FACTOID # 22: South Dakota has the highest employment ratio in America, but the lowest median earnings of full-time male employees.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Arab and Persian astrology
Astrology
Background
History of astrology
History of astronomy
Traditions
Arab and Persian astrology
Babylonian astrology
Chinese astrology
Egyptian astrology
Hellenistic astrology
Indian (Vedic) astrology
Mayan astrology
Western astrology
Main branches of

horoscopic astrology It has been suggested that astrologer be merged into this article or section. ... Image File history File links Astrology_Project. ... The History of astrology encompasses a great span of human history and many cultures. ... Astronomy is probably the oldest of the natural sciences, dating back to antiquity, with its origins in the religious practices of pre-history: vestiges of these are still found in astrology, a discipline long interwoven with astronomy, and not completely different from it until about 1750‑1800 in the Western... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... Chinese astrology (as it is known today) is the divination of the future from the Chinese calendar, particularly its 12-year cycle of animas, referred to as the Chinese Zodiac. ... Egypt was one of the most important places in the development of astrology, although astrology first originated in Babylon. ... Hellenistic astrology is a tradition of horoscopic astrology that developed in the Mediterranean region and specifically Hellenistic Egypt sometime around the late 2nd or early 1st century BCE. Endnotes Note 1: See David Pingree - From Astral Omens to Astrology from Babylon to Bikaner, Roma: Istituto Italiano per LAfrica e... Jyotisha (, in Hindi and English usage Jyotish) is the Hindu system of astrology, one of the six disciplines of Vedanga, and regarded as one of the oldest schools of ancient astrology to have had an independent origin, affecting all other schools in and around India. ... The Maya calendar is a system of complex and highly developed calendars created by the Maya Civilization of pre-Columbian Mesoamerica. ... Western astrology is the system of astrology most popular in Western countries. ... Horoscopic astrology is a form of astrology which uses a horoscope or chart to gain information from the position of cosmic bodies. ...

Natal astrology
Electional astrology
Horary astrology
Mundane astrology
Categories
Astrologers
Astrological factors
Astrology by type

Much of the survival of classical sciences like astronomy, mathematics, geography and philosophy in the Western world is due to the fact that it was preserved and used by the Arab world from about the 8th Century, when Europe was going through its Dark Ages. Astrology, being linked to astronomy at this stage, was also one of those disciplines preserved. Natal astrology is based upon the concept that each individuals personality or path in life can be determined by constructing a natal chart for the exact date, time, and place of a persons birth. ... Electional astrology is a subsection of horary astrology that attempts to determine the ideal time to initiate an action, such as buying a house, starting a business, getting married, buying a car, beginning a journey/travel, or any other important moment in the natives life. ... Horary astrology is a very old branch of astrology by which an astrologer will try to answer a question by drawing up an astrological chart or horoscope for the exact time and place at which that question came to mind or when it was put to them. ... Mundane Astrology is the application of astrology to world affairs and world events, taking its name from the Roman word Mundus, meaning the World. Mundane astrology is widely believed by astrological historians to be the most ancient branch of astrology in the history of the world. ... A giant Hubble mosaic of the Crab Nebula, a supernova remnant. ... Euclid, Greek mathematician, 3rd century BC, known today as the father of geometry; shown here in a detail of The School of Athens by Raphael. ... For other uses, see Philosophy (disambiguation). ... It has been suggested that astrologer be merged into this article or section. ...

Contents

Arabic Astronomy

Centres of learning in medicine and astronomy/astrology were set up in Baghdad and Damascus, and the Caliph Al-Mansur of Baghdad established a major observatory and library in the city, making it the world's astronomical centre. During this time knowledge of astronomy was greatly increased, and the astrolab was invented by Al Fazari. So much was knowledge increased by the Arabs that even today a great many star names are Arabic in origin. Here is a short list for some of the most prominent, with their original meaning: This article is about the Abbasid Caliph Al Mansur of Baghdad. ...

STAR NAME MEANING
Achernar "River's End"
Aladfar "Claws"
Aldebaran "The Follower"
Alioth "Sheep's Tail"
Altair "The Flying"
Betelgeuse "Central Hand"
Deneb "Tail"
Mizar "Waistband"
Rasolgethi "Head of the Kneeling One"
Rigel "Foot of the Great One"
Vega "The Falling"

The meaning of the star names cannot really be understood without reference to the constellation of which they are a part. Further details of the star names, along with a greater list of others can be found in the article: List of traditional star names. Some astrologers still include a few of the stars in their charts today, along with the usual planets. For example, Aldabaran is said to signify confidence, energy and leadership qualities, while Vega is said to indicate good fortune in worldy ambitions. [1] This is a list of traditional names for stars, mostly derived from Arabic and Latin. ...


