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Encyclopedia > Appalachian Trail
Appalachian Trail

Map of Appalachian Trail
Length 2174 mi; 3498 km
Location Eastern United States
Trailheads Springer Mountain, Georgia
Mount Katahdin, Maine
Use Hiking
Elevation Change 90 mi[1]
Highest Point Clingmans Dome
Lowest Point Hudson River
Trail Difficulty Moderate to Strenuous
Season Spring to Fall
Sights Appalachian Mountains
Hazards Severe Weather
American Black Bear
Lyme disease
Steep Grades
Limited Water
Poison Ivy
Venomous Snakes

The Appalachian National Scenic Trail, generally known as the Appalachian Trail or simply The A.T., is a marked hiking trail in the eastern United States, extending between Springer Mountain in Georgia and Mount Katahdin in Maine.[2] It is more than 2000 milesa[›] (3,200 km) long. The path is maintained by thirty trail clubs and multiple partnerships.[3] This is a map of the Appalachian Trail. ... “Miles” redirects here. ... A kilometer (Commonwealth spelling: kilometre), symbol: km is a unit of length in the metric system equal to 1,000 metres (from the Greek words χίλια (khilia) = thousand and μέτρο (metro) = count/measure). ... Springer Mountain (3,280 feet), located in the Chattahoochee National Forest in northern Georgia, is the southernmost point on and southern terminus of the Appalachian Trail. ... Mount Katahdin (USGS name) is the highest mountain in Maine. ... Official language(s) None (English and French de facto) Capital Augusta Largest city Portland Area  Ranked 39th  - Total 33,414 sq mi (86,542 km²)  - Width 210 miles (338 km)  - Length 320 miles (515 km)  - % water 13. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... “Miles” redirects here. ... A topographical summit is a point on a surface which is higher in elevation than all points immediately adjacent to it. ... Clingmans Dome (or Clingmans Dome) is, at an elevation of 6,643 feet (2,025 metres), the highest point both in the state of Tennessee and on the Appalachian Trail. ... The Hudson River, called Muh-he-kun-ne-tuk in Mahican or as the Lenape Native Americans called it in Unami, Muhheakantuck, is a river that runs through the eastern portion of New York State and, along its southern terminus, demarcates the border between the states of New York and... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... Appalachians in North Carolina The Appalachian Mountains (French: les Appalaches) are a vast system of mountains in eastern North America. ... Look up hazard in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... NOAA scientists observe severe weather using a mobile doppler radar and a helicopter (in the distance) Severe weather phenomena are weather conditions that are hazardous. ... “Black Bear” redirects here. ... Lyme disease, or borreliosis, is an emerging infectious disease caused by spirochete bacteria from the genus Borrelia. ... Binomial name Toxicodendron radicans (L.) Kuntze Poison-ivy (Toxicodendron radicans or Rhus toxicodendron), in the family Anacardiaceae, is a woody vine that is well-known for its ability to produce urushiol, a skin irritant which for most people will cause an agonizing, itching rash. ... A venomous snake is a snake that uses modified saliva, venom, delivered through fangs in its mouth to immobilize or kill its prey. ... Two hikers in the Mount Hood National Forest Eagle Creek hiking Hiking is a form of walking, undertaken with the specific purpose of exploring and enjoying the scenery. ... Springer Mountain (3,280 feet), located in the Chattahoochee National Forest in northern Georgia, is the southernmost point on and southern terminus of the Appalachian Trail. ... Mount Katahdin (USGS name) is the highest mountain in Maine. ... Official language(s) None (English and French de facto) Capital Augusta Largest city Portland Area  Ranked 39th  - Total 33,414 sq mi (86,542 km²)  - Width 210 miles (338 km)  - Length 320 miles (515 km)  - % water 13. ...


The Appalachian Trail is famous for its many hikers, many of whom attempt to hike it in its entirety, often non-stop. Many books, memoirs, Web sites and other fan organizations are dedicated to this pursuit.


Along the way, the trail also passes through the states of North Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia, Maryland, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, New York, Connecticut, Massachusetts, Vermont and New Hampshire. Official language(s) English Capital Raleigh Largest city Charlotte Largest metro area Charlotte metro area Area  Ranked 28th  - Total 53,865 sq mi (139,509 km²)  - Width 150 miles (240 km)  - Length 560[1] miles (901 km)  - % water 9. ... Official language(s) English Capital Nashville Largest city Memphis Largest metro area Nashville Metropolitan Area Area  Ranked 36th  - Total 42,169 sq mi (109,247 km²)  - Width 120 miles (195 km)  - Length 440 miles (710 km)  - % water 2. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Official language(s) English Capital Charleston Largest city Charleston Area  Ranked 41st  - Total 24,244 sq mi (62,809 km²)  - Width 130 miles (210 km)  - Length 240 miles (385 km)  - % water 0. ... Official language(s) None (English, de facto) Capital Annapolis Largest city Baltimore Area  Ranked 42nd  - Total 12,407 sq mi (32,133 km²)  - Width 101 miles (145 km)  - Length 249 miles (400 km)  - % water 21  - Latitude 37° 53′ N to 39° 43′ N  - Longitude 75° 03′ W to 79° 29... Capital Harrisburg Largest city Philadelphia Area  Ranked 33rd  - Total 46,055 sq mi (119,283 km²)  - Width 280 miles (455 km)  - Length 160 miles (255 km)  - % water 2. ... “NJ” redirects here. ... This article is about the state. ... Official language(s) English Capital Hartford Largest city Bridgeport Largest metro area Hartford Area  Ranked 48th  - Total 5,543[2] sq mi (14,356 km²)  - Width 70 miles (113 km)  - Length 110 miles (177 km)  - % water 12. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Official language(s) English Capital Concord Largest city Manchester Area  Ranked 46th  - Total 9,350 sq mi (24,217 km²)  - Width 68 miles (110 km)  - Length 190 miles (305 km)  - % water 4. ...

Contents

History

The trail was conceived by Benton MacKaye, a forester who wrote his original plan shortly after the death of his wife in 1921. MacKaye's Utopian idea detailed a grand trail that would connect a series of farms and wilderness work/study camps for city-dwellers. In 1922, at the suggestion of Major William A. Welch, director of the Palisades Interstate Park Commission, his idea was publicized by Raymond H. Torrey with a story in the New York Evening Post under a full-page banner headline reading "A Great Trail from Maine to Georgia!" The idea was quickly adopted by the new Palisades Interstate Park Trail Conference as their main project. Benton MacKaye (1879-1975), American forester, planner, and conservationist. ... For other uses, see Utopia (disambiguation). ... Major Williams Addams Welch (August 20, 1868 – May 4, 1941) was an American engineer and environmentalist who would have a major impact on the state and national park systems of the United States. ... The Palisades Interstate Park Commission was formed in 1900 by governors Theodore Roosevelt of New York and Foster Voorhees of New Jersey in response to the destruction of the Palisades by quarry operators in the late 19th century. ... Raymond H. Torrey (July 15, 1880 – July 15, 1938) was the author of weekly columns, Outings and The Long Brown Path in the New York Evening Post in the 1920s and 1930s. ... The first edition of The New York Post of July 6, 2004 incorrectly declared that U.S. presidential candidate John Kerry would choose U.S. Representative Dick Gephardt to be his vice-presidential running mate that day (in reality, Kerry chose John Edwards). ... The New York-New Jersey Trail Conference (NYNJTC) is a federation of more than 95 hiking clubs and environmental organizations with approximately 10,000 members. ...

On October 7, 1923, the first section of the trail, from Bear Mountain west through Harriman State Park to Arden, New York, was opened. MacKaye then called for a two-day Appalachian Trail conference to be held in March 1925 in Washington, D.C. This resulted in the formation of the Appalachian Trail Conference organization, though little progress was made on the trail for several years. Download high resolution version (1280x960, 142 KB)Bear Mountain Bridge from the top of Bear Mountain PD File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Download high resolution version (1280x960, 142 KB)Bear Mountain Bridge from the top of Bear Mountain PD File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The Bear Mountain Bridge is a toll suspension bridge in New York State, carrying U.S. Highways 202 and 6, as well as the Appalachian Trail, across the Hudson River between Rockland and Orange Counties to the west and Westchester and Putnam Counties to the east. ... is the 280th day of the year (281st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1923 (MCMXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Bear Mountain State Park is located on the west side of the Hudson River in Rockland County, New York. ... There is also a Harriman State Park in Idaho. ... Arden, is a hamlet near the northern town line of Tuxedo, New York. ... For other uses, see Washington, D.C. (disambiguation). ...


