rise of Babylon 609 BC _ King Josiah... The population of the Earth rises to about 208 million people. ... The Proto-Canaanite alphabet is an abjad of twenty-plus acrophonic glyphs, which is found in Levantine texts of the Late Bronze Age (from ca. ... The Phoenician alphabet dates from around 1400 BC and is related to the Proto-Canaanite alphabet. ... Note: This article contains special characters. ... The Nabatean alphabet is a consonantal alphabet (abjad) that was used by the Nabateans in the 2nd century BC. Important inscriptions are found in Petra. ... 11th century book in Syriac Serto. ... The Mandaic alphabet is based on the Aramaic alphabet, and is used for writing the Mandaic language. ... Variation of BrāhmÄ« with dates. ... The Pahlavi script was used broadly in the Sasanid Persian Empire to write down Middle Persian for secular, as well as religious purposes. ... For information on how to read IPA transcriptions of English words see here. ... Phonetics (from the Greek word φωνή, phone meaning sound, voice) is the study of sounds and the human voice. ... Unicode is an industry standard designed to allow text and symbols from all of the writing systems of the world to be consistently represented and manipulated by computers. ... This chart shows concisely the most common way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) is applied to represent the English language. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... ImageMetadata File history File links AsokaKandahar. ... ImageMetadata File history File links AsokaKandahar. ... Allegiance: Magadhan Empire Rank: Emperor Succeeded by: Dasaratha Maurya Reign: 273 BC-232 BC Place of birth: Pataliputra, India Battles/Wars Kalinga War Emperor Ashoka the Great (Devanagari: अशोक(:); IAST transliteration: , pronunciation: ) (304 BC–232 BC) (Imperial Title:Devanampiya Piyadassi ie He who is the beloved of the Gods who, in... The history of the alphabet begins in Ancient Egypt, more than a millennium into the history of writing. ... The Middle Bronze Age alphabets are two similar but undeciphered scripts, dated to be from the Middle Bronze Age (2000-1500 BC), and believed to be ancestral to nearly all modern alphabets: the Proto-Sinaitic script discovered in the winter of 1904-1905 by William Flinders Petrie, and dated to...

