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Encyclopedia > Arab diaspora
Arabs
العرب
Arab family from Ramallah, 1905.
Total population

approx. 300 to 340 million Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links Ramallah-Family-1905. ... Ramallah (Arabic:  ) is a Palestinian city in the West Bank of approximately 57,000 residents. ... 1905 (MCMV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar). ...

Regions with significant populations
Flag of Algeria Algeria
Flag of Bahrain Bahrain
Flag of Brazil Brazil[1] 17.800.000
Flag of Djibouti Djibouti
Flag of Egypt Egypt
Flag of Eritrea Eritrea
Flag of Europe Europe
Flag of Iraq Iraq
Flag of Iran Iran (Ahwaz, Khurasan and Hormozgan and Bushehr)
Flag of Israel Israel
Flag of Jordan Jordan
Flag of Kuwait Kuwait
Flag of Lebanon Lebanon
Flag of Libya Libya
Flag of Mauritania Mauritania
Flag of Morocco Morocco
Flag of Oman Oman
Palestinian territories
Flag of Qatar Qatar
Flag of Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia
Flag of Somalia Somalia
Flag of Sudan Sudan
Flag of Syria Syria
Flag of Tunisia Tunisia
Flag of the United Arab Emirates United Arab Emirates
Flag of Yemen Yemen
Languages
Arabic and other minority languages
Religions
Sunni Islam, Shia Islam, Christianity, Druzism and Judaism

Arab diaspora refers to the numbers of Arab immigrants, and their descendants, who voluntarily or as refugees emigrated from their native countries and now reside in non-Arab nations, primarily in Western countries as well as parts of Asia, Latin America and West Africa, particularly in the Ivory Coast (home to over 100,000 Lebanese), Senegal (roughly 20,000), Sierra Leone (roughly 6,000 today; about 30,000 prior to the outbreak of civil war in 1991), and Liberia. Since the end of the civil war in 2002, Lebanese traders have become reestablished in Sierra Leone. Image File history File links Flag_of_Algeria. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Bahrain. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Brazil. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Djibouti. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Egypt. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Eritrea. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Iraq. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Iran. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Israel. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Jordan. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Kuwait. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Lebanon. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Libya. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Mauritania. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Morocco. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Oman. ... This article is about the Palestinian territories as a geopolitical phenomenon. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Qatar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Saudi_Arabia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Somalia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Sudan. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Syria. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Tunisia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Arab_Emirates. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Yemen. ... Arabic ( or just ) is the largest living member of the Semitic language family in terms of speakers. ... Sunni Muslims are the largest denomination of Islam. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Catholic Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box:      Christianity is a monotheistic... This article needs cleanup. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Languages Arabic and other minority languages Religions Sunni Islam, Shia Islam, Christianity, Druzism and Judaism An Arab (Arabic: ) is a member of a complexly defined ethnic group who identifies as such on the basis of one or more of either genealogical, political, or linguistic grounds. ... mtDNA-based chart of large human migrations. ... For alternative meanings for The West in the United States, see the U.S. West and American West. ... For other uses, see Asia (disambiguation). ... Latin America consists of the countries of South America and some of North America (including Central America and some the islands of the Caribbean) whose inhabitants mostly speak Romance languages, although Native American languages are also spoken. ...  Western Africa (UN subregion)  Maghreb[1] West Africa or Western Africa is the westernmost region of the African continent. ... Côte dIvoire (often called Ivory Coast in English; see below about the name) is a country in West Africa. ...


Arab traders have long operated in Southeast Asia, trading in spices, timber and textiles. But an important trading minority in the region that goes largely unrecognised comprises the local descendants of Arabs. Most of the prominent Indonesians, Malaysians and Singaporeans of Arab descent have their origins in southern Yemen in the Hadramawt coastal region. They are the Hadramis. As many as 4 million Indonesians are of Hadrami descent and today there are almost 10,000 Hadramis in Singapore. Location of Southeast Asia Southeast Asia is a subregion of Asia. ... Languages Arabic and other minority languages Religions Sunni Islam, Shia Islam, Christianity, Druzism and Judaism An Arab (Arabic: ) is a member of a complexly defined ethnic group who identifies as such on the basis of one or more of either genealogical, political, or linguistic grounds. ... Hadhramaut, (also Hadramawt) now part of Yemen, is the coastal region of the south Arabian peninsula on the Gulf of Aden in the Arabian Sea, extending eastwards from Yemen to the Dhofar region of Oman. ...


