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Encyclopedia > Apolinario Mabini
Apolinario Mabini


1st Prime Minister of the Philippines
Prime Minister of the Revolutionary Government
1st Prime Minister of the First Republic
In office
January 2, 1899 – May 7, 1899
Deputy Pedro A. Paterno
Preceded by None [1]
Succeeded by Pedro A. Paterno

In office
June 23, 1898 – December 10, 1899

Born July 22, 1864(1864-07-22)
Talaga, Tanauan, Batangas
Died May 13, 1903 (aged 38)
Manila, Philippines
Political party no political party

Apolinario Mabini y Maranan (July 23, 1864May 13, 1903), also known as the "Sublime Paralytic", was a Filipino theoretician who wrote the constitution for the first Philippine republic of 1899-1901, and served as its first prime minister in 1899. He was born in Talaga, Tanauan City, Batangas of poor parents, Inocencio Mabini and Dionisia Maranan. Image File history File links A_mabini. ... The Prime Minister of the Philippines was the official position of the head of the government of the Philippines. ... is the 2nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1899 (MDCCCXCIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday [1] of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... is the 127th day of the year (128th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1899 (MDCCCXCIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday [1] of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Pedro Alejandro Paterno (February 27, 1858—March 11, 1911) was a Filipino statesman as well as a poet and writer. ... Pedro Alejandro Paterno (February 27, 1858—March 11, 1911) was a Filipino statesman as well as a poet and writer. ... The Philippines Department of Foreign Affairs (Filipino: Kagawaran ng Ugnayang Panlabas), abbreviated as DFA, is the executive department of the Philippine government responsible for planning, organizing, directing, coordinating and evaluating the total national effort in the field of foreign relations. ... is the 174th day of the year (175th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1898 (MDCCCXCVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... is the 344th day of the year (345th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1899 (MDCCCXCIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday [1] of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... is the 203rd day of the year (204th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1864 (MDCCCLXIV) was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a leap year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... The City of Tanauan (Filipino: Lungsod ng Tanauan) is a third class city in the province of Batangas, Philippines. ... The City of Tanauan (Filipino: Lungsod ng Tanauan) is a third class city in the province of Batangas, Philippines. ... Batangas is a province of the Philippines located on the southwestern part of Luzon in the CALABARZON region. ... is the 133rd day of the year (134th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1900 (MCMIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Friday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ... Nickname: Motto: Linisin Ikarangal Maynila Map of Metro Manila showing the location of Manila Coordinates: 14°35 N 121° E Country Region Districts 1st to 6th districts of Manila Barangays 897 Incorporated (city) June 10, 1574 Government  - Mayor Alfredo Lim (2007-2010; GO)  - Vice Mayor Isko Moreno (AM/PDP-Laban... is the 204th day of the year (205th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1864 (MDCCCLXIV) was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a leap year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... is the 133rd day of the year (134th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1900 (MCMIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Friday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ... The Prime Minister of the Philippines was the official position of the head of the government of the Philippines. ... Year 1899 (MDCCCXCIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday [1] of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... The City of Tanauan (Filipino: Lungsod ng Tanauan) is a third class city in the province of Batangas, Philippines. ... The City of Tanauan (Filipino: Lungsod ng Tanauan) is a third class city in the province of Batangas, Philippines. ... REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES Province of Batangas Region: CALABARZON (Region IV-A) Capital: Batangas City Founded: March 10, 1917 Population: 2000 census—1,905,348 (9th largest) Density—602 per km² (7th highest) Area: 3,165. ...

Contents

Early life

In his youth, Mabini studied at a school in Tanauan City, then conducted by a certain Simplicio Avelino. Much later, he transferred to a school conducted by the famous pedagogue, Father Valerio Malabanan. He continued his studies at the Colegio de San Juan de Letran, where he received his Bachelor of Arts and the title Professor of Latin, and at the University of Santo Tomas, where he received his law degree in 1894. The City of Tanauan (Filipino: Lungsod ng Tanauan) is a third class city in the province of Batangas, Philippines. ... Colegio de San Juan de Letran (CSJL) (also as San Juan de Letran College (SJLC), Letran College (LC) or simply Letran), was founded in 1620. ... For other uses, see Latin (disambiguation). ... The Pontifical and Royal University of Santo Tomas, The Catholic University of the Philippines (or simply the University of Santo Tomas, UST or affectionately, Ustê), is a private Roman Catholic university run by the Order of Preachers in Manila. ...