Meroitic 3rd c. BC
Hangul 1444
Zhuyin 1913
Complete genealogy

The Aramaic alphabet is an abjad alphabet designed for writing the Aramaic language. As with other abjads, the letters all represent consonants; a few matres lectionis are consonants that also represent long vowels. The Proto-Canaanite alphabet is an abjad of twenty-plus acrophonic glyphs, which is found in Levantine texts of the Late Bronze Age (from ca. ... The Phoenician alphabet dates from around 1400 BC and is related to the Proto-Canaanite alphabet. ... The Paleo-Hebrew alphabet is an offshoot of the Phoenician alphabet used to write the Hebrew language from about the 10th century BCE until it began to fall out of use in the 5th century BCE with the adoption of the Aramaic alphabet as a writing system for Hebrew and... BrāhmÄ« refers to the pre-modern members of the Brahmic family of scripts. ... The Brahmic family is a family of abugidas (writing systems) used in South Asia, Southeast Asia, Tibet, Mongolia, Manchuria. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ...   This article or section uses Khmer characters which may be rendered as boxes or other nonsensical symbols. ... Javanese script is the script that Javanese is originally written in (not to be confused with Javascript, which is a programming language). ... Note: This article contains special characters. ... 11th century book in Syriac Serto. ... The Nabatean alphabet is a consonantal alphabet (abjad) that was used by the Nabateans in the 2nd century BC. Important inscriptions are found in Petra. ... The Arabic alphabet is the script used for writing Arabic and various other languages, together with various closely related scripts that typically differ in the presence or absence of a few letters. ... The Avestan alphabet was created in the 3rd century AD for writing the hymns of Zarathustra (a. ... Note: This article contains special characters. ... The Latin alphabet, also called the Roman alphabet, is the most widely used alphabetic writing system in the world today. ... Younger Futhark inscription on the Vaksala Runestone The Runic alphabets are a set of related alphabets using letters known as runes, formerly used to write Germanic languages, mainly in Scandinavia and the British Isles, but before Christianization also on the European Continent. ... Note: This article contains special characters. ...   The Gothic alphabet is an alphabetic writing system attributed by Philostorgius to Wulfila, used exclusively for writing the ancient Gothic language. ... Tablet inscribed with the Glagolitic alphabet The Glagolitic alphabet or Glagolitsa is the oldest known Slavonic alphabet. ... The Cyrillic alphabet (pronounced , also called azbuka, from the old name of the first two letters) is an alphabet used for several East and South Slavic languages—Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Russian, Rusyn, Serbian, and Ukrainian—and many other languages of the former Soviet Union, Asia and Eastern Europe. ... The Samaritan alphabet is a direct descendant of the paleo-Hebrew variety of the Phoenician alphabet, the more commonly known Hebrew alphabet having been adapted from the Aramaic alphabet under the Persian Empire. ... Photograph of Botorrita 1 (both sides), 1st century BC. The Iberian scripts (or Iberian alphabet) are two scripts (or two styles of the same script) found on the Iberian peninsula, the Northeast and South Iberian script. ... The ancient South Arabian alphabet (also known as musnad) branched from the Proto-Sinaitic alphabet in ca. ... Note: This article contains special characters. ... The Meroitic script is an alphabet of Egyptian (Hieroglyphic) origin used in Kingdom of Meroë. Some scholars, e. ... Jamo redirects here. ... Zhuyin fuhao (Traditional Chinese: ; Simplified Chinese: ; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Tongyong Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Chu-yin fu-hao), or Symbols for Annotating Sounds, often abbreviated as Zhuyin, or known as Bopomofo (ㄅㄆㄇㄈ) after the first four letters of this Chinese phonemic alphabet (bo po mo fo), is the national phonetic system of the... Nearly all the segmental scripts (alphabets, but see below for more precise terminology) used around the globe were apparently derived from the Proto-Sinaitic alphabet. ... An abjad is a type of writing system where there is one symbol per consonantal phoneme, sometimes also called a consonantary. ... A Specimen of typeset fonts and languages, by William Caslon, letter founder; from the 1728 Cyclopaedia. ... Aramaic is a group of Semitic languages with a 3,000-year history. ... In articulatory phonetics, a consonant is a sound in spoken language that is characterized by a closure or stricture of the vocal tract sufficient to cause audible turbulence. ... Matres lectionis (singular form: mater lectionis) are an early manner of indicating vowels in the Hebrew alphabet. ... Note: This page contains IPA phonetic symbols in Unicode. ...


The Aramaic alphabet is historically significant in the fact that virtually all modern Indian and Middle Eastern writing systems can be traced back to it, as well as some East Asian and Southeast Asian writing systems.


The earliest inscriptions in the Aramaic language use the Phoenician alphabet. In time, the alphabet developed into the form shown below. The use of Aramaic as a lingua franca throughout the Middle East from the 8th century BCE led to the gradual adoption of the Aramaic alphabet for writing Hebrew. Formerly, Hebrew had been written using an alphabet closer in form to that of Phoenician (the Paleo-Hebrew alphabet). Aramaic is a group of Semitic languages with a 3,000-year history. ... The Phoenician alphabet dates from around 1400 BC and is related to the Proto-Canaanite alphabet. ... Lingua franca, literally Frankish language in Italian, was originally a mixed language consisting largely of Italian plus a vocabulary drawn from Turkish, Persian, French, Greek and Arabic and used for communication throughout the Middle East. ... A map showing countries commonly considered to be part of the Middle East The Middle East is a region comprising the lands around the southern and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Sea, a territory that extends from the eastern Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf. ... (9th century BC - 8th century BC - 7th century BC - other centuries) (800s BC - 790s BC - 780s BC - 770s BC - 760s BC - 750s BC - 740s BC - 730s BC - 720s BC - 710s BC - 700s BC - other decades) (2nd millennium BC - 1st millennium BC - 1st millennium AD) Events Golden age in Armenia Assyria... Hebrew redirects here. ... The Phoenician alphabet dates from around 1400 BC and is related to the Proto-Canaanite alphabet. ... The Paleo-Hebrew alphabet is an offshoot of the Phoenician alphabet used to write the Hebrew language from about the 10th century BCE until it began to fall out of use in the 5th century BCE with the adoption of the Aramaic alphabet as a writing system for Hebrew and...


