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Encyclopedia > Arado Ar 196
Arado Ar 196
Description
Role Reconnaissance
Crew 2
First Flight May, 1937
Entered Service November, 1938
Manufacturer Arado
Dimensions
Length 11.7 m 38ft 6in
Wingspan 15.1 m 49ft 6in
Height 5 m 16ft 5in
Wing Area 37.9 m² 408 ft²
Weights
Empty 2,980 kg 6,580 lb
Loaded 3,720 kg 8,200 lb
Maximum takeoff kg lb
Powerplant
Engine Bramo 323
Power 620 kW 830 hp
Performance
Maximum speed 311 km/h @ 3,960 m 193 mph @ 13,000 ft
Combat range 1,080 km 670 miles
Ferry range km miles
Service ceiling 7,010 m 23,000 ft
Rate of climb 300 m/min 980 ft/min
Wing loading 98.2 kg/m² 20.1 lb/ft²
Power/mass 167 W/kg 0.101 hp/lb
Armament
Guns MG 15 + MG 17 machine guns + 2 × MG FF cannon
Bombs 2 × 50 kg bombs

The Ar 196 was a shipboard reconnaissance aircraft built by Arado starting in 1936. The next year it was selected as the winner of a design contest, and became the standard aircraft of the German Navy throughout World War II. Arado Ar 196 reconnaissance seaplane. ... This is a list of aviation-related events from 1937: Events March March 5 - Imperial Airways opens a new flying boat base at Hythe, Hampshire. ... This is a list of aviation-related events from 1938: Events Imperial Airways inaugurates scheduled service from London to Montreal. ... Arado Flugzeugwerke was originally established as the Warnemünde factory of the Flugzeugbau Friedrichshafen firm. ... The Bramo 323 Fafnir was a 9-cylinder radial aircraft engine of the World War II era. ... The MG 15 was a 7. ... The MG 17 was a 7. ... The MG FF was a drum-fed 20 mm aircraft cannon developed in 1936 by Oerlikon and license-produced in Germany. ... Mixed reconnaissance patrol of the Polish Home Army and the Soviet Red Army during Operation Tempest, 1944 Reconnaissance is the military term for the active gathering of information about an enemy, or other conditions, by physical observation. ... Arado Flugzeugwerke was originally established as the Warnemünde factory of the Flugzeugbau Friedrichshafen firm. ... The German Navy (German: Deutsche Marine (help· info)) is the navy of Germany and part of the Bundeswehr. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, the use of images on this page may require cleanup, involving adjustment of image placement, formatting, size, or other adjustments. ...

Contents


Background

In 1933 the German Navy looked for a standardized shipboard reconnaissance aircraft. After a brief selection period the RLM decided on the Heinkel He 60 biplane. This was one of a line of developments of a basic biplane frame that appeared as a number of floatplanes, trainers, and even the He 51 fighter. Deliveries started in a matter of months. Reichsluftfahrtministerium ... The Heinkel He 60 was a biplane reconnaissance seaplane designed for use from Kriegsmarine warships of the 1930s. ... Hs123 biplane. ... The Heinkel He 51 was a single-seat biplane which was produced in a number of different versions. ...


By 1935 it was clear that the performance of the He 60 was lacking, and the RLM asked Heinkel to design its replacement. The result was the He 114. Depending on how you looked at it you could call it a radical sesquiplane, or a parasol monoplane with stubby supports where a lower wing would have been. The first prototype was powered by the Daimler-Benz DB 600, but it was clear even then that supplies of this engine would be limited, and the production versions turned to the BMW 132 radial engine instead. The Heinkel He 114 was a biplane reconnaissance seaplane produced for the Kriegsmarine in the 1930s for use from warships. ... The Daimler-Benz DB 600 was a German aircraft engine built during World War II. It was a liquid-cooled inverted V12, and powered the Messerschmitt Bf 110, Heinkel He 111 among others. ... The BMW 132 was a nine-cylinder radial aircraft engine produced by BMW starting in 1933. ... Radial engine of a biplane. ...