At the end of the 1920s and beginning of the 1930s, a retired judge named Arthur Perkins and his younger associate Myron Avery took up the cause. Avery, who soon took over the ATC, adopted the more practical goal of building a simple hiking trail. He and MacKaye clashed over the ATC's response to a major commercial development along the trail's path; MacKaye left the organization, while Avery was willing to simply reroute the trail. 12. ...


Avery became the first to walk the trail end-to-end, though not as a thru-hike, in 1936. In August 1937, the trail was completed to Sugarloaf Mountain in Maine, and the ATC shifted its focus toward protecting the trail lands and mapping the trail for hikers. From 1938 to the end of World War II, the trail suffered a series of natural and man-made setbacks. At the end of the war, the damage to the trail was repaired. Thru-hiking is the process of hiking a long-distance trail from end to end. ... Sufarloaf/USA Ski resort Sugarloaf/USA is a major ski resort located on the Sugarloaf Mountain near Carrabassett Valley, Maine. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000...


In 1948, Earl Shaffer of York, Pennsylvania, brought a great deal of attention to the project by completing the first documented thru-hike. (In 1994, a story appeared in the Appalachian Trailway News describing a 121-day Maine to Georgia thru-hike in 1936 by six Boy Scouts from the Bronx.[4] The story has been accepted by some individual members of ALDHA,[5] though a great deal of doubt has also been expressed;[6] this earlier thru-hike has never been verified or accepted by any responsible hiking organization or group; therefore, Shaffer's 1948 journey is still universally recognized as the first A.T. thru-hike. ) Earl V. Shaffer November 8, 1918 - May 5, 2002, was an American outdoorsman and author known as The Crazy One He is best known for attempting what became the first documented thru-hike along the entire length of the Appalachian Trail (AT). ... Nickname: Coordinates: , Country United States State Pennsylvania County York Incorporated  - Borough September 24, 1787  - City January 11, 1887 Government  - Mayor John Brenner Area  - City  5. ... It has been suggested that Baiting Hollow Scout Camp be merged into this article or section. ... For other uses, see Bronx (disambiguation). ...


In the 1960s, the ATC made progress toward protecting the trail from development, thanks to many sympathetic politicians and officials. The National Trails System Act of 1968 paved the way for a series of National Scenic Trails within the National Park and National Forest systems. Trail volunteers worked with the National Park Service to map a permanent route for the trail, and by 1971 a permanent route had been marked (though minor changes continue to this day). By the close of the 20th century, the Park Service had completed the purchase of all but a few miles of the trail's span. The National Trails System Act was legislation first passed by the United States Congress in 1968. ... National Scenic Trail is a designation for protected areas in the United States that consist of trails of particular natural beauty. ... All United States parks designated National Parks and most National Monuments are maintained by the United States National Park Service which also maintains several other types of protected areas of the United States: National Parks (See also List of U.S. national parks by state, List of U.S. national... The National Park Service (NPS) is the United States federal agency that manages all National Parks, many National Monuments, and other conservation and historical properties with various title designations. ...


In 1998, President Bill Clinton with Vice President Al Gore planted phlox and patched a stone wall along the AT in Harper's Ferry National Park in support of environmental initiatives that they felt were being neglected by the Republican Party.[7]


The Appalachian Trail should not be confused with the International Appalachian Trail, a 690-mile extension, running north from Maine into New Brunswick and Quebec. It is actually a separate trail, not an official extension of the Appalachian Trail.[8] An extension of the International Appalachian Trail, to Newfoundland, is still under construction. The International Appalachian Trail (IAT; French: Sentier International des Appalaches, SIA) is a hiking trail which runs from the northern terminus of the Appalachian Trail at Mount Katahdin, Maine to the northernmost tip of the Appalachian Mountains at Belle Isle, Newfoundland and Labrador. ... This article is about the Canadian province. ... , Motto: Je me souviens (French: I remember) Capital Quebec City Largest city Montreal Official languages French Government - Lieutenant-Governor Pierre Duchesne - Premier Jean Charest (PLQ) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 75 - Senate seats 24 Confederation July 1, 1867 (1st) Area  Ranked 2nd - Total 1,542,056 km² (595... This article is about the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador. ...


Flora and fauna

The Appalachian Trail is home to literally thousands of species of plant and animal, of air, land and sea, including 2,000 distinct rare, threatened, endangered, and sensitive plant and animal species.[3]


Animals

The American black bear, one of the biggest animals (and natural threats) on the AT

The American black bear (Ursus americanus) is the largest omnivore that would be encountered on the trail, and it inhabits all parts.[9] However, bear sightings are rare, and hiker incidents still rarer, as black bears typically avoid humans and can usually be frightened away by making loud noise. Other hazards include venomous snakes, including the Eastern timber rattlesnake and copperhead, which are common along the trail. Both snakes are generally found in drier, rockier sections of the trail; the copperhead's range extends north to around the New Jersey-New York state line, while rattlesnakes are commonly found along the trail in Connecticut and have been reported, although rarely, as far north as New Hampshire.[10] Other large fauna include deer; elk, reintroduced in the Smoky Mountains, and moose, which live as far south as Massachusetts but are mainly seen in Maine. [10] Image File history File links Download high resolution version (650x1031, 67 KB) An American Black Bear (Ursus americanus). ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (650x1031, 67 KB) An American Black Bear (Ursus americanus). ... “Black Bear” redirects here. ... Trinomial name Crotalus horridus Linnaeus, 1758 Crotalus horridus is a venomous rattlesnake species commonly known as the timber rattlesnake. ... In biology, a copperhead is any of four species of venomous snake: the American copperhead of eastern North America, and three species of Australian copperhead. ... “NJ” redirects here. ... This article is about the state. ... Official language(s) English Capital Hartford Largest city Bridgeport Largest metro area Hartford Area  Ranked 48th  - Total 5,543[2] sq mi (14,356 km²)  - Width 70 miles (113 km)  - Length 110 miles (177 km)  - % water 12. ... Official language(s) English Capital Concord Largest city Manchester Area  Ranked 46th  - Total 9,350 sq mi (24,217 km²)  - Width 68 miles (110 km)  - Length 190 miles (305 km)  - % water 4. ... For other uses, see Elk (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Moose (disambiguation). ...

A timber rattlesnake among the leaves
A timber rattlesnake among the leaves

For most hikers, the most persistent pests along the trail are mice and bugs. Mice inhabit shelters and are a greater threat to hiker food than bears. The bugs are a persistent hazard, but are particularly bad in the northern stretches of the trail. Connecticut, Massachusetts, and New York have notoriously bad mosquitoes, but the worst section of the trail for bugs is in the lowlands of Maine. The northern hardwood and boreal forest of Maine is perfect for mosquitoes and tiny, pesky black flies to breed. Numerous lakes, rivers, and streams provide the perfect habitat for biting insects to breed and hatch, especially in late spring and early summer. Image File history File links Timber_Rattlesnake. ... Image File history File links Timber_Rattlesnake. ... Mice may refer to: An abbreviation of Meetings, Incentives, Conferencing, Exhibitions. ... Official language(s) English Capital Hartford Largest city Bridgeport Largest metro area Hartford Area  Ranked 48th  - Total 5,543[2] sq mi (14,356 km²)  - Width 70 miles (113 km)  - Length 110 miles (177 km)  - % water 12. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... This article is about the state. ... Official language(s) None (English and French de facto) Capital Augusta Largest city Portland Area  Ranked 39th  - Total 33,414 sq mi (86,542 km²)  - Width 210 miles (338 km)  - Length 320 miles (515 km)  - % water 13. ... Beech is a typical temperate zone hardwood For the record label, see Hardwood Records. ... Boreal may refer to these: Northern from the eponymous Boreas, god of the North Wind in Greek mythology. ... Subfamilies Parasimuliinae Simuliinae Genera Araucnephia Araucnephioides Archicnephia Austrosimulium Baisomyia Cnephia Cnesia Cnesiamima Crozetia Ectemnia Gigantodax Greniera Gydarina Gymnopais Kovalevimyia Levitinia Lutzsimulium Mayacnephia Metacnephia Paracnephia Parasimulium Paraustrosimulium Pedrowygomyia Prosimulium Simuliites Simulimima Simulium Stegopterna Sulcicnephia Tlalocomyia Twinnia A black fly (sometimes called a buffalo gnat or turkey gnat) is any member of...


