FACTOID # 4: Just 1% of the houses in Nevada were built before 1939.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Apprentice Boys of Derry
Apprentice Boys of Derry Crest

The Apprentice Boys Of Derry are a Protestant fraternal society with a worldwide membership, founded in 1814. They are based in the city of Londonderry, otherwise known as Derry, Northern Ireland. However, there are Clubs and branches across Northern Ireland, Great Britain, the Irish Republic and further afield. The Society aims to commemorate the 1688-1689 siege of Derry when Catholic James II of England and Ireland laid siege to the walled city which harboured the local Protestant population. Apprentice Boys parades were once regularly attacked by Nationalist youths, but recently a more conciliatory approach has taken place and now the parades are virtually trouble free. Image File history File links Apprentice Boys Of Derry Crest File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Apprentice Boys Of Derry Crest File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Protestantism is a general grouping of denominations within Christianity. ... A fraternal organization, sometimes also known as a fraternity, is an organization that represents the relationship between its members as akin to brotherhood. ... Year 1814 (MDCCCXIV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar). ... Derry or Londonderry (in Irish , Doire Cholm Chille or Doire), often called the Maiden City, is a city in Northern Ireland. ... Londonderry redirects here. ... Northern Ireland (Irish: ) is a part of the United Kingdom lying in the northeast of the island of Ireland, covering 5,459 square miles (14,139 km², about a sixth of the islands total area). ... // Events A high-powered conspiracy of notables, the Immortal Seven, invite William and Mary to depose James II of England. ... Events Louis XIV of France passed the Code Noir, allowing the full use of slaves in the French colonies. ... For context see the Williamite war in Ireland and Jacobitism. ... James II of England (also known as James VII of Scotland; 14 October 1633 – 16 September 1701) became King of England, King of Scots, and King of Ireland on 6 February 1685, and Duke of Normandy on 31 December 1660. ...

Contents

Siege of Derry

The siege of Derry was the longest in the history of the British Isles and finally came to an end when, under the orders of the Dutch Marshall Frederic Schomberg, three armed merchant ships called the 'Mountjoy', the 'Phoenix' and the 'Jerusalem' sailed up the Foyle, protected by the frigate 'HMS Dartmouth' under Captain (and future Admiral) John Leake. The 'Mountjoy', rammed and broke the barricading 'boom' (Dutch for 'tree') at Culmore Fort and relieved the siege on 28 July 1689 (Old Style). The boom had been stretched across the River Foyle and had blocked supplies to the city. It was said that some 4000 people (which was apparently about half the population of the city) had died of starvation or injury. Many had been forced to eat dogs, horses and rats. The siege has sunk deep into the Ulster Protestant psyche and apparently began when 13 apprentice boys* shut the gates of the city against the oncoming army. King James demanded their surrender which resulted in the famous retort of "No Surrender". The British Isles in relation to mainland Europe The British Isles (French: , Irish: [1] or Oileáin Iarthair Eorpa,[2] Manx: Ellanyn Goaldagh, Scottish Gaelic: , Welsh: ), are a group of islands off the northwest coast of continental Europe comprising Great Britain, Ireland and a number of smaller islands. ... Schomberg or Schömberg Placenames In Germany Pronunciation /SHEUM-buhrg/ Schömberg bei Gera Schömberg (Zollernalbkreis) Schömberg im Schwarzwald In North America Pronunciation /SHOHM-buhrg/ Schomberg, Ontario Persons Frederick Schomberg, 1st Duke of Schomberg Charles de Schomberg, 2nd Duke of Schomberg Meinhard Schomberg Sites of interests Schomberg House... Old Style can refer to: Old Style and New Style dates, a shift from the Julian to the Gregorian calendar: in Britain in 1752, in Russia in 1918. ... The River Foyle at Night. ... Statistics Area: 24,481 km² Population (2006 estimate) 1,993,918 Ulster (Irish: , Ulster Scots: Ulstèr, IPA: ) is one of the four traditional provinces of Ireland, in addition to Connaught, Munster and Leinster. ... No Surrender is the ninth pay-per-view created by Total Nonstop Action. ...


Despite the Irish language being unpopular with many of today's Apprentice Boys, those under the siege actually spoke the language fluently and used it on a day-to-day basis. The name Printísigh Dhoire is used to refer to the Apprentice Boys in Irish, though not by the organisation themselves. Percentage of Irish speakers by county of the Republic; the six Northern Ireland counties have been considered as one. ...

  • "History of the Siege of Londonderry 1689" Cecil Milligan 1951 lists the 13 as: Henry Campsie, William Crookshanks, Robert Sherrard, Daniel Sherrard, Alexander Irwin, James Steward, Roberet Morison, Alexander Cunningham, Samuel Hunt, James Spike, John Coningham, William Cairnes and Samuel Harvy.

