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Encyclopedia > Arab League
جامعة الدول العربية
Jāmaʻat ad-Duwwal al-ʻArabiyya
Arab League
Flag
Headquarters Cairo, Egypt1
Official languages Arabic
Membership 22 Arab states
2 observer states
Leaders
 -  Secretary General Amr Moussa (since 2001)
 -  Council of
the Arab League

Sudan
 -  Speaker of
the Arab Parliament

Nabih Berri
Establishment
 -  Alexandria Protocol March 22, 1945 
Area
 -  Total 13,953,041 (Western Sahara Included) = 13,687,041 (Western Sahara Discluded) km² (2nd2)
 sq mi 
Population
 -  2007 estimate 339,510,535 (3rd2)
 -  Density 24.33 /km² 
 /sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2005 estimate
 -  Total $1,564,789 million (10th2)
 -  Per capita $7,890 
Currency see footnote 3 below
Time zone (UTC+0 to +4)
Website
(Arabic) http://arableagueonline.org/
1 From 1979 to 1989: Tunis, Tunisia.
2 If ranked.
3 ISO 4217 codes bracketed:
Algerian dinar (DZB) • Bahraini dinar (BHD) • Comorian franc (KMF) • Djiboutian franc (DJF) • Egyptian pound (EGP) • Iraqi dinar (IQD) • Jordanian dinar (JD) • Kuwaiti dinar (KWD) • Lebanese livre (LL, LBP) • Libyan dinar (LYD) • Mauritanian ouguiya (MRO) • Moroccan dirham (MAD) • Omani rial (OMR) • Qatari riyal (QAR) • Saudi riyal (SAR) • Somali shilling (SOS) • Sudanese pound (SDD) • Syrian pound (SYP) • Tunisian dinar (TND) • United Arab Emirates dirham (AED) • Yemeni rial (YER)

Life in the Arab League
Image File history File links Flag_of_the_League_of_Arab_States. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The flag of League of Arab States The Presidential Flag of the Arab League in Beirut Summit March 2002 The flag of the League of Arab States is a green banner bearing the seal of the League of Arab States. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 375 pixelsFull resolution (1559 × 730 pixel, file size: 23 KB, MIME type: image/gif) Author: Arab League User source: Wikipedia Blank Map of the World, Modified by Author I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public... The headquarters of the Arab League are located near the central business district of Cairo, Egypt. ... Nickname: Egypt: Site of Cairo (top center) Coordinates: , Government  - Governor Dr. Abdul Azim Wazir Area  - City 214 km²  (82. ... Arabic can mean: From or related to Arabia From or related to the Arabs The Arabic language; see also Arabic grammar The Arabic alphabet, used for expressing the languages of Arabic, Persian, Malay ( Jawi), Kurdish, Panjabi, Pashto, Sindhi and Urdu, among others. ... “Arab States” redirects here. ... Amr Moussa Amr Moussa (Arabic: عمرو موسى, (born 1936) is an Egyptian diplomat and the current Arab League secretary-general, appointed in May 2001. ... In the Arab League Summit of 2001-Amman, the Arab States have agreed to create the Arab League Parliament, and came up with a resolution to give the secretary general of the Arab League the power to start and create the Parliament. ... Nabih Berri Nabih Berri (Arabic: ; born January 28, 1938) is the speaker of the Lebanese Parliament of Lebanon. ... In 22 March 1945, in Alexandria, seven Arab Leaders agreed of the foundation of a joint Arab Organization, called the League of Arab States. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... To help compare sizes of different areas, here is a list of areas between 10 million km² and 100 million km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ... This is a list of the countries of the world sorted by area. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... This is a list of countries ordered according to population. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... Gross domestic product (by purchasing power parity) in 2006 The purchasing power parity (PPP) theory was developed by Gustav Cassel in 1920. ... There are three lists of countries of the world sorted by their gross domestic product (GDP) (the value of all final goods and services produced within a nation in a given year). ... Per capita is a Latin phrase meaning for each head. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... “UTC” redirects here. ... ISO 4217 is the international standard describing three letter codes (also known as the currency code) to define the names of currencies established by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO). ... The dinar is the currency of Algeria. ... ISO 4217 Code BHD User(s) Bahrain Inflation 2. ... ISO 4217 Code KMF User(s) Comoros Inflation rate 3% Source CIA World Fact Book, 2005 est. ... 500 Djibouti Franc note The Djiboutian franc is a currency used in the African nation of Djibouti. ... ISO 4217 Code EGP User(s) Egypt Inflation 6. ... ISO 4217 Code IQD User(s) Iraq Inflation rate 33% Source The World Factbook, 2005 est. ... The Jordanian dinar (ISO 4217 code JOD) is the official currency of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan and the first official one in the State of Palestine. ... ISO 4217 Code KWD User(s) Kuwait Inflation 3. ... The livre (Arabic ليرة lira, English pound, ISO 4217: LBP) is the currency unit of Lebanon. ... ISO 4217 Code LYD User(s) Libya Inflation rate -1% Source The World Factbook, 2005 est. ... 2000 MRO issued in 2004 The ouguiya (Arabic: أوقية; ISO 4217: MRO) is the currency of Mauritania. ... The dirham (Arabic: درهم, plural: درهمان , دراهم or درهما) is the currency of Morocco. ... ISO 4217 Code OMR User(s) Oman Inflation 1. ... ISO 4217 Code QAR User(s) Qatar Inflation 7. ... ISO 4217 Code SAR User(s) Saudi Arabia Inflation 1. ... The Somali shilling (shilin soomaali) is the currency used in the African nation of Somalia. ... The Sudanese pound (Arabic: ) is the currency of Sudan. ... ISO 4217 Code SYP User(s) Syria Subunit 1/100 piastre Symbol S£ [] Coins 1, 2, 5, 10, 25 pounds Banknotes 1, 5, 10, 25, 50, 100, 200, 500, 1000 pounds Central bank Central Bank of Syria Website www. ... ISO 4217 Code TND User(s) Tunisia Inflation 2. ... ISO 4217 Code AED User(s) United Arab Emirates Inflation 4. ... 1000 Yemeni Rial The rial or riyal is the currency of Yemen. ... // Main article: Citizenship of the Arab League Main article: Culture of the Arab League Main article: Demographics of the Arab League Main article: Education of the Arab League Main article: Economy of the Arab League The Arab League is rich in resources, with enormous Oil and Natural Gas resources, it... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...

