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Encyclopedia > Apulia

Coordinates: 41°0′31″N, 16°30′46″E Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

Regione Puglia
Image:Italy Regions Apulia Map.png
Map highlighting the location of Puglia in Italy
Capital Bari
President Nichi Vendola
(PRC-Union)
Provinces Bari
Brindisi
Foggia
Lecce
Taranto
Comuni 258
Area 19,366 km²
 - Ranked 7th (6.4 %)
Population ({{{population_as_of}}})
 - Total 4,071,518
 - Ranked 7th (7.0 %)
 - Density 210/km²

Apulia (Italian: Puglia ['puʎːa]) is a region in southeastern Italy bordering the Adriatic Sea in the east, the Ionian Sea to the southeast, and the Strait of Òtranto and Gulf of Taranto in the south. Its southern portion known as Salento, a peninsula, forms the high heel of the Italian "boot". The region comprises 19,345 km² (7,469 square miles), and its population is about 4 million. It is bordered by the other Italian regions of Molise to the north, Campania to the west, and Basilicata to the southwest. It neighbors Greece and Albania, across the Ionian and Adriatic Seas, respectively. The region extends as far north as Monte Gargano, and was the scene of the last stages in the Second Punic War. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Italy_Regions_Apulia_Map. ... For other uses, see Bari (disambiguation). ... Nichi Vendola, 2004. ... The Communist Refoundation Party (Partito della Rifondazione Comunista, PRC) is an Italian reformed communist party. ... The Union (Italian: LUnione) is an Italian centre-left political party coalition. ... In Italy, a province (in Italian: provincia) is an administrative division of intermediate level between municipality (comune) and region (regione). ... The stemma of Provincia di Bari Bari (It. ... Brindisi (It. ... The Province of Foggia (Italian: Provincia di Foggia) is a province in the Apulia (Puglia) region of Italy. ... Lecce (It. ... Taranto (It. ... In Italy, the comune, (plural comuni) is the basic administrative unit of both provinces and regions, and may be properly approximated in casual speech by the English word township or municipality. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... These are ranked lists of the regions of Italy. ... These are ranked lists of the regions of Italy. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... Municipality Esposende Area 10. ... A satellite image of the Adriatic Sea. ... The Ionian Sea. ... The Gulf of Taranto (Italian: Golfo di Taranto, Latin: Sinus Tarentinus) is a gulf of the Ionian sea, in southern Italy. ... Salento Salento (Salentu in dialect) is the south-eastern extremity of the Apulia region of Italy. ... Molise is a region of central Italy, the second smallest of the regions. ... For other uses, see Campania (disambiguation). ... Basilicata is a region in the south of Italy, bordering on Campania to the west, Puglia (Apulia) to the east, Calabria to the south, it has one short coastline on the Tyrrhenian Sea and another of the Gulf of Taranto in the Ionian Sea to the south-east. ... Gargano landscape. ... Combatants Roman Republic Carthage Commanders Publius Cornelius Scipio†, Tiberius Sempronius Longus Publius Cornelius Scipio Africanus, Gaius Flaminius†, Fabius Maximus, Claudius Marcellus†, Lucius Aemilius Paullus†, Gaius Terentius Varro, Marcus Livius Salinator, Gaius Claudius Nero, Gnaeus Cornelius Scipio Calvus†, Masinissa, Minucius†, Servilius Geminus† Hannibal Barca, Hasdrubal Barca†, Mago Barca†, Hasdrubal Gisco†, Syphax...

