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Encyclopedia > Apollo 14
Apollo 14
Mission insignia
Apollo 14 insignia
Mission statistics
Mission name: Apollo 14
Call Signs: Command module: Kitty Hawk
Lunar module: Antares
Number of
crew:
3
Launch: January 31, 1971
21:03:02 UTC
Kennedy Space Center
LC 39A
Lunar landing: February 5, 1971
09:18:11 UTC
3° 38' 43.08" S - 17° 28' 16.90" W
Fra Mauro
Lunar EVA
length:
1st: 4 h 47 min 50 s
2nd: 4 h 34 min 41 s
Total: 9 h 22 min 31 s
Lunar surface
time:
33 h 30 min 29 s
Lunar sample
mass:
42.28 kg (93.21 lb)
Splashdown: February 9, 1971
21:05:00 UTC
27° 1' S - 172° 39' W
Duration: 9 d 0 h 1 min 58 s
Number of
lunar orbits:
34
Time in
lunar orbit:
66 h 35 min 39.99 s
Mass: CSM 29,240 kg;
LM 15,264 kg
Crew picture
Apollo 14 crew portrait (L-R: Roosa, Shepard, and Mitchell)
Apollo 14 crew portrait
(L-R: Roosa, Shepard, and Mitchell)
Apollo 14 crew

Apollo 14 was the eighth manned mission in the Apollo program and the third mission to land on the Moon. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (811x715, 954 KB)[1] File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... January 31 is the 31st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1971 calendar). ... Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) is a high-precision atomic time standard. ... Merritt Island and Kennedy Space Center The John F. Kennedy Space Center (KSC) is the NASA space vehicle launch facility (spaceport) at Cape Canaveral on Merritt Island in Florida, United States. ... The aerial view of Launch Complex 39. ... February 5 is the 36th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... The 1459 Fra Mauro map (south is at the top). ... Moon rocks is the name that has been applied to the 382 kg (842 lbs. ... February 9 is the 40th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1971 calendar). ... Image File history File links Apollo_14_crew. ... Project Apollo was a series of human spaceflight missions undertaken by the United States of America (NASA) using the Apollo spacecraft and Saturn launch vehicle, conducted during the years 1961–1975. ... Bulk silicate composition (estimated wt%) SiO2 44. ...

Contents

Crew

*Number in parentheses indicates number of spaceflights by each individual prior to and including this mission. Alan Bartlett Shepard, Jr. ... Stuart Roosa (left) poses with Alan Shepard (middle) and Edgar Mitchell (right) Stuart Allen Roosa (August 16, 1933 - December 12, 1994) was a NASA astronaut, who was the command module pilot for the Apollo 14 mission. ... Edgar Mitchell (right) poses with Stuart Roosa (left) and Alan Shepard (center) Edgar D. Mitchell, Sc. ...


Backup crew

Eugene A. Cernan (born March 14, 1934) is a former United States astronaut. ...  Ronald Evans (right) poses with Harrison Schmitt (left) and Gene Cernan (seated) for an Apollo 17 publicity photo Ronald E. Evans (November 10, 1933 - April 7, 1990) (Captain, USN Ret. ... Joseph Joe Henry Engle (born August 26, 1932 in Dickinson County, Kansas) is a former NASA astronaut and a retired U.S. Air Force colonel. ...

Support crew

Astronaut Philip K. Chapman Dr. Philip Kenyon Chapman was the first Australian-born American astronaut, serving for about five years in NASA Astronaut Group 6 (1967). ... McCandless helped develop the MMU and was first to test it on STS-41-B in 1984 Captain Bruce McCandless II (born June 8, 1937 in Boston, Massachusetts) is a former naval aviator with the United States Navy and NASA astronaut. ... William Reid Pogue (born January 23, 1930) was an American astronaut. ... C. Gordon Fullerton is a research pilot at NASAs Dryden Flight Research Facility, Edwards, California. ...

Flight directors

  • Pete Frank, Orange team
  • Glynn Lunney, Black team
  • Milton Windler, Maroon team
  • Gerald Griffin, Gold team

Glynn Lunney as manager of the Apollo-Soyuz Test Project (1974) Glynn S. Lunney (born November 27, 1936) is a retired NASA engineer. ...

