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Encyclopedia > Application software

Application software is a subclass of computer software that employs the capabilities of a computer directly and thoroughly to a task that the user wishes to perform. This should be contrasted with system software which is involved in integrating a computer's various capabilities, but typically does not directly apply them in the performance of tasks that benefit the user. In this context the term application refers to both the application software and its implementation. Image File history File links Question_book-3. ... Software redirects here. ... System software is a generic term referring to any computer software which manages and controls the hardware so that application software can perform a task. ... Application software is a subclass of computer software that employs the capabilities of a computer directly to a task that the user wishes to perform. ...


A simple, if imperfect analogy in the world of hardware would be the relationship of an electric light bulb (an application) to an electric power generation plant (a system). The power plant merely generates electricity, not itself of any real use until harnessed to an application like the electric light that performs a service that benefits the user. Analogy is both the cognitive process of transferring information from a particular subject (the analogue or source) to another particular subject (the target), and a linguistic expression corresponding to such a process. ...


Typical examples of software applications are word processors, spreadsheets, and media players. A word processor (also more formally known as a document preparation system) is a computer application used for the production (including composition, editing, formatting, and possibly printing) of any sort of viewable or printed material. ... Screenshot of a spreadsheet under OpenOffice A spreadsheet is a rectangular table (or grid) of information, often financial information. ...


Multiple applications bundled together as a package are sometimes referred to as an application suite. Microsoft Office and OpenOffice.org, which bundle together a word processor, a spreadsheet, and several other discrete applications, are typical examples. The separate applications in a suite usually have a user interface that has some commonality making it easier for the user to learn and use each application. And often they may have some capability to interact with each other in ways beneficial to the user. For example, a spreadsheet might be able to be embedded in a word processor document even though it had been created in the separate spreadsheet application. Microsoft Office is an office suite from Microsoft for Microsoft Windows and Apple Mac OS X operating systems. ... OpenOffice. ... The user interface is the part of a system exposed to users. ...


User-written software tailors systems to meet the user's specific needs. User-written software include spreadsheet templates, word processor macros, scientific simulations, graphics and animation scripts. Even email filters are a kind of user software. Users create this software themselves and often overlook how important it is. User software is computer software that is tailored for a specific user or users, rather than the general public. ...


In some types of embedded systems, the application software and the operating system software may be indistinguishable to the user, as in the case of software used to control a VCR, DVD player or Microwave Oven. A router, an example of an embedded system. ... The video cassette recorder (or VCR, less popularly video tape recorder) is a type of video tape recorder that uses removable cassettes containing magnetic tape to record audio and video from a television broadcast so it can be played back later. ... DVD (also known as Digital Versatile Disc or Digital Video Disc) is a popular optical disc storage media format. ... Microwave oven A microwave oven, or microwave, is a kitchen appliance employing microwave radiation primarily to cook or heat food. ...

OpenOffice.org is a well-known example of application software
OpenOffice.org is a well-known example of application software

Contents

Image File history File links OpenOfficeorg-Writer-scr01. ... Image File history File links OpenOfficeorg-Writer-scr01. ... OpenOffice. ...

Terminology

The exact machine between system software such as operating systems and application software is not precise, however, and is occasionally subject to controversy. For example, one of the key questions in the United States v. Microsoft antitrust trial was whether Microsoft's Internet Explorer web browser was part of its Windows operating system or a separable piece of application software. As another example, the GNU/Linux naming controversy is, in part, due to disagreement about the relationship between the Linux kernel and the Linux operating system. An operating system (OS) is the software that manages the sharing of the resources of a computer and provides programmers with an interface used to access those resources. ... United States v. ... This article is about anti-competitive business behavior. ... Windows Internet Explorer (formerly Microsoft Internet Explorer abbreviated MSIE), commonly abbreviated to IE, is a series of graphical web browsers developed by Microsoft and included as part of the Microsoft Windows line of operating systems starting in 1995. ... An example of a Web browser (Mozilla Firefox) A web browser is a software application that enables a user to display and interact with text, images, videos, music and other information typically located on a Web page at a website on the World Wide Web or a local area network. ... Windows redirects here. ... The GNU/Linux naming controversy is a dispute between members of the free and open source software community relating to the normative branding of the computer operating systems commonly referred to as Linux. ... The Linux kernel is a Unix-like operating system kernel. ... This article is about operating systems that use the Linux kernel. ...


In computer science, an application is a computer program designed to help people perform a certain type of work. An application thus differs from an operating system (which runs a computer), a utility (which performs maintenance or general-purpose chores), and a programming language (with which computer programs are created). Depending on the work for which it was designed, an application can manipulate text, numbers, graphics, or a combination of these elements. Some application packages offer considerable computing power by focusing on a single task, such as word processing; others, called integrated software, offer somewhat less power but include several applications, such as a word processor, a spreadsheet, and a database program. Computer science, or computing science, is the study of the theoretical foundations of information and computation and their implementation and application in computer systems. ... A programming language is an artificial language that can be used to control the behavior of a machine, particularly a computer. ...