His dream to defend the poor led him to forsake the priesthood, which his mother wanted him to take. Early in 1896, he contracted an illness, probably infantile paralysis, that led to the paralysis of his lower limbs. When the revolution broke out the same year, the Spanish authorities, suspecting that he was somehow involved in the disturbance, arrested him. The fact, however, that he could not move his lower limbs showed the Spaniards that they had made a mistake. He was released and sent to the San Juan de Dios Hospital. Poliomyelitis (polio), or infantile paralysis, is a viral paralytic disease. ... Paralysed redirects here. ... SAN JUAN DE DIOS EDUCATIONAL FOUNDATION, INC. is a hospital is well known as San Juan de Dios Hospital and by its former name HOSPITAL DE SAN JUAN DE DIOS. It is the oldest hospital in the Philippines. ...


Revolution

Mabini, it must be noted, was not entirely without nationalistic aspirations, for he was a member of Rizal's La Liga Filipina and worked secretly for the introduction of reforms in the administration of government. In 1898, while vacationing in Los Baños, Laguna, Emilio Aguinaldo sent for him. It took hundreds of men taking turns carrying his hammock to portage Mabini to Kawit. Aguinaldo, upon seeing Mabini's physical condition, must have entertained second thoughts in calling for his help. La Liga Filipina was an organization created by Dr. Jose Rizal in the Philippines. ... Los Baños is a 1st class urban municipality in the province of Laguna, Philippines. ... Emilio Aguinaldo y Famy (March 22, 1869 – February 6, 1964) was a Filipino general, politician, and independence leader. ...


Mabini was most active in the revolution in 1898, when he served as the chief adviser for General Aguinaldo. He drafted decrees and crafted the first ever constitution in Asia for the First Philippine Republic, including the framework of the revolutionary government which was implemented in Malolos in 1899. He also headed the revolutionary congress and the cabinet. Combatants Filipino independence movement Spanish Empire Commanders Andres Bonifacio, Emilio Aguinaldo Spanish Governor-General of the Philippines Strength 80,000 soldiers unknown Casualties unknown unknown The Philippine Revolution (1896—1898) was an armed conflict between the Spanish colonial regime and the Katipunan, which sought Philippine independence from Spain. ... Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice Reynato Puno Court of Appeals · Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals · Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1987 | 1986 | All Foreign relations Government Website Human rights Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      The Malolos Congress was the constituent assembly of the First...


Prime Minister

Apolinario Mabini was appointed prime minister and was also foreign minister of the newly independent dictatorial government of Emilio Aguinaldo on January 2, 1899. Eventually, the government declared the first Philippine republic in appropriate ceremonies on January 23, 1899. Mabini then led the first cabinet of the republic. A prime minister is the most senior minister of cabinet in the executive branch of government in a parliamentary system. ... A minister for foreign affairs, or foreign minister, is a governmental cabinet minister who helps form the foreign policy of a sovereign nation. ... Emilio Aguinaldo y Famy (March 22, 1869 – February 6, 1964) was a Filipino general, politician, and independence leader. ... is the 23rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1899 (MDCCCXCIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday [1] of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... In Philippine politics, The Cabinet consists of the heads of the largest part of the executive branch of the national government. ...


Mabini found himself in the center of the most critical period in the new country's history, grappling with problems until then unimagined. Most notable of these were his negotiations with Americans, which began on March 6, 1899. The United States and the new Philippine Republic were embroiled in extremely contentious and eventually violent confrontations. During the negotiations for peace, Americans proffered Mabini autonomy for Aguinaldo's new government, but the talks failed because Mabini’s conditions included a ceasefire, which was rejected. Mabini negotiated once again, seeking for an armistice instead, but the talks failed yet again. Eventually, feeling that the Americans were not negotiating 'bona fide,' he forswore the Americans, rallied the people, and supported war. He resigned from government on May 7, 1899. is the 65th day of the year (66th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1899 (MDCCCXCIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday [1] of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... A ceasefire is a temporary stoppage of a war or any armed conflict, where each side of the conflict agrees with the other to suspend aggressive actions. ... A white flag is traditionally used to represent a truce. ...