The Hebrew and Nabataean alphabets are little changed in style from the Aramaic alphabet. The development of cursive versions of Aramaic led to the creation of the Syriac, Palmyrenean and Mandaic alphabets. These scripts formed the basis of the Arabic, Sogdian, Orkhon and Mongolian alphabets. Controversially, it is claimed that the Aramaic alphabet may be the forebear of the Indic alphabets. Note: This article contains special characters. ... The Nabatean alphabet is a consonantal alphabet (abjad) that was used by the Nabateans in the 2nd century BC. Important inscriptions are found in Petra. ... Cursive is any style of handwriting in which all the letters in a word are connected, making a word one single (complicated) stroke. ... 11th century book in Syriac Serto. ... The Mandaic alphabet is based on the Aramaic alphabet, and is used for writing the Mandaic language. ... The Arabic alphabet is the script used for writing Arabic and various other languages, together with various closely related scripts that typically differ in the presence or absence of a few letters. ... The Sogdian alphabet is derived from Syriac, the descendant script of Aramaic alphabet. ... Orkhon script The Orkhon script is the earliest known Turkic alphabet. ... The Brahmic family is a family of abugidas used in South Asia and Southeast Asia. ...


Today, Biblical Aramaic, Jewish Neo-Aramaic dialects and the Aramaic language of the Talmud are written in the Hebrew alphabet. Syriac and Christian Neo-Aramaic dialects are written in the Syriac alphabet. Mandaic is written in the Mandaic alphabet. Biblical Aramaic is the form of the Aramaic language that is used in the books of Daniel, Ezra and a few other places in the Hebrew Bible. ... Aramaic is a group of Semitic languages with a 3,000-year history. ... The first page of the Vilna Edition of the Babylonian Talmud, Tractate Berachot, folio 2a The Talmud (Hebrew: תלמוד) is a record of rabbinic discussions pertaining to Jewish law, ethics, customs and history. ... Note: This article contains special characters. ... Syriac ( Suryāyā) is an Eastern Aramaic language that was once spoken across much of the Fertile Crescent. ... 11th century book in Syriac Serto. ... The Mandaic language is the liturgical language of the Mandaean religion; a vernacular form is still spoken by a small community in Iran around Ahwaz. ... The Mandaic alphabet is based on the Aramaic alphabet, and is used for writing the Mandaic language. ...


Imperial Aramaic alphabet

Redrawn from A Grammar of Biblical Aramaic, Franz Rosenthal; forms are as used in Egypt, 5th century BCE. Names are as in Biblical Aramaic. (6th century BC - 5th century BC - 4th century BC - other centuries) (2nd millennium BC - 1st millennium BC - 1st millennium AD) Events Demotic becomes the dominant script of ancient Egypt Persians invade Greece twice (Persian Wars) Battle of Marathon (490) Battle of Salamis (480) Athenian empire formed and falls Peloponnesian War... Biblical Aramaic is the form of the Aramaic language that is used in the books of Daniel, Ezra and a few other places in the Hebrew Bible. ...

Letter name Letter form Equivalent Hebrew Pronunciation
Ālaph image:ialeph.png א ʔ; ā, ē
Bēth image:ibeth.png ב b, v
Gāmal image:igimel.png ג ɡ, ɣ
Dālath image:idaleth.png ד d, ð
image:ihe.png ה h
Waw image:iwaw.png ו w; ō, ū
Zain image:izayin.png ז z
Ḥēth image:iheth.png ח [ħ] (voiceless pharyngeal fricative)
Ṭēth image:iteth.png ט emphatic [tˁ]
Yudh image:iyod.png י j; ī, ē
Kāph image:ikaph.png ך / כ k, x
Lāmadh image:ilamed.png ל l
Mim image:imem.png ם / מ m
Nun image:inun.png ן / נ n
Semkath image:isamekh.png ס s
‘Ē image:iayin.png ע ʕ
image:ipe.png ף / פ p, f
Ṣādhē image:isade.png, image:isade2.png ץ / צ emphatic [sˤ]
Qoph image:iqoph.png ק q (voiceless uvular plosive)
Rēsh image:iresh.png ר r
Shin image:ishin.png ש ʃ
Tau image:itaw.png ת t, θ

