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Encyclopedia > Arabian Sea
Map of the Arabian Sea.
Map of the Arabian Sea.
A view of Arabian Sea from St. Angelo's Fort in Kannur District of Kerala, south India

The Arabian Sea (Arabic: بحر العرب; transliterated: Bahr al-'Arab) is a region of the Indian Ocean bounded on the east by India, on the north by Pakistan and Iran, on the west by Arabian Peninsula, on the south, approximately, by a line between Cape Guardafui, the north-east point of Somalia, Socotra and Kanyakumari (Cape Comorin) in India. Image File history File links Question_book-3. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (800x757, 222 KB) A map showing the location of the Arabian Sea in the Indian Ocean. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (800x757, 222 KB) A map showing the location of the Arabian Sea in the Indian Ocean. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2016x1512, 727 KB)manojtv; personal I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2016x1512, 727 KB)manojtv; personal I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... St. ... , For the city with the same name, see Kannur. ... , Kerala ( ; Malayalam: കേരളം; ) is a state on the Malabar Coast of southwestern India. ... The geographical south of India includes all Indian territory below the 20th parallel. ... Arabic redirects here. ... Due to the fact that the Arabic language has a number of phonemes that have no equivalent in English or other European languages, a number of different transliteration methods have been invented to represent certain Arabic characters, due to various conflicting goals. ... Arabia redirects here. ... Cape Guardafui Cape Guardafui (Gees Gwardafuy, Ras Asir), in Somalia, is the headland that forms the geographical apex of what is commonly known as the Horn of Africa. ... Map of the Socotra archipelago Socotra or Soqotra (Arabic سقطرى ; ) is a small archipelago of four islands and islets in the Indian Ocean off the coast of the Horm Africa some 350 km south of the Arabian peninsula. ... For other uses, see Kanyakumari (disambiguation). ...

Contents

Description

And it was known as the Sindhu Sagar to Indians in the Vedic period of their history, and an important marine trade route in the era of the coastal sailing vessels from possibly as early as the 3rd millennium BCE, certainly the late 2nd millennium BCE through the latter days known as the Age of Sail. By the time of Julius Caesar, several well-established combined land-sea trade routes depended upon water transport through the Sea around the rough inland terrain features to its north. Map of early Iron Age Vedic India after Witzel (1989). ... Marine is an umbrella term for things relating to the ocean, as with marine biology, marine geology, and as a term for a navy, etc. ... A trade route is the sequence of pathways and stopping places used for the commercial transport of cargo. ... (4th millennium BC – 3rd millennium BC – 2nd millennium BC – Syria) (29th century BC ) Creation of the Kingdom of Elam (Iraq) Germination of the Bristlecone pine tree Methuselah about 2700 BC, the oldest tree still living now Dynasty of Lagash in Sumeria Golden age of Ur in Mesopotamia. ... (3rd millennium BC – 2nd millennium BC – 1st millennium BC – other millennia) Events Second dynasty of Babylon First Bantu migrations from west Africa The Cushites drive the original inhabitants from Ethiopia, and establish trade relations with Egypt. ... The age of sail is the period in which international trade and naval warfare were both dominated by sailing ships. ... For other uses, see Julius Caesar (disambiguation). ... Ship Transport is the process of moving people, goods, etc. ... A landform comprises a geomorphological unit, and is largely defined by its surface form and location in the landscape, as part of the terrain, and as such, is typically an element of topography. ...


