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Encyclopedia > Arabic mythology

Arabic Mythology is the ancient beliefs of the Arabs. Prior to the arrival and initial codification of Islam on the Arabian Peninsula in 622 CE, year one of the Islamic calendar, the physical centre of Islam, the Kaaba of Mecca, did not hold only the single symbol of "the God" as it does now. The Kaaba was instead covered in symbols representing the myriad demons, djinn, demigods and other assorted creatures which represented the profoundly polytheistic environment of pre-Islamic Arabia. We can infer from this plurality an exceptionally broad context in which mythology could flourish. wat doe je hier?!?!? ... Islam ▶(?) (Arabic: الإسلام al-islām) the submission to God is a monotheistic faith, one of the Abrahamic religions and the worlds second largest religion. ... The Arabian Peninsula The Arabian Peninsula is a mainly desert peninsula in Southwest Asia at the junction of Africa and Asia and an important part of the greater Middle East. ... Events Hegira - Muhammad and his followers withdraw from Mecca to Medina - starting year of the Islamic calendar. ... The Islamic calendar or Muslim calendar (also called Hijri calendar) is the calendar used to date events in predominantly Muslim countries, and used by Muslims everywhere to determine the proper day on which to celebrate Muslim holy days. ... The Kaaba (Kaabah), (Arabic: الكعبة) also Bait ul Ateeq (Arabic: البيت العتيق ) and Bait ul Haram (Arabic: البيت الحرام ), is a building located inside the mosque known as Masjid al Haram in Mecca (Makkah). ... This article is about the holy city in Saudi Arabia. ... The term God is capitalized in the English language as a proper noun when used to refer to a specific monotheistic concept of a supernatural Supreme Being in accordance with Christianity. ... In folklore, mythology, and religion, a demon or demoness is a supernatural being that has generally been described as a malevolent spirit but outside Christian circles was viewed as a sort of elemental spirit: compare Daemon and djinn. ... The Seal of Solomon is said to have given Sulayman power over the jinn. ... A demigod, a half-god, is a modern distinction, often misapplied in Greek mythology. ... Polytheism is belief in, or worship of, multiple gods or divinities. ... A plurality (or relative majority) is the largest share of something, which may or may not be a majority. ... The word mythology (from the Greek μυϑολογία mythología, from μυϑολογειν mythologein to relate myths, from μυϑος mythos, meaning a narrative, and λογος logos, meaning speech or argument) literally means the (oral) retelling of myths – stories that a particular culture believes to be true and that use the supernatural to interpret natural events and...


The Arabian deities included : This list of deities aims at giving information about deities in the different religions, cultures and mythologies of the world. ...

See Demons in pre-Islamic Arab Culture. EL or El may mean: Electroluminescence, an optical and electrical phenomenon where a material such as a natural blue diamond emits light when an electric current is passed through it. ... Bel, signifying lord or master, is a title rather than a genuine name, applied to various gods in Babylonian relgion. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Babylonia was an ancient state in Mesopotamia (in modern Iraq), combining the territories of Sumer and Akkad. ... Ishtar is the Akkadian counterpart to the Sumerian Inanna and to the cognate northwest Semitic goddess Astarte. ... In Sumerian mythology, Utu is the offspring of Nanna and Ningal and is the god of the sun and of justice. ... Al-Lat was a pre-Islamic Arabian fertility goddess. ... The name Nergal (or Nirgal or Nirgali) refers to a deity in Babylonia with the main seat of his cult at Cuthah (or Kutha) represented by the mound of Tell-Ibrahim. ... It has been suggested that Nebo (god) be merged into this article or section. ... The god Bes. ... National anthem: Bilady, Bilady, Bilady Official language Arabic Other widely spoken languages English, French Capital and Largest City Cairo President Hosni Mubarak Prime Minister Dr Ahmed Nazif Area - Total - % water Ranked 29th 1,001,450 km² 0. ... Until Muhammad ended polytheism in Arabia, a wide variety of deities were venerated including Uzza (the powerful.) According to Ibn al Kalbis early 9th century Kitab al-Asnam, the Book of Idols, the pagan Arabs believed her to be one of Allahs three daughters, along with al-Lat... Yaghuth is an idol referred to in the Quran (71:23) as being worshipped in ancient Yemen. ... According to the Book of Idols (Kitab Al-Asnam) by Hisham Ibn Al-Kalbi, the pagan Arabs believed Manah to be the goddess of fate and the oldest of the three daughters of Allah. ... Atargatis, in Aramaic ‘Atar‘atah, was a Syrian deity, more commonly known to the Greeks by a shortened form of the name, Derceto or Derketo (Strabo 16. ... ‘Ashtart, commonly known as Astarte (also Hebrew or Phoenician עשתרת, Ugaritic ‘ttrt (also ‘Attart or ‘Athtart), Akkadian dAs_tar_tú (also Astartu), Greek Αστάρτη (Astártê)), was a major northwest_Semitic goddess, cognate in name, origin, and functions with the east-Semitic goddess Ishtar. ... The demon Satan In folklore, mythology, and religion, a demon is a supernatural being that is generally described as an evil spirit, but is also depicted to be good in some instances. ...


The pre-Islamic arabs, such as the Garamantes, were influenced by ancient Egyptian and Babylonian mythology. These pre-Islamic mythological systems also later influenced Islamic mythology. The Garamantes were Saharan people who used an elaborate underground irrigation system, and founded a kingdom in the Fezzan area of modern-day Libya, in the Sahara desert. ... Babylonian mythology is a set of stories depicting the activities of Babylonian deities, heroes, and mythological creatures. ... Islamic mythology includes a number of stories and legends that are mythological. ...


See also

Babylonian mythology is a set of stories depicting the activities of Babylonian deities, heroes, and mythological creatures. ...

Sources

  • Gods, Demons and Symbols of Ancient Mesopotamia by Jeremy Black and Anthony Green (ISBN 0292707940)

  Results from FactBites:
 
Arabic languages. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05 (710 words)
North Arabic, or Arabic, was confined largely to the Arabian Peninsula until the 7th cent.
In addition, Arabic plays an important part in the lives of all Muslims, for it is the sacred language of Islam and its holy book, the Qur’an.
A standardized form of modern Arabic is used by the mass media and official communications—it also is one of the languages used officially by the United Nations—but the colloquial dialects, which differ in many respects from Modern Standard Arabic, dominate in daily life.
Arabian mythology - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (332 words)
Arabian mythology comprises the ancient, pre-Islamic beliefs of the Arabs.
Prior to the arrival and initial codification of Islam on the Arabian Peninsula in 622 CE, year one of the Islamic calendar, the physical centre of Islam, the Kaaba of Mecca, did not hold only the single symbol of "the God" as it does now.
Islamic mythology has probably been influenced to a large degree by Arabian mythology and the two are often difficult to distinguish.
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