Note: This article contains special characters. ... Aleph or alef has several meanings: Aleph (letter) or Alef, the first letter of the Proto-Canaanite alphabet Aleph (Hebrew), the first letter of the Hebrew alphabet Aleph or Alif (Arabic), the first letter of the Arabic alphabet Aleph, first letter of the Farsi (or Persian) alphabet Aleph, a shorthand... Image File history File links Aleph in Imperial Aramaic Typefaces are not copyrightable in the U.S. File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The glottal stop or voiceless glottal plosive is a type of consonantal sound, used in many spoken languages. ... Beth is the second letter in many Semitic alphabets, including Hebrew, Syriac, Aramaic, and Phoenician. ... Image File history File links Beth in Imperial Aramaic (all files in this series redrawn by me from Rosenthal) Typefaces are not copyrightable in the U.S. File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Gimel is a commune in Switzerland of the canton of Vaud, located in the district of Aubonne. ... Image File history File links Gimel in Imperial Aramaic (all files in this series redrawn by me from Rosenthal) Typefaces are not copyrightable in the U.S. File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ...   Dalet or Daleth is the fourth letter of many Semitic alphabets, including Phoenician, Hebrew, and Aramaic. ... Image File history File links Daleth in Imperial Aramaic (all files in this series redrawn by me from Rosenthal) Typefaces are not copyrightable in the U.S. File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... He is the fifth letter of the Phoenician and Hebrew alphabets. ... Image File history File links He in Imperial Aramaic (all files in this series redrawn by me from Rosenthal) Typefaces are not copyrightable in the U.S. File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... VAV is a three-letter abbreviation that may refer to: Waw (letter), a Semitic letter A Variable air volume device, used in HVAC systems to control the flow of air Categories: | ... Image File history File links Waw in Imperial Aramaic (all files in this series redrawn by me from Rosenthal) Typefaces are not copyrightable in the U.S. File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Zayin or Zain is the seventh letter of many Semitic alphabets, including Phoenician, Hebrew, and Aramaic. ... Image File history File links Zayin in Imperial Aramaic (all files in this series redrawn by me from Rosenthal) Typefaces are not copyrightable in the U.S. File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... For the letter Heth in the Hebrew and Phoenician alphabets, see Heth (letter). ... Image File history File links Heth in Imperial Aramaic (all files in this series redrawn by me from Rosenthal) Typefaces are not copyrightable in the U.S. File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The voiceless pharyngeal fricative is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. ... (also Teth, Tet) is the ninth letter of many Semitic abjads, including Phoenician, Aramaic, Hebrew , Syriac and Arabic (in abjadi order, 16th in modern order). ... Image File history File links Teth in Imperial Aramaic (all files in this series redrawn by me from Rosenthal) Typefaces are not copyrightable in the U.S. File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Emphatic consonant is a somewhat imprecise term commonly used in Semitic linguistics to describe pharyngealized or velarized, and ejective consonants, or consonants that historically had one of these properties. ... Yodh (also spelled Yud or Yod) is the tenth letter of many Semitic abjads, including Phoenician, Aramaic, Hebrew , Syriac and Arabic (in abjadi order, 28th in modern order). ... Image File history File links Yod in Imperial Aramaic (all files in this series redrawn by me from Rosenthal) Typefaces are not copyrightable in the U.S. File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Kaph (also spelled Kap or Kaf) is the eleventh letter of many Semitic abjads, including Phoenician, Aramaic, Hebrew ‎ and Arabic alphabet ‎. Its value is IPA: . See also Ngaph. ... Image File history File links Kaph in Imperial Aramaic (all files in this series redrawn by me from Rosenthal) Typefaces are not copyrightable in the U.S. File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Lamed or Lamedh is the twelfth letter in many abjad alphabets, including Phoenician, Hebrew, and Aramaic. ... Image File history File links Lamed in Imperial Aramaic (all files in this series redrawn by me from Rosenthal) Typefaces are not copyrightable in the U.S. File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Mem is the thirteenth letter of the Phoenician and Hebrew alphabets. ... Image File history File links Mem in Imperial Aramaic (all files in this series redrawn by me from Rosenthal) Typefaces are not copyrightable in the U.S. File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Nun in cloister, 1930; photograph by Doris Ulmann A nun is a woman who has taken special vows committing her to a religious life. ... Image File history File links Nun in Imperial Aramaic (redrawn by me from Rosenthal) Typefaces are not copyrightable in the U.S. File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Samekh is the fifteenth letter of the Phoenician and Hebrew alphabets. ... Image File history File links Samekh in Imperial Aramaic (all files in this series redrawn by me from Rosenthal) Typefaces are not copyrightable in the U.S. File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Ayin is the sixteenth letter in many Semitic alphabets, including Phoenician, Hebrew, and Aramaic. ... Image File history File links Ayin in Imperial Aramaic (all files in this series redrawn by me from Rosenthal) Typefaces are not copyrightable in the U.S. File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The voiced pharyngeal approximant/fricative is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. ... This is about the Hebrew letter: for the Cyrillic letter, see Pe (Cyrillic). ... Image File history File links Pe in Imperial Aramaic (all files in this series redrawn by me from Rosenthal) Typefaces are not copyrightable in the U.S. File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Tsade or Tsadi is the 18th letter in the Phoenician and Hebrew alphabets. ... Image File history File links Sade in Imperial Aramaic (all files in this series redrawn by me from Rosenthal) Typefaces are not copyrightable in the U.S. File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Sade2 in Imperial Aramaic (all files in this series redrawn by me from Rosenthal) Typefaces are not copyrightable in the U.S. File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Emphatic consonant is a somewhat imprecise term commonly used in Semitic linguistics to describe pharyngealized or velarized, and ejective consonants, or consonants that historically had one of these properties. ...   Qoph is the nineteenth letter in many Semitic alphabets, including Phoenician, Hebrew, and Aramaic. ... Image File history File links Qoph in Imperial Aramaic (all files in this series redrawn by me from Rosenthal) Typefaces are not copyrightable in the U.S. File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The voiceless uvular plosive is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. ... Resh is the twentieth letter of the Phoenician and Hebrew alphabets. ... Image File history File links Resh in Imperial Aramaic (all files in this series redrawn by me from Rosenthal) Typefaces are not copyrightable in the U.S. File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Shin may refer to: Look up shin in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Image File history File links Shin in Imperial Aramaic (all files in this series redrawn by me from Rosenthal) Typefaces are not copyrightable in the U.S. File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Tav can mean: Taw (letter) (also written tav), a letter of the Phoenician and Hebrew alphabets Tav (number) (also written taw or taf), the denotation of a specific transfinite number TAV can mean: TAV, an acronym for trans-atmospheric vehicle, a class of proposed high-altitude, high-velocity aircraft TAV... Image File history File links Taw in Imperial Aramaic (all files in this series redrawn by me from Rosenthal) Typefaces are not copyrightable in the U.S. File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ...

