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Encyclopedia > Aram Khachaturian

Aram Ilich Khachaturian (Armenian: Արամ Խաչատրյան, Aram Xačatryan; Russian: Аpaм Ильич Xaчaтypян, Aram Il'ič Hačaturjan) (June 6, 1903May 1, 1978) was a composer of classical music. public domain This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... June 6 is the 157th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (158th in leap years), with 208 days remaining. ... 1903 (MCMIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... May 1 is the 121st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (122nd in leap years). ... 1978 (MCMLXXVIII in Roman) was a common year starting on Sunday (the link is to a full 1978 calendar). ... A composer is a person who writes music. ... Classical music is a broad, somewhat imprecise term, referring to music produced in, or rooted in the traditions of, European art, ecclesiastical and concert music, encompassing a broad period from roughly 1000 to the present day. ...

Contents


Life

Khachaturian was born in Tiflis, Georgia, then a part of Imperial Russia (now Tbilisi, Georgia) to a poor Armenian family (the influence of Armenian folk music is prominent in his work). In his youth, he was fascinated by the music he heard around him, but at first he did not study music or learn to read it. In 1921, he traveled to Moscow all on his own in order to begin his musical studies, having almost no musical education and unable to speak a word of Russian. However, he showed such great musical talent that he was admitted to the Gnesin Institute where he studied cello under Mikhail Gnesin and entered a composition class (1925). In 1929, he transferred to the Moscow Conservatory where he studied under Nikolai Myaskovsky. In the 1930s, he married the composer Nina Makarova, a fellow student from Myaskovsky's class. In 1951, he became professor at the Gnesiny State Musical and Pedagogical Institute (Moscow) and the Moscow Conservatory. He also held important posts at the composers union, which would later severely denounce some of his works as being "formalistic" music, along with those of Prokofiev and Shostakovich. However these three composers became the so called "titans" of Soviet Music, enjoying world-wide reputation as the leading composers of the century. View of Tiflis from the Grounds of Saint David Church, ca. ... Imperial Russia is the term used to cover the period of history from the expansion of Russia under Peter the Great, through the expansion of the Russian Empire from the Baltic to the Pacific Ocean, to the deposal of Nicholas II of Russia, the last tsar, at the start of... Tbilisi (Georgian თბილისი) is the capital city of the country of Georgia, lying on the banks of the Kura (Mtkvari) river, at 41°43′N 44°47′E. Tbilisi is still sometimes known by its former Turkish name of Tiflis. ... Folk music, in the original sense of the term, is music by and of the common people. ... Moscow (Russian: Москва́, Moskva, IPA: (help· info)) is the capital of Russia and the countrys principal political, economic, financial, educational and transportation center, located on the river Moskva. ... A cello The cello (often formally referred to as the violoncello) is a stringed instrument and a member of the violin family. ... The Moscow Conservatory is a prominent music school in Russia. ... Nikolai Myaskovsky (ru: Николай Мясковский) (April 20, 1881 – August 8, 1950) was a Russian composer. ... Nina Vladimirovna Makarova (b. ... 1951 (MCMLI) was a common year starting on Monday; see its calendar. ... The Moscow Conservatory is a prominent music school in Russia. ... Sergei Sergeyevich Prokofiev (Russian: , Sergej Sergejevič Prokofev, 15/April 271, 1891 – March 5, 1953) was a Ukrainian-born Russian composer who mastered numerous musical genres and came to be admired as one of the greatest composers of the 20th century. ... Dmitri Dmitrievich Shostakovich ▶ (help· info) (Russian: , Dmitrij Dmitrievič Šostakovič) (September 25 [O.S. September 12] 1906) – August 9, 1975) was a Russian composer of the Soviet period. ...