Celebrations

This fraternity celebrates twice annually. This happens first at the "Closing of the Gates" on the first Saturday in December. The "Relief of Derry" parade is held on the Saturday nearest 12 August and it is the largest of all the loyal order parades. In recent years, it has transformed into the week long Maiden City Festival in August and hosts a series of diverse cultural events including bluegrass music festivals, Irish and Ulster Scots music and tuition, arts exhibitions and events staged by other local minority communities such as the Chinese and Polish communities. The flag of the Apprentice Boys is a crimson banner, representing the blood that flowed in Derry for the Protestant cause. The Crimson banner is flown from the Memorial Hall in the city and from St Columb's Cathedral, which was built before the siege. There is a commemorative plaque in the Cathedral. For context see the Williamite War in Ireland and Jacobitism. ... The Maiden City Festival occurs between 7th - 14th August every year in the walled city of Derry ( Londonderry). ... Bluegrass music is a form of American roots music which has its own roots in Irish, Scottish and English traditional music. ... A flag occasionally used to represent Ulster-Scots. ... St Columbs Cathedral flying the Crimson Banner of the Apprentice Boys of Derry St Columbs Cathedral in the walled city of Londonderry, Northern Ireland is the mother church of the Church of Ireland Diocese of Derry and Raphoe and the parish church of Templemore. ...


History of the Associated Clubs of the Apprentice Boys of Derry

The first celebrations of the relief of Derry took place on Sunday 28th July 1689, when the starving citizens crowded onto the Walls to welcome the relief ships. The first organised celebrations took place on Sunday 8th August 1689 when a thanksgiving service was held in Saint Columbs Cathedral. This has set the precedence for the celebrations ever since.


On the 1st August 1714, ex-Governor and Siege Hero Colonel Mitchelburne hoisted the Crimson Flag on the Cathedral Steeple and formed the first club known as the Apprentice Boys. The formal arrangements for the August and December commemorations were organised by the military garrison based in Derry. The British Army is the land armed forces branch of the British Armed Forces. ...


In the late eighteenth century Roman Catholic clergy joined in the prayer services offered on the Walls of Derry, and until the early nineteenth century Catholics joined the celebrations with their Protestant fellow-citizens. However by 1869 the British government's Londonderry Riot Inquiry of that year found that "the character of the demonstrations (by the Apprentice Boys) has certainly undergone a change, and, among the Catholic lower classes at least, they are now regarded with the most hostile feelings". The Inquiry recommended that both Apprentice Boys parades be banned. For similar reasons they also recommending the banning of Orange Order Parades. The Orange Order, an off-shoot of Freemasonry- had different origins but at this point its parades had become indistinguishable from the rowdy and provocative mayhem of the Apprentice Boys Parades. (17th century - 18th century - 19th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 18th century refers to the century that lasted from 1701 through 1800. ... The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1869 (MDCCCLXIX) is a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... The United Kingdom is a unitary state and a democratic constitutional monarchy. ... The Orange Order is a Protestant fraternal organisation largely based in the province of Northern Ireland and in western Scotland but which has a worldwide membership. ...


In 1865, the local Tory MP, Lord Claud John Hamilton, won control of the Apprentice Boys and rallied the organisation against the campaign to disestablish the Anglican Church of Ireland, much to the dismay of many Presbyterian members. 1865 (MDCCCLXV) is a common year starting on Sunday. ... For other uses, see Tory (disambiguation). ... A Member of Parliament, or MP, is a representative elected by the voters to a parliament. ... Lord Claud John Hamilton PC (20 February 1843–26 January 1925) was a British Member of Parliament during the Victorian era. ... The term Anglican describes those people and churches following the religious traditions of the Church of England, especially following the Reformation. ... The Church of Ireland (Irish: ) is an autonomous province of the Anglican Communion, operating seamlessly across the border between the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland. ... Presbyterianism is part of the Reformed churches family of denominations of Christian Protestantism based on the teachings of John Calvin which traces its institutional roots to the Scottish Reformation, especially as led by John Knox. ...


The Apprentice Boys role in the celebrations became more important in the early nineteenth century which saw the establishment of the Apprentice Boys of Derry Club in 1814 and the No Surrender Club in 1824. New Clubs were formed over the following years. In December 1861 the various Clubs agreed to meet together in a Governing Body known as the General Committee. This remains the Governing Body of the Association to this day, with each of the eight Clubs sending an equal number of representatives along with representatives of various Amalgamated Committees from around the UK. Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The celebrations continued in the usual form with the firing of the Siege Cannons, (today a small replica is used), the ringing of the Cathedral bells, the hoisting of the Crimson Flags, the laying of wreaths in memory of those who sacrificed their lives. In December they continue with the burning of an effigy of Robert Lundy (the Governor of Derry who had wished to negotiate with King James during the siege) and of utmost importance, the service of thanksgiving in Saint Columbs Cathedral. Robert Lundy, (fl. ... James II of England (also known as James VII of Scotland; 14 October 1633 – 16 September 1701) became King of England, King of Scots, and King of Ireland on 6 February 1685, and Duke of Normandy on 31 December 1660. ...


In 1969, the Apprentice Boys' parade around the walls of Derry sparked off three days of intensive rioting in the city, known as the Battle of the Bogside. The disturbances are widely seen as the start of the Troubles. A mural by the Bogside Artists in Derry of a young boy in a gas mask holding a petrol bomb during the Battle of the Bogside, August 1969. ... For other uses, see Troubles (disambiguation) and Trouble. ...