See also

An abjad is a type of writing system where there is one symbol per consonantal phoneme, sometimes also called a consonantary. ... A Specimen of typeset fonts and languages, by William Caslon, letter founder; from the 1728 Cyclopaedia. ... Aramaic is a group of Semitic languages with a 3,000-year history. ... Syriac ( Suryāyā) is an Eastern Aramaic language that was once spoken across much of the Fertile Crescent. ... The Mandaic language is the liturgical language of the Mandaean religion; a vernacular form is still spoken by a small community in Iran around Ahwaz. ... Alphabets: , , , , Abjads: , , Abugidas: , , , , Logographic+syllabic: , , A list of writing systems (or scripts), classified according to some common distinguishing features. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Aramaic alphabet

  Results from FactBites:
 
Aramaic alphabet - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (256 words)
The earliest inscriptions in the Aramaic language use the Phoenician alphabet.
The use of Aramaic as a lingua franca throughout the Middle East from the 8th century BCE led to the gradual adoption of the Aramaic alphabet for writing Hebrew.
Controversially, it is claimed that the Aramaic alphabet may be the forebear of the Indic alphabets.
Encyclopedia4U - Aramaic alphabet - Encyclopedia Article (168 words)
Aramaic was at a certain time a lingua franca in the Middle East, and therefore, it superseded the Old Hebrew alphabet that was more closely related to the Phoenician alphabet.
There are several "flavors" of Aramaic scripts, square Estrangela, the ancestor of the Modern Hebrew alphabet, Nestorian "Assyrian" or the Chaldean script and Maronite or the Jacobite script.
The Aramaic alphabet is probably also the ancestor of the Indic alphabets and is without reasonable doubt the source of the Old Turkic alphabet and the Arabic alphabet.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m