Arabic Astrology

The Arab astrologers defined a new form of astrology called electional astrology that could be used for all manner of divination in everyday life, such as the discovery of propitious moments for the undertaking of a journey, or the beginning of a business venture etc. They also were the first to speak of 'favourable' and 'unfavourable' indications, rather than categorical events. [2] Electional astrology is a subsection of horary astrology that attempts to determine the ideal time to initiate an action, such as buying a house, starting a business, getting married, buying a car, beginning a journey/travel, or any other important moment in the natives life. ...


Albumasur or Abu Ma'shar (805 - 885) was the greatest of the Arab astrologers. His treatise 'Introductoriam in Astronomium' spoke of how 'only by observing the great diversity of planetary motions can we comprehend the unnumbered varieties of change in this world'. The 'Introductoriam' was one of the first books to find its way in translation through Spain and into Europe in the Middle Ages, and was highly influential in the revival of astrology and astronomy there. Jafar ibn Muhammad Abu Mashar al-Balkhi (787 - 886) was a Persian astronomer and mathematician from Balkh, in todays Afghanistan. ...


Arab Astrology and Herbalism

The Arabs also combined the disciplines of medicine and astrology by being linking the curative properties of herbs with specific zodiac signs and planets. [3] Mars, for instance, was considered hot and dry and so ruled plants with a hot or pungent taste - like hellebore, tobacco or mustard. These beliefs were adopted by European herbalists like Culpeper right up until the development of modern medicine. Culpeper is a town located in Culpeper County, Virginia. ...


Arabic Parts

The Arabs also developed a system called Arabic parts by which the difference between the ascendant and each planet of the zodiac was calculated. This new position then became a 'part' of some kind.[4] For example the 'part of fortune' is found by taking the difference between the sun and the ascendant and adding it to the moon. If the 'part' thus calculated was in the 10th House in Libra, for instance, it suggested that money could be made from some kind of partnership. In astrology, the Lots or Arabian Parts (or Arabic parts) are based on a mathematical calculation of three points in the horoscope. ...


Persian Astrologers

The Persians too made a significant contribution to astronomy and astrology. Al Khwarizmi was the most famous of these. He was a great mathematician, astronomer, astrologer and geographer. He is considered to be the father of algebra and the algorithm , and introduced the concept of the number zero to the Western world. A stamp issued September 6, 1983 in the Soviet Union, commemorating al-Khwārizmīs (approximate) 1200th anniversary. ... Algebra is a branch of mathematics concerning the study of structure, relation and quantity. ... In mathematics, computing, linguistics, and related disciplines, an algorithm is a procedure (a finite set of well-defined instructions) for accomplishing some task which, given an initial state, will terminate in a defined end-state. ...


Another famous Persian astrologer and astronomer was Qutb al-Din al Shirazi (1236 - 1311). He wrote critiques of the Almagest, the famous Arabic translation of the work of Ptolemy. The Almagest was the means by which Ptolemy's work was re-introduced into Europe, as the original European copies had been lost. He produced two prominent works on astronomy: 'The Limit of Accomplishment Concerning Knowledge of the Heavens' in 1281 and 'The Royal Present' in 1284, both of which commented upon and improved on Ptolemy's work, particularly in the field of planetary motion. Al-Shirazi was also the first person to give the correct scientific explanation for the formation of a rainbow. Almagest is the Latin form of the Arabic name (al-kitabu-l-mijisti, i. ... A medieval artists rendition of Claudius Ptolemaeus Claudius Ptolemaeus (Greek: ; c. ...


Ulugh Beg was another notable Persian mathematician and astronomer, who was sultan of Persia in the fifteenth century. He built an observatory in 1428 and produced the first original star map since Ptolemy which corrected the position of many stars, and included many new ones. Ulugh Beg, here depicted on a Soviet stamp, was one of Islams greatest astronomers during the Middle Ages. ...


Modern Developments

Astrology was in favour in the Islamic world when it was associated with the sciences of astronomy, mathematics and medicine. When in later times it became separated from those disciplines, it was regarded as linked to superstition and fortune-telling. Modern Islamic views of astrology are therefore negative for the most part, as fortune-telling is forbidden in the Koran. This is a sub-article of Islamic science and astrology. ...