In the South, mosquitoes, no-see-em and other biting flies are less of a nuisance because there are fewer mountain lakes and ponds, plus the lack of seasonal changes in the South keeps the onslaught of these biting insects down. The continental glaciation that carved so many lakes in the northeast stopped near the Delaware Water Gap, leaving the southern mountains with fewer holes to be filled by rain. This article is about the insect; for the WWII aircraft see De Havilland Mosquito. ... Subfamilies Forcipomyiinae Dasyheleinae Ceratopogoninae Leptoconopinae Ceratopogonidae, or biting midges (or, in the United States, no-see-ums, sand flies, punkies, and others), are a family of small flies (1-4 mm long) in the order Diptera. ... Continental may refer to: The adjective of continent, such as in continental Europe, continental breakfast, or continental climate, or Continental Glacier; The culture of the continental nation states of Europe, inasmuch as it contrasts with the culture of Anglo-Saxon England; The Lincoln Continental, a car made by Lincoln division... A glaciation (a created composite term meaning Glacial Period, referring to the Period or Era of, as well as the process of High Glacial Activity), often called an ice age, is a geological phenomenon in which massive ice sheets form in the Arctic and Antarctic and advance toward the equator. ... The Delaware Water Gap is on the border of New Jersey and Pennsylvania where the Delaware River traverses a large ridge of the Appalachian Mountains. ...


Plants

Plant life along the trail is varied. The trail passes through several different biomes from south to north, and the climate changes significantly, particularly dependent upon elevation. In the south, lowland forests consist mainly of second-growth; nearly the entire trail has been logged at one time or another. There are, however, a few old growth locations along the trail, such as Sages Ravine in Massachusetts and The Hermitage, near Gulf Hagas in Maine. In the south, the forest is dominated by hardwoods, including oak and tulip trees, also known as yellow poplar.[11] Further north, tulip trees are gradually replaced by maples and birches. Oaks begin to disappear in Massachusetts. By Vermont, the lowland forest is made up of maples, birch and beech, which provide spectacular foliage displays for hikers in September and October.[12] While the vast majority of lowland forest south of the White Mountains is hardwood, many areas have some coniferous trees as well, and in Maine, these often grow at low elevations.[11] The Hermitage The Tomb of Andrew and Rachel Jackson is located in the Hermitage garden. ... Katahdin Iron Works is a Maine state historic site located in the unorganized township of the same name. ... Species See List of Quercus species The term oak can be used as part of the common name of any of several hundred species of trees and shrubs in the genus Quercus (from Latin oak tree), and some related genera, notably Cyclobalanopsis and Lithocarpus. ... Species Liriodendron chinense (Hemsl. ... Looking south on the Franconia Ridge Trail. ... Orders & Families Cordaitales † Pinales   Pinaceae - Pine family   Araucariaceae - Araucaria family   Podocarpaceae - Yellow-wood family   Sciadopityaceae - Umbrella-pine family   Cupressaceae - Cypress family   Cephalotaxaceae - Plum-yew family   Taxaceae - Yew family Vojnovskyales † Voltziales † The conifers, division Pinophyta, are one of 13 or 14 division level taxa within the Kingdom Plantae. ...


There is a drastic change between the lowland and subalpine, evergreen forest, as well as another, higher break, at treeline, above which only hardy alpine plants grow.[11] The sub-alpine region is far more prevalent along the trail than true alpine conditions. While it mainly exists in the north, a few mountains in the south have subalpine environments. These include the Great Smoky Mountains, where sub-alpine environments only begin around 6000 feet in elevation, the Unaka and Roan Ranges on the North Carolina-Tennessee border, where sub-alpine growth descends below 6000 feet, and Mount Rogers and the Grayson Highlands in Virginia, where there is some alpine growth above 5000 feet. Some high mountains in the south are also balds, due to fires or grazing in recent centuries, or perhaps due to thin, sandy soils. Several balds are sprouting trees, and on some, the National Forest service actually mows the grasses periodically in order to keep the bald open. // Summary The subalpine Biome is a geographic and altitudinal region found below Tree-line and above the montane. ... ‹ The template below (Expand) is being considered for deletion. ... A rainy day in the Great Smoky Mountains, Western North Carolina Appalachian Mountain system The Great Smoky Mountains are a major mountain range in the southern part of the Appalachian Mountains, the second ridge line forming a north-south running mountain chain from the Eastern United States and bordering the... The Appalachian Trail (foreground) crossing Round Bald, with Jane Bald (lower left) and the massive Grassy Ridge Bald in the distance. ... Official language(s) English Capital Raleigh Largest city Charlotte Largest metro area Charlotte metro area Area  Ranked 28th  - Total 53,865 sq mi (139,509 km²)  - Width 150 miles (240 km)  - Length 560[1] miles (901 km)  - % water 9. ... Official language(s) English Capital Nashville Largest city Memphis Largest metro area Nashville Metropolitan Area Area  Ranked 36th  - Total 42,169 sq mi (109,247 km²)  - Width 120 miles (195 km)  - Length 440 miles (710 km)  - % water 2. ... Mount Rogers is the highest point in the state of Virginia, USA, with a summit elevation of 5729 feet (1746 meters) above mean sea level. ... Grayson Highlands State Park is located in Virginia adjacent to Mount Rogers National Recreation Area. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... This article is on national forests in the United States. ...


Topography

No sub-alpine regions exist between Mount Rogers in Virginia and Mount Greylock in Massachusetts, mainly because the trail stays below 3000 feet from Shenandoah National Park in Virginia to Mount Greylock. Mount Greylock, however, has a large subalpine region, the only such forest in Massachusetts, extending down to 3000 feet, which in the south would be far from the sub-alpine cutoff. This is especially low because Greylock is exposed to prevailing westerly winds, as its summit rises 1000 feet higher than any other peak in Massachusetts. Further north, several peaks in Vermont reach into the sub-alpine zone, the bottom of which steadily descends, so that by the White Mountains in New Hampshire, it often occurs well below 3000 feet. At Mount Moosilauke, which reaches to 4802 feet, the first alpine environment on the trail is reached, where only thin, sporadic flora is interspersed with bare rocks. Between the two regions is the krummholz region, where stunted trees grow with their branches oriented away from the winter's prevailing northwest wind, thus giving the appearance of flags (they are often called "flag trees"). This region resembles lowland land cover hundreds of miles north in Canada, and contains many endangered and threatened species. The trail has been rerouted over New Hampshire's Presidential Range so the Appalachian Mountain Club can protect certain plant life. The alpine cutoff in the Whites is generally between 4200 and 4800 feet. Mountains traversed by the AT above treeline include Mount Moosilauke, several miles along the Franconia Range, and the Presidential Range. In the Presidentials, the trail climbs as high as 6288 feet (1917 meters) on Mount Washington and spends about 13 miles continuously above treeline, in the largest alpine environment in the United States east of the Rocky Mountains. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (432x613, 55 KB)The Appalachians - USGS http://3dparks. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (432x613, 55 KB)The Appalachians - USGS http://3dparks. ... A rainy day in the Great Smoky Mountains, Western North Carolina The Appalachian Mountains (French: les Appalaches) are a vast system of North American mountains, partly in Canada, but mostly in the United States, forming a zone, from 100 to 300 miles wide, running from Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada, 1... Mount Rogers is the highest point in the state of Virginia, USA, with a summit elevation of 5729 feet (1746 meters) above mean sea level. ... Mount Greylock is a mountain of 3,491 feet (1,064 m) in northwestern Massachusetts, on the Appalachian Trail just south of Vermont and not too far east of New York. ... Shenandoah National Park encompasses part of the Blue Ridge Mountains in the Blue Ridge region of Virginia. ... Looking south on the Franconia Ridge Trail. ... Mount Moosilauke Panorama: This image shows a 360 degree view from the summit on a clear summer day. ... For the climate of the mountains named the Alps, see climate) for a region above the tree-line. ... In this view of an alpine tree-line, the distant line looks particularly sharp. ... The Presidential Range of mountains is located in the White Mountains of the state of New Hampshire, almost entirely in Coos County. ... Looking south on the Franconia Ridge Trail AMC Headquarters, 5 Joy Street, Boston, Massachusetts. ... Mount Moosilauke Panorama: This image shows a 360 degree view from the summit on a clear summer day. ... Franconia Notch (el. ... The Presidential Range of mountains is located in the White Mountains of the state of New Hampshire, almost entirely in Coos County. ... The Summit Mount Washington is the highest peak in the American Northeast at 6,288 ft. ... For individual mountains named Rocky Mountain, see Rocky Mountain (disambiguation). ...