The Arab League (Arabic: الجامعة العربية), also called League of the Arab States (Arabic: جامعة الدول العربية), is a regional organization of Arab States in the Middle East and North Africa. It was formed in Cairo on March 22, 1945 with six members: Egypt, Iraq, Transjordan (renamed Jordan after 1950), Lebanon, Saudi Arabia, and Syria. Yemen joined as a member on 5 May 1945. It currently has 22 members. Population Density of the League Members The Arab League, is a highly Populated region, culturally diverse League of 22 member states. ... The Arab League was established in 1945 with 7 Founding states, all 7 states have major influence in the Arab World, today the League has 22 members. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Maghrib Dynasties  Arab Empire  In its early years, the Arab League concentrated mainly on economic, cultural and social programs. ... Arabic ( or just ) is the largest living member of the Semitic language family in terms of speakers. ... Arabic ( or just ) is the largest living member of the Semitic language family in terms of speakers. ... Map of the territory of the British Mandate of Palestine The Emirate of Transjordan was an autonomous political division of the British Mandate of Palestine, created as an administrative entity in April 1921 before the Mandate came into effect. ...


The main goal of the League was to:

"draw closer the relations between member States and co-ordinate collaboration between them, to safeguard their independence and sovereignty, and to consider in a general way the affairs and interests of the Arab countries."[1]

The Arab League is involved in political, economic, cultural, and social programs designed to promote the interests of member states. The Arab League has served as a forum for member states to coordinate their policy positions and deliberate on matters of common concern, settling some Arab disputes and limiting conflicts such as the Lebanese civil wars of 1958. The Arab League has served as a platform for the drafting and conclusion of almost all landmark documents promoting economic integration among member states, such as the creation of the Joint Arab Economic Action Charter, which set out the principles for economic activities of the League. It has played an important role in shaping school curricula, and preserving manuscripts and Arab cultural heritage. The Arab League has launched literacy campaigns, and reproduced intellectual works, and translated modern technical terminology for the use of member states. It encourages measures against crime and drug abuse and deals with labor issues (particularly among the emigrant Arab workforce).


The Arab League has also fostered cultural exchanges between member states, encouraged youth and sports programs, helped to advance the role of women in Arab societies, and promoted child welfare activities.


Each member has one vote on the League Council, decisions being binding only on those states that have voted for them. The aims of the League in 1945 were to strengthen and coordinate the political, cultural, economic, and social programs of its members, and to mediate disputes among them or between them and third parties. The signing on April 13, 1950, of an agreement on Joint Defense and Economic Cooperation also committed the signatories to coordination of military defense measures. Year 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar). ...

Contents

History

The British Empire realized the Urge of Unity Within Arab States (Pan Arabism) in the early part of the twentieth century, which helped them secure the cooperation of the Arabs, leading them to revolt (Arab Revolt) against the Turkish Ottoman Empire during World War I. The British promised to help the Arabs establish a united Arab kingdom under Sherif Hussein of Mecca, which would encompass the Asian part of the Arab World (including the modern day Arabian peninsula, Iraq, Syria, Lebanon, Palestine, Israel and Jordan). After winning the war, however, the British betrayed Sharif Hussein and instead helped divide the region into mini states, implementing their policy of "Divide and Rule."[citation needed] The British Empire in 1897, marked in pink, the traditional colour for Imperial British dominions on maps. ... It has been suggested that Arab Unification be merged into this article or section. ... Combatants Hashemite Arabs Great Britain Ottoman Empire Commanders Faisal T.E. Lawrence Ahmed Djemal Strength 5,000 (?) 25,000 (?) This article is about the Arab Revolt of 1916. ... “Ottoman” redirects here. ... “The Great War ” redirects here. ... Hussein ibn Ali or Husayn ibn Ali was the Sherif of Mecca, and Emir of Mecca from 1908 until 1917, when he proclaimed himself king. ... This article is about the city in Saudi Arabia. ...


The British needed Arab cooperation once more during World War II, and again returned to play the Pan-Arabism card by encouraging the formation of the League.[citation needed] Many Arab intellectuals believe that the British did not want the League to act as a step towards Arab unity, but actually used the League to prevent it. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Pan-Arabism is a movement for unification among the Arab peoples and nations of the Middle East. ...


