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Encyclopedia > Arabian mythology
Myths of the Fertile Crescent
series
Mesopotamian mythology
Ancient Arabian mythology
Ancient Levantine mythology
Names of God in the Hebrew Bible
Babylonian and Assyrian religion
Yezidic religion
Pre-Islamic Arabian gods
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Arabian mythology is the ancient beliefs of the Arabs. Prior to the arrival and initial codification of Islam on the Arabian Peninsula in 622 CE, year one of the Islamic calendar, the physical centre of Islam, the Kaaba of Mecca, did not hold only the single symbol of "the God" as it does now. The Kaaba was instead covered in symbols representing the myriad demons, djinn, demigods and other assorted creatures which represented the profoundly polytheistic environment of pre-Islamic Arabia. We can infer from this plurality an exceptionally broad context in which mythology could flourish. The Fertile Crescent is a region in the Middle East incorporating present-day Israel, West Bank, and Lebanon and parts of Jordan, Syria, Iraq and south-eastern Turkey. ... Image File history File links Palmsymbol. ... This article is in need of attention. ... Arabic Mythology is the ancient beliefs of the Arabs. ... In the Western Semitic pantheon, the Elohim are the sons of El assembled on the divine holy place, Mt. ... At the bottom of the hands, the two letters on each hand combine to form יהוה (YHVH), the name of God. ... This diorite head is believed to represent king Hammurabi Babylonian and Assyrian religion was a series of belief systems in places in the early civilisations of the Euphrates valley. ... The Yezidi or Yazidi (Kurdish; Êzidî) are adherents of a small Middle Eastern religion with ancient origins. ... Ä’l is a northwest Semitic word and name translated into English as either god or God or left untranslated as El, depending on the context. ... Bel, signifying lord or master, is a title rather than a genuine name, applied to various gods in Babylonian relgion. ... Al-Lat was a pre-Islamic Arabian fertility goddess. ... Astarte on a car with four branches protruding from roof. ... Atargatis, in Aramaic ‘Atar‘atah, was a Syrian deity, more commonly known to the Greeks by a shortened form of the name, Derceto or Derketo (Strabo 16. ... Ishtar ܐܫܬܪ is the Akkadian/Persian counterpart to the Sumerian Inanna and to the cognate northwest Semitic goddess Astarte. ... The god Bes. ... Motto: Anthem: Bilady, Bilady, Bilady Capital Cairo Largest city Cairo Official language(s) Arabic Government President of Egypt Prime Minister of Egypt Republic Hosni Mubarak Ahmed Nazif Establishment Unification by King Narmer Independence Granted Republic Declared c. ... Mentioned in the Quran (Sura 53:20), Manāt was one of the three chief goddesses of Mecca. ... The name Nergal (or Nirgal or Nirgali) refers to a deity in Babylonia with the main seat of his cult at Cuthah (or Kutha) represented by the mound of Tell-Ibrahim. ... It has been suggested that Nebo (god) be merged into this article or section. ... Al-Qaum (القوم), the Nabataean god of war and the night and guardian of caravans. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Shamash or Sama, was the common Akkadian name of the sun-god in Babylonia and Assyria, corresponding to Sumerian Utu. ... Until Muhammad ended polytheism in Arabia, a wide variety of deities were venerated including Uzza (the powerful.) According to Ibn al Kalbis early 9th century Kitab al-Asnam, the Book of Idols, the pagan Arabs believed her to be one of Allahs three daughters, along with al-Lat... Wadd was the Minaean moon god. ... Yaghuth is an idol referred to in the Quran (71:23) as being worshipped in ancient Yemen. ... The demon Satan In folklore, mythology, and religion, a demon is a supernatural being that is generally described as an evil spirit, but is also depicted to be good in some instances. ... The Arabs (Arabic: عرب ) are a large and heterogeneous ethnic group found throughout the Middle East and North Africa, originating in the Arabian Peninsula of southwest Asia. ... Islam (Arabic: ; ( (help· info)), submission (to the will of God) is a monotheistic faith and the worlds second-largest religion. ... The Arabian Peninsula The Arabian Peninsula (in Arabic: شبه الجزيرة العربية) is a peninsula in Southwest Asia at the junction of Africa and Asia consisting mainly of desert. ... Events Hijra - Muhammad and his followers withdraw from Mecca to Medina - year one of the Islamic calendar. ... The Islamic calendar or Muslim calendar (also called Hijri calendar, Arabic التقويم الهجري) is the calendar used to date events in many predominantly Muslim countries, and used by Muslims everywhere to determine the proper day on which to celebrate Islamic holy days. ... The Kaaba (Kaˤabat), Arabic: الكعبة, Persian: کعبه, or al-Kaˤabatu l-Musharrafat : الكعبة المشرًّفة, also al-Baytu l-ˤAtÄ«q (Arabic: البيت العتيق ) and al-Baytu l-Ħarām The Sacred House (Arabic: البيت الحرام ), is a building located inside the mosque known as al-Masjidu l-Ħarām The Sacred Mosque in Mecca (Makka). ... This article is about the city in Saudi Arabia. ... Michelangelos depiction of God in the painting Creation of the Sun and Moon in the Sistine Chapel This article discusses the term God in the context of monotheism and henotheism. ... St. ... Ancient Assyrian stone relief of a genie Genie is the English term for the Arabic jinni | جن. In pre-Islamic Arabian mythology and in Islam, a jinni (also djinni or djini) is a member of the jinn (or djinn), a race of creatures. ... A demigod, a half-god, is a modern distinction, often misapplied in Greek mythology. ... Polytheism is belief in, or worship of, multiple gods or divinities. ... A plurality (or relative majority) is the largest share of something, which may or may not be a majority. ... The word mythology (Greek: μυθολογία, from μυθος mythos, a story or legend, and λογος logos, an account or speech) literally means the (oral) retelling of myths – stories that a particular culture believes to be true and that use supernatural events or characters to explain the nature of the universe and humanity. ...


See also

Babylonian mythology is a set of stories depicting the activities of Babylonian deities, heroes, and mythological creatures. ...

Sources

  • Gods, Demons and Symbols of Ancient Mesopotamia by Jeremy Black and Anthony Green (ISBN 0292707940)

  Results from FactBites:
 
Mythology (2313 words)
In modern usage, "mythology" is either the body of myths from a particular culture or religion (as in Greek mythology, Egyptian mythology or Norse mythology) or the branch of knowledge dealing with the collection, study and interpretation of myths.
Mythology figures prominently in most religions, and most mythology is tied to at least one religion.
Mythology is alive and well in the modern age through urban legends, New Age beliefs, certain aspects of religion and so forth.
:: Arabian Horse Breeders Alliance :: (1637 words)
The mythology and romance of the breed grew with each passing century as stories of courage, endurance and wealth intermingled with the genealogies.
The Arabian horse was primarily an instrument of war, as were horses in general in most societies of the time.
To this date, many Arabian pedigrees can be traced to desert breeding meaning there is no written record but because of the importance of purity to the Bedouins, "desert bred" is accepted as an authentic verification of pure blood for those early imports.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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