In Maine, the trail extends in to even harsher environments, and sub-alpine and alpine growth descends to lower elevations. Alpine growth in the state ranges from around 2500 feet in the Mahoosuc Range to below 1000 feet in parts of the 100-Mile Wilderness, where nearly every area higher than 1000 feet is evergreen forest. These forests include more species of evergreen, as well. In addition to the white pine, spruce and hemlock prevalent further south, Maine has many cedar trees along the trail. Near the northern terminus, there are even some tamarack, a coniferous, pine-needled deciduous tree, which provides displays of yellow in the late fall after the birches and maples have gone bare. The hemlocks in Maine are also notable, as the woolly adelgid, which has ravaged populations further south, has not come into the state yet, and may be unable to make it so far north due to the cold climate. The Mahoosuc Range, a northern extension of the White Mountains, straddles the border between New Hampshire and Maine. ... Warning sign at 100-Mile Wilderness trailhead. ... White Pine may refer to: Trees within the Pinus classification Eastern White Pine, a tree native to North America. ... Species About 35; see text. ... Look up hemlock in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Species Cedrus deodara Cedrus libani    var. ... Tamarack may be a reference to: Tamarack Larch, a plant native to North America Lodgepole pine, also known as the Tamarack pine Tamarack (band), a Canadian folk music group Tamarack Review, a Canadian literary magazine Tamarack Camps, an American summer camp in Ortonville, Michigan, USA Tamarack Flat, an American campground... Hemlock Woolly Adelgid or HWA: Hemlock Woolly Adelgid or HWA is a destructive introduced pest that poses a major threat to eastern and Carolina hemlock trees throughout their range. ...


Maine also has several alpine regions. In addition to several areas of the Mahoosuc range, the Baldpates, and Old Blue in southern Maine have alpine characteristics despite elevations below 4000 feet. Saddleback Mountain and Mount Bigelow, further north, each only extend a bit above 4000 feet, but have long alpine areas, with no tree growth on the summits and unobstructed views on clear days. From Mount Bigelow, the trail extends for 150 miles with only a small area of alpine growth around 3500 feet on the summit of White Cap Mountain. Mount Katahdin, the second largest alpine environment in the eastern United States, has several square miles of alpine area on the flat "table land" summit as well as the cliffs and aretes leading up to it. Treeline on Katahdin is only around 3500 feet. This elevation in Massachusetts would barely be a sub-alpine region, and, south of Virginia, consists of lowland forest. This illustrates the drastic change in climate over 2000 miles. Saddleback Mountain is a mountain located in Rangeley, Franklin County, Maine. ... Mount Bigelow (also called Bigelow Range and Bigelow Mountain) is a long mountain ridge with several summits. ... White Cap Mountain is a mountain located in Piscataquis County, Maine. ...


Hiking the trail

As the Appalachian Trail was explicitly designed to be hiked, it includes resources to facilitate hikers. Some are common to trails throughout North America, while some are unique to the Appalachian Trail. The trail is much more frequently hiked south to north (i.e. Georgia to Maine) than vice versa; though it is occasionally hiked north to south. Hikers typically begin in March or April and finish in late summer or early to late fall of that particular year. Many hikers will break down the mileage into halves or thirds, so that they can have optimal weather (which typically occurs between May and September) to do their hike.


Navigation

Throughout its length, the AT is marked by 2-by-6-inch (5-by-15-cm) white paint blazes. Side trails to shelters, viewpoints and parking areas use similarly-shaped blue blazes. Typical painted blaze in Mt. ...


In past years, some sections of the trail also used metal diamond markers with the AT logo, few of which survive.

Lodging

Throughout the length of the trail there are over 200 shelters and camp sites available for hikers. The shelters, sometimes called lean-tos (in Maine) or huts (in New Hampshire), are generally open, three-walled structures with a wooden floor. Some shelters are much more complex in structure; however, for the most part, function is emphasized over form in their construction. Shelters are spaced less than a day's hike apart, most often near a water source and with a privy. They generally have spaces for tent sites in the vicinity, as well. It is always advisable to carry a tent when overnighting on the trail, since shelters may be filled to capacity, especially early in the season, and where they occur near parks.[2] Privies were a kind of toilet that you sat over but didnt have a flush, or sewer attached, during the middle ages. ...


These shelters are generally well-maintained by local volunteers and kept in good condition. In spite of this, mice and other rodents often make their homes inside or nearby. Almost all shelters have one or more pre-hung food hangers (generally consisting of a short nylon cord with an upside-down tuna can suspended halfway down its length) for hikers to hang their food bags on. In hiker lingo, these are sometimes called "mouse trapezes."[13] While they usually prevent mice from reaching hung food, they are by no means impervious. For outdoor lodgers, another option is to hang one's food from a tree branch or between two trees, using the standard bear bagging method, which is highly recommended in bear country. A bear bag is a device used when camping in areas that bears frequent to keep food and perishable items out of reach of the bears. ...


In addition to official AT shelters, many persons offer their homes, places of business, or inns to accommodate AT hikers. One example is the Little Lyford Pond camps maintained by the Appalachian Mountain Club. These historic camps exist 13 miles from Greenville, Maine, near Gulf Hagas. Inns are more common in sections of the trail that coincide with national parks, most notably Virginia's Shenandoah National Park.[14] The Little Lyford Pond camps opened in 1874, bordering the West Branch of the Pleasant River in northern Maine in the United States. ... Looking south on the Franconia Ridge Trail AMC Headquarters, 5 Joy Street, Boston, Massachusetts. ... Greenville is a Maine town located in Piscataquis County on Moosehead Lake. ... Katahdin Iron Works is a Maine state historic site located in the unorganized township of the same name. ... Shenandoah National Park encompasses part of the Blue Ridge Mountains in the Blue Ridge region of Virginia. ...


Trail towns

An information house in Boiling Springs, Pennsylvania
An information house in Boiling Springs, Pennsylvania

The trail crosses many roads, thus providing ample opportunity for hikers to hitchhike into town for food and other supplies. Many trail towns are accustomed to hikers passing through, and thus many have hostels and hiker-oriented accommodations.[2] Some of the most well-known trail towns are Monson, Maine; Harpers Ferry, West Virginia; Damascus, Virginia; Hot Springs, North Carolina; Erwin, Tennessee; Duncannon, Pennsylvania; Port Clinton, Pennsylvania; and Hanover, New Hampshire. In the areas of the trail closer to trail towns, many hikers have experienced what is sometimes called "trail magic," or assistance from strangers through kind actions, gifts, and other forms of encouragement.[15] Trail magic is sometimes done anonymously. For example, a person may leave water, food, or other provisions for hikers to find later.[16] In other instances, persons have provided food and cooked for hikers at a campsite. Trail magic is ultimately a form of goodwill. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2048 × 1536 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2048 × 1536 pixel, file size: 1. ... Boiling Springs is a census-designated place (CDP) in Cumberland County, Pennsylvania, United States. ... Hitchhiking (also called lifting or thumbing) is a form of transport, in which the traveller tries to get a lift (ride) from another traveller, usually a car or truck driver. ... Youth hostel in Rome. ... Monson is a town located in Piscataquis County, Maine. ... Harpers Ferry, West Virginia 1865. ... Damascus is a town located in Washington County, Virginia. ... Hot Springs is a town located in Madison County, North Carolina. ... Erwin is a city located in Unicoi County, Tennessee. ... Duncannon is a borough located in Perry County, Pennsylvania. ... Port Clinton is a borough located in Schuylkill County, Pennsylvania. ... Hanover is a town located on the Connecticut River in Grafton County, New Hampshire, United States. ...