The plane proved to have only slightly better performance than the He 60 it replaced, and its sea-handling was atrocious. Rushed modifications resulted in a series of nine prototypes in an attempt to solve some of the problems, but they didn't help much. The Navy gave up, and the planes were eventually sold off to Romania, Spain and Sweden.


In October 1936 the RLM asked for a He 114 replacement. The only stipulations were that it would use the BMW 132 engine, and they wanted prototypes in both twin-float and single-float configurations. Designs were received from Dornier, Gotha, Arado and Focke-Wulf. Heinkel declined to tender, thinking that the 114 could still be made to work. Dornier may refer to Claudius Dornier, original founder of Dornier GmbH Lindauer DORNIER GmbH FairchildDornier Dornier Medtech [1], maker of medical equipment e. ... Gothaer Waggonfabrik (Gotha, GWF) was a German manufacturer of rolling stock established in the late nineteenth century at Warnemünde. ... Focke-Wulf Flugzeugbau AG was a German manufacturer of military aircraft used by the Luftwaffe during World War II. Many of the companys successful fighter aircraft designs were slight modifications of the Focke-Wulf Fw 190. ...


With the exception of the Arado design, they were all conventional biplanes. That gave the Arado better performance than any of the others, and the RLM ordered four prototypes. The RLM was also rather conservative by nature, so they also ordered two of the Fw 62 design as a backup. It quickly became clear that the Arado would work effectively, and the Fw 62 was built only as the V-1 and V-2 prototypes.


Prototypes

The Ar 196 prototypes were all delivered in summer of 1937, V-1 (which flew in May) and V-2 with twin-floats as A models, and V-3 and V-4 on a single float as B models. Both versions demonstrated excellent water handling, and there seemed to be little to decide one over the other. Since there was a possibility of the smaller outrigger floats on the B models 'digging in', the twin-float A model was ordered into production. A single additional prototype, V-5, was produced in November 1938 to test final changes.


Early models

Ten A-0's were delivered in November and December 1938, with a single MG 15 in the rear seat for defense. Five similarly-equipped B-0's were also delivered to land-based squadrons. This was followed by twenty A-1 production models starting in June 1939, enough to equip the surface fleet.


Later models

Starting in November production switched to the heavier 'land based' A-2 model. It added shackles for two 50 kg bombs, two 20 mm MG-FF cannons in the wings, and a 7.92 mm MG 17 in the cowling. The A-4 replaced it in December 1940, strengthening the airframe, adding another radio, and switching props to a VDM model. The apparently mis-numbered A-3 replaced the A-4, with additional strengthening of the airframe. The final production version was the A-5 from 1943, which changed radios, cockpit instruments, and switched the rear gun to the much-improved MG 81Z. In all versions, 541 Ar 196's (526 production models) were built before production ended in August 1944, about 100 of these from SNCA and Fokker plants.


The plane was loved by its pilots, who found it handled well both in the air and on the water. With the loss of the German surface fleet the A-1's were added to coastal squadrons, and continued to fly reconnaissance missions and submarine hunts into late 1944. Two notable operations were the capture of HMS Seal, and the repeated interception of RAF Armstrong-Whitworth Whitley bombers. Although it was no match for a fighter, it was considerably better than its Allied counterparts, and generally considered the best of its class. Owing to its good handling on water, the Finnish Air Force utilized Ar-196 solely on transporting and supplying special forces patrols behing enemy lines, landing on small lakes in remote areas. Several fully equipped soldiers were carried in the fuselage. German UC-1 class World War I submarine A model of Gunter Priens Unterseeboot 47 (U-47), German WWII Type VII diesel-electric hunter-killer (SSK) submarine Inside of the Argonaute, showing the typical obstructed, tiny space of a post-WWII diesel attack submarine. ... HMS Seal (M37/N37) was a Grampus-class mine-laying submarine of the Royal Navy. ... The Royal Air Force (RAF) is the air force branch of the British Armed Forces. ... The Armstrong Whitworth A.W.38 Whitley was one of three twin-engine, front-line medium bombers in service with the Royal Air Force at the outbreak of World War II. Along with the Handley Page Hampden and the Vickers Wellington, it bore the brunt of the early fighting, seeing...


