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Encyclopedia > Arab Liberation Army

The Arab Liberation Army (Jaysh al-Inqadh al-Arabi, or Arab Salvation Army, also referred to in some accounts as the Arab People's Army) was an army of volunteers from Arab countries led by Iraqi soldier Fawzi al-Qawuqji. It fought on the Palestinian side in the 1948 Arab-Israeli war and was set up by the Arab League as a counter to the Arab High Committee's Army of the Holy War, though in fact the League and Arab governments prevented thousands from joining either force (Sayigh, 2000, p. 14). Fawzi Al-Qawuqji (1890-1977) was an Iraqi soldier who commanded the Arab Liberation Army (or Arab Salvation Army) in the 1948 Arab-Israeli War. ... The term Palestinian has other usages, for which see definitions of Palestinian. ... The 1948 Arab-Israeli War is referred to as the War of Independence (Hebrew: מלחמת העצמאות) or as the War of Liberation (Hebrew: מלחמת השחרור) by Israelis. ... Flag of the League of Arab States The Arab League or League of Arab States (Arabic: جامعة الدول العربية), is an organization of Arab states - compare Arab world. ... The Arab Higher Committee was the central political organ of the Arab community of Palestine, established in 1936. ... The Army of the Holy War or Holy War Army (Jaysh al-Jihad al-Muqaddas) was a force of Palestinian irregulars in the 1948 Arab-Israeli War led by Abd al-Qadir al-Husayni and Hasan Salama. ...


At the meeting in Damascus on 5 February, 1948 to organize Palestinian Field Commands, Northern Palestine including Samaria was allocated to Qawuqji's forces, although Samaria was de facto already under the control of Transjordan (Levenberg, 1993, p. 198). Damascus by night, pictured from Jabal Qasioun; the green spots are minarets Damascus (Arabic officially دمشق Dimashq, colloquially ash-Sham الشام) is the capital city of Syria. ... February 5 is the 36th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... ... Samaria, Sumaria or Shomron (Hebrew שֹׁמְרוֹן, Standard Hebrew Šoməron, Tiberian Hebrew Šōmərôn, Arabic سامريّون Sāmariyyūn (but commonly called in Arabic جبال نابلس Jibal Nablus), in the New Testament Greek Σαμαρεία) is a term used for the mountainous northern part of the area on the west bank of the Jordan River. ... Map of the territory of Transjordan The Emirate of Transjordan was an autonomous political division of the British Mandate of Palestine, created as an administrative entity in April 1921 before the Mandate came into effect. ...


The target figure for recruitment was 10,000, but by mid-March 1948 the number of volunteers to have joined the Army reached around 6,000 and did not increase much beyond this figure. Its ranks included Syrians, Lebanese, including a few hundred Druze and Circassians, Iraqis, Transjordians, Muslim Brothers from Egypt and Palestinians trained in Syria. There were also a few Yugoslavs, Germans, Turks and British deserters. This article appears to contradict itself. ... The term Circassians is a Western term derived from the Turkic Cherkess, and is not the self-designation of any people. ... Map of the territory of Transjordan The Emirate of Transjordan was an autonomous political division of the British Mandate of Palestine, created as an administrative entity in April 1921 before the Mandate came into effect. ... The Muslim Brotherhood or Muslim Brothers (Arabic: al-Ikhwan al-muslimoon, full title جماعة الإخوان المسلمين Jamaat al-ikhwan al-muslimin, The Society of the Muslim Brothers, often simply الإخوان al-Ikhwan, the Brotherhood) is the name of several Islamist organisations in the Middle East. ... Yugoslavia (Jugoslavija in all south Slavic languages, in Cyrillic Југославија) is a term used for three separate but successive political entities that existed during most of the 20th century on the Balkan Peninsula in Europe. ...


The disposition and control of forces

The Arab League Military Committee, with headquarters in Damascus, was responsible for the movements and servicing of the Army. The Committee consisted of General Ismail Safwat (Iraq, Commander-in-Chief), General Taha al-Hashimi (Iraq), Colonel Shuqayri (Lebanon), Colonel Muhammed al-Hindi (Syria) and Colonel Abd al-Qadir al-Jundi (Transjordan). All of the countries represented related to King Abdullah's long-held plans to re-form Greater Syria. This Greater Syria Plan (Mashru Suriya al-Kubra) had been suported by the British Empire throughout the thirties and forties (Aruri, 1972, p. 23). Taha al-Hashimi (1888–1961) served briefly as prime minister of Iraq for two months, from February 1, 1941, to April 1, 1941. ... Abdullah of Jordan may refer to either of two kings of Jordan: Abdullah I of Jordan (1882 – 1951) Abdullah II of Jordan (b. ... Headline text Greater Syria, also known (in a historic context) as Syria, or Bilad ash-Sham (بلاد الشام, its Arabic name) is a historic region in the Middle East bordering the Mediterranean. ...

Disposition of Army of Salvation (ALA) Forces

March 1948 (Adapted from Levenberg, 1993, p. 200)
Samaria 3,000 - 4,000
Galilee 1,000, in groups of 50-100 under a central command
Haifa 200-300
Jerusalem city a few hundred
Jerusalem district perhaps 500
Jaffa Town 200 or more
Gaza district perhaps 100 Egyptians


This disposition of forces, away from the main warfare areas, indicates their real objectives and missions (Levenberg, 1993, p. 200). Samaria, Sumaria or Shomron (Hebrew שֹׁמְרוֹן, Standard Hebrew Šoməron, Tiberian Hebrew Šōmərôn, Arabic سامريّون Sāmariyyūn (but commonly called in Arabic جبال نابلس Jibal Nablus), in the New Testament Greek Σαμαρεία) is a term used for the mountainous northern part of the area on the west bank of the Jordan River. ... Galilee (Hebrew hagalil הגליל, Arabic al-jaleel الجليل), meaning circuit, is a large area overlapping with much of the North District of Israel. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Jerusalem and the Old City. ... Jaffa (Hebrew יָפוֹ, Standard Hebrew Yafo, Tiberian Hebrew Yāp̄ô; Arabic يَافَا Yāfā ▶(?); also Japho, Joppa; also, ~1350 B.C.E.Amarna Letters, Yapu), is an ancient city located in Israel. ... The city of Gaza is the principal city in the Gaza Strip. ...


References

  • Aruri, Naseer Hasan (1972). Jordan: A Study in Political Development (1923-1965). Springer. ISBN 9024712173
  • Levenberg, Haim (1993). Military Preparations of the Arab Community in Palestine: 1945-1948. London: Routledge. ISBN 0714634395
  • Sayigh, Yezid (2000). Armed Struggle and the Search for State: The Palestinian National Movement, 1949-1993. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0198296436

  Results from FactBites:
 
Arab Liberation Army - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1647 words)
The Arab Liberation Army (Jaysh al-Inqadh al-Arabi) was an army of volunteers from Arab countries led by Fawzi al-Qawuqji.
If the volunteer army were defeated, the loss and embarrassment would be borne by the Arab League in general and the Palestinians in particular, not by Syria alone.
Hashimi was ultimately appointed Inspector General of the ALA and placed in charge of recruitment and training of the troops at the Qatana headquarters.
Israel and the Arab Coalition in 1948 (1709 words)
Israel is portrayed as the innocent victim of unremitting Arab hostility and Arab aggression.
Contact with regular armies undoubtedly came as a shock to the Haganah, the paramilitary organization of the Yishuv which was in the process of being transformed into the IDF.
Arab rulers were as concerned with curbing each other as they were in fighting the common enemy.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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