Contents

Geography

Puglia is mostly a plain (see Tavoliere delle Puglie); its low coast, however, is broken by the mountainous Gargano Peninsula in the north, and there are mountains in the north central part of the region. Other important centers are Alberobello, Andria, Barletta, Bitonto, Canosa, Conversano, Corato, Gallipoli, Gravina in Puglia, Grottaglie, Manfredonia, Martina Franca, Mattinata, Molfetta, Monopoli, Ostuni, Otranto, Palo del Colle, Santa Maria di Leuca, San Giovanni Rotondo, San Vito dei Normanni, Trani, Lizzano, Taranto, Bari, Lecce, Manduria, Leverano. The Tavoliere seen from the Gargano promontory. ... Alberobello is a small town in the province of Bari, in Puglia, Italy. ... Andria (än´drēä) is a city in in Apulia with a population of 90,063 (1991). ... Barletta, Italy is a city in Northern Apulia with 93,104 inhabitants. ... Bitonto is a city and comune in the province of Bari (Apulia region), Italy. ... Canosa should not be confused with Canossa in northern Italy. ... Conversano is an ancient town and comune of Bari province in the Italian region of Puglia. ... 1. ... Gallipoli is a town of some 21,000 inhabitants in the province of Lecce. ... Gravina in Puglia is an Italian municipality of 42,154 inhabitants in the Southern Italian Province of Bari on a river of the same name. ... Grottaglie is a town in Taranto, Puglia, southern Italy. ... Manfredonia is a town and comune of Puglia, Italy, in the province of Foggia, from which it is 35 km northeast by rail. ... Martina Franca is a town in the province of Taranto, Puglia, Italy. ... Mattinata is a famous holiday resort municipality in the Apulia region. ... Molfetta is a city and comune of the province of Bari in the southern Italian region of Puglia, on the Adriatic coast, at sea-level. ... Monopoli is a town in Italy, in the province of Bari, region of Apulia. ... Ostuni is a small city in Apulia (Italy), with a population of about 35000. ... Otranto is a town and commune in the province of Lecce (Apulia, Italy), in a fertile region, and once famous for its breed of horses. ... Province of Bari Palo del Colle is a town and comune in the province of Bari, Puglia, Italy. ... The lighthouse of Santa Maria di Leuca. ... San Giovanni Rotondo is the name of a city and comune in the Province of Foggia, Puglia region, Italy. ... San Vito dei Normanni is a small town in the southern part of Apulia, Italy, in the Salento area. ... Trani is a seaport of Apulia, southern Italy, on the Adriatic Sea, in the province of Bari, and 40 km by railway west northwest of that town. ... Lizzano can refer to: Lizzano (TA), Italian municipality in the province of Taranto Lizzano (wine), wine DOC from the province of Taranto Lizzano in Belvedere, Italian municipality in the province of Bologna Category: ... Taranto is a coastal city in Apulia, southern Italy. ... For other uses, see Bari (disambiguation). ... This is about the Italian city of Lecce. ... Manduria is a city of Apulia, Italy, in the province of Taranto. ... Leverano is a town and comune in the Italian province of Lecce in the Apulia region of south-east Italy. ...


Apulia is divided into six provinces:


Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1056x816, 27 KB)[edit] Summary Map of the provinces of the Apulia region of Italy. ...

The stemma of Provincia di Bari Bari (It. ... The Province of Barletta-Andria-Trani in Apulia is not yet a province of Italy but will be in 2009. ... Brindisi (It. ... The Province of Foggia (Italian: Provincia di Foggia) is a province in the Apulia (Puglia) region of Italy. ... Lecce (It. ... Taranto (It. ...

Economy

Farming was the chief occupation, but industry has expanded rapidly. Farm products include olives, grapes, cereals, almonds, figs, tobacco, and livestock (sheep, pigs, cattle, and goats). Manufactured products include refined petroleum, chemicals, cement, iron and steel, processed food, plastics, and wine. Fishing is pursued in the Adriatic and in the Gulf of Taranto. The scarcity of water has long been an acute problem in Apulia, and it is necessary to carry drinking water by aqueduct across the Apennines from the Sele River in Campania. The Sele is a river in southwestern Italy. ...


Services and tourism are increasingly replacing agriculture as the main resources of the region.


History

In ancient times only the northern part of the region was called Apulia; the southern peninsula was known as Calabria, a name later used to designate the "toe" of the Italian "boot." For other uses, see Calabria (disambiguation). ... This article is about the body part. ... For other senses of this word, see boot (disambiguation). ...