The Egyptian government first proposed the Arab League in 1943. Egypt and some of the other Arab states wanted closer cooperation without the loss of self-rule that would result from total union. The original charter of the Arab League created a regional organization of sovereign states that was neither a union nor a federation. Among the goals the league set for itself were winning independence for all Arabs still under alien rule, and to prevent the Jewish minority in Palestine (then governed by the British) from creating a Jewish state. The members eventually formed a joint defense council, an economic council, and a permanent military command. Languages Arabic and other minority languages Religions Islam, Christianity, Druzism and Judaism An Arab (Arabic: , arabi) is a member of a complexly defined ethnic group who identifies as such on the basis of one or more of either genealogical, political, or linguistic grounds. ... The word Jew ( Hebrew: יהודי) is used in a wide number of ways, but generally refers to a follower of the Jewish faith, a child of a Jewish mother, or someone of Jewish descent with a connection to Jewish culture or ethnicity and often a combination... The Holy Land or Palestine Showing not only the Old Kingdoms of Judea and Israel but also the 12 Tribes Distinctly, and Confirming Even the Diversity of the Locations of their Ancient Positions and Doing So as the Holy Scriptures Indicate, a geographic map from the studio of Tobiae Conradi... The book Der Judenstaat (The Jewish State, 1896) by Theodor Herzl. ...


The Arab Peace Initiative, 2002

A Saudi-inspired peace plan for the Arab-Israeli Conflict was adopted by the Arab summit in Beirut, 2002. [1] Combatants Arab nations Israel Arab-Israeli conflict series History of the Arab-Israeli conflict Views of the Arab-Israeli conflict International law and the Arab-Israeli conflict Arab-Israeli conflict facts, figures, and statistics Participants Israeli-Palestinian conflict · Israel-Lebanon conflict · Arab League · Soviet Union / Russia · Israel and the United...


Economy

The Arab League is rich in resources, with enormous Oil and Natural Gas resources, it also has great fertile lands in South of the Sudan, usually referred to as the food basket of the Arab World, the region's instability has not affected its tourism industry, that is considered the fastest gorwing industry in the region, with Egypt, UAE, Lebanon, Tunisia and Jordan leading the way. Another industry that is growing steadily in the Arab League is telecommunications. Within less then a decade, local companies such as Orascom and Etisalat have managed to compete internationally.


Economical achievements within members have been low in the league's history, other smaller Arab Organizations have achieved more then the league has, such as the GCC, but lately several major economic projects that are promising are to be completed, the Arab Gas Pipeline is to end by the year 2010, Connecting Egyptian and Iraqi Gas to Jordan, Syria and Lebanon, and then to Turkey thus Europe , a free trade Agreement(GAFTA) is to be completed by 1st of January 2008, making 95% of all Arab Products tax free of customs.


The economic development in the Arab League is very diverse. There is a significant difference between on one hand the rich oilstates of the UAE, Qatar, Kuwait, and Bahrain and on the other hand the poor countries like the Comoros, Mauritania and Djibouti.


List of member states by GDP

Arab Countries by nominal GDP.
Source: IMF (2005)
Rank Country GDP (millions of USD)
-  Arab League 1,019,770
1  Saudi Arabia 307,770
2 Flag of the United Arab Emirates United Arab Emirates 133,768
3 Flag of Algeria Algeria 102,026
4 Flag of Egypt Egypt 93,045
5 Flag of Kuwait Kuwait 74,598
6 Flag of Morocco Morocco 51,986
7 Flag of Libya Libya 38,738
8 Flag of Qatar Qatar 37,852
9 Flag of Oman Oman 30,326
10 Flag of Tunisia Tunisia 30,185
11 Flag of Sudan Sudan 27,699
12 Flag of Syria Syria 26,442
13 Flag of Lebanon Lebanon 22,052
14 Flag of Yemen Yemen 15,193
15 Flag of Bahrain Bahrain 12,921
16 Flag of Jordan Jordan 12,861
17 Flag of Mauritania Mauritania 1,938
18 Flag of the Comoros Comoros 370

Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 455 pixelsFull resolution (821 × 467 pixel, file size: 21 KB, MIME type: image/gif) Arab League Countries Listed by GDP... I, the copyright holder of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 455 pixelsFull resolution (821 × 467 pixel, file size: 21 KB, MIME type: image/gif) Arab League Countries Listed by GDP... I, the copyright holder of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_League_of_Arab_States. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Saudi_Arabia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Arab_Emirates. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Algeria. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Egypt. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Kuwait. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Morocco. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Libya. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Qatar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Oman. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Tunisia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Sudan. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Syria. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Lebanon. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Yemen. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Bahrain. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Jordan. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Mauritania. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Comoros. ...