These routes usually began in the Far East or down river from Madhya Pradesh with transshipment via historic Bharuch (Bharakuccha), traversed past the inhospitable coast of today's Iran then split around Hadhramaut into two streams north into the Gulf of Aden and thence into the Levant, or south into Alexandria via Red Sea ports such as Axum. Each major route involved transshipping to pack animal caravan, travel through desert country and risk of bandits and extortionary tolls by local potentiates. These are the reality of the conditions which gave rise to the truth behind the tales of the Arabian Nights stories, and those of Sinbad the Sailor. The far east as a cultural block includes East Asia, Southeast Asia, Northeast Asia and South Asia. ... , Madhya Pradesh (abbreviated as MP)   (HindÄ«: मध्य प्रदेश, English: , IPA: ), often called the Heart of India, is a state in central India. ... Bharuch is a city and a municipality in Bharuch district in the state of Gujarat, India. ... Region close to Sayun in the Hadhramaut Valley An ancient sculpture of a griffon from the royal palace at shabwa, the capital city of Hadhramaut Hadhramaut, Hadhramout or Hadramawt (Arabic: ‎ []) is a historical region of the south Arabian Peninsula along the Gulf of Aden in the Arabian Sea, extending eastwards... Gulf of Aden in 1860 The Gulf of Aden (Arabic: خليج عدن; transliterated: Khalyj Adan) is located in the Indian Ocean between Yemen on the south coast of the Arabian Peninsula and Somalia in Africa. ... The Levant The Levant (IPA: ) is an imprecise geographical term historically referring to a large area in the Middle East south of the Taurus Mountains, bounded by the Mediterranean Sea on the west, and by the northern Arabian Desert and Upper Mesopotamia to the east. ... This article is about the city in Egypt. ... Location of the Red Sea The Red Sea is an inlet of the Indian Ocean between Africa and Asia. ... Axum, properly Aksum, is a city in northern Ethiopia. ... Queen Scheherazade tells her stories to King Shahryar. ... “Sinbad” redirects here. ...


So important was this southern coastal route past the rough country in the southern Arabian peninsula (Yemen and Oman today), that the Egyptian Pharaohs built several shallow canals to service the trade, one more or less along the route of today's Suez canal, and another from the Red Sea to the Nile River, both shallow works that were swallowed up by huge sand storms in antiquity. Later the kingdom of Axum arose in Ethiopia to rule a mercantile empire rooted in the trade with Europe via Alexandria. Arabia redirects here. ... For other uses, see Pharaoh (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Suez (disambiguation). ... Location of the Red Sea The Red Sea is an inlet of the Indian Ocean between Africa and Asia. ... There is also Nile, a death metal band from South Carolina, USA. The Nile in Egypt Length 6 695 km Elevation of the source 1 134 m Average discharge 2 830 m³/s Area watershed 3 400 000 km² Origin Africa Mouth the Mediterranean Basin countries Uganda - Sudan - Egypt The... Sandstorm can refer to: Sandstorms, a term used for dust storms in the desert. ... The Axumite Kingdom, also known as the Aksum Kingdom, was an important trading nation in northeastern Africa, growing from circa the 5th century BC to become an important trading nation by the 1st century AD. It converted to Christianity in 325 or 328 (various sources). ...


It has two important branches — the Gulf of Aden in the southwest, connecting with the Red Sea through the strait of Bab-el-Mandeb; and the Gulf of Oman to the northwest, connecting with the Persian Gulf. Besides these larger ramifications, there are the gulfs of Cambay and Kutch on the Indian coast. Its islands are few, the chief being Socotra, off the African, and the Laccadives, off the Indian coast. Gulf of Aden in 1860 The Gulf of Aden (Arabic: خليج عدن; transliterated: Khalyj Adan) is located in the Indian Ocean between Yemen on the south coast of the Arabian Peninsula and Somalia in Africa. ... The Bab-el-Mandeb (Arabic for the gate of tears) is the strait separating the continents of Asia (Yemen on the Arabian Peninsula) and Africa (Somalia on the Horn of Africa), connecting the Red Sea to the Indian Ocean (Gulf of Aden). ... Gulf of Oman The Gulf of Oman (Arabic: خليج عمان; transliterated: khalÄ«j Ê¿umān, Persian: دریای عمان یا دریای پازس; transliterated: daryā-ye Ê¿omān,Pars) Persian sea is a strait that connects the Arabian Sea with the Persian Gulf; it is generally included as a branch of the Persian Gulf, not as an arm of... Map of the Persian Gulf. ... The Gulf of Cambay (also the Gulf of Khambat) is an inlet of the Arabian Sea along the west coast of India, in the state of Gujarat. ... Gulf of Kutch on the left. ... Map of the Socotra archipelago Socotra or Soqotra (Arabic سقطرى ; ) is a small archipelago of four islands and islets in the Indian Ocean off the coast of the Horm Africa some 350 km south of the Arabian peninsula. ... Lakshadweep is a Union Territory of India. ...