Works

Khachaturian's works include concertos for violin, cello and piano (the latter originally including an early part for the flexatone), concerto-rhapsodies for the same instruments, three symphonies the third containing parts for fifteen trumpets and organ, and the ballets Spartak (Spartacus) and Gayane, the latter featuring in its final act what is probably his most famous movement, the "Sabre Dance". He also composed some film music and incidental music for plays such as the 1941 production of Lermontov's Masquerade. The cinematic quality of his music for Spartacus was clearly seen when it was used as the theme for a popular BBC drama series, The Onedin Line, during the 1970s. Since then, it has become one of the most popular of all classical pieces for UK audiences. A violin concerto is a concerto for solo violin and orchestra. ... A violoncello concerto is a concerto for solo violoncello with orchestra or, very occasionally, smaller groups of instruments. ... A piano concerto is a concerto for solo piano and orchestra. ... ... A symphony is an extended piece of music usually for orchestra and comprising several movements. ... The trumpet is the highest brass instrument in register other than the cornet, its above the horn, trombone, euphonium, and tuba. ... The Casavant pipe organ at Notre-Dame de Montréal Basilica, Montreal The organ is one of the oldest musical instruments in the western musical tradition, with a rich history connected with the Christian religion and civic ceremony. ... Ballet as musical form is a musical composition intended for ballet performance. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Gayane (sometimes written Gayaneh or Gayne) is a ballet in 4 acts with music by Aram Khachaturian. ... This article is about the dance involving swords - for the uncontrollable upward movement of the F-86 Sabre: see Sabre dance The Sabre Dance is a movement in the final act of Aram Khachaturians ballet Gayane, completed in 1942. ... A film score is the background music in a film, generally specially written for the film and often used to heighten emotions provoked by the imagery on the screen or by the dialogue. ... Kirk Douglas in the title role of the 1960 film Spartacus. ... Corporate logo of the British Broadcasting Corporation. ... The Onedin Line was a popular BBC television drama series that ran from 1971 to 1980. ... The 1970s decade refers to the years from 1970 to 1979, inclusive. ...


He died in Moscow on May 1, 1978, short of his 75th birthday. He was buried in Yerevan, Armenia, along with other distinguished Armenians who made Armenian art accessible for the whole world. Moscow (Russian: Москва́, Moskva, IPA: (help· info)) is the capital of Russia and the countrys principal political, economic, financial, educational and transportation center, located on the river Moskva. ... May 1 is the 121st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (122nd in leap years). ... 1978 (MCMLXXVIII in Roman) was a common year starting on Sunday (the link is to a full 1978 calendar). ... Yerevan (Armenian: Երեւան or Երևան; sometimes written as Erevan; former names include Erivan and Erebuni) (population: 1,088,300 (2004 estimate) [1]) is one of the provinces in Armenia and the largest city and capital of Armenia. ...


Selected List of Works

Symphonies

  • Symphony No. 1
  • Symphony No. 2
  • Symphony No. 3

Works for solo instrument(s) and orchestra

  • Piano Concerto
  • Violin Concerto
  • Cello Concerto
  • Concerto-Rhapsody for Piano and Orchestra
  • Concerto-Rhapsody for Violin and Orchestra
  • Concerto-Rhapsody for Cello and Orchestra
  • Masquerade Suite
  • Lermontov Suite

Ballets

Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Gayane (sometimes written Gayaneh or Gayne) is a ballet in 4 acts with music by Aram Khachaturian. ... This article is about the dance involving swords - for the uncontrollable upward movement of the F-86 Sabre: see Sabre dance The Sabre Dance is a movement in the final act of Aram Khachaturians ballet Gayane, completed in 1942. ...

Chamber works

  • Trio in G minor for Clarinet, Violin and Piano (1932)

Works for solo piano

  • Toccata
  • Etude

External links

  • Virtual Museum of Aram Khachaturian - official site of the great Armenian composer
  • NPR report including many audio examples of his Sabre Dance
  • Aram Khachaturian 100th anniversary Web site
  • Music composed by Khachaturian

  Results from FactBites:
 
Aram Khachaturian biography - 8notes.com (403 words)
Aram Ilich Khachaturian (Armenian: Արամ Խաչատրյան, Russian: Аpaм Ильич Xaчaтypян) (June 6, 1903 –; May 1, 1978) was a composer of classical music.
Khachaturian was born in Tiflis, Georgia, Russia (now Tbilisi, Georgia) to a poor Armenian family (the influence of Armenian folk music is prominent in his work).
Aram Ilyich Khachaturian: Trio for Clarinet (or Viola), Violin & Piano Viola part transcribed by Joseph Vieland, composed by Aram Ilyich Khachaturian (1903-1978).
Aram Khachaturian Summary (1457 words)
Aram Khachaturian was born on June 6, 1903, in the Armenian community of Tiflis, Georgia, Russian Empire (later part of the U.S.S.R. and now Tbilisi in the Republic of Georgia).
Aram Ilich Khachaturian (Armenian: Արամ Խաչատրյան, Aram Xačatryan; Russian: Аpaм Ильич Xaчaтypян, Aram Il'ič Hačaturjan) (June 6, 1903 – May 1, 1978) was a composer of modern music.
Aram Ilyich Khachaturian was born in Tbilisi, Georgia (then a part of Imperial Russia) to a poor Armenian family (the influence of Armenian folk music is prominent in his work).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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