Application software classification

There are many subtypes of application software:

  • Enterprise software addresses the needs of organization processes and data flow, often in a large distributed environment. (Examples include Financial, Customer Relationship Management, and Supply Chain Management). Note that Departmental Software is a sub-type of Enterprise Software with a focus on smaller organizations or groups within a large organization. (Examples include Travel Expense Management, and IT Helpdesk)
  • Enterprise infrastructure software provides common capabilities needed to support Enterprise Software systems. (Examples include Databases, Email servers, and Network and Security Management)
  • Information worker software addresses the needs of individuals to create and manage information, often for individual projects within a department, in contrast to enterprise management. Examples include time management, resource management, documentation tools, analytical, and collaborative. Word processors, spreadsheets, email and blog clients, personal information system, and individual media editors may aid in multiple information worker tasks.
  • Content access software is software used primarily to access content without editing, but may include software that allows for content editing. Such software addresses the needs of individuals and groups to consume digital entertainment and published digital content. (Examples include Media Players, Web Browsers, Help browsers, and Games)
  • Educational software is related to Media and Entertainment Software, but has distinct requirements for delivering evaluations (tests) and tracking progress through material. It is also related to collaboration software in that many Educational Software systems include collaborative capabilities.
  • Simulation software are computer software for simulation of physical or abstract systems for either research, training or entertainment purposes.
  • Media development software addresses the needs of individuals who generate print and electronic media for others to consume, most often in a commercial or educational setting. This includes Graphic Art software, Desktop Publishing software, Multimedia Development software, HTML editors, Digital Animation editors, Digital Audio and Video composition, and many others.
  • Product engineering software is used in developing hardware and software products. This includes computer aided design (CAD), computer aided engineering (CAE), computer language editing and compiling tools, Integrated Development Environments, and Application Programmer Interfaces.x

Enterprise Software is software that solves an enterprise problem (rather than a departmental problem) and usually enterprise software is written using Enterprise Software Architecture. ... It has been suggested that E-learning glossary be merged into this article or section. ... Print media includes newspapers, magazines, and the like. ... A screenshot of a web page. ...

Examples

Enterprise software

  • Executive dashboard

Enterprise infrastructure software

A workflow is a reliably repeatable pattern of activity enabled by a systematic organization of resources, defined roles and mass, energy and information flows, into a work process that can be documented and learned. ... A database management system (DBMS) is computer software designed for the purpose of managing databases. ... Digital asset management consists of tasks and decisions surrounding ingesting, annotating, cataloguing, storage and retrieval of digital assets, such as digital photographs, animations, videos and music. ... Originally, a document management system was a computer program (or set of programs) used to track and store images of paper documents. ... GIS redirects here. ...

Information worker software

This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Project management software is a term covering many types of software, including scheduling, resource allocation, collaboration software, communication and documentation systems, which are used to deal with the complexity of large projects. ... Contact managers are programs that enable people to keep track of their associates and tasks. ... Screenshot of a spreadsheet under OpenOffice A spreadsheet is a rectangular table (or grid) of information, often financial information. ... This article is about computing. ... A word processor (also more formally known as a document preparation system) is a computer application used for the production (including composition, editing, formatting, and possibly printing) of any sort of viewable or printed material. ... Adobe InDesign CS2, one of many popular desktop publishing applications. ... Diagramming software consists of computer programs that are used to produce graphical diagrams. ... A presentation program is a computer software package used to give presentations, normally in the form of a slide show. They typically include three major functions, the slide show system to display content in a linear fashion, an editor that allows text to be moved around en-mass from slide... need notes on analytical software This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ... The baudline time-frequency broswer is a signals analysis tool designed for scientific visualization. ... DADiSP (Data Analysis and Display, pronounced day-disp) is a computer program developed by DSP Development Corporation which allows one to display and manipulate data series, matrices and images in an environment similar to a spreadsheet. ... A digital dashboard, also known as an enterprise dashboard or executive dashboard, is a business management tool used to visually ascertain the status (or health) of a business enterprise via key business indicators. ... HEC-RAS is a computer program that models the hydraulics of water flow through natural rivers and other channels. ... JMP is a computer program that was first developed by John Sall to perform simple and complex statistical analyses. ... For other uses, see Maple (disambiguation). ... Mathcad (originally written MathCAD) is desktop software for performing and documenting engineering and scientific calculations. ... For other uses, see Mathematica (disambiguation). ... Not to be confused with Matlab Upazila in Chandpur District, Bangladesh. ... Maxima is a free computer algebra system based on a 1982 version of Macsyma. ... Minitab is a computer program designed to perform basic and advanced statistical functions. ... A computer algebra system (CAS) is a software program that facilitates symbolic mathematics. ... A statistical package is a kind of large computer program that is specialised for statistical analysis. ... Numerical analysis is the study of approximate methods for the problems of continuous mathematics (as distinguished from discrete mathematics). ... Neural network software is used to simulate, research, develop and apply artificial neural networks, biological neural networks and in some cases a wider array of adaptive systems. ... Example of NEi Nastran analysis result. ... Collaborative software is software designed to help people involved in a common task achieve their goals. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Day trading generally requires the use of a number of different types of software progam. ... Wikibooks has more about this subject: Wiki Science A wiki is a web application that allows users to add content, as on an Internet forum, but also allows anyone to edit the content. ...