A gravina at Gravina in Puglia.
A gravina at Gravina in Puglia.

One of the richest in Italy for archeological findings, the region was settled from the 1st millennium BC by several Illyric and Italic peoples. Later, the Greeks expanded until reaching the area of Taranto and the Salento. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1000x750, 716 KB) [edit] Dettagli [edit] Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Apulia Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1000x750, 716 KB) [edit] Dettagli [edit] Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Apulia Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or... Gravina in Puglia is an Italian municipality of 42,154 inhabitants in the Southern Italian Province of Bari on a river of the same name. ... Ancient Italic peoples are all those peoples that lived in Italy before the Roman domination. ... Taranto is a coastal city in Apulia, southern Italy. ... Salento Salento (Salentu in dialect) is the south-eastern extremity of the Apulia region of Italy. ...


Apulia was an important area for the ancient Romans, who conquered it in the 4th century BC but also suffered a crushing defeat here in the battle of Cannae against Hannibal. However, after the Carthaginians left the region, the Romans captured the ports of Brindisi and Taranto, and established dominion over the region. During the Imperial age Apulia was a flourishing area for production of grain and oil, becoming the most important exporter to the Eastern provinces. Ancient Rome was a civilization that grew from a small agricultural community founded on the Italian Peninsula circa the 9th century BC to a massive empire straddling the Mediterranean Sea. ... For the 11th century battle in the Byzantine conquest of the Mezzogiorno, see Battle of Cannae (1018). ... For other uses, see Hannibal (disambiguation). ...


After the fall of Rome, Apulia was held successively by the Goths, the Lombards and, from the 6th century onwards, the Byzantines. Bari became the capital of a province that extended to modern Basilicata, and was ruled by a catepano (governor), hence the name of Capitanata of the Barese neighbourhood. From 800 on Saracen domination in the area was intermittent, but Apulia was mostly under Byzantine authority until the 11th century, when the Normans conquered it with relative ease. This article is about the Germanic tribes. ... The Lombards (Latin Langobardi, whence comes the alternative name Longobards found in older English texts), were a Germanic people originally from Northern Europe that entered the late Roman Empire. ... Byzantine Empire is the term conventionally used to describe the Roman Empire during the Middle Ages, centered around its capital in Constantinople. ... In 890, the Byzantines defeated the Saracens in southern Italy. ... The stemma of Provincia di Foggia Foggia (It. ... Palazzo dei Normanni, the palace of the Norman kings in Palermo. ...


Robert Guiscard set up the duchy of Apulia in 1059. After the Norman conquest of Sicily in the late 11th century, Palermo replaced Melfi (just west of present day Apulia) as the center of Norman power, and Apulia became a mere province, first of the Kingdom of Sicily, then of the Kingdom of Naples. From the late 12th to early 13th centuries, Apulia was a favorite residence of the Hohenstaufen emperors, notably Frederick II. After the fall of the latter's heir, Manfred, under the Angevine and Aragonese/Spanish dominations Apulia became largely dominated by a small number of powerful landowners (Baroni). The coast was occupied at times by the Turks and by the Venetians. The French also controlled the region in 1806-1815, resulting in the abolition of feudalism and the reformation of the justice system. Robert Guiscard (i. ... Sicily ( in Italian and Sicilian) is an autonomous region of Italy and the largest island in the Mediterranean Sea, with an area of 25,708 km² (9,926 sq. ... For other uses, see Palermo (disambiguation). ... Flag The Kingdom of Sicily as it existed at the death of its founder, Roger II of Sicily, in 1154. ... Capital Naples Government Monarchy King  - 1285-1309 Charles II  - 1815-1816 Ferdinand I History  - Established 1285  - Union with Sicily 1816 The Kingdom of Naples was an informal name of the polity officially known as the Kingdom of Sicily which existed on the mainland of southern Italy after of the secession... Arms of the Hohenstaufen Dynasty The Hohenstaufen (or the Staufer(s)) were a dynasty of Kings of Germany, many of whom were also crowned Holy Roman Emperor and Dukes of Swabia. ... Frederick II (December 26, 1194 – December 13, 1250), of the Hohenstaufen dynasty, was a pretender to the title of King of the Romans from 1212 and unopposed holder of that monarchy from 1215. ... Manfred (c. ... Anjou is a former county (c. ... Categories: Pages containing IPA | Language stubs | Romance languages | Languages of Spain ... Borders of the Republic of Venice in 1796 Capital Venice Language(s) Venetian, Latin, Italian Religion Roman Catholic Government Republic Doge  - 1789–97 Ludovico Manin History  - Established 697  - Treaty of Zara June 27, 1358  - Treaty of Leoben April 17, 1797 * Traditionally, the establishment of the Republic is dated to 697. ...