Geography

The area of members of the Arab League covers around 14 million square km and straddles two continents: Asian Middle East and North Africa. The area consists of large arid desert areas (eg The Sahara) but also has several very fertile lands in the Nile Valley and the High Atlas Mountains of North Africa and the fertile crescent stretching from Iraq to Syria Lebanon and Palestine. It also has deep forests in southern Arabia and south Sudan. It has the longest river (The Nile). A map showing countries commonly considered to be part of the Middle East The Middle East is a region comprising the lands around the southern and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Sea, a territory that extends from the eastern Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf. ...  Northern Africa (UN subregion)  geographic, including above North Africa or Northern Africa is the northernmost region of the African continent, separated by the Sahara from Sub-Saharan Africa. ... Satellite image The Sahara (Arabic: , aá¹£-á¹£aḥrā´ al-kabÄ«r, The Great Desert, ( )) is the worlds largest hot desert, and second largest desert after Antarctica. ... ... This map shows the extent of the Fertile Crescent. ... The Holy Land or Palestine Showing not only the Old Kingdoms of Judea and Israel but also the 12 Tribes Distinctly, and Confirming Even the Diversity of the Locations of their Ancient Positions and Doing So as the Holy Scriptures Indicate, a geographic map from the studio of Tobiae Conradi... For alternative meanings of Nile, see Nile (disambiguation) The Nile (Arabic: النيل an-nÄ«l), in Africa, is one of the two longest rivers on Earth. ...


The area has witnessed the rise and fall of many ancient civilizations - Ancient Egypt, Assyria, Babylon, Phoenicia, Carthage, Kush, Nabateans, and Axum all lived within its modern day borders. Khafres Pyramid (4th dynasty) and Great Sphinx of Giza (c. ... For other uses, see Assyria (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Babylon (disambiguation). ... Phoenicia (or Phenicia ,[1] from Biblical Phenice [1]) was an ancient civilization centered in the north of ancient Canaan, with its heartland along the coast of modern day Lebanon and Syria. ... Roman Carthage with former military harbor Carthage (Greek: , Latin: , from the Phoenician meaning new town; Arabic: ) refers both to an ancient city in Tunisia and to the civilization that developed within the citys sphere of influence. ... This article is about the Nubian civilisation. ... Petra, the Nabataean capital The Nabataeans were a trading people of ancient Arabia, whose oasis settlements in the time of Josephus gave the name of Nabatene to the borderland between Syria and Arabia, from the Euphrates to the Red Sea. ... Axum, properly Aksum, is a city in northern Ethiopia. ...

Arab League Member states divided in the two continents of Asia and Africa
Arab League Member states divided in the two continents of Asia and Africa

Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 456 pixelsFull resolution (821 × 468 pixel, file size: 34 KB, MIME type: image/png) Made by user:Arab League I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 456 pixelsFull resolution (821 × 468 pixel, file size: 34 KB, MIME type: image/png) Made by user:Arab League I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ...

Members

The Arab League was founded in Cairo in 1945 by Egypt, Iraq, Lebanon, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Transjordan (Jordan from 1950), and Yemen. Map of the territory of the British Mandate of Palestine The Emirate of Transjordan was an autonomous political division of the British Mandate of Palestine, created as an administrative entity in April 1921 before the Mandate came into effect. ...


Countries that later joined are: Algeria (1962), Bahrain (1971), Comoros (1993), Djibouti (1977), Kuwait (1961), Libya (1953), Mauritania (1973), Morocco (1958), Oman (1971), Qatar (1971), Somalia (1974), Southern Yemen (1967), Sudan (1956), Tunisia (1958), and the United Arab Emirates (1971).


The Palestine Liberation Organization was admitted in 1976. The Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) (Arabic: ;   or Munazzamat al-Tahrir al-Filastiniyyah) is a multi-party confederation and is the organization regarded since 1974 as the sole legitimate representative of the Palestinian people. ...


Egypt's membership was suspended in 1979 after it signed a peace treaty with Israel. The league's headquarters was moved from Cairo, Egypt, to Tunis, Tunisia. In 1987 Arab leaders decided to renew diplomatic ties with Egypt. Egypt was readmitted to the league in 1989 and the league's headquarters was moved back to Cairo. In 2007, Venezuela was accepted as a observer member of the Arab League. The Israel-Egypt peace treaty (Arabic: معاهدة السلام المصرية الإسرائيلية; transliterated: Muahadat as-Salam al-Masriyah al-Israyliyah) (Hebrew: הסכם שלום ישראל-מצרים; transliterated: Heskem Shalom Yisrael-Mizraim) was signed in Washington, DC, United States, on March 26, 1979, following the Camp David Accords (1978). ...


The current members and observers of the Arab League and their dates of admission (observers in italics): The Arab League was established in 1945 with 7 Founding states, all 7 states have major influence in the Arab World, today the League has 22 members. ...

Flag of Egypt Egypt[2]
Flag of Iraq Iraq[3]
Flag of Jordan Jordan[4]b
Flag of Lebanon Lebanon[5]
 Saudi Arabia[6]  
Flag of Syria Syria[7]
March 22, 1945a
Flag of Yemen Yemen May 5, 1945
Flag of Libya Libya March 28, 1953c
Flag of Sudan Sudan January 19, 1956
Flag of Morocco Moroccod
Flag of Tunisia Tunisia
October 1, 1958
Flag of Kuwait Kuwait July 20, 1961
Flag of Algeria Algeria August 16, 1962
Flag of the United Arab Emirates UAE
Flag of Bahrain Bahrain
Flag of Qatar Qatar
September 11, 1971
Flag of Oman Oman September 29, 1971
Flag of Mauritania Mauritania   November 26, 1973
Flag of Somalia Somalia February 14, 1974
Palestinian flag Palestine[8]e September 9 1976
Flag of Djibouti Djibouti April 9, 1977
Flag of the Comoros Comoros November 20, 1993
Flag of Eritrea Eritrea observer since 2003[9]
Flag of India India observer since 2007[10]