The maximum width of the Arabian Sea is approximately 2,400 km (1,490 mi), and its maximum depth is 4,652 metres (15,262 ft), in the Arabian Basin approximately at the same latitude as the southernmost tip of India. The Indus River, also known as the Sindhu river, is the largest river flowing directly into this sea; others include the Netravathi, Sharavathi, Narmada, Tapti, Mahi, and the numerous rivers of Kerala in India. The Arabian Sea coast of central India is known as the Konkan Coast, and that of southern India is known as the Malabar Coast. The Indus River (Urdu: Sindh; Sindhi: Sindhu; Sanskrit and Hindi: सिन्धु ; Persian: حندو ; Pashto: ّآباسنFather of Rivers; Tibetan: Lion River; Chinese: Yìndù; Greek: Ινδός Indos) is the longest and most important river in Pakistan and one of the most important rivers on the Indian subcontinent and has given the country India its... Nethravathi River or Nethravathy River has its origins at Gangamoola at Samse in Chikmagalur district of Karnataka, India. ... Sharavathi is a river in India The Sharavathi River originates at Ambuthirtha in Thirthahalli taluk. ... The Narmada River in central India The Narmada (Gujarati: નર્મદા Devanagri: नर्मदा or Nerbudda (Narbada) is a river in central India in Indian subcontinent. ... The Tapti River (also Tapi River) is a river of central India. ... The Mahi is a river in western India. ... The following is a list of the westward-flowing rivers of Kerala state in southern India, in order of length, and their tributaries. ... The Konkan, also called the Konkan Coast or Karavali is the name given to a stretch of rugged and beautiful section of the western coastline of India from Ratnagiri to Mangalore. ... Malabar Coast, Kerala Bekal Fort Beach, Kerala The Malabar Coast also known as the Malabarian Coast, is a long and narrow south-western shore line of the mainland Indian subcontinent. ...


Trade routes

Surathkal beach on shore of Arabian sea
Surathkal beach on shore of Arabian sea

Ocean trade routes have crossed the Arabian Sea since ancient times, linking the Near East with East Africa, India, Southeast Asia, and China. Historically, sailors in a type of ship called a dhow used the seasonal monsoon winds to cross the water. The sea forms part of the chief shipping route between Europe and India via the Suez Canal, which links the Red Sea with the Mediterranean Sea. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2576 × 1932 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2576 × 1932 pixel, file size: 1. ... , Surathkal Railway Station Surathkal (Tulu:ಸುರತ್ಕಲ್ ) is a locality under the city corporation of Mangalore located in the Dakshina Kannada district, Karnataka state, India. ... The Near East is a term commonly used by archaeologists, geographers and historians, less commonly by journalists and commentators, to refer to the region encompassing Anatolia (the Asian portion of modern Turkey), the Levant (modern Israel/Palestine, the West Bank, the Gaza Strip, Jordan, Syria and Lebanon), Georgia, Armenia, and...  Eastern Africa (UN subregion)  East African Community  Central African Federation (defunct)  geographic, including above East Africa or Eastern Africa is the easternmost region of the African continent, variably defined by geography or geopolitics. ... Location of Southeast Asia Southeast Asia is a subregion of Asia. ... A Dhow near Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. ... For other uses, see Monsoon (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Suez (disambiguation). ... Location of the Red Sea The Red Sea is an inlet of the Indian Ocean between Africa and Asia. ... Mediterranean redirects here. ...