Content access software

A screenshot of a web page. ... An example of a Web browser (Mozilla Firefox) A web browser is a software application that enables a user to display and interact with text, images, videos, music and other information typically located on a Web page at a website on the World Wide Web or a local area network. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... A presentation using PowerPoint. ... A digital pet, also known as a virtual pet, is a type of artificial human companion. ... A screensaver is a computer program originally designed to conserve the image quality of computer displays by blanking the screen or filling them with moving images or patterns when the computers are not in use. ... Namcos Pac-Man is one of the most popular video games ever made. ... Centipede by Atari is a typical example of a 1980s era arcade game. ... This article is about emulators in computer science. ... A handheld game console is a lightweight, portable electronic machine for playing video games. ... Game console redirects here. ... For the use of the term in networking, see Wireless networking. ... Several examples of non-folding mobile phones. ...

Educational software

Edutainment (also educational entertainment or entertainment-education) is a form of entertainment designed to educate as well as to amuse. ... A Learning Management System (or LMS) is a term used to describe software tools designed to manage user learning interventions. ... Reference software is software which emulates and expands upon print reference forms including the dictionary, translation dictionary, encyclopedia, thesaurus, and atlas. ...

Simulation software

Computational Science is the use of computers to perform research in other fields. ... For video game applications, see Life simulation game. ... Military simulations, also known informally as war games, are simulations in which theories of warfare can be tested and refined without the need for actual hostilities. ... For flight simulator software from Microsoft, see Microsoft Flight Simulator. ... TUTOR, combined bus and truck simulator, for professional driver training. ... A screenshot from The Sims: Deluxe Edition. ...

Media development software

An image organizer or image management application is application software focused on organizing digital images. ... 3D computer graphics software refers to programs used to create 3D computer-generated imagery. ... Animation software is software that is used either for computer animation or to assist animators with the considerable work needed to create more traditional pieces of animation. ... A screenshot of Karbon14 vector graphic software running on an AegeanLinux desktop. ... For the uses, cultural impact, and ethical concerns of image editing, see Photo manipulation. ... A screenshot from the KDE raster graphics editor KolourPaint A screenshot from the GIMP raster graphics editor A raster graphics editor is a computer program that allows users to paint and edit pictures interactively on the computer screen and save them in one of many popular bitmap or raster formats... A screenshot of the xfig vector graphics editor A screenshot of the modern vector graphics editor Xara Xtreme A vector graphics editor is a computer program that allows users to compose and edit vector graphics images interactively on the computer screen (compare with MetaPost) and save them in one of... Video editing software is application software which handles the editing of video sequences on a computer. ... A digital audio workstation (DAW) is a system designed to record, edit and play back digital audio. ... In the field of electronic music, a sequencer was traditionally a device or piece of software that allows the user to record, play back and edit musical patterns. ... A scorewriter, or music notation program, is software used to automate the task of writing and engraving sheet music. ... Hypermedia is a term used as a logical extension of the term hypertext, in which audio, video, plain text, and non-linear hyperlinks intertwine to create a generally non-linear medium of information. ... An HTML editor is a software application for creating web pages. ...

Product engineering software

goonieee Engineering is the discipline of acquiring and applying knowledge of design, analysis, and/or construction of works for practical purposes. ... Computer-aided Engineering analysis (often referred to as CAE) is the application of computer software in engineering to analyze the robustness and performance of components and assemblies. ... CAD is a TLA that may stand for: Cadiz Railroad (AAR reporting mark CAD) Canadian dollar – ISO 4217-code Capital Adequacy Directive Card Acceptance Device Children of the Anachronistic Dynasty Computer-aided design Computer-aided detection (medical) Computer-aided diagnosis (medical) Computer-assisted dispatch Computer-assisted drafting Coronary artery disease... Example of NEi Nastran analysis result. ... Software engineering (SE) is the application of a systematic, disciplined, quantifiable approach to the development, operation, and maintenance of software. ... The term computer language is a more expansive and alternate term for the more commonly-used term programming language. ... A diagram of the operation of a typical multi-language, multi-target compiler. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ...


See also

A software system is a system based on software forming part of a computer system (a combination of hardware and software). ...

 
 

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