a Date of foundation.
b As Transjordan.
c Libya announced its withdrawal on October 24, 2002, which would have been effective one year later; however, Libya then retracted its decision to withdraw on January 16, 2003, reaffirmed it on April 3, 2003, before retracting it again on May 25, 2003.
d The sovereignty of Western Sahara is disputed between Morocco and the Polisario Front's Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic government. The Arab League recognizes it as a part of Morocco.
e Representatives from the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO). Image File history File links Flag_of_Egypt. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Iraq. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Jordan. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Lebanon. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Saudi_Arabia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Syria. ... is the 81st day of the year (82nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Yemen. ... is the 125th day of the year (126th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Libya. ... is the 87th day of the year (88th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1953 (MCMLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Sudan. ... January 19 is the 19th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Morocco. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Tunisia. ... is the 274th day of the year (275th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1958 (MCMLVIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Kuwait. ... is the 201st day of the year (202nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Algeria. ... is the 228th day of the year (229th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1962 (MCMLXII) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1962 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Arab_Emirates. ... This article is about the United Arab Emirates. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Bahrain. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Qatar. ... is the 254th day of the year (255th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1971 Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Oman. ... is the 272nd day of the year (273rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1971 Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Mauritania. ... is the 330th day of the year (331st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the song by James Blunt, see 1973 (song). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Somalia. ... is the 45th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the 1974 Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Palestine. ... ... is the 252nd day of the year (253rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Djibouti. ... is the 99th day of the year (100th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1977 (album) by Ash. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Comoros. ... is the 324th day of the year (325th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Eritrea. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_India. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... Map of the territory of the British Mandate of Palestine The Emirate of Transjordan was an autonomous political division of the British Mandate of Palestine, created as an administrative entity in April 1921 before the Mandate came into effect. ... is the 297th day of the year (298th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... is the 16th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 93rd day of the year (94th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 145th day of the year (146th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... “Sovereign” redirects here. ... The Polisario, Polisario Front, or Frente Polisario, from the Spanish abbreviation of Frente Popular de Liberación de Saguía el Hamra y Río de Oro (Popular Front for the Liberation of Saguia el-Hamra and [[Río de Oro]]) is a Sahrawi rebel movement working for the separation... Motto: حرية ديمقراطية وحدة (Arabic) Liberty, Democracy, Unity Anthem: Yābaniy Es-Saharā  listen This map indicates the territory claimed by the SADR, viz. ... The Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) (Arabic: ;   or Munazzamat al-Tahrir al-Filastiniyyah) is a multi-party confederation and is the organization regarded since 1974 as the sole legitimate representative of the Palestinian people. ...

Status of Palestine

Mindful of their previous announcements in support of the Arabs of Palestine the framers of the Pact were determined to include them within the League from its inauguration.[11] The Holy Land or Palestine Showing not only the Old Kingdoms of Judea and Israel but also the 12 Tribes Distinctly, and Confirming Even the Diversity of the Locations of their Ancient Positions and Doing So as the Holy Scriptures Indicate, a geographic map from the studio of Tobiae Conradi...


This was done by means of an annex that declared:

"Even though Palestine was not able to control her own destiny, it was on the basis of the recognition of her independence that the Covenant of the League of Nations determined a system of government for her. Her existence and her independence among the nations can, therefore, no more be questioned de jure than the independence of any of the other Arab States... Therefore, the States signatory to the Pact of the Arab League consider that in view of Palestine's special circumstances, the Council of the League should designate an Arab delegate from Palestine to participate in its work until this country enjoys actual independence."[1]

At the Cairo Summit of 1964, the Arab League initiated the creation of an organization representing the Palestinian people. The Palestinian National Council convened in (east) Jerusalem on 29 May 1964. The Palestinian Liberation Organization was founded during this meeting on 2 June 1964. The Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) (Arabic Munazzamat al-Tahrir Filastiniyyah منظمة تحرير فلسطينية ) is a political and paramilitary organization of Palestinian Arabs dedicated to the establishment of an independent Palestinian state to consist of the...


Government

The Charter of the Arab League[2] endorsed the principle of an Arab homeland while respecting the sovereignty of the individual member states. Pan-Arabism is a movement for unification among the Arab peoples and nations of the Middle East. ... “Sovereign” redirects here. ...


The internal regulations of the Council of the League were agreed in October 1951 [3] as well as those of the committees [4]. Those of the Secretary-General were agreed in May 1953. [5]


Since then, Arab Order has Based on this Duality. Preservation of individual statehood derived its strengths from Natural preferences of Ruling Elites to Maintain their power and their independence in decision making. The Fear of Rich Arabs that Poorer Arabs may come to share their wealth in the name of Arab Nationalism, the feuds among Arab rulers and the influence of external powers that saw potential danger in Arab Unity; all reinforced this duality.


see Government of the Arab League


Demographics of the Arab League

see Demographics of the Arab League Population Density of the League Members The Arab League, is a highly Populated region, culturally diverse League of 22 member states. ...