The countries with coastlines on the Arabian Sea are India, Yemen, Oman, Iran, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, the Maldives, and Somalia.


Cities on the coast include Mumbai (Bombay), Ratnagiri, Surat, Goa, Mangalore, and Kochi in India, Karachi and Gwadar in Pakistan, Aden and Mukalla in Yemen, Salalah in Oman , Bombay redirects here. ... , Ratnagiri (Marathi:रत्नागिरी) is a city in India, located in the southwestern part of Maharashtra State on the Arabian Sea coast, in the Ratnagiri district. ... The tone or style of this article or section may not be appropriate for Wikipedia. ... For other uses, see Goa (disambiguation). ... , Mangalore (Kannada: ಮಂಗಳೂರು, Mangalooru; Tulu: ಕುಡ್ಲ, Kudla; Konkani: ಕೊಡಿಯಾಲ್, Kodial; Beary: ಮೈಕಾಲ, Maikala)   is the chief port city of the state of Karnataka, India. ... , Kochi ( ; Malayalam: []); formerly known as Cochin) is a city in the Indian state of Kerala. ...   (Sindhi: , Urdu: ) is the largest city in Pakistan and is the provincial capital of Sindh province. ... Gwadar is located on the southwestern coast of Pakistan, close to the Strait of Hormuz in the Persian Gulf. ... Port of Aden (around 1910). ... Al Mukalla is a city in the southern part of Yemen on the Gulf of Aden 480 km (300 mi) east of Aden. ... Salalah from space, November 2004 Classification City Sultan Qaboos bin Said al Said Area ?,???km² [1] Population  - Total (2005)  - Density  - Oman calculated rank 178,447[2] ???.??/km² 2nd Timezone: (UTC) +4 Latitude Longitude 17. ...


References

This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain. Encyclopædia Britannica, the eleventh edition The Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition (1910–1911) is perhaps the most famous edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica. ... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ...


External links

  • Travel Destinations on the Indian side of the Arabian Sea
  • Arabian Sea (World Wildlife Fund)