Liberation movements began to spread in the 1820s. In 1861, with the fall of Two Sicilies, the region joined Italy. Social and agrarian reforms that had proceeded slowly from the 19th century accelerated in the mid-20th century. The Two Sicilies The Kingdom of the Two Sicilies (Italian: il Regno delle Due Sicilie) was the new name that the Bourbon King Ferdinand IV of Naples bestowed upon his domain (including Southern Italy and the island of Sicily) after the end of the Napoleonic Era and the full restoration...


The characteristic Apulian architecture of the 11th–13th centuries reflects Greek, Arab, Norman, and Pisan influences. Universities are located in Bari, Lecce and Foggia. For other uses, see Arab (disambiguation). ... The nave of Durham Cathedral demonstrates the characteristic round arched style, though use of shallow pointed arches above the nave is a forerunner of the Gothic style. ... Leaning Tower of Pisa. ...

A panorama of Ostuni.
A panorama of Ostuni.

Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2288x1712, 1214 KB) [edit] Beschreibung [edit] Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Apulia Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2288x1712, 1214 KB) [edit] Beschreibung [edit] Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Apulia Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or...

Language

The official national language (since 1861) is Italian. However, as a consequence of its long and varied history, other historical languages have been spoken in this region for centuries. In the northern and central sections, some dialect of the Neapolitan language are spoken: for example the Barese, spoken in the zone of Bari or Foggiano near Foggia. In the southern part of the region, dialects of the Sicilian language called Tarantino and Salentino are spoken. In isolated pockets of the Southern part of Salento, a dialect of modern Greek called Griko,[1] is spoken by just a few thousand people. A rare dialect of the Franco-Provençal language called Faetar is spoken in two isolated towns in the Province of Foggia. In a couple of villages, the Arbëreshë[2] dialect of the Albanian language has been spoken since a wave of refugees settled there in the 15th century by a very small community. The Messapic language formerly spoken in the region was extinct by the 1st century BC due to the Romanization/Latinization of this area which took place after the definitive conquest of the region by the Romans during the 3rd century BC (see Punic Wars). Neapolitan (autonym: napulitano; Italian: ) is a Romance language spoken in the city and region of Naples, Campania (Neapolitan: Nàpule, Italian: Napoli); close dialects are spoken throughout most of southern Italy, including the Gaeta and Sora districts of southern Lazio, parts of Abruzzo, Molise, Basilicata, northern Calabria, and northern and... For other uses, see Bari (disambiguation). ... The Villa Comunale (Municipal Park) of Foggia. ... Sicilian (, Italian: ) is a Romance language. ... Salento Salento (Salentu in dialect) is the south-eastern extremity of the Apulia region of Italy. ... Location map of the Griko-speaking areas in Salento and Calabria Griko, sometimes spelled Grico, is a language combining ancient Greek, Byzantine Greek and Italian elements. ... Franco-Provençal (Francoprovençal) or Arpitan (in vernacular: patouès) (in Italian: francoprovenzale, provenzale alpina, arpitano, patois; French: francoprovençal, arpitan, patois) is a Romance language with several dialects in a linguistic sub-group separate from Langue dOïl and Langue dOc. ... The Province of Foggia (Italian: Provincia di Foggia) is a province in the Apulia (Puglia) region of Italy. ... This article is about a community living in Italy. ... Albanian ( IPA ) is a language spoken by 8 million people, primarily in Albania and Serbia (province of Kosovo-Metohija), but also in other parts of the Balkans with an Albanian population (parts of the Republic of Macedonia, and some parts in Montenegro and Serbia), along the eastern coast of Italy... (14th century - 15th century - 16th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 15th century was that century which lasted from 1401 to 1500. ... Messapian (also known as Messapic) is an extinct Indo-European language of South-eastern Italy, once spoken in the regions of Apulia and Calabria. ... (2nd millennium BC - 1st millennium BC - 1st millennium) The 1st century BC started on January 1, 100 BC and ended on December 31, 1 BC. An alternative name for this century is the last century BC. The AD/BC notation does not use a year zero. ... Languages can be romanized in a variety of ways, as shown here with Mandarin Chinese In linguistics, romanization (or Latinization, also spelled romanisation or Latinisation) is the representation of a word or language with the Roman (Latin) alphabet, or a system for doing so, where the original word or language... In linguistics, romanization or latinization is a system for representing a word or language with the Roman (Latin) alphabet, where the original word or language used a different writing system. ... Ancient Rome was a civilization that grew from a small agricultural community founded on the Italian Peninsula circa the 9th century BC to a massive empire straddling the Mediterranean Sea. ... The 3rd century BC started the first day of 300 BC and ended the last day of 201 BC. It is considered part of the Classical era, epoch, or historical period. ... The Punic Wars were a series of three wars fought between Rome and Carthage between 264 and 146 BC. They are known as the Punic Wars because the Latin term for Carthaginian was Punici (older Poenici, from their Phoenician ancestry). ...