In 1986, the banning of an Apprentice Boys parade in Portadown led to serious rioting between supporters and the Royal Ulster Constabulary. During these disturbances Keith White became the first Protestant to be killed by a plastic bullet in the Troubles. Year 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link displays 1986 Gregorian calendar). ... , Portadown (from the Irish: Port an Dúnáin meaning port of the fortress) is a town in County Armagh, Northern Ireland. ... The Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC) was name of the police force in Northern Ireland from 1922 to 2001. ... Protestantism is a general grouping of denominations within Christianity. ... The plastic bullet is the name given to a type of nonlethal projectile fired from a specialised gun, used in riot control. ... The Troubles is a term used to describe two periods of violence in Ireland during the twentieth century. ...


In 1990 the organisation decided to apply for funding from the newly-established International Fund for Ireland, which led to protests at its August parade. Ian Paisley addressed a rally at the courthouse where he told the crowd that the proposed grant of £200,000 was "a bribe to get Protestant people involved in the Anglo-Irish Agreement." Year 1990 (MCMXC) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 1990 Gregorian calendar). ... The International Fund for Ireland is an independent international organisation established in 1986 by the British and Irish governments with the objectives of promoting economic and social advance and to encourage contact, dialogue and reconciliation between nationalists and unionists throughout Ireland. ... Ian Richard Kyle Paisley MP MLA (born 6 April 1926) is the First Minister of Northern Ireland. ... The Anglo-Irish Agreement was an agreement between the United Kingdom and the Republic of Ireland which aimed to bring an end to the Troubles in Northern Ireland. ...


Walkers Pillar

Plans for the 81-foot high Walker Memorial Pillar (a memorial to The Rev. George Walker) were completed in 1826. After the completion of the pillar it played a central role in the celebrations. In 1832 the first occasion of the burning of the effigy of Colonel Lundy occurred, the English Protestant Governor during the early part of the Siege. The pillar was destroyed by an IRA bomb in 1973. The Memorial plinth was restored for the three hundredth anniversary of the siege.The Apprentice Boys placed the statue which was on top of it in a newly constructed Memorial garden beside the Apprentice Boys Memorial Hall. Motto (French) God and my right Anthem No official anthem specific to England — the United Kingdom anthem is God Save the Queen. ... The Provisional Irish Republican Army (Irish: Óglaigh na hÉireann) (IRA; also referred to as the PIRA, the Provos, or by some of its supporters as the Army or the RA.[2]) is an Irish Republican, left wing[3] paramilitary organisation that, until the Belfast Agreement, sought to end Northern...


The Apprentice Boys Memorial Hall

The Hall was opened in 1877, dedicated to the memory of the thirteen Apprentice Boys who closed the City gates in 1688. In 1937 the Hall was extended along Society Street. The extension is dedicated to the memory of those who died in "The Great War" of 1914-1918. Ypres, 1917, in the vicinity of the Battle of Passchendaele. ...


It now houses the headquarters of the association, debating Chamber of the Apprentice Boys of Derry Association and their office. All new members must be initiated in the Hall. Other organisations such as the Orange Order and Royal Black Preceptory have separate accommodations in the Hall. It also houses a Social Club and Museum.


See also

Orange parade in Glasgow (1 June 2003) The Orange Institution, more commonly known as the Orange Order, is a Protestant fraternal organisation based predominantly in Northern Ireland and Scotland with lodges throughout the Commonwealth and in Canada and the United States. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Banners are an important part of the Culture of Northern Ireland and one of the regions most prominent types of folk art. ...

External links

  • Apprentice Boys Of Derry
  • Maiden City Festival
  • The Siege Of Derry
  • Apprentice Boys Of Derry, Southern England
  • Video clip of Mohawk LOL 99 in Belfast

  Results from FactBites:
 
Apprentice Boys of Derry - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1070 words)
The siege of Derry was the longest in the history of the British Isles and finally came to an end when Protestant King William of Orange from Holland sailed into port and broke the boom (Dutch for tree) across the River Foyle which was blocking supplies to the city.
The flag of the Apprentice Boys is a crimson banner, representing the blood that flowed in Derry for freedom and liberty.
The Apprentice Boys role in the celebrations became more important in the early nineteenth century which saw the establishment of the Apprentice Boys of Derry Club in 1814 and the No Surrender Club in 1824.
Siege of Derry - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (487 words)
Richard Talbot, 1st Earl of Tyrconnell, acting as the viceroy of King James VII of Scotland and II of England in Ireland, was anxious to ensure that all strong points in the country were held by garrisons completely loyal to the Roman Catholic cause.
When the army arrived on December 7, 1688 the city gates were closed against them and the siege began; tradition has the apprentice boys closing the gates and saving the city.
The siege is commemorated annually by the Apprentice Boys of Derry who stage the week long Maiden City Festival culminating in a parade around the walls of the city by local members, followed by a parade of the city by the full Association.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m