Coordinates: 15°55′10″N, 63°54′22″E Map of South Asia (see note on Kashmir). ... The Indus River (Urdu: Sindh; Sindhi: Sindhu; Sanskrit and Hindi: सिन्धु ; Persian: حندو ; Pashto: ّآباسنFather of Rivers; Tibetan: Lion River; Chinese: Yìndù; Greek: Ινδός Indos) is the longest and most important river in Pakistan and one of the most important rivers on the Indian subcontinent and has given the country India its... “Ganga” redirects here. ... Not to be confused with the nearby Jamuna River a tributary of the Meghna River, which is sometimes confused both in older historical literature, and by translations of the local dialects. ... The Chenab River (Punjabi: , , Urdu: , literally Moon(Chen) River(ab)) is formed by the confluence of the Chandra and Bhaga rivers at Tandi located in the upper Himalayas, in the Lahaul district of Himachal Pradesh, India. ... The Jhelum River is the largest and most western of the five rivers of the Punjab province of Pakistan, and passes through Jhelum City. ... Brahmaputra A dugout with pilot in Chitwan. ... Godavari river map The Godavari River, adjacent to the town of Kovvur This article is about Godavari River in India. ... The Narmada River in central India The Narmada (Gujarati: નર્મદા Devanagri: नर्मदा or Nerbudda (Narbada) is a river in central India in Indian subcontinent. ... The Tapti River (also Tapi River) is a river of central India. ... The Ravi River (Punjabi: , Urdu: ) is a river in India and Pakistan. ... The Beas River (Punjabi: ) runs through the Northwestern Indian states of Himachal Pradesh and Punjab. ... The Sutlej, also known as Satluj, is the longest of the five rivers of Punjab (five waters) that flows through Northern India, with its source in Tibet near Mount Kailash. ... Dudh Kosi (दुध कोसी, Milk River) is a river in eastern Nepal. ... The Padma River is a distributary of the Ganges River in Bangladesh. ... The Sarasvati River is an ancient river that is mentioned in Hindu texts. ... Krishna in Vijayawada in 2007 The River Krishna (meaning dark (feminine) in Sanskrit, also called the Krishnaveni, is one of the longest rivers of India (about 1300 km in length). ... This article is about a river. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The Mahanadi rises in the highlands of Chhattisgarh. ... The Ganga receives numerous tributaries from the Southern Uplands among which the Son is the largest and it joins ganga from the south along with Gandak, Gumti, Ghaghara, and sarda rivers. ... Ghaghara also called the Gogra, is a river in Northern India, one of the largest affluents of the Ganges. ... The Betwa (Vetravati) is a river in Northern India, and a tributary of the Yamuna. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Dudh Kosi (Milk River) is a river in eastern Nepal. ... Sapt Koshi is a large river in eastern Nepal. ... Tamur is a major river in eastern Nepal, which begins around Kanchenjunga. ... Mo Chhu is a major river in Bhutan. ... Sankosh is a river in India that rises in Bhutan (where it is called Mo Chu) and empties into the Brahmaputra. ... Drangme Chhu is a major river in Bhutan. ... The Ganga basin is a part of the composite Ganga-Brahmaputra-Meghna basin, which drains an area of 1,086,000 square kilometres. ... Ganges River Delta, Bangladesh and India The Ganges Delta (or the Bengal Delta) is a river delta in the South Asia region of Bengal, consisting of Bangladesh and the state of West Bengal, India. ... Indus River Delta The Indus River Delta occurs where the Indus River flows into the Arabian Sea in Pakistan. ... sab bakwas hai Categories: India geography stubs | Jammu and Kashmir | Kashmir ... Pookode Lake is a scenic lake in Wayanad, India. ... Roopkund is a place in Uttaranchal India, the location of about three to six hundred skeletons at the edge of a lake—Skeleton Lake in the Himalayas. ... Chilka Lake (also Chilika Lake) is a brackish water coastal lake in Indias Orissa state, south of the mouth of the Mahanadi River. ... Powai Lake Powai Lake is a large artificial lake, situated in a northern suburb of (Mumbai). ... Borith Lake is a famous lake in the Northern Areas of Pakistan. ... At an altitude of 10,578 feet above sea level it is probably one of the highest lakes in Pakistan. ... Gosaikunda is a lake in Nepal in Rasuwa district that is the sight of Hindu pilgrimage. ... At a distance of about 144 km north-west of Hyderabad, a reservoir known by the name Nizamsagar was constructed across the Manjira River, a tributary of the Godavari River, between Achampet and Banjapalle villages of the Nizamabad district in Andhra Pradesh, India. ... The Red Hills Lake, located in Ambattur taluka of Thiruvallur district, Tamilnadu, South India, is one of the rain-fed reservoirs from where water is drawn for supply to Chennai. ... This page meets Wikipedias criteria for speedy deletion. ... Map of Backwaters in Kerala The Kerala Backwaters are a chain of brackish lagoons and lakes lying parallel to the Arabian Sea coast (known as the Malabar Coast) of Kerala state in southern India. ... Damodar River rises from the Chota Nagpur plateau of the Jharkhand state of India. ... The Laccadive Sea encirces the Lakshadweep Islands belonging to India. ... Look up Bay of Bengal in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Gulf of Kutch on the left. ... Gulf of Khambhat on the right. ... The Palk Strait is a 40-85 mi (64-137 km) wide strait that lies between Indias Tamil Nadu state and the island nation of Sri Lanka. ... The Gulf of Mannar is an arm of the Indian Ocean, lying between the southern tip of India and the west coast of Sri Lanka at a width of between 160 and 200 km (100 to 125 mi). ... The rivers of India play an important role in the lives of the Indian people. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


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