Later life

Apolinario Mabini (left) and Andres Bonifacio (right) are depicted on the front of the 10-peso bill (phased out but still legal tender).

On December 10, 1899, he was captured by Americans at Cuyapo, Nueva Ecija, but was later set free. In 1901, he was exiled to Guam, along with scores of revolutionists Americans referred to as 'insurrectos,' but returned home in 1903, after agreeing to take the oath of allegiance to the United States. He took the oath on February 26, 1903 before the Collector of Customs. Download high resolution version (947x386, 68 KB)Front side of the 10-Philippine peso bill. ... Download high resolution version (947x386, 68 KB)Front side of the 10-Philippine peso bill. ... Philippine peso bills are issued by the Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas (Central Bank of the Philippines) for circulation in the Philippines. ... is the 344th day of the year (345th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1899 (MDCCCXCIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday [1] of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Cuyapo is a 3rd class municipality in the province of Nueva Ecija, Philippines. ... Nueva Ecija is a landlocked province of the Philippines located in the Central Luzon region. ... is the 57th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1900 (MCMIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Friday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ...


On May 13, 1903 Mabini died of cholera in Manila. is the 133rd day of the year (134th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1900 (MCMIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Friday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ... Cholera (or Asiatic cholera or epidemic cholera) is a severe diarrheal disease caused by the bacterium Vibrio cholerae. ... Nickname: Motto: Linisin Ikarangal Maynila Map of Metro Manila showing the location of Manila Coordinates: 14°35 N 121° E Country Region Districts 1st to 6th districts of Manila Barangays 897 Incorporated (city) June 10, 1574 Government  - Mayor Alfredo Lim (2007-2010; GO)  - Vice Mayor Isko Moreno (AM/PDP-Laban...


Quotes

In describing his cabinet, he said that it "...belongs to no party, nor does it desire to form one; it stands for nothing save the interest of the fatherland."


In early 1902, a US Senate committee held a number of hearings to investigate war crimes by American officers and soldiers during the Philippine American War. These investigations and trials would later be known as the Lodge Committee of 1902. Former Military Governor of the Philippines, Gen. Arthur MacArthur was called to give his testimony. Gen. MacArthur gave the following description of Apolinario Mabini. The Lodge Committee began in January 1902 and adjourned on June 28, 1902. ... Arthur MacArthur, Jr. ...

Mabini is a highly educated young man who, unfortunately, is paralyzed. He has a classical education, a very flexible, imaginative mind, and Mabini's views were more comprehensive than any of the Filipinos that I have met. His idea was a dream of a Malay confederacy. Not the Luzon or the Philippine Archipelago, but I mean of that blood. He is a dreamy man, but a very firm character and of very high accomplishments. As I said, unfortunately, he is paralyzed. He is a young man, and would undoubtedly be of great use in the future of those islands if it were not for his affliction.

External links

Project Gutenberg, abbreviated as PG, is a volunteer effort to digitize, archive and distribute cultural works. ...

References

  1. ^ The Philippines had just proclaimed its independence from Spain.
  • Zaide, Gregorio F. (1984). Philippine History and Government. National Bookstore Printing Press. 
Preceded by
Newly established
Prime Minister of the Philippines
January–May, 1899
Succeeded by
Pedro Paterno

  Results from FactBites:
 
Apolinario Mabini - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (699 words)
Mabini, it must be noted, was not entirely without nationalistic aspirations, for he was a member of Rizal's La Liga Filipina and worked secretly for the introduction of reforms in the administration of government.
Mabini was most active in the revolution in 1898, when he served as the chief adviser for General Aguinaldo.
Apolinario Mabini was appointed prime minister and was also foreign secretary of the newly independent dictatorial government of Emilio Aguinaldo on January 2, 1899.
Apolinario Mabini Biography | Encyclopedia of World Biography (494 words)
Apolinario Mabini (1864-1903) was a Filipino political philosopher and architect of the Philippine revolution.
Apolinario Mabini was born in Talaga, Tanauan, Batangas, on July 22, 1864.
Mabini's conflict with the conspiracy of property owners and the landlord class in the congress led to his eclipse in 1899 as Aguinaldo's trusted adviser--the only competent thinker and theoretician in the Aguinaldo Cabinet.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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