Mission parameters

Unsolved problems in physics: What causes anything to have mass? Mass is a property of a physical object that quantifies the amount of matter and energy it is equivalent to. ... Perigee is the point at which an object in orbit around the Earth makes its closest approach to the Earth. ... This article is about several astronomical terms (apogee & perigee, aphelion & perihelion, generic equivalents based on apsis, and related but rarer terms. ... Inclination in general is the angle between a reference plane and another plane or axis of direction. ... The orbital period is the time it takes a planet (or another object) to make one full orbit. ... This article is about several astronomical terms (apogee & perigee, aphelion & perihelion, generic equivalents based on apsis, and related but rarer terms. ... This article is about several astronomical terms (apogee & perigee, aphelion & perihelion, generic equivalents based on apsis, and related but rarer terms. ... Inclination in general is the angle between a reference plane and another plane or axis of direction. ... The orbital period is the time it takes a planet (or another object) to make one full orbit. ...

LM - CSM docking

February 5 is the 36th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1971 calendar). ... February 6 is the 37th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1971 calendar). ...

EVAs

EVA 1 start: February 5, 1971, 14:42:13 UTC

  • Shepard - EVA 1
  • Stepped onto moon: 14:54 UTC
  • LM ingress: 19:22 UTC
  • Mitchell - EVA 1
  • Stepped onto moon: 14:58 UTC
  • LM ingress: 19:18 UTC
  • EVA 1 end: February 5, 19:30:50 UTC
    • Duration: 4 hours, 47 minutes, 50 seconds

February 5 is the 36th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1971 calendar). ...

EVA 2 start: February 6, 1971, 08:11:15 UTC

  • Shepard - EVA 2
  • Stepped onto moon: 08:16 UTC
  • LM ingress: 12:38 UTC
  • Mitchell - EVA 2
  • Stepped onto moon: 08:23 UTC
  • LM ingress: 12:28 UTC
  • EVA 2 end: February 6, 12:45:56 UTC
    • Duration: 4 hours, 34 minutes, 41 seconds

February 6 is the 37th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1971 calendar). ...

Mission highlights

Apollo 14 LM is placed in LM Adapter. (NASA)
Apollo 14 LM is placed in LM Adapter. (NASA)
Launch of Apollo 14
Launch of Apollo 14
Alan Shepard on lunar surface. (NASA)
Enlarge
Alan Shepard on lunar surface. (NASA)
Panoramic Assembly of Fra Mauro - Apollo 14 Landing Site (Moonpans)
Enlarge
Panoramic Assembly of Fra Mauro - Apollo 14 Landing Site (Moonpans)
Depiction of the plaque left on the moon by Apollo 14
Enlarge
Depiction of the plaque left on the moon by Apollo 14
Command Module "Kitty Hawk" on display at Kennedy Space Center
Command Module "Kitty Hawk" on display at Kennedy Space Center

At the beginning of the mission, the CSM Kitty Hawk had difficulty achieving a hard dock with the LM Antares. Repeated attempts to dock went on for 1 hour and 42 minutes, until it was suggested that Kitty Hawk be held against Antares using its thrusters, then the docking probe would be retracted out of the way, hopefully triggering the docking latches. This attempt was successful. Apollo 15 LM is placed in Adapter on Saturn V (NASA) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Apollo 15 LM is placed in Adapter on Saturn V (NASA) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (419x640, 323 KB) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (419x640, 323 KB) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... http://www. ... http://www. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2000x400, 178 KB) Summary Panoramic Assembly of the Fra Mauro landing Site, assembled by Mike Constantine of moonpans. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2000x400, 178 KB) Summary Panoramic Assembly of the Fra Mauro landing Site, assembled by Mike Constantine of moonpans. ... Image File history File links File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2048x1536, 557 KB) Summary Photo taken by Slammer111 on 23 July 2006 Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2048x1536, 557 KB) Summary Photo taken by Slammer111 on 23 July 2006 Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version... Merritt Island and Kennedy Space Center The John F. Kennedy Space Center (KSC) is the NASA space vehicle launch facility (spaceport) at Cape Canaveral on Merritt Island in Florida, United States. ... The Command/Service Module (CSM) was a spacecraft built for NASA by North American Aviation. ... ¹ ² ³ ™ bob loves cheeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeseeeeeeeeeeeeeeeee: The LEM flight instrumentation panel and front windows. ...


On the way down, the LM "Antares" had two problems. First, the LM computer began getting an ABORT signal from the ABORT switch. NASA believed that the computer might be getting erroneous readings like this if a tiny ball of soldering material had shaken loose and was floating between the switch and the contact, closing the circuit. The immediate solution - tapping on the panel next to the switch - did work briefly, but the circuit soon closed again. If the problem recurred after the descent engine fired, the computer would think the signal was real and would initiate an auto-abort, separating the Ascent Stage from the Descent Stage and climb back into orbit. NASA and the software teams at MIT scrambled to find a more permanent solution - reprogramming the computer to ignore the signal - which Shepard and Mitchell were able to accomplish just in time.


