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Encyclopedia > Apple Juice
A glass of clear apple juice, from which pectin and starch have been removed.
A glass of clear apple juice, from which pectin and starch have been removed.

Apple juice is the fruit juice product manufactured from the pressing of apples. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (398x825, 33 KB) Cropped version of Image:Cider and apple juice. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (398x825, 33 KB) Cropped version of Image:Cider and apple juice. ... Pectin, a white to light brown powder, is a heterosaccharide derived from the cell wall of higher terrestrial plants. ... Starch (CAS# 9005-25-8, chemical formula (C6H10O5)n,[1]) is a mixture of amylose and amylopectin (usually in 20:80 or 30:70 ratios). ... Juice is the liquid naturally contained in plants. ... This article is about the fruit. ...

Contents

Production

Apple juice is produced by the crushing of apples, and then filtered extraction of the clear juice. It is usually then pasteurized. Pasteurization is the process of heating food for the purpose of killing harmful organisms such as bacteria, viruses, protozoa, molds, and yeasts. ...


Due to the heavy equipment required to extract juice from an apple, apple juice is almost always commercially produced as opposed to the juices from easily juiced fruits such as oranges or lemons, unlike apple cider, millions of gallons of which are produced by small and large farms and mom and pop-type businesses in the United States. Normal apple juice is one of the most commonly used fruit juices in the world, with the majority of its production occurring in the United States and China. Binomial name (L.) Osbeck Orange—specifically, sweet orange—refers to the citrus tree Citrus sinensis (syn. ... This article is about the fruit. ... American-style apple cider, left; Apple juice, right. ... A small business may be defined as a business with a small number of employees. ...


Apple juice concentrate is produced by evaporating fresh apple juice that is extracted from fresh apples. Fresh apple juice has a concentration of around 11 to 13 brix. Evaporating the fresh juice reduces packaging volume and shipping costs. The high concentration also helps reduce spoilage of the product. Evaporation is the process whereby atoms or molecules in a liquid state (or solid state if the substance sublimes) gain sufficient energy to enter the gaseous state. ... This article is about the fruit. ... It has been suggested that Öchsle scale and Baumé scale be merged into this article or section. ... This article is in need of attention; please see the talk page. ...


There are two types of apple juice concentrate, clear apple juice concentrate and cloudy apple juice concentrate. Pectin and starch are removed during the production process to produce clear apple juice concentrate. Cloudy apple juice concentrate's appearance arises as a result of evenly-distributed small pulp suspensions in the juice concentrate. Pectin, a white to light brown powder, is a heterosaccharide derived from the cell wall of higher terrestrial plants. ... Starch (CAS# 9005-25-8, chemical formula (C6H10O5)n,[1]) is a mixture of amylose and amylopectin (usually in 20:80 or 30:70 ratios). ... Pulp can refer to: Soft shapeless substances in general. ...


Uses

Apple juice is a common beverage both for children and for adults, but in North America, apple juice often is marketed specifically to children, who are informally considered its major consumers. Apple juice is also a component of several cocktails; it is also used as a filler in some drinks, because it is less expensive and more widely available than most other juices. It may also be produced and consumed in a carbonated form, referred to as sparkling apple juice. North America North America is a continent[1] in the Earths northern hemisphere and (chiefly) western hemisphere. ... For other uses, see Cocktail (disambiguation). ... For the chemical reaction forming calcium carbonate, see carbonatation. ...


Health benefits

Apple juice has a significant concentration of phenolics thought to help protect from many diseases associated with aging, including heart disease and cancer. Aside from other obvious fruit vitamins like vitamin C, apple juice also contains the mineral nutrient boron, which is thought to promote healthy bones. [citation needed] Phenols, sometimes called phenolics, are a class of chemical compounds consisting of a hydroxyl functional group (-OH) attached to an aromatic hydrocarbon group. ... This article is about the nutrient. ... General Name, Symbol, Number boron, B, 5 Chemical series metalloids Group, Period, Block 13, 2, p Appearance black/brown Standard atomic weight 10. ...


Apple cider

Main article: apple cider

While "apple juice" generally refers to the filtered, pasteurized product of apple pressing, an unfiltered, sometimes unpasteurized product of apple pressing, commonly known as apple cider in the United States and parts of Canada, is packaged and sold as "apple juice" in some places. In the U.S., there is no legal distinction between filtered apple juice and apple cider.[1] American-style apple cider, left; Apple juice, right. ... American-style apple cider, left; Apple juice, right. ...


See also

American-style apple cider, left; Apple juice, right. ... Cider in a pint glass Cider (or cyder) is an alcoholic beverage made primarily from the juices of specially grown varieties of apples. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
UMass Lowell research shows benefits of apple juice on neurotransmitter affecting memory (701 words)
Apples and apple juice may be among the best foods that baby boomers and senior citizens could add to their diet, according to new research that demonstrates how apple products can help boost brain function similar to medication.
The results obtained were from the animals consuming moderate amounts of apple juice --comparable to drinking approximately two 8 oz.
UMass Lowell, www.uml.edu, a comprehensive university with a national reputation in science, engineering and technology, is committed to educating students for lifelong success in a diverse world and conducting research and outreach activities that sustain the economic, environmental and social health of the region.
The Apple Farm, Karmine Apple Juice (692 words)
As soon as the apple is pressed to extract the juice, the juice is bound to be changed, with cell wall particles, oils from the fruit skin, woody tissue from stems and so on mixed in.
While these apple juices are perfectly good, the apples used in their making do not necessarily have great juice-flavour characteristics, because they were grown with fresh-consumption in mind, and thus no attention paid to their juice-making potential.
Apples and apple juice (especially if it is produced in the way that we do) are universally accepted as very good for your health.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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