Hazards

The Appalachian Trail is relatively safe. Most injuries or incidents are consistent with comparable outdoor activities, like rock climbing. However, there are a variety of hazards on the trail that have caused persons to be become extremely lost, injure themselves, and even lose their lives. Most of these hazards are related to weather conditions, human error, plants, animals, diseases, and fellow humans encountered along the trail. Adequate preparation can usually reduce, if not eliminate, many of these hazards.[17]


As mentioned earlier, there are many animals that live around the trail, with bears, snakes, and wild boars providing the most threat. However, the proper handling and storage of food in bear bags, and paying attention to where one sits or steps can greatly reduce the risk of dangerous encounters with these animals.[2] The Appalachian National Scenic Trail, generally known as the Appalachian Trail or simply The A.T., is a marked hiking trail in the eastern United States, extending between Springer Mountain in Georgia and Mount Katahdin in Maine. ...


Several rodent- and bug-borne illnesses pose a threat on the trail. Ticks, in particular, are carriers for Lyme disease, ehrlichiosis and other diseases, and are in higher abundance in northern states. Being thoroughly covered and wearing DEET can greatly reduce the chances of getting infected. In other scattered instances, foxes, raccoons, and other small animals may bite hikers, and such bites always pose the risk of rabies. There has been exactly one reported case (in 1993) of hantavirus (HPS), a rare but dangerous rodent-borne disease affecting the lungs. The afflicted hiker recovered and hiked the trail the following year.[17] This article is about the parasitic arachnid. ... Lyme disease, or borreliosis, is an emerging infectious disease caused by spirochete bacteria from the genus Borrelia. ... It has been suggested that Ehrlickiosis be merged into this article or section. ... N,N-diethyl-m-toluamide, abbreviated DEET, is an insect repellent chemical. ... Species Andes virus (ANDV) Bayou virus (BAYV) Black Creek Canal virus (BCCV) Cano Delgadito virus (CADV) Choclo virus (CHOV) Dobrava-Belgrade virus (DOBV) Hantaan virus (HTNV) Isla Vista virus (ISLAV) Khabarovsk virus (KHAV) Laguna Negra virus (LANV) Muleshoe virus (MULV) New York virus (NYV) Prospect Hill virus (PHV) Puumala virus...

Poison ivy
Poison ivy

Plant life can create its own brand of problems. Poison ivy is common the length of the trail, and more plentiful in the South. Avoidance is the best line of defense. Local flare-ups can be treated with calamine lotion or Solarcaine.[2] Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Binomial name Toxicodendron radicans (L.) Kuntze Poison-ivy (Toxicodendron radicans or Rhus toxicodendron), in the family Anacardiaceae, is a woody vine that is well-known for its ability to produce urushiol, a skin irritant which for most people will cause an agonizing, itching rash. ... Calamine lotion is a zinc-based antipruritic typically used to treat sunburn, eczema, rashes and insect bites and stings. ... Lidocaine (INN) (IPA: ) or lignocaine (former BAN) (IPA: ) is a common local anesthetic and antiarrhythmic drug. ...


Hiking season of the trail generally starts in mid to late spring, when conditions are much more favorable in the South. However, this time may also be characterized by extreme heat, sometimes in excess of 100°F. Under such conditions, sufficient hydration is imperative. Also, light clothing and sunscreens are a must at high elevations and areas without foliage, even in relatively cool weather.[17] Further north and at higher elevations, the weather can be intensely cold, characterized by low temperatures, strong winds, hail or snow storms and reduced visibility. Lack of adequate shelter, appropriate clothing and reliable maps can lead to hypothermia or worse. Also, prolonged rain, though not typically life-threatening, can undermine a hiker's stamina and ruin a stash of supplies. Typical electrical storm precautions should be followed. [18] A thunderstorm, also called an electrical storm or lightning storm, is a form of weather characterized by the presence of lightning and its attendant thunder produced from a cumulonimbus cloud. ...


Crime, though extremely rare, has occurred on the trail. In May 1996, two women were abducted, bound and murdered near the trail in Shenandoah National Park. The primary suspect was later discovered harassing a female biker in the vicinity [19] but charges against him were dropped, and the case remains unsolved.[20] Shenandoah National Park encompasses part of the Blue Ridge Mountains in the Blue Ridge region of Virginia. ...


Trail completion

Trail hikers who attempt to complete the entire trail in a single season are called "thru-hikers"; those who traverse the trail during a series of separate trips are known as "section-hikers". Rugged terrain and cold weather during the spring and fall make thru-hiking difficult. Only about 20% of those who make the attempt report to the Appalachian Trail Conservancy that they completed it; 2005 estimates said 8,500 have done so. It is widely acknowledged that many or even most of these have skipped portions of the Trail.[2] Completion generally requires five to seven months, although some have done it in three months, and several trail runners have completed the trail in less time. Trail runners typically tackle the AT with automobile support teams, without backpacks, and without camping in the woods. [citation needed] The current unofficial speed record for through-hiking the AT was set by trail runner Andrew Thompson in 2005, at 47 days, 13 hours and 31 minutes. Thompson made the trip southbound, from late June to early August. [21] Image File history File links ANST-Triangle-Logo_1. ... Thru-hiking is the process of hiking a long-distance trail from end to end. ...


Thru-hikers are classified into many informal groups. "Purists" are hikers who stick to the official AT trail except for side trips to shelters and camp sites. "Blue Blazers" cut miles from the full route by taking side trails marked by blue blazes. The generally pejorative name "Yellow Blazers," a reference to yellow road stripes, is given to those who hitchhike to move down the trail.


Most thru-hikers walk northward from Georgia to Maine, and generally start out in early spring and follow the warm weather as it moves north.[2] These "north-bounders" are also called NOBO or GAME, while those heading in the opposite direction are termed "south-bounders" (also SOBO or MEGA).


Part of hiker subculture includes making colorful entries in logbooks at trail shelters, signed using trail names. A pseudonym (Greek: , pseudo + -onym: false name) is an artificial, fictitious name, also known as an alias, used by an individual as an alternative to a persons legal name. ...


The Appalachian Trail Conservancy gives the name "2000 Miler" to anyone who completes the entire Trail. The ATC's recognition policy for "2000 Milers" gives equal recognition to thru-hikers and section-hikers, operates on the honor system, and recognizes blue-blazed trails or officially required roadwalks as substitutes for the official, white-blazed route during an emergency such as a flood, forest fire, or impending storm on an exposed, high-elevation stretch. [22] The Appalachian Trail Conservancy (ATC) (formerly Appalachian Trail Conference) is a nonprofit organization dedicated to the conservation of the Appalachian Trail, which runs from Maine to Georgia. ...


Most of the trail is also open to local use.


Trail path

The trail is currently protected along more than 99% of its course by federal or state ownership of the land or by right-of-way. The trail is maintained by a variety of citizen organizations, environmental advocacy groups, governmental agencies and individuals. Annually, more than 4,000 volunteers contribute over 175,000 hours of effort on the Appalachian Trail, an effort coordinated largely by the Appalachian Trail Conservancy (ATC) organization. There are unique characteristics to the Appalachian National Scenic Trail by state, generally known as the Appalachian Trail or simply The A.T.. Overall, it is a 2,174-mile (3,500-km)[1] marked hiking trail in the eastern United States, extending between Springer Mountain in Georgia and Mount... An easement is the right to do something or the right to prevent something over the real property of another. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Appalachian Trail Conservancy (ATC) (formerly Appalachian Trail Conference) is a nonprofit organization dedicated to the conservation of the Appalachian Trail, which runs from Maine to Georgia. ...


