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Encyclopedia > Arabinose
Fischer projection of L-arabinose
Fischer projection of L-arabinose
The chemical structure of D-arabinofuranose
The chemical structure of D-arabinofuranose

Arabinose is an aldopentose — a monosaccharide containing five carbon atoms, and including an aldehyde (CHO) functional group. It has chemical formula C5H10O5. L-arabinose has the same configuration at its penultimate carbon atom as L-(-)-glyceraldehyde. Natural monosaccharides are nearly always dextrorotory and are chemically reducable to D-(+)-glyceraldehyde. With few exceptions, only in synthetic form would a levorotory L-(-)-arabinose be seen. Image File history File links Fischer projection of L-arabinose (generated at Wikisophia. ... Fischer projection of D-glucose In chemistry (particularly organic chemistry and biochemistry), a Fischer projection is a two-dimensional representation of a three-dimensional organic molecule by projection. ... Image File history File links D-arabinofuranose. ... Aldopentose is a type of aldose which have five carbon atoms in their carbon chain. ... Monosaccharides are the simplest form of carbohydrates. ... General Name, Symbol, Number carbon, C, 6 Chemical series nonmetals Group, Period, Block 14, 2, p Appearance black (graphite) colorless (diamond) Atomic mass 12. ... Properties In chemistry and physics, an atom (Greek άτομον meaning indivisible) is the smallest possible particle of a chemical element that retains its chemical properties. ... An aldehyde is either a functional group consisting of a terminal carbonyl group or a compound containing a terminal carbonyl group. ... In organic chemistry functional groups are specific groups of atoms within molecules, that are responsible for the characteristic chemical reactions of those molecules. ... A chemical formula (also called molecular formula) is a concise way of expressing information about the atoms that constitute a particular chemical compound. ... General Name, Symbol, Number carbon, C, 6 Chemical series nonmetals Group, Period, Block 14, 2, p Appearance black (graphite) colorless (diamond) Atomic mass 12. ... General Name, Symbol, Number hydrogen, H, 1 Chemical series nonmetals Group, Period, Block 1, 1, s Appearance colorless Atomic mass 1. ... General Name, Symbol, Number oxygen, O, 8 Chemical series Nonmetals, chalcogens Group, Period, Block 16, 2, p Appearance colorless Atomic mass 15. ... General Name, Symbol, Number carbon, C, 6 Chemical series nonmetals Group, Period, Block 14, 2, p Appearance black (graphite) colorless (diamond) Atomic mass 12. ... Properties In chemistry and physics, an atom (Greek άτομον meaning indivisible) is the smallest possible particle of a chemical element that retains its chemical properties. ... Fischer projection of D-glyceraldehyde Glyceraldehyde is a triose monosaccharide with chemical formula C3H6O3. ... Fischer projection of D-glyceraldehyde Glyceraldehyde is a triose monosaccharide with chemical formula C3H6O3. ...


See also

-it can also be obtained from cheery gum Deoxyribose Deoxyribose, also known as D-Deoxyribose and 2-deoxyribose, is an aldopentose — a monosaccharide containing five carbon atoms, and including an aldehyde functional group. ... Lyxose is an aldopentose — a monosaccharide containing five carbon atoms, and including an aldehyde functional group. ... Ribose Ribose, primarily seen as D-ribose, is an aldopentose — a monosaccharide containing five carbon atoms, and including an aldehyde functional group. ... Fischer projection of D-ribulose Ribulose is a ketopentose — a monosaccharide containing five carbon atoms, and including a ketone functional group. ... Xylose is an aldopentose - a simple sugar containing five carbon atoms, and including an aldehyde functional group. ... Xylulose is a sugar (a monosaccharide), one of the pentose series of carbohydrates. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Properties of tartaric acid... (2222 words)
The mean arabinose concentration in the urine samples of males with autism was over five times that of the normal male controls and the median value six times that of the normal male controls.
Elevated protein-bound arabinose has been found in the serum proteins of schizophrenics (21) and in children with conduct disorders(22) and alteration of protein function by arabinose might be another mechanism by which arabinose might effect biochemical processes in autism and other diseases.
Arabinose may also be formed from the breakdown of the sugar glucose (23) and antioxidants such as glutathione may inhibit this conversion(24).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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