The second problem was the failure of the radar to lock onto the moon's surface. Eventually, after cycling the landing radar breaker, it started working. Shepard landed the LM closer to its intended mark than any of the other five moon landing missions.


After landing in the Fra Mauro formation - the destination for Apollo 13 - Shepard and Mitchell took two moon­walks, adding new seismic studies to the by now familiar Apollo experiment package, and using a "lunar rickshaw" pull cart to carry their equipment. Roosa, meanwhile, took pictures from on board command module "Kitty Hawk" in lunar orbit. The Fra Mauro formation (or Frau Mauro Highlands) on the Moon is the location of the Apollo 14 landing site. ... Apollo 13 was the third American-manned lunar-landing mission, part of the Apollo program. ...


The second moonwalk, or EVA, was intended to reach the rim of the 1,000­ foot (300 m) wide Cone Crater. However, the two astronauts were not able to find the rim amid the rolling terrain of the crater's slopes. Later analysis, using the pictures that they took, determined that they had come within 65 feet of the crater's rim.


Shepard and Mitchell deployed and activated various scientific instruments and experiments and collected almost 100 pounds (45 kg) of lunar samples for return to earth. Other Apollo 14 achievements included: first use of Mobile Equipment Transporter (MET); largest payload placed in lunar orbit; longest distance traversed on the lunar surface; largest payload returned from the lunar surface; longest lunar surface stay time (33 hours); longest lunar surface EVA (9 hours and 17 minutes); first use of shortened lunar orbit rendezvous techniques; first use of color TV with new vidicon tube on lunar surface; and first extensive orbital science period conducted during CSM solo operations. In older video cameras, prior to the 1990s, a video camera tube or pickup tube was used instead of a charge-coupled device (CCD). ...


On the way back to Earth, the crew conducted the first U.S. materials processing experiments in space. The Apollo 14 astronauts were the last lunar explorers to be quarantined on their return from the Moon.


Shepard and Mitchell named their landing site Fra Mauro Base, and this designation is recognized by the International Astronomical Union (depicted in Latin on lunar maps as Statio Fra Mauro). Logo of the IAU The International Astronomical Union (French: Union astronomique internationale) unites national astronomical societies from around the world. ...


Mission notes

  • Shepard is the only astronaut from Project Mercury (the original seven astronauts) to reach the Moon. Another of the original seven, Gordon Cooper, had originally been scheduled to command the mission, but according to Chaikin, his casual attitude toward training, along with problems with NASA hierarchy (reaching all the way back to the Mercury-Atlas 9 flight) resulted in his relief. The same went with James McDivitt, the commander of Apollo 9, who would have been either the prime crew Lunar Module Pilot or the backup crew commander.
  • Shepard smuggled a makeshift six iron golf club and two golf balls to the moon, and took several swings (one-handed, due to the limited flexibility of the EVA suit). He exuberantly, and somewhat whimsically, exclaimed that the second ball went "miles and miles and miles" in the lunar gravity, but later estimated it actually went 200 to 400 yards (180 to 365 meters). Mitchell then used a lunar scoop handle as a javelin, creating the first 'Lunar Olympics'.
  • Mitchell conducted some unauthorized extra-sensory perception experiments while en route to the Moon, with friends back on Earth. Due to a 40-minute delay in the launch, however, the experiment was thrown out of sync, with the friends attempting to receive Mitchell's messages before he sent them during sleep periods. The number of matches were reportedly less than would have been obtained by random chance - Mitchell felt "this (suggested) their subconscious minds knew something was wrong".
  • Shepard's moonwalking suit was the first to incorporate red bands on the arms and legs, and a red stripe on the top of the lunar EVA sunshade "hood," as to allow easy identification of the commander while on the surface; on the Apollo 12 pictures, it had been almost impossible to distinguish between the two crewmen, causing a great deal of confusion. This feature was on Jim Lovell's Apollo 13 suit, but because of the accident, this was not used. It was used on the remaining three Apollo flights and is used on both the U.S. and Russian spacesuits on both the Space Shuttle and International Space Station.
  • As of 2006, Mitchell is the only surviving member of the crew; Roosa died in 1994 from pancreatitis and Shepard in 1998 from leukemia.
  • The mission was something of a personal success for Shepard, who had battled back from Ménière’s disease, regained his flight status, and made his first mission in space in ten years.