In the course of its journey, the trail follows the ridgeline of the Appalachian Mountains, crossing many of its highest peaks, and running, with only a few exceptions, almost continuously through wilderness. It is unique in that it is the only trail that traverses Revolutionary War-era cemeteries and Civil War battlefields like Antietam.[23] Appalachians in North Carolina The Appalachian Mountains (French: les Appalaches) are a vast system of mountains in eastern North America. ... For other uses, see Wilderness (disambiguation). ... Battle of Antietam Conflict American Civil War Date September 16–18, 1862 Place Near Sharpsburg, Maryland Result (Union strategic victory) The Battle of Antietam (known as the Battle of Sharpsburg in the South), fought on Wednesday, September 17, 1862 near Sharpsburg, Maryland, was the first major battle of the...


A hiker signs the register on Springer Mountain
A hiker signs the register on Springer Mountain

Georgia has 75 miles (120 km) of the trail,[24] including the southern terminus at Springer Mountain at an elevation of 3,280 feet (992 m). At 4,461 feet (1360 m), Blood Mountain is the highest point on the trail in Georgia. The AT and approach trail are managed and maintained by the Georgia Appalachian Trail Club. See also: Georgia Peaks on the Appalachian Trail. ImageMetadata File history File links Southterm. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Southterm. ... Springer Mountain (3,280 feet), located in the Chattahoochee National Forest in northern Georgia, is the southernmost point on and southern terminus of the Appalachian Trail. ... Blood Mountain Blood Mountain is the highest peak on the Georgia section of the Appalachian Trail. ... The Georgia Appalachian Trail Club, Inc. ... This is a list of the peaks along the Georgia portion of the Appalachian Trail starting at Springer Mountain. ...


North Carolina has 88 miles (142 km) of the trail,[25] not including more than 200 miles (325 km) along the Tennessee Border. Altitude ranges from 1,725 to 5,498 feet (525 m to 1676 m).


Tennessee has 293 miles (472 km) of the trail,[26] including more than 200 miles (325 km) along or near the North Carolina Border. The section that runs just below the summit of Clingmans Dome in Great Smoky Mountains National Park is the highest point on the trail at 6,625 feet (2019 m). Clingmans Dome (or Clingmans Dome) is, at an elevation of 6,643 feet (2,025 metres), the highest point both in the state of Tennessee and on the Appalachian Trail. ... Cades Cove panorama The Great Smoky Mountains National Park is a United States National Park that straddles the ridgeline of the Great Smoky Mountains, part of the Blue Ridge Mountains which are a division of the larger Appalachian Mountain chain. ...


The Pocosin cabin along the trail in Shenandoah National Park
The Pocosin cabin along the trail in Shenandoah National Park

Virginia has 550 miles (885 km) of the trail,[27] including about 20 miles (32 km) along the West Virginia border. Some consider this to be the wettest, most challenging part of the hike for northbound hikers because of the spring thaw. On average, it rains 20 out of 30 days during the spring.[citation needed] Substantial portions closely parallel the Skyline Drive and the Blue Ridge Parkway in Shenandoah National Park. Parts of the trail near the Blue Ridge Parkway are often considered the best for beginner hikers.[27] Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 1155 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 1155 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Shenandoah National Park encompasses part of the Blue Ridge Mountains in the Blue Ridge region of Virginia. ... Shenandoah National Park encompasses part of the Blue Ridge Mountains in the Piedmont region of Virginia. ... Blue Ridge Parkway route map The Blue Ridge Parkway is a National Parkway and All-American Road in the United States, noted for its scenic beauty. ... Shenandoah National Park encompasses part of the Blue Ridge Mountains in the Blue Ridge region of Virginia. ...


West Virginia has 4 miles (6 km) of the trail,[28] not including about 20 miles (32 km) along the Virginia border. Here the trail passes through the town of Harpers Ferry, headquarters of the Appalachian Trail Conservancy. Harpers Ferry is considered the "psychological midpoint" of the AT.[29] Harpers Ferry, West Virginia 1865. ... The Appalachian Trail Conservancy (ATC) (formerly Appalachian Trail Conference) is a nonprofit organization dedicated to the conservation of the Appalachian Trail, which runs from Maine to Georgia. ...


Maryland has 41 miles (66 km) of the trail[30], with elevations ranging from 230 to 1,880 feet (70–570 m). This section, great for three- or four-day trips, is easy by AT standards, and is a good place for hikers to find out if they are ready for more rugged parts of the trail. Hikers are required to stay at designated shelters and campsites.


Pennsylvania has 229 miles (369 km) of the trail.[31] The trail extends from the Pennsylvania - Maryland line at Pen Mar, a tiny town straddling the state line, to the Delaware Water Gap, at the Pennsylvania - New Jersey border. The Susquehanna River is generally considered the dividing line between the northern and southern sections of the Pennsylvania AT. The Delaware Water Gap is on the border of New Jersey and Pennsylvania where the Delaware River traverses a large ridge of the Appalachian Mountains. ... The Susquehanna River (originally Sasquesahanough per the 1612 John Smith map) is a river located in the northeastern United States. ...


The AT passes through St. Anthony's Wilderness, which is the second largest roadless area in Pennsylvania and home to several coal mining ghost towns, such as Yellow Springs and Rausch Gap. A street corner in the ghost town of Bodie, California. ... The ghost town of Rausch Gap was the largest of several coal mining towns in St Anthonys Wilderness that appeared, flourished, and died during the period between 1830 and 1910. ...


Sunfish Pond on the Appalachian trail in New Jersey.
Sunfish Pond on the Appalachian trail in New Jersey.

New Jersey is home to 72 miles (116 km) of the trail.[32] The trail enters New Jersey from the south on a pedestrian walkway along the Interstate 80 bridge over the Delaware River, ascends from the Delaware Water Gap to the top of Kittatinny Ridge in Worthington State Forest, passes Sunfish Pond (right), continues through Stokes State Forest and eventually reaches High Point State Park, highest peak in New Jersey (a side trail is required to reach the actual peak). It then turns in a southeastern direction along the New York border for about 30 miles (48 km), passing over long sections of boardwalk bridges over marshy land, then entering Wawayanda State Park and then the Abraham Hewitt State Forest just before entering New York near Greenwood Lake. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1251x901, 299 KB)Sunfish Pond on the Appalachian Trail in New Jersey. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1251x901, 299 KB)Sunfish Pond on the Appalachian Trail in New Jersey. ... “NJ” redirects here. ... Interstate 80 (abbreviated I-80) is the second-longest Interstate Highway in the United States. ... For the Delaware River in Kansas, see Delaware River (Kansas) The Delaware River is a river on the Atlantic coast of the United States. ... The Delaware Water Gap is on the border of New Jersey and Pennsylvania where the Delaware River traverses a large ridge of the Appalachian Mountains. ... The Kittatinny Mountains are a long ridge across northwestern New Jersey. ... Worthington State Forest, taken from a campsite 6,421-acre Worthington State Forest runs more than seven miles along the Kittatinny Ridge on the New Jersey side of the Delaware River, just north of the Delaware Water Gap in the Delaware Water Gap National Recreation Area. ... Stokes State Forest is a New Jersey state park located partly in Sandyston Township, in Sussex County, New Jersey, United States. ... For other uses, see High Point (disambiguation). ... Wawayanda State Park is a state park in New Jersey. ... Greenwood Lake is a village located in Orange County, New York. ...


Black bear activity along the trail in New Jersey increased rapidly starting in 2001. Hence, metal bear-proof trash boxes are in place at all New Jersey shelters.