The Americas have long been a destination for Arab migration, with Arabs arriving in some countries as early as the nineteenth century . The largest concentration of Arabs outside the Middle East is in Brazil, which has over 17 million Brazilians of Arab ancestry. Of these 12 million Brazilian Arabs, over 9 million are of Lebanese ancestry, making Brazil's population of Lebanese three times greater than that of Lebanon. Most other Brazilians of Arab descent are mainly Syrian. There are also large Arab communities in Mexico, Argentina, Colombia, Ecuador, and Venezuela. Palestinians cluster in Chile and Central America, particularly El Salvador and Honduras. The 300,000-strong Palestinian community in Chile is the fourth largest in the world after those in Israel, Lebanon and Jordan. In the United States there are around 3.5 million people of Arab ancestry. Most Arabs of the Americas are of either Lebanese, Syrian or Egyptian extraction and are mostly Christian.[2] (Note: The identification of Egyptians as "Arab" is frequently contested -- see Egypt#Identity for more information.) World map showing the Americas CIA political map of the Americas The Americas are the lands of the Western hemisphere or New World consisting of the continents of North America[1] and South America with their associated islands and regions. ... Languages Arabic and other minority languages Religions Sunni Islam, Shia Islam, Christianity, Druzism and Judaism An Arab (Arabic: ) is a member of a complexly defined ethnic group who identifies as such on the basis of one or more of either genealogical, political, or linguistic grounds. ... Languages Arabic and other minority languages Religions Sunni Islam, Shia Islam, Christianity, Druzism and Judaism An Arab (Arabic: ) is a member of a complexly defined ethnic group who identifies as such on the basis of one or more of either genealogical, political, or linguistic grounds. ... Languages Arabic and other minority languages Religions Sunni Islam, Shia Islam, Christianity, Druzism and Judaism An Arab (Arabic: ) is a member of a complexly defined ethnic group who identifies as such on the basis of one or more of either genealogical, political, or linguistic grounds. ... The Palestinian flag, adopted in 1948, is a widely recognized modern symbol of the Palestinian people. ... For other uses, see Central America (disambiguation). ... Languages Arabic and other minority languages Religions Sunni Islam, Shia Islam, Christianity, Druzism and Judaism An Arab (Arabic: ) is a member of a complexly defined ethnic group who identifies as such on the basis of one or more of either genealogical, political, or linguistic grounds. ... Arab Christians are people who are ethnically Arab or culturally and linguistically Arabized and who follow the religion of Christianity. ... Anthem Bilady, Bilady, Bilady Capital (and largest city) Cairo Official languages Arabic1 Government Semi-presidential republic  -  President Hosni Mubarak  -  Prime Minister Ahmed Nazif Establishment  -  First Dynasty c. ...


The Lebanese diaspora, while historically trade-related, has more recently been linked to the Lebanese Civil War and the 2006 Lebanon War. In October 2006, shortly after the war between Hezbollah and Israel had concluded, the Edinburgh Middle East Report ran an article covering the brain drain from Lebanon's universities.[3] Increasing numbers of Lebanese students are travelling abroad to further their education in safer environments. Combatants Lebanese Front Syria LNM PLO Commanders Bachir Gemayel Dany Chamoun Kamal Jumblatt Yasser Arafat The Lebanese Civil War (1975–1990) was a multifaceted civil war whose antecedents trace back to the conflicts and political compromises reached after the end of Lebanons administration by the Ottoman Empire. ... Combatants Hezbollah Amal[1] LCP[2] PFLP-GC[3]  Israel Commanders Hassan Nasrallah Dan Halutz Moshe Kaplinsky[10] Udi Adam Strength 600-1,000 active fighters 3,000-10,000 reservists[4] Up to 10,000 ground troops. ... For other uses, see Hezbollah (disambiguation). ... The Edinburgh Middle East Report (EMER) is Scotlands only publication dedicated to the Middle East. ... This article is about the emigration term. ...