The Arab League, is a highly Populated region, culturally diverse League of 22 member states. As of January 1, 2007, the population of the Arab League was about 314 million people. Many countries are expected to experience an increase in population over the coming decades eating up all the slow Economic Developments being made in the League's Developing Countries.


The most populous member state is Egypt, with a population of 80 million people, with the least Populated is Djibouti with around half a million inhabitant. Most of the Gulf States have high foreign Labor, the UAE's native population counts for less then 20% of its over all population, and 50% from South East Asia. some Gulf states import cheep Arab labor mainly from Egypt and Yemen, and others from Asia and Africa.


Language

Major Languages of the Arab League
Major Languages of the Arab League

In the League's system there is only one official language, and that is Arabic, but other languages are used in the daily life of the League's citizens, there are three major languages spoken in great areas along with Arabic, that is Kurdish in Northern Iraq and Syria, Berber, in North Africa and Nubian in the Nile Valley. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 457 pixelsFull resolution (821 × 469 pixel, file size: 38 KB, MIME type: image/png) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 457 pixelsFull resolution (821 × 469 pixel, file size: 38 KB, MIME type: image/png) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ...


There are several minority languages that are still spoken today, such as Afar, Syriac, Armenian, Hebrew, Persian, Turkmen, and Somali. Arabic is not the Mother tongue of over 25% of the Arab League Population[citation needed], making 80 million non-Arabic speaker living in the Arab League[citation needed]. Afar () is a Lowland East Cushitic language spoken in Ethiopia, Eritrea and Djibouti. ... Syriac ( Suryāyā) is an Eastern Aramaic language that was once spoken across much of the Fertile Crescent. ... “Hebrew” redirects here. ... “Farsi” redirects here. ...


Comparisons with other organizations

The Arab League resembles the Organization of American States, the Council of Europe, and the African Union, in that it has primarily political aims; one can regard each of these organizations as a regional version of the United Nations. However, its membership is based on culture rather than geographical location (which is the basis for membership of the other organizations cited above). In this respect the Arab League may bring to mind organizations such as the Latin Union. Headquarters Washington, D.C. Official languages English, French, Spanish, Portuguese Membership 35 countries Leaders  -  Secretary General José Miguel Insulza (since 26 May 2005) Establishment  -  Charter first signed 30 April 1948 in effect 1 December 1951  Website http://www. ... Anthem Ode to Joy (orchestral)  ten founding members joined subsequently observer at the Parliamentary Assembly observer at the Committee of Ministers  official candidate Seat Strasbourg, France Membership 47 European states 5 observers (Council) 3 observers (Assembly) Leaders  -  Secretary General Terry Davis  -  President of the Parliamentary Assembly Rene van der Linden... Anthem Let Us All Unite and Celebrate Together [1] Administrative Centre Largest city Cairo, Egypt Working languages Arabic English French Portuguese Swahili Membership 53 African states Leaders  -  Chairman John Kufuor  -  Alpha Oumar Konaré Establishment  -  as the OAU May 25, 1963   -  as the African Union July 9, 2002  Area  -  Total 29... The foundation of the U.N. The United Nations (UN) is an international organization whose stated aims are to facilitate co-operation in international law, international security, economic development, social progress and human rights issues. ... The Latin Union is an international organization of nations that use a Romance language. ...


The Arab League differs notably from some other regional organizations such as the European Union, in that it has not achieved any significant degree of regional integration and the organization itself has no direct relations with the citizens of its member states.


All Arab League members are also members of the Organisation of the Islamic Conference. In turn, the memberships of the smaller GCC and Arab Maghreb Union organizations are subsets of that of the Arab League. The flag of the Organization of the Islamic Conference (OIC) The Organization of the Islamic Conference (OIC) is an inter-governmental organization with a Permanent Delegation to the United Nations. ... ... The Arab Maghreb Union is a Pan-Arab trade agreement aiming for economic and political unity in northern Africa. ...


The organization of the Arab League is based on principles that would support and promote a unified Arab Nationalism and a common position among Arabic states on various issues. It is less likely to resemble organizations such as the African Union, where unified nationalism is impossible due to the heterogeneity of its members. Anthem Let Us All Unite and Celebrate Together [1] Administrative Centre Largest city Cairo, Egypt Working languages Arabic English French Portuguese Swahili Membership 53 African states Leaders  -  Chairman John Kufuor  -  Alpha Oumar Konaré Establishment  -  as the OAU May 25, 1963   -  as the African Union July 9, 2002  Area  -  Total 29...

Amr Moussa, Current Secretary General of the Arab League

Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...

Secretaries General

Flag of Egypt Abdul Rahman Azzam 1945 to 1952
Flag of Egypt Abdul Khalek Hassouna 1952 to 1972
Flag of Egypt Mahmoud Riad 1972 to 1979
Flag of Tunisia Chedli Klibi 1979 to 1990
Flag of Lebanon Assad al-Assad 1990 to 1991
Flag of Egypt Ahmad Esmat Abd al Meguid 1991 to 2001
Flag of Egypt Amr Moussa 2001 to Date

Image File history File links Flag_of_Egypt. ... Year 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar). ... Year 1952 (MCMLII) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Egypt. ... Year 1952 (MCMLII) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Egypt. ... Mahmoud Riad (Arabic: محمود رياض)‎ (1917-1992) was foreign minister of Egypt from 1964 until 1972. ... Year 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1979 by Smashing Pumpkins. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Tunisia. ... Also: 1979 by Smashing Pumpkins. ... Year 1990 (MCMXC) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 1990 Gregorian calendar). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Lebanon. ... Year 1990 (MCMXC) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 1990 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the 1991 Gregorian calendar). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Egypt. ... Ahmed Asmat Abdel-Meguid (born 1923) was an Egyptian diplomat. ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the 1991 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Egypt. ... Amr Moussa Amr Moussa (Arabic: عمرو موسى, (born 1936) is an Egyptian diplomat and the current Arab League secretary-general, appointed in May 2001. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ...