Island Pond, Harriman State Park
Island Pond, Harriman State Park

New York's 88 miles (142 km) of trail[33] contain very little elevation change compared to other states. From south to north, the trail summits many small mountains under 1,400 feet (430 m) in elevation, its highest point in New York being Prospect Rock at 1,433 feet (438 m), and only 3,000 feet (800 m) from the border with New Jersey. The trail continues north, climbing near Fitzgerald Falls, passing through Sterling Forest, and then entering Harriman State Park and Bear Mountain State Park. It crosses the Hudson River on the Bear Mountain Bridge, the lowest point on the entire Appalachian Trail at 124 feet (38 m). It then passes through Fahnestock State Park, and continues northeast until it enters Connecticut via the Pawling Nature Reserve. The section of the trail that passes through Harriman and Bear Mountain State Parks is the oldest section of the trail, completed in 1923. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1600x1200, 750 KB) Island Pond, in Harriman State Park Taken by User:Mwanner, 15 August, 2006 I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1600x1200, 750 KB) Island Pond, in Harriman State Park Taken by User:Mwanner, 15 August, 2006 I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free... There is also a Harriman State Park in Idaho. ... Bear Mountain State Park is located on the west side of the Hudson River in Rockland County, New York. ... The Hudson River, called Muh-he-kun-ne-tuk in Mahican or as the Lenape Native Americans called it in Unami, Muhheakantuck, is a river that runs through the eastern portion of New York State and, along its southern terminus, demarcates the border between the states of New York and... The Bear Mountain Bridge is a toll suspension bridge in New York State, carrying U.S. Highways 202 and 6, as well as the Appalachian Trail, across the Hudson River between Rockland and Orange Counties to the west and Westchester and Putnam Counties to the east. ... Clarence Fahnestock Memorial State Park a 14,086-acre New York state park, in Putnam and Dutchess counties. ... Pawling may refer to: Pawling (village), New York Pawling (town), New York Pawling, New York train station This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ...


The 52 miles (84 km) of trail in Connecticut[34] lie almost entirely along the ridges to the west above the Housatonic River valley. This article is about the use of the term in geography and physical geology. ... The Housatonic River is a river, approximately 144 mi (230 km) long, in western Massachusetts and central Connecticut in the United States. ...


The state line is also the western boundary of a 480-acre (190 ha) Connecticut reservation inhabited by 11 Schaghticoke Indians. Inside it, the AT roughly parallels its northern boundary, crossing back outside it after 2,000 feet (640 m). This article is about Native Americans. ... The Schaghticoke are a Native American tribe of the Eastern Woodlands consisting of Mahican/Mohican (not Mohegan), Pootatuck (Potatuck), Weantinock, Tunxis, Podunk and other Connecticut New York and Massachusetts indigenous people who amalgamated together due to white settler encroachment on their ancestral lands. ...


view from Mount Greylock in Massachusetts.
view from Mount Greylock in Massachusetts.

Massachusetts has 90 miles (145 km) of trail.[35] The entire section of trail is in western Massachusetts' Berkshire County. It summits the highest peak in the Southern Berkshires, Mount Everett (2,602 ft., 793 m), then descends to the Housatonic River Valley and skirts the town of Great Barrington. The trail passes through the towns of Dalton and Cheshire, and summits the highest point in the state at 3,491 feet (1,064 m), Mount Greylock. It then quickly descends to the valley within 2 miles (3 km) of North Adams and Williamstown, before ascending again to the Vermont state line. The trail throughout Massachusetts is maintained by the Berkshire Chapter of the Appalachian Mountain Club. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x768, 143 KB) This is my personal photo. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x768, 143 KB) This is my personal photo. ... Mount Greylock is a mountain of 3,491 feet (1,064 m) in northwestern Massachusetts, on the Appalachian Trail just south of Vermont and not too far east of New York. ... Berkshire County is a county located in the U.S. state of Massachusetts. ...   Great Barrington is a town in Berkshire County, Massachusetts, United States. ... Dalton is a town in Berkshire County, Massachusetts, United States. ... Cheshire is a town located in Berkshire County, Massachusetts. ... Mount Greylock is a mountain of 3,491 feet (1,064 m) in northwestern Massachusetts, on the Appalachian Trail just south of Vermont and not too far east of New York. ... North Adams is a city in Berkshire County, Massachusetts, United States. ... Williamstown is a town located in Berkshire County, Massachusetts. ...


Vermont has 150 miles (241 km) of the trail.[36] Upon entering Vermont, the trail coincides with the southernmost sections of the generally north/south-oriented Long Trail (which is subject to a request by its maintainers to protect it in its most vulnerable part of the year by forgoing spring hiking). It follows the ridge of the southern Green Mountains, summitting such notable peaks as Stratton Mountain, Glastenbury Mountain and Killington Peak. After parting ways with the Long Trail at Maine Junction, the AT turns in a more eastward direction, crossing the White River, passing through Norwich, and entering Hanover, New Hampshire, as it crosses the Connecticut River. The Green Mountain Club maintains the AT from the Massachusetts state border to Route 12. The Dartmouth Outing Club maintains the trail from Route 12 to the New Hampshire state line. The Long Trail is a hiking trail which covers the length of the state of Vermont running north and south 272 miles from the Massachusetts border (near Williamstown) to the Canadian border near North Troy, Vermont. ... The Green Mountains are a mountain range in the U.S. state of Vermont. ... Stratton Mountain is a mountain located in Windham County, Vermont, in the Green Mountain National Forest. ... Glastenbury Mountain is a mountain located in Bennington County, Vermont, in the Green Mountain National Forest. ... Killington Peak, with an elevation of 4,241 feet, is the second highest summit in the Green Mountains and is the point with the second highest elevation in the U.S. state of Vermont. ... The White River may refer to: The White River in Arkansas in the United States. ... Norwich, Vermont Norwich is located in the state of Vermont, United States of America, along the Connecticut River opposite Hanover, New Hampshire. ... Hanover is a town located on the Connecticut River in Grafton County, New Hampshire, United States. ... The Connecticut River as seen from the French King Bridge in western Massachusetts. ... The Green Mountain Club and its members from across the country preserve and protect the Long Trail System. ... Route 12 is a multi-state north-south state highway in the New England region of the United States, running from Groton, Connecticut through Worcester, Massachusetts and Keene, New Hampshire, to Morrisville, Vermont. ... The Dartmouth Outing Club (DOC) is the oldest and largest collegiate outing club in the United States. ...


New Hampshire has 161 miles (259 km) of the trail.[37] The New Hampshire AT is nearly all within the White Mountain National Forest. For northbound thru-hikers, it is the beginning of the main challenges that go beyond enduring distance and time: in New Hampshire and Maine, rough or steep ground are more frequent and alpine conditions are found near summits and along ridges. The trail reaches more than half of the four-thousand footers of New Hampshire, including Mount Washington, the highest point of the AT north of Tennessee. The Dartmouth Outing Club maintains the AT from the Vermont border past Mount Moosilauke to Kinsman Notch, with the AMC maintaining the remaining miles through the state. Map of White Mountains National Forest. ... For the climate of the mountains named the Alps, see climate) for a region above the tree-line. ... In mountaineering, the four-thousand footers (or 4ks) refers to a group of mountains of interest in the sport of peak-bagging. Each peak is at least four thousand feet above sea level, and also meets a more technical criterion of topographic prominence. ... The Summit Mount Washington is the highest peak in the American Northeast at 6,288 ft. ... Mount Moosilauke Panorama: This image shows a 360 degree view from the summit on a clear summer day. ... Kinsman Notch is a mountain pass located in the White Mountains of New Hampshire, United States. ... Looking south on the Franconia Ridge Trail AMC Headquarters, 5 Joy Street, Boston, Massachusetts. ...


A thru-hike completed!
A thru-hike completed!

The 281 miles (452 km) of the trail in Maine are particularly difficult.[38] More moose are seen by hikers in this state than any other on the trail. The northern terminus of the Appalachian Trail is on Katahdin's Baxter Peak in Baxter State Park. ImageMetadata File history File links Northterm. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Northterm. ... For other uses, see Moose (disambiguation). ... Mount Katahdin is the highest mountain in Maine. ... Mount Katahdin is the highest peak in Maine. ...


The western section includes a mile-long (1.6 km) stretch of boulders at Mahoosuc Notch, often called the trail's hardest mile. Also, although there are dozens of river and stream fords on the Maine section of the trail, the Kennebec River is the only one on the trail that requires a boat crossing. The most isolated portion in the state (and arguably on the entire trail) is known as the "100-Mile Wilderness." This section heads east-northeast from the town of Monson and ends outside Baxter State Park just south of Abol Bridge.[38] Mahoosuc Notch is a deep gap in the Mahoosuc Range of western Maine, traversed by the Appalachian Trail. ... The course of the Kennebec River The Kennebec River is a river, 150 mi (240 km) long, in the state of Maine in the northeastern United States. ... Warning sign at 100-Mile Wilderness trailhead. ... Monson is a town located in Piscataquis County, Maine. ... Mount Katahdin is the highest peak in Maine. ...