As of November 2006, the U.N. High Commissioner on Refugees estimated that 1.8 million Iraqis had been displaced to neighboring countries, with nearly 100,000 Iraqis fleeing to Syria and Jordan each month.[4] As a result of growing international pressure, on June 1, 2007 the Bush administration said it was ready to admit 7,000 Iraqi refugees who had helped the coalition since the invasion. According to Washington based Refugees International the U.S. has admitted fewer than 800 Iraqi refugees since the invasion, Sweden had accepted 18,000 and Australia had resettled almost 6,000.[5] This article or section is not written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia article. ... Aerial photo (looking NW) of the Washington Monument and the White House in Washington, DC. Washington, D.C., officially the District of Columbia (also known as D.C.; Washington; the Nations Capital; the District; and, historically, the Federal City) is the capital city and administrative district of the United... Refugees International is an NGO headed by Ken Bacon. ...


In France, the Benelux countries, Spain and much of the rest of Europe, the Arab communities are of North African origin, particularly Algeria and Morocco, and are mostly Muslim. In Marseille, Arabs make up 25% of the total population. About 80,000 Iraqis live in Sweden, forming the country’s second largest immigrant group.[6] There is also a medium sized Arab community in Australia, where Arabic is the fourth most widely spoken second-language. The number of Muslim and Christian Arab Australians are roughly equal with a slight upper hand to Christians. See Australian population: ethnic origins.[1] Location of Benelux in Europe Official languages Dutch and French Membership  Belgium  Netherlands  Luxembourg Website http://www. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ...  Northern Africa (UN subregion)  geographic, including above North Africa or Northern Africa is the northernmost region of the African continent, separated by the Sahara from Sub-Saharan Africa. ... There is also a collection of Hadith called Sahih Muslim A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم, Persian: Mosalman or Mosalmon Urdu: مسلمان, Turkish: Müslüman, Albanian: Mysliman, Bosnian: Musliman) is an adherent of the religion of Islam. ... City flag Coat of arms Motto: By her great deeds, the city of Massilia shines Location Coordinates Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Administration Country Region Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur Department Bouches-du-Rhône (13) Subdivisions 16 arrondissements (in 8 secteurs) Intercommunality Urban Community of Marseille Provence M...

Contents

Challenges

There are no exact figures of how many Arabs live in diaspora (expatriates). There are many challenges facing Arabs in diaspora, especially in the post 9/11 world: First: Suspicion of Arabs and Muslims has reached almost a paranoid proportion. Racism towards Arabs has reached new heights.


Second: Another delicate issue for the Diaspora Arabs is the relationship with motherlands and/or fatherlands. These challenges depend on which generation of Arab immigrants we are talking about. Usually, the first generation Arab immigrants are caught between a love for the motherland that on hand increased by leaps and bounds following immigration and fueled mainly by nostalgia and a certain degree of “culture shock,” and resentment stemming from feeling driven out by unfavorable circumstances.


Third: After an initial period of “shock,” the first generation Arab immigrants start the slow process of acculturation/assimilation. The Arab in his self-imposed-exile faces the ambivalence associated with the love-hate relationship with the motherland and/or fatherland.


Fourth: Nostalgia: The memory of the Arab immigrant polishes events, people and places and plays “tricks” on his mind. The things that used to irritate the Arab immigrant in the motherland start to seem so trivial after a few months away. Arabs in diaspora start forgetting or minimizing the bitterness that drove them out and remember only the sweet. In a way nostalgia becomes deceptive and memory turns selective. The first generation immigrant Arab is perplexed and his nostalgia leaves him or her with a heavy heart. Even a song that reminds an Arab of his childhood or adolescence puts a lump in his throat. The bond to the motherland becomes like a rubber band the draws the emigrant Arab ever stronger the longer and the farther he stays away.