Arado in allied hands

The first Arado Ar 196 to fall into allied hands was an example belonging to the Admiral Hipper captured by Norwegian forces at the beginning of the Norwegian campaign, used against its former owners, and flown to the UK in May 1940 by a Norwegian pilot. The plane was shortly thereafter crashed by a British pilot while on transit to a naval air base for testing. At the end of the War, at least another Arado Ar 196 was left at a Norwegian Airfield and kept in use as a liason craft by Royal Norwegian Air Force for a years time on the West coast. The German heavy cruiser Admiral Hipper fought as part of the German Kriegsmarine during World War II. She was named after Admiral Ritter von Hipper, commander of the German battlecruiser squadron during the Battle of Jutland in 1916 and later commander-in-chief of the German High Seas Fleet. ... German battle cruisers in a Norwegian port in June 1940 The Norwegian Campaign led to the first direct confrontation between the military forces of the Allies — United Kingdom and France against Nazi Germany in World War II. The primary reason for Germany seeking the occupation of Norway was Germanys... Ranks Norwegian military ranks The Royal Norwegian Air Force (or RNoAF) is the youngest branch of the Norwegian armed forces. ...


Operators

Related content
Related Development
Similar Aircraft OS2U Kingfisher
Designation Series

DFS 193 - DFS 194 - Ar 195 - Ar 196 - Ar 197 - Ar 198 - Ar 199 The Vought OS2U Kingfisher was a catapult-launched, observation floatplane. ... The DFS 194 was a rocket-powered aircraft designed by Alexander Lippisch at the Deutsche Forschungsanstalt für Segelflug (DFS - German Institute for Sailplane Flight) based on his Delta series of tail-less designs. ...

Related Lists

List of military aircraft of Germany This list of military aircraft of Germany includes prototype, pre-production, and operational types. ...

External link

  • Arado at Herdla Museum in Norway


Lists of Aircraft | Aircraft manufacturers | Aircraft engines | Aircraft engine manufacturers This list of aircraft is sorted alphabetically, beginning with the name of the manufacturer (or, in certain cases, designer). ... This is a list of aircraft manufacturers (in alphabetic order). ... List of aircraft engines: // Piston engines Allison V-1710 Alvis Alcides Alvis Leonides Alvis Maenoides Alvis Pelides Armstrong Siddeley Leopard Armstrong Siddeley Jaguar Armstrong Siddeley Panther Armstrong Siddeley Mongoose Armstrong-Siddeley Puma Armstrong-Siddeley Cheetah Armstrong-Siddeley Nimbus Beardmore Bentley BR1 Rotary BMW 132 BMW 139 BMW 801 Bramo 323... This is a list of aircraft engine manufacturers both past and present. ...


Airports | Airlines | Air forces | Aircraft weapons | Missiles | Timeline of aviation This is a list of airlines in operation (by continents and country). ... This is a list of Air forces, sorted alphabetically by country. ... This is an incomplete list of aircraft weapons, past and present. ... Below is a list of (links to pages on) missiles, sorted alphabetically by name. ... This is a timeline of aviation history. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Arado Ar 196 - Biocrawler (762 words)
The Ar 196 was a shipboard reconnaissance aircraft built by Arado starting in 1936.
The next year it was selected as the winner of a design contest, and became the standard aircraft of the German Navy throughout World War II.
The Ar 196 prototypes were all delivered in summer of 1937, V-1 (which flew in May) and V-2 with twin-floats as A models, and V-3 and V-4 on a single float as B models.
Arado Ar 196 - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (932 words)
The Ar 196 prototypes were all delivered in summer of 1937, V-1 (which flew in May) and V-2 with twin-floats as A models, and V-3 and V-4 on a single float as B models.
The first Arado Ar 196 to fall into allied hands was an example belonging to the Admiral Hipper captured by Norwegian forces at the beginning of the Norwegian campaign, used against its former owners, and flown to the UK in May 1940 by a Norwegian pilot.
At the end of the War, at least another Arado Ar 196 was left at a Norwegian Airfield and kept in use as a liason craft by Royal Norwegian Air Force for a years time on the West coast.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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