Prominent Arab, Muslim, and Persian Astrologers

Rabbi Abraham Ben Meir Ibn Ezra (also known as Ibn Ezra, or Abenezra) (1092 or 1093-1167), was one of the most distinguished Jewish men of letters and writers of the Middle Ages. ... Abraham Zacuto (אברהם זכות) (portuguese: Abraão ben Samuel Zacuto) was a Spanish astronomer, mathematician and historian who served as Royal Astronomer in the 15th Century to King John II of Portugal. ... Al Battani (c. ... A statue of Biruni adorns the southwest entrance of Laleh Park in Tehran. ... Abu Bakr al-Hassan ibn al-Khasib, also al-Khaseb, Albubather in Latin, was a Persian physician and astrologer of the 9th century. ... Alchabitius was the common European name of a 10th century Arabian astrologer, also known by the transliterated Arabic name Abdelazys. ... Al-fadl ibn Naubakht, (also written Nowbakht), was an 8th century Persian scholar at the court of the Caliph Harun al-Rashid. ... Abul Hasan Ali ibn Ridwan Al-Misri (c. ... Portrait of Al-Kindi For the Christian theologian, see Abd al-Masih ibn Ishaq al-Kindi AbÅ«-YÅ«suf Ya’qÅ«b ibn Ishāq al-KindÄ« (c. ... For other meanings, see Arzachel (disambiguation) Al-Zarqali (in full Abu Ishaq Ibrahim ibn Yahya Al-Zarqali, Arzachel to Latin Europe), (1028–1087 CE), was a leading Arab mathematician and the foremost astronomer of his time. ... Berossus (also Berossos or Berosus) Greek: Βεροσσος was a Hellenistic Babylonian writer who was active at the beginning of the 3rd century BC. // Life and work Berossus published the Babyloniaca (hereafter, History of Babylonia) some time around 290-278 B.C.E. for the Macedonian/Seleucid king, Antiochus I. Certain astrological... The Magi in traditional dress: breeches, capes, and Phrygian caps. ... The Three Wise Men are given the names Caspar, Melchior, and Balthasar in this late 6th century mosaic from the Basilica of St Apollinarius in Ravenna, Italy. ... Abû l-Hasan Alî ibn Abî l-Rijâl (commonly known as Haly, Hali, Albohazen Haly filii Abenragel or Haly Abenragel, from ibn Rijal) was an Arab astrologer of the late 10th and early 11th century, best known for his Kitāb al-bāri fi akhām an-nuj... An imagined portrait of Hypatia of Alexandria Hypatia of Alexandria (Greek: Υπατία; 370–415) was a popular Hellenized Egyptian philosopher, mathematician, astronomer/astrologer, and teacher who lived in Alexandria, in Hellenistic Egypt, and who contributed greatly to that citys intellectual community. ... For the Maliki scholar, see Ibn al-Arabi. ... Ibn Yunus ( إبن يونوس in Arabic) (full name, Abul-Hasan Ali Ibn Abd al-Rahman Ibn Ahmad Ibn Yunus al-Sadafi) (950?-1009) was an important Arab astronomer/astrologer, whose astronomical works are noted for being ahead of their time, having been based on almost modern-like meticulous calculations and attention... Abu Ishaq Ibrahlm ibn Habib ibn Sulaiman ibn Samura ibn Jundab al-Fazari was an 8th century Persian mathematician and astronomer at the Abbasid court of the Caliph Harun al-Rashid. ... Jafar ibn Muhammad Abu Mashar al-Balkhi (787 - 886) was a Persian astronomer and mathematician from Balkh, in todays Afghanistan. ... An engraving by Albrecht Dürer, from the title page of the De scientia motus orbis (Latin version with engraving, 1504). ... Abu abdallah Muhammad ibn Ibrahim al-Fazari was a Persian philosopher and mathematician. ... A stamp issued September 6, 1983 in the Soviet Union, commemorating al-KhwārizmÄ«s (approximate) 1200th anniversary. ... Nobakht Ahvazi (also spelled Naubakht in many a literature) and his sons were Astronomers from Ahvaz in Persia. ... Porphyry (Greek: , c. ... Sharafeddin Muzzafar-i Tusi, was a Persian mathematician of the middle ages, (1135 - 1213). ... Sudines (Greek: Σουδινες) ca. ...

See also

This is a sub-article of Islamic science and astrology. ... Ulugh Beg, founder of a large Islamic observatory, honoured on this Soviet stamp. ... In Hebrew, astrology was called hokmat ha-nissayon, the wisdom of prognostication, in distinction to hokmat ha-hizzayon (wisdom of star-seeing, or astronomy). ... Cazimi; also sometimes spelled Casimi. ...

References

  1. ^ Sasha Fenton "Understanding Astrology"", The Aquarian Press, London 1991
  2. ^ Derek and Julia Parker "The New Compleat Astrologer" Crescent Books, New York 1990
  3. ^ Parker & Parker, ibid, 1990
  4. ^ Sasha Fenton, ibid
  • Article Mentioning Persian-Arabic astrology

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m