Prominent members of the Arab diaspora include;

Abdalá Jaime Bucaram Ortiz (born February 20, 1952 in Guayaquil) is an Ecuadorian lawyer and politician, He was also a sprinter in the 1972 Olympic team, the police chief of Guayas and the president of Barcelona Sporting Club, a soccer team from his hometown. ... // List of Heads of State of Ecuador and its precursor states (Dates in italics indicate de facto continuation of office) Affiliations:- Sources http://www. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Salvador Jorge Blanco (born 1926) Is a politician, lawyer and a writer. ... André Apaid is the leader of the Group of 184 in Haiti. ... The 2006 Elections in Haiti, to replace the interim government of Gerard Latortue put in place after the 2004 Haiti rebellion, were delayed four times after having been originally scheduled for October and November 2005. ... Antoine Izméry (died September 11, 1993) was a Haitian businessman and pro-democracy activist. ... Paulo Maluf Paulo Salim Maluf (pron. ... The Politics series Politics Portal This box:      A politician is an individual who is a formally recognized and active member of a government, or a person who influences the way a society is governed through an understanding of political power and group dynamics. ... Nickname: Motto: Non ducor, duco(Latin) I am not led, I lead Location in the São Paulo state. ... Nickname: Motto: Non ducor, duco(Latin) I am not led, I lead Location in the São Paulo state. ... Jamil Mahuad Witt (born 1949) was President of Ecuador from August 10, 1998 to January 21, 2000. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Current President Néstor Kirchner The President of Argentina (full title: President of the Argentine Nation, Spanish: Presidente de la Nación Argentina) is the head of state of Argentina. ... Said Wilbert Musa, PC, (born March 19, 1944) is a Belizean lawyer and politician, and has been Prime Minister of Belize since August 28, 1998. ... The government of Belize is directed by the Prime Minister. ... The Right Honourable Edward Philip George Seaga (born May 28, 1930) was Prime Minister of Jamaica for the Jamaica Labour Party from 1980 to 1989, and served as leader of the opposition 1989 to January 2005. ... == List of Prime Ministers of Jamaica == == Modified Wednesday, November 9, 2005 1 Sir William Alexander Bustamante (JLP) Term: Aug. ... Ralph Nader (born February 27, 1934) is an American attorney and political activist, who has promoted a wide range of issues, including consumer rights, feminism, humanitarianism, environmentalism and democratic government. ... Gilberto Kassab is the current mayor of São Paulo. ... This is a list of mayors of São Paulo from the most recent chronologically backwards. ... Alcalde is the Spanish title of the chief administrator of a town. ... This article is about the city of Guayaquil. ... Edward Wadie Saïd (Arabic: , transliteration: ; 1 November 1935 – 25 September 2003) was a Palestinian-American literary theorist and outspoken Palestinian activist. ... An intellectual is one who tries to use his or her intellect to work, study, reflect, speculate on, or ask and answer questions with regard to a variety of different ideas. ... Julio César Turbay Ayala (June 18, 1916 – September 13, 2005) was president of Colombia from 1978 to 1982, as a member (and later leader) of the Colombian Liberal Party. ... This is a list of the persons that have been President of the Republic of Colombia and of the same territory under different names throughout history. ... Elias Zerhouni Dr. Elias Zerhouni, M.D. is the current director of the National Institutes of Health. ... National Institutes of Health Building 50 at NIH Clinical Center - Building 10 The National Institutes of Health (NIH) is an agency of the United States Department of Health and Human Services and is the primary agency of the United States government responsible for biomedical research. ... Schafik Handal Schafik Jorge Handal (October 14, 1930 – January 24, 2006) was a Salvadoran politician. ... The Farabundo Martí National Liberation Front (in Spanish: Frente Farabundo Martí para la Liberación Nacional, FMLN) is a political party in El Salvador that was formerly a revolutionary guerrilla organization. ... Carlos Ghosn (Arabic: كارلوس غصن; born March 9, 1954) is CEO of Renault and Nissan Motors. ... Nissan Motor Co. ... Renault S.A. is a French vehicle manufacturer producing cars, vans, buses, tractors, and trucks. ... Michelin (full name: Compagnie Générale des Établissements Michelin) (Euronext: ML) based in Clermont-Ferrand in the Auvergne région of France, is primarily a tyre manufacturer. ... Mário Jorge Lobo Zagallo (born August 9, 1931 in Maceió) is a Brazilian football coach and former player, of Lebanese origin. ... Dr. Charles Elachi is the Director of the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL), located in Pasadena, California, since May 1, 2001. ... Wax statue of Mohammad Fayed Mohamed Abdel Moneim Fayed (Arabic: محمد الفايد ) (born January 27, 1929) is an Egyptian businessman. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Hôtel Ritz is a hotel located at 15 Place Vendôme, in the heart of Paris, France. ... Nadhmi Auchi, born in 1937, is a British-resident, Iraqi-born billionaire. ... The General Mediterranean Holdings (GenMed) is a financial holding established in 1979 in Luxembourg, through which Anglo-Iraqi billionaire Nadhmi Auchi control his financial empire. ... Azzedine Alaia (Arabic:عز الدين عليّة , original - Alaïa, pronunciation - Aliya) is a Tunisian-born fashion designer, most successful in the 1980s. ... Brief introduction on the history of fashion design and designers Fashion design is the art dedicated to the creation of wearing apparel and lifestyle. ... Tarak Ben Ammar (born on June 12, 1949 in Tunis, Tunisia) is an international movie producer and distributor, famous in taking interest in artistic movies, especially when they are related to Mediterranean culture or require North African settings during shooting. ... Carlos Slim in Brazil. ... This article is about the musician. ... Rachid Taha (born 1958 in Oran, Algeria) is a French-Algerian musician. ... Raï (Arabic: راي) is a form of folk music, originated in Oran, Algeria from Bedouin shepherds, mixed with Spanish, French, African-American and Arabic musical forms, which dates back to the 1930s and has been primarily evolved by women in the culture. ... Khaled [خالد], born Khaled Hadj Brahim, is an Algerian raï singer-songwriter and multi-instrumentalist from Oran. ... Yazid Sabeg, born on 8 January 1950 in Guelma, Algeria, is the president of the administrative council of the French high-technology firm SSII (CS Communication and Systems) and also a member of the French Institute of International and Strategic Relations. ... Tariq Said Ramadan (born 26 August 1962 in Geneva, Switzerland) is a Swiss Muslim academic and theologian. ... An intellectual is one who tries to use his or her intellect to work, study, reflect, speculate on, or ask and answer questions with regard to a variety of different ideas. ...