Park management strongly discourages thru-hiking within the park before May 15 or after October 15.[39] is the 135th day of the year (136th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 288th day of the year (289th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


The AMC maintains the AT from the New Hampshire border to Grafton Notch, with the Maine Appalachian Trail Club responsible for maintaining the remaining miles to Mt. Katahdin. Looking south on the Franconia Ridge Trail AMC Headquarters, 5 Joy Street, Boston, Massachusetts. ... Grafton Notch is a notch, or mountain pass, located in Oxford County, Maine. ...


Further reading

ATC's official Appalachian Trail guide is the Thru-Hiker's Companion, compiled by volunteers of the Appalachian Long Distance Hikers Association (ALDHA) (available at AppalachianTrail.org). Also available from the ATC is the Official AT Databook, an annually updated compilation of trail mileages, water sources, road crossings, shelter locations, and other information. The 2007 DataBook is the 29th annual edition, and is considered indispensable by many AT hikers and hiking guides.[40] Also available through the ATC are individual state guidebooks and map sets. Another guide book to the AT, last published in early 2007, was the Thru-Hiker's Handbook by Dan "Wingfoot" Bruce.


Scores of books about the trail have been published by thru-hikers and others:

  • The first thru-hiker, Earl Shaffer, wrote an account of his journey titled "Walking With Spring."
  • Edward B. Garvey wrote "Appalachian Hiker" and "Appalachian Hiker II" in 1971 and 1978, respectively, telling the story of the trail and his thru-hike of it from April to October 1970.
  • Larry Luxenberg published "Walking the Appalachian Trail," a collection of interviews with thru-hikers.
  • Adrienne Hall's book, "A Journey North," published in 2001, discussed the particulars of being a female thru-hiker.
  • Bill Irwin, a blind man, wrote about walking the entire AT with his guide dog, Orient, in "Blind Courage."
  • In 1997, Lynn Setzer published "A Season on the Appalachian Trail," a collection of stories and comments from hikers who attempted a thru-hike in 1996. A second edition, published in 2001, included hikers' perspectives five years after completing (or abandoning) their hikes.
  • In 1998, Bill Bryson's A Walk in the Woods gives a humorous view of the trail from a less-than-fit person's perspective.

A blind man is led by his guide dog in Brasília, Brazil. ... William Bill McGuire Bryson, OBE, (born December 8, 1951) is a best-selling American-born author of humorous books on travel, as well as books on the English language and on scientific subjects. ... A Walk in the Woods is a book by Bill Bryson describing his attempt to walk the Appalachian Trail with his childhood friend Katz. ...

Notes

^  a:  The exact length of the Appalachian Trail is not known, as periodic changes and maintenance to the trail alters the trail's length, making an exact figure difficult, if not impossible, to ascertain. (See Outdoors.org)

References

  1. ^ http://www.sophiaknows.com/atdb/index.html
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Gailey, Chris (2006). "Appalachian Trail FAQs" Outdoors.org (accessed September 14, 2006)
  3. ^ a b A.T. Essentials" AppalachianTrail.org (accessed September 12, 2006)
  4. ^ http://www.backcountry.net/arch/at/0206/msg00818.html
  5. ^ http://www.aldha.org/newsletr/sum00.pdf]
  6. ^ http://www.appalachiantrail.org/atf/cf/%7BD25B4747-42A3-4302-8D48-EF35C0B0D9F1%7D/ATN00Nov.pdf, p. 4
  7. ^ No byline (April 23, 1998), "Clinton hits G.O.P. on the environment". New York Times. 147 (51136):A18
  8. ^ Hughes, C.J. (September 27, 2002), "After 2,169 Miles, What's Another 690?". New York Times. 152 (52254):F1
  9. ^ Wingfoot "Black Bears on the Appalachian Trail" TrailPlace.com (accessed September 14, 2006)
  10. ^ a b Appalachian Trail Conservancy Wildlife FAQ
  11. ^ a b c Appalachian Trail Conservancy Plant FAQ
  12. ^ Stroh, Bess Zarafonitis (September/October 1998), "Colorful climbs". National Parks. 72 (9/10):34-37
  13. ^ Kimberly (2005). "Glossary of Terms" AdventureMatters.com (accessed September 12, 2006)
  14. ^ "Cabins, Huts, and Hostels" AppalachianTrail.org (accessed September 12, 2006)
  15. ^ Berger, Karen. "Appalachian Trail: Trail Magic" Gorp.com (accessed April 30, 2007)
  16. ^ A.T. History Kodak.com (accessed April 30, 2007)
  17. ^ a b c "Health and Safety" AppalachianTrail.org (accessed September 15, 2006)
  18. ^ "Weather" AppalachianTrail.org (accessed September 14, 2006)
  19. ^ "Trail Murders" Appalachian Long Distance Hikers Association website (accessed September 14, 2006)
  20. ^ Nordin, Barbara (2004). "After Rice: New questions in Park murders" ReadTheHook.com (accessed September 14, 2006)
  21. ^ Jonathan Van Fleet. "Hiker takes record in stride", Nashua Telegraph, 2005-08-05. Retrieved on 2007-10-08. 
  22. ^ "What Happens When I Finish?" AppalachianTrail.org (accessed September 11, 2006)
  23. ^ Hamashige, Hope (July/August 2006), "Travel by Trail". National Geographic Traveler. 23 (5):22
  24. ^ "Explore the Trail: Georgia" AppalachianTrail.org (accessed September 11, 2006).
  25. ^ "Explore the Trail: North Carolina" AppalachianTrail.org (accessed September 11, 2006).
  26. ^ "Explore the Trail: Tennessee" AppalachianTrail.org (accessed September 11, 2006).
  27. ^ a b "Explore the Trail: Virginia" AppalachianTrail.org (accessed September 11, 2006).
  28. ^ "Explore the Trail: West Virginia" AppalachianTrail.org (accessed September 11, 2006).
  29. ^ Coupland, David (2004). "Appalachian Adventure" Couplands.net (accessed September 12, 2006)
  30. ^ "Explore the Trail: Maryland" AppalachianTrail.org (accessed September 11, 2006).
  31. ^ "Explore the Trail: Pennsylvania" AppalachianTrail.org (accessed September 11, 2006).
  32. ^ "Explore the Trail: New Jersey" AppalachianTrail.org (accessed September 11, 2006).
  33. ^ "Explore the Trail: New York" AppalachianTrail.org (accessed September 11, 2006).
  34. ^ "Explore the Trail: Connecticut" AppalachianTrail.org (accessed September 11, 2006).
  35. ^ "Explore the Trail: Massachusetts" AppalachianTrail.org (accessed September 11, 2006).
  36. ^ "Explore the Trail: Vermont" AppalachianTrail.org (accessed September 11, 2006).
  37. ^ "Explore the Trail: New Hampshire" AppalachianTrail.org (accessed September 11, 2006).
  38. ^ a b "Explore the Trail: Maine" AppalachianTrail.org (accessed September 11, 2006).
  39. ^ "Thru-Hiking in Baxter State Park" BaxterStateParkAuthoriy.com (accessed September 11, 2006)
  40. ^ ["Appalachian Trail Guidebooks for the thru hiker"] Backpack45.com (accessed January 28, 2007)

is the 270th day of the year (271st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st Century. ... is the 281st day of the year (282nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

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  Results from FactBites:
 
Appalachian Trail - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (3815 words)
The Appalachian National Scenic Trail, generally known as the Appalachian Trail or simply The A.T., is a 2,174 mile (3500 km) marked hiking trail in the eastern United States, extending between Springer Mountain in Georgia and Mount Katahdin in Maine.
Upon entering Vermont, the Trail coincides with the southernmost sections of the generally north-/south-oriented Long Trail (which is subject to a request by its maintainers to protect it in its most vulnerable part of the year by forgoing spring hiking).
In August of 1937, the trail was completed to Sugarloaf Mountain in Maine, and the ATC shifted its focus toward protecting the trail lands and mapping the trail for hikers.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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