Citations

Wikiquote "Now that I have traversed the regions of Old Italy as far as Metapontium, I must speak of those that border on them. And Iapygia borders on them. The Greeks call it Messapia, also, but the natives, dividing it into two parts, call one part (that about the Iapygian Cape) the country of the Salentini, and the other the country of the Calabri. Above these latter, on the north, are the Peucetii and also those people who in the Greek language are called Daunii, but the natives give the name Apulia to the whole country that comes after that of the Calabri, though some of them, particularly the Peucetii, are called Poedicli also."
Strabo - (Geography - VI, 3, 1)

Image File history File links Wikiquote-logo. ... The Greek geographer Strabo in a 16th century engraving. ...

References

  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ [2]

See also

Nardò is a small town, comune and episcopal see in the southern Italian region of Apulia, in the province of Lecce. ... The stemma of Provincia di Foggia Foggia (It. ... The Tavoliere seen from the Gargano promontory. ... Monte Gargano in Apulia, Italy, is the site of the oldest shrine in Western Europe dedicated to the archangel Michael, the militant Christian transformation of Mithras. ... Gravina in Puglia is an Italian municipality of 42,154 inhabitants in the Southern Italian Province of Bari on a river of the same name. ... Salento Salento (Salentu in dialect) is the south-eastern extremity of the Apulia region of Italy. ... Murgia (plural: Murge) is a sub-region of Apulia (Puglia) in southern Italy, corresponding to a karst topographic plateau of rectangular shape, occupying the central area of the region. ... Trulli roofs from Alberobello. ...

External links

  • Official website
  • Life in Puglia
  • Environmental League Puglia (Italian)
  • Video of the last pacht of Puglia. Nardò, Salento

  Results from FactBites:
 
Apulia (749 words)
Puglia, or Apulia as it is often called in English, is the "heel of the boot," including the steep and rocky spur of the Gargano peninsula projecting into the sea.
Apulia is the easternmost region of Italy, with eight hundred kilometers of coastline stretching down the Adriatic and around the heel into the high arch of the Ionian Sea and the Gulf of Taranto.
The cuisine of Apulia was born as the cuisine of poverty.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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