Arab League Summits

  1. Flag of Egypt Cairo: 13-17 Jan. 1964.
  2. Flag of Egypt Alexandria: 5-11 Sep. 1964.
  3. Flag of Morocco Casablanca: 13-17 Sep. 1965.
  4. Flag of Sudan Khartoum: 29 Aug. 1967.
  5. Flag of Morocco Rabat: 21-23 Dec. 1969.
  6. Flag of Egypt Cairo (first emergency summit): 21-27 Sep. 1970
  7. Flag of Algeria Algiers: 26-28 Nov.1973.
  8. Flag of Morocco Rabat: 29 Oct. 1974.
  9. Riyadh (2nd emergency summit): 17-28 Oct. 1976.
  10. Flag of Egypt Cairo: 25-26 Oct. 1976.
  11. Flag of Iraq Baghdad: 2-5 Nov.1978.
  12. Flag of Tunisia Tunis: 20-22 Nov. 1979.
  13. Flag of Jordan Amman: 21-22 Nov. 1980.
  14. Flag of Morocco Fes: 6-9 Sep. 1982.
  15. Flag of Morocco Casablanca (3rd emergency summit): 7-9 Sep. 1985
  16. Flag of Jordan Amman (4th emergency summit): 8-12 Nov. 1987.
  17. Flag of Algeria Algiers (5th emergency summit): 7-9 Jun. 1988.
  18. Flag of Morocco Casablanca (6th emergency summit): 23-26 Jun. 1989.
  19. Flag of Iraq Baghdad (7th emergency summit): 28-30 Mar. 1990.
  20. Flag of Egypt Cairo (8th emergency summit): 9-10 Aug. 1990
  21. Flag of Egypt Cairo (9th emergency summit): 22-23 Jun. 1996.
  22. Flag of Egypt Cairo (10th emergency summit): 21-22 Oct. 2000.
  23. Flag of Jordan Amman: 27-28 Mar. 2001.
  24. Flag of Lebanon Beirut: 27-28 Mar. 2002.
  25. Flag of Egypt Sharm el-Sheikh: 1 Mar. 2003.
  26. Flag of Tunisia Tunis: 22-23 May. 2004.
  27. Flag of Algeria Algiers: 22-23 Mar. 2005.
  28. Flag of Sudan Khartoum: 28-30 Mar. 2006.
  29. Riyadh: 27-28 Mar. 2007.
  • Summit number 12 in Fes, Morocco occurred in two stages:
    • On 25 November 1981: The meeting ended without agreeing on the document and Egypt not shared in it. It is considered the shortest summit, only lasting 5 hours.
    • On 6-9 September 1982.
  • There are two summits in addition to those aforementioned, but they are not added to the system of Arab League summits:

