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Encyclopedia > April 1983 United States Embassy bombing

The April 1983 U.S. Embassy bombing was the April 18, 1983, suicide bombing of the United States Embassy in Beirut, Lebanon. It was the deadliest attack on a U.S. diplomatic mission up to that time, and is seen by some as marking the beginning of anti-U.S. attacks by Islamist groups. April 18 is the 108th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (109th in leap years). ... 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Massive Ordnance Air Blast (MOAB) bomb, also known as Mother Of All Bombs, produced in the United States. ... A diplomatic mission is a group of people from one nation state present in another nation state to represent the sending state in the receiving State. ... For other uses, see Beirut (disambiguation). ... Seal on the building of German Embassies. ... Islamism is a political ideology derived from the conservative religious views of Muslim fundamentalism. ...

The bomb was detonated in a delivery van driven by a suicide bomber, carrying about 400 pounds (182 kg) of explosives. The van, believed stolen from the embassy a year before, gained access to the embassy compound and parked under the portico at the very front of the building, where it exploded. The blast collapsed the front section of the embassy and killed 63 people. Seventeen of these were Americans, and eight of them worked for the Central Intelligence Agency, including the CIA's Near East director Robert Ames. Another one of the Americans was a United States Marine. More than a hundred others were wounded. A van is a vehicle used for transporting goods or groups of people. ... A suicide bombing is a bomb attack on people or property, committed by a person who knows the explosion will cause his or her own death in addition to the attacks primary purpose (see suicide, suicide weapons). ... The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) is an intelligence agency of the United States Government. ... The CIA Seal The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) is an American intelligence agency, responsible for obtaining and analyzing information about foreign governments, corporations, and individuals, and reporting such information to the various branches of the U.S. Government. ... The Near East is a term commonly used by archaeologists, geographers and historians, less commonly by journalists and commentators, to refer to the region encompassing the Levant (modern Israel, Jordan, Syria and Lebanon), Turkey, Mesopotamia (Iraq and eastern Syria). ...

The attack was motivated by the American intervention in the Lebanese Civil War. In the aftermath of the massacre of Palestinians at the Sabra and Shatilla refugee camps by Lebanese Christian militiamen, American troops had landed to try and restore order and central government authority to the war ravaged country. Combatants Lebanese Front Syrian Army LNM PLO Commanders Bachir Gemayel Dany Chamoun Kamal Jumblatt Yasser Arafat The multi-sided Lebanese Civil War (1975–1990) had its origin in the conflicts and political compromises after the end of Lebanons administration by the Ottoman Empire and was exacerbated by the nation... The term Palestinian has other usages, for which see definitions of Palestinian. ... Combatants Lebanese Phalangist Palestinian refugees Commanders Elie Hobeika Strength 150 irregulars Casualties 2 700-3500 Palestinian refugees massacred, 1982. ... Refugee camp for Rwandans located in what is now the eastern Democratic Republic of Congo following the Rwandan Genocide A refugee camp is a camp built up by governments or NGOs (such as the ICRC) to receive refugees. ...

Following the attack, the embassy was moved to a supposedly more secure location in East Beirut. However, on September 20, 1984, another car bomb exploded at this embassy annex, killing 20 Lebanese and two American soldiers. September 20 is the 263rd day of the year (264th in leap years). ... 1984 (MCMLXXXIV) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Along with the Marine Barracks Bombing, the incident prompted the Inman Report, a review of overseas security for the U.S. Department of State. This in turn prompted the creation of the Diplomatic Security Service from the old office of 'SY' in the U.S. State Department. A mushroom cloud rises from the rubble of a U.S. barracks at Beirut International Airport after a suicide bomber drove a truck into its lobby and detonated it, collapsing the structure and killing 241 American servicemen. ... The Inman Report, formally known as the Report of the Secretary of States Advisory Panel on Overseas Security, was a report released in 1985 in response to the Marine barracks bombing and the April 1983 US Embassy bombing in Beirut, Lebanon. ... The United States Department of State, often referred to as the State Department, is the Cabinet-level foreign affairs agency of the United States government, equivalent to foreign ministries in other countries. ... This article, image, template or category should belong in one or more categories. ...

A U.S. District court judge ruled in 2003 that the attack was by what had been at the time been a new organization called Hezbollah supported by the state of Iran.[1] This article is becoming very long. ...

See also

A mushroom cloud rises from the rubble of a U.S. barracks at Beirut International Airport after a suicide bomber drove a truck into its lobby and detonated it, collapsing the structure and killing 241 American servicemen. ... A suicide attack is an attack in which the attacker or attackers intend to kill others and intend to die in the process (see suicide). ...

External links


  1. ^ Bates, John D. (Presiding) (September 2003). Anne Dammarell et al. v. Islamic Republic of Iran (PDF). The United States District Court for the District of Columbia. Retrieved on 21 September 2006.



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