Appeal to emotion is a logical fallacy wherein the arguer (who is using this fallacy) takes advantage of emotion to prove his or her argument. This is a type of red herring. It encompasses several logical fallacies, including: A logical fallacy is an error in logical argument which is independent of the truth of the premises. ... Etymologically, the word emotion is a composite formed from two Latin words. ... Ignoratio elenchi (also known as irrelevant conclusion) is the logical fallacy of presenting an argument that may in itself be valid, but which proves or supports a different proposition than the one it is purporting to prove or support. ...
An appeal to fear (also called argumentum ad metum or argumentum in terrorem) is a logical fallacy in which a person attempts to create support for their idea by playing on existing fears and prejudices. ... Appeal to flattery is a logical fallacy in which a person uses flattery in an attempt to win support for his side. ... An appeal to pity (also called argumentum ad misericordiam) is a logical fallacy in which someone tries to win support for their argument or idea by exploiting their opponents feelings of pity or guilt. ... Appeal to ridicule is a logical fallacy which presents the opponents argument in a way that appears ridiculous and mocking it: If Einstein is right that would mean that when I drive my car it gets shorter and heavier. ... Appeal to spite (also called argumentum ad odium) is a logical fallacy in which someone attempts to win favor for an argument by exploiting existing feelings of bitterness or spite in the opposing party. ... Wishful thinking is the formation of beliefs and making decisions according to what might be pleasing to imagine instead of by appealing to evidence or rationality. ...
Many other fallacies often, but not necessarily, constitute themselves or overlap an appeal to emotion. These include:
An ad hominem argument, also known as argumentum ad hominem (Latin, literally argument to the man), is a logical fallacy that involves replying to an argument or assertion by addressing the person presenting the argument or assertion rather than the argument itself. ... Guilt by association, also known as the bad company fallacy or the company that you keep fallacy, is the logical fallacy of claiming that something must be false because of the people or organisations who support it. ... The logical fallacy of misleading vividness involves describing some occurrence in vivid detail, even if it is an exceptional occurrence, to convince someone that it is a problem. ... The pathetic fallacy is the logical fallacy of treating inanimate objects or conceptual entities such as countries as if they have thoughts or feelings. ... In the contexts of debate or of rhetoric, the phrase slippery slope, also appearing as the thin end of the wedge or the camels nose, refers both to an argument about the likelihood of one event given another, and to a fallacy about the inevitability of one event given... Two wrongs make a right is a logical fallacy that occurs when it is assumed that if one wrong is committed, another second wrong will cancel it out. ... Revenge or vengeance consists of retaliation against a person or group in response to perceived wrongdoing. ...
Emotionalappeals are usually related to persuasion, not to exposition.
Emotionalappeals are usually not appropriate for straight information-transfer which aims at the rational, logical, and cognitive aspects of the audience.
Although an emotionalappeal in an expository essay may attract attention, it is usually the wrong kind of attention, and is likely to be rejected, in exposition and in rational arguments, as a fallacy.
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