See also

Arab Americans constitute an ethnicity made up of several waves of immigrants from 22 Morocco in the west to Oman in the east. ... An Arab Brazilian is a Brazilian-born person of Arab descent, sometimes including other non-Arabic Middle Eastern peoples. ... This article deals with those Jewish communities indigenous to the Middle East. ... Most Arab Singaporeans have come in the past from Hadhramaut region in Yemen and are Muslim. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Refugees of Iraq. ... Islam in Argentina is represented by one of Latin Americas largest Muslim minorities. ... The statistics for Islam in Honduras estimate a total Muslim population of 2,790, representing 0. ... Category: ... Lebanese Australians are the ninth largest ethnic group in Australia, numbering 162,239 or 0. ... The are some 143,000 Lebanese-Canadians, making them by far the largest group of Arab-Canadians. ... This is a list of famous Arab Americans. ... The following is a list of prominent Palestinians, both from Palestine and from the Palestinian diaspora. ... The Palestinian flag, adopted in 1948, is a widely recognized modern symbol of the Palestinian people. ... Among the Chileans of Arab origin (around 500,000), Palestinians make up the largest group. ... Palestinian diaspora (Arabic: , al-shatat) is a term used to describe Palestinians living outside of historic Palestine - an area today known as Israel and the Palestinian territories or the West Bank, Gaza Strip and East Jerusalem. ...

External links

References

  1. ^ http://www.brazzil.com/2004/html/articles/sep04/p118sep04.htm
  2. ^ The Dynamics of Identity Reconstruction among Arab Communities in the United States by Al-Sayed al-Aswad. Anthropos Institute. 2006.
  3. ^ Lebanon's Brain Drain by Tim May. Edinburgh Middle East Report Online. Winter 2006.
  4. ^ "U.N.: 100,000 Iraq refugees flee monthly". Alexander G. Higgins, Boston Globe, November 3, 2006.
  5. ^ US in Iraq for 'another 50 years', The Australian, June 2, 2007
  6. ^ Sweden urges EU to take in Iraqis

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