The mission's command module Kitty Hawk is displayed at the Astronaut Hall of Fame, Titusville, Florida and the lunar module Antares impacted the Moon 7 February 1971 at 3.42° S, 19.67° W. Project Mercury was the United States first successful manned spaceflight program. ... Leroy Gordon Gordo Cooper, Jr. ... // Crew Gordon Cooper (flew on Mercury 9 & Gemini 5) Backup crew Alan B. Shepard Mission parameters Mass: 3,000 lb (1,360 kg) Perigee: 161 km Apogee: 267 km Inclination: 32. ... James A. McDivitt (Brig. ... Apollo 9 was the third manned mission in the Apollo program, a ten day earth-orbital mission launched 3 March 1969. ... Some golf clubs Golf is played with golf clubs of various types. ... A golf ball on a tee with a driver ready for a drive A golf ball is a ball designed for use in the game of golf. ... Bulk silicate composition (estimated wt%) SiO2 44. ... Gravity is a force of attraction that acts between bodies that have mass. ... Extra-sensory perception, or ESP, is the ability to acquire information by means other than the five main senses of taste, sight, touch, smell, and hearing. ... // About Bees This article is about completely random and illogical things. ... Apollo 12 was the sixth manned mission in the Apollo program and the second to land on the Moon. ... James Arthur Lovell, Jr. ... Apollo 13 was the third American-manned lunar-landing mission, part of the Apollo program. ... NASAs Space Shuttle, officially called Space Transportation System (STS), is the United States governments current manned launch vehicle. ... International Space Station insignia ISS Statistics Crew: 3 As of July 21, 2006 Perigee: 352. ... Pancreatitis is inflammation of the pancreas. ... Leukemia (or leukaemia; see spelling differences) is a cancer of the blood or bone marrow characterized by an abnormal proliferation of blood cells, usually white blood cells (leukocytes). ... Ménières disease (or syndrome, since its cause is unknown) was first described by French physician Prosper Ménière in 1861. ... Titusville is a city in Brevard County, Florida, United States. ... February 7 is the 38th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1971 calendar). ...


Mission insignia

The oval insignia shows a gold astronaut pin, given to astronauts upon completing their first space flight, traveling from the earth to the moon. A gold band around the edge includes the mission and astronaut names. The designer was Jean Beaulieu. An Astronaut Badge is a United States, awarded to military aviation pilots who have completed Astronaut training with NASA and performed a successful space flight. ...


The backup crew spoofed the patch with its own version, with revised artwork showing the Road Runner cartoon character on the moon, holding a U.S. flag and a flag labeled "1st Team," as a gray-bearded (for Shepard, who was 47 at the time of the mission and the oldest man on the Moon), pot bellied (for Mitchell, who had a pudgy appearance), red furred (for Roosa's red hair) Wile E. Coyote flies in place of the astronaut pin. The flight name is replaced by "BEEP BEEP" and the backup crew's names are given. Several were left as "gotchas" on the "Kitty Hawk." To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Road Runner and Wile E. Coyote The Road Runner cartoons are a series of Looney Tunes cartoons created by Chuck Jones for Warner Brothers. ...


Quotes

"And it's been a long way, but we're here." Alan B. Shepard, Jr, his first words on the moon. Unlike Apollo 11's Neil Armstrong and Apollo 12's Pete Conrad, Shepard had already gotten off the ladder and was a few meters from the LM.


"Think you're finks." Edgar B. Mitchell. (said in response to Cmdr. Shepard's suggestion to turn back during their second EVA, where they came within 65 feet (21 m) of the rim of the 1,000­ foot (300 m) wide Cone Crater that they were looking for)


Media

Ap14 flag. ...

See also

Moon trees are trees grown from hundreds of seeds taken into orbit around the moon by Stuart Roosa during the Apollo 14 mission in 1971. ... Astronaut Bruce McCandless on an untethered EVA Extra-vehicular activity (EVA) is work done by an astronaut away from the Earth and outside of his or her spacecraft. ... Related article Mir extra-vehicular activity (just an excerpt from the table above) List of ISS spacewalks (just an excerpt from the table above) External link NASA JSC Oral History Project: See link near page end to Walking to Olympus: An EVA Chronology PDF document. ... Atlantic splashdown locations of American spacecraft. ... Map of the moon showing some landing sites. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Google Maps. ...

References

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:


Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Wikimedia Commons logo by Reid Beels The Wikimedia Commons (also called Commons or Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ...

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Project Apollo
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SA-1 | SA-2 | SA-3 | SA-4 | SA-5 | A-101 | A-102 | A-103 | A-104 | A-105
Pad Abort Test-1 | Pad Abort Test-2 | QTV | A-001 | A-002 | A-003 | A-004 | AS-201 | AS-203 | AS-202
Apollo 1 | Apollo 4 | Apollo 5 | Apollo 6 | Apollo 7 | Apollo 8 | Apollo 9 | Apollo 10
Apollo 11 | Apollo 12 | Apollo 13 | Apollo 14 | Apollo 15 | Apollo 16 | Apollo 17

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