Image File history File links Flag_of_Egypt. ... Nickname: Egypt: Site of Cairo (top center) Coordinates: , Government  - Governor Dr. Abdul Azim Wazir Area  - City 214 km²  (82. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Egypt. ... Nickname: Alexandria on the map of Egypt Map of Alexandria Coordinates: , Country Egypt Founded 334 BC Government  - Governor Adel Labib Population (2001)  - City 3,500,000 Time zone EET (UTC+2)  - Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3) Twin Cities  - Baltimore  United States  - Cleveland  United States  - ConstanÅ£a  Romania  - Durban  South Africa... Image File history File links Flag_of_Morocco. ... For other uses, see Casablanca (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Sudan. ... Nickname: Khartoums location in Sudan Coordinates: Government  - Governor Abdul Halim al Mutafi Population (2005)  - Urban Over 1 Million For other uses, see Khartoum (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Morocco. ... Mausoleum of Mohammed V through mosque ruins NASA image of Rabat Rabat (Arabic الرباط, transliterated ar-Rabāṭ or ar-Ribāṭ), population 1. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Egypt. ... Nickname: Egypt: Site of Cairo (top center) Coordinates: , Government  - Governor Dr. Abdul Azim Wazir Area  - City 214 km²  (82. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Algeria. ... “Alger” redirects here. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Morocco. ... Mausoleum of Mohammed V through mosque ruins NASA image of Rabat Rabat (Arabic الرباط, transliterated ar-Rabāṭ or ar-Ribāṭ), population 1. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Saudi_Arabia. ... Riyadh (Arabic: ‎ ar-Riyāḍ) is the capital of the kingdom of Saudi Arabia, located in Ar Riyad Province in the Najd region. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Egypt. ... Nickname: Egypt: Site of Cairo (top center) Coordinates: , Government  - Governor Dr. Abdul Azim Wazir Area  - City 214 km²  (82. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Iraq. ... Baghdad (Arabic: ) is the capital of Iraq and of Baghdad Governorate. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Tunisia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Jordan. ... For other meanings, see Amman (disambiguation) and Ammann. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Morocco. ... FES is a three-letter acronym that may refer to: Family Expenditure Survey, a national survey in UK Functional electrical stimulation, a neurological treatment technique Flat Earth Society, an organization that advocates the belief that the Earth is flat Flywheel energy storage Fellowship of Evangelical Students Foundation for Ecological Security... Image File history File links Flag_of_Morocco. ... For other uses, see Casablanca (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Jordan. ... For other meanings, see Amman (disambiguation) and Ammann. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Algeria. ... “Alger” redirects here. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Morocco. ... For other uses, see Casablanca (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Iraq. ... Baghdad (Arabic: ) is the capital of Iraq and of Baghdad Governorate. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Egypt. ... Nickname: Egypt: Site of Cairo (top center) Coordinates: , Government  - Governor Dr. Abdul Azim Wazir Area  - City 214 km²  (82. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Egypt. ... Nickname: Egypt: Site of Cairo (top center) Coordinates: , Government  - Governor Dr. Abdul Azim Wazir Area  - City 214 km²  (82. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Egypt. ... Nickname: Egypt: Site of Cairo (top center) Coordinates: , Government  - Governor Dr. Abdul Azim Wazir Area  - City 214 km²  (82. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Jordan. ... For other meanings, see Amman (disambiguation) and Ammann. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Lebanon. ... For other uses, see Beirut (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Egypt. ... View of the Red Sea and Tiran Island from the Sheraton Sharm hotel. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Tunisia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Algeria. ... “Alger” redirects here. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Sudan. ... Nickname: Khartoums location in Sudan Coordinates: Government  - Governor Abdul Halim al Mutafi Population (2005)  - Urban Over 1 Million For other uses, see Khartoum (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Saudi_Arabia. ... Riyadh (Arabic: ‎ ar-Riyāḍ) is the capital of the kingdom of Saudi Arabia, located in Ar Riyad Province in the Najd region. ... is the 329th day of the year (330th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays the 1981 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 252nd day of the year (253rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday (link displays the 1982 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 149th day of the year (150th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full 1946 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Look up November in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... is the 319th day of the year (320th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Organization

A large number of international organizations and other bodies have a secretary general or secretary-general as their chief administrative officers or in other administrative capacities. ... The Arab Fund for Economic and Social Development, or AFESD, is a Kuwait based, pan-Arab development finance institute. ... The Arab Air Carriers Organization (Arabic: الإتحاد العربي للنقل الجوي) is a regional airline trade organization of Arab airlines established in 1965 by the League of Arab States (more commonly known as the Arab League). ...

See also

From the time it was established in March 1945, the Arab League took an active role in the Arab-Israeli conflict. ... Map of the Agadir Agreement Members It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Barcelona Conference. ... Free trade is an economic concept referring to the selling of products between countries without tariffs or other trade barriers. ... GAFTA Members Arab League members As of 1 January 2005, the Greater Arab Free Trade Area also referred to as (GAFTA) has come into work. ... The Arab Maghreb Union is a Pan-Arab trade agreement aiming for economic and political unity in northern Africa. ... ... Iranian-Arab relations have always been very mixed. ... Arab League Cities The Total Population of the Arab League is over 339,510,535, making it third if ranked after Peoples Republic of China and India, exceeding the United States by 37 Million. ... The Arab Peace Initiative (Arabic Language: مبادرة السلام العربية) is a peace initiative first proposed by Abdullah of Saudi Arabia, then crown prince, in the Beirut Summit. ... Logo The Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) is made up of Algeria, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, and Venezuela; since 1965 its international headquarters have been in Vienna, Austria. ...

Notes

  1. ^ a b Pact of the Arab League, Avalon Project, accessed 12 June, 2007.
  2. ^ League of Arab States, Official Website, accessed 12 June, 2007.
  3. ^ League of Arab States, Official Website, accessed 12 June, 2007.
  4. ^ League of Arab States, Official Website, accessed 12 June, 2007.
  5. ^ League of Arab States, Official Website, accessed 12 June, 2007.
  6. ^ League of Arab States, Official Website, accessed 12 June, 2007.
  7. ^ League of Arab States, Official Website, accessed 12 June, 2007.
  8. ^ League of Arab States, Official Website, accessed 12 June, 2007.
  9. ^ title url Eritrea Joins Arab League As Observer. Somaliland Times (2003-01-17). Retrieved on 2007-06-13.
  10. ^ India invited as observer for Arab League summit. Press Trust of India (2007-03-27). Retrieved on 2007-06-13.
  11. ^ Geddes, 1991, p. 208.

is the 163rd day of the year (164th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 163rd day of the year (164th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 163rd day of the year (164th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 163rd day of the year (164th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 163rd day of the year (164th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 163rd day of the year (164th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 163rd day of the year (164th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 163rd day of the year (164th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 164th day of the year (165th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Press Trust of India is a nonprofit cooperative among the Indian newspapers. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 164th day of the year (165th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

References

  • Geddes, Charles L. (1991). A Documentary History of the Arab-Israeli Conflict. Greenwood Press. ISBN 0-275-93858-1

External links

Wikisource has original text related to this article:
Arab League Pact
Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
League of Arab States

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