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Encyclopedia > Apocope

An apocope or apocopation is a type of metaplasm that refers to a word formed by removing the end of a longer original word. Similar concepts include aphaeresis, which removes the beginning part of a word, and syncope, which removes part of the middle. A metaplasm is a change to the orthography of a word. ... Aphesis, Apheresis, Aphaeresis (from Greek apo- away, and hairein to take) is the removal of an initial, usually unstressed vowel or a syllable of a word. ... Syncope has two distinct and apparantly unrelated meanings, one in linguistics and another in medicne. ...


The word apocopation is derived from the Greek apokoptein (from apo (away (from)) and koptein (to cut)).


In English, by the process of apocope, morning becomes "morn", photography "photo", cinematography, "cinema". This is particularly common in Australian English. In German, (ich) gebe becomes (ich) geb. The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Australian English (AuE) is the form of the English language used in Australia. ...


Some languages have apocopations internalized as mandatory forms. In Spanish, for example, many adjectives that come before the noun lose the final vowel when they precede a noun in the masculine singular form. The word uno (one) thus becomes un and grande (big) becomes gran. In these cases, one would say un mundo (one world) rather than uno mundo, and gran taco (big taco) rather than grande taco. An adjective is a part of speech which modifies a noun, usually describing it or making its meaning more specific. ... A noun, or noun substantive, is a part of speech (a word or phrase) which can co-occur with (in)definite articles and attributive adjectives, and function as the head of a noun phrase. ... The word masculine can refer to: the property of being biologically male masculinity, a traditionally male gender role the masculine grammatical gender This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... The word singular may refer to one of several concepts. ...


In many languages, apocopation is also used to form shorter synonyms of a word, which becomes a sort of spoken abbreviation the word. For example, the French réac is used as short for réactionnaire, and démo means démonstration. Shortened forms for names are common in Japanese: Makudonarudo (McDonald's) becomes Makudo, and Kentaki Furaido Chikin (or Kentucky Fried Chicken) is referred to as Kentaki in daily speech. Look up Synonym in Wiktionary, the free dictionary Synonyms (in ancient Greek syn συν = plus and onoma όνομα = name) are different words with similar or identical meanings and are interchangable. ... It has been suggested that Apocopation be merged into this article or section. ... McDonalds Sekime national route store (Osaka, Japan) McDonalds Corporation (NYSE: MCD) is the worlds largest chain of fast-food restaurants. ... A portrait of Col. ...


Apocopation is also used regularly to form diminutives of names. Some English examples: A diminutive is a formation of a word used to convey a slight degree of the root meaning, smallness of the object named, intimacy, or endearment. ...

  • Alexander → Alex
  • Andrew → Andy
  • Meghan or Megan → Meg
  • Thomas → Tom

Whereas German prefers aphaeresis, as in these examples (note the difference): Aphesis, Apheresis, Aphaeresis (from Greek apo- away, and hairein to take) is the removal of an initial, usually unstressed vowel or a syllable of a word. ...

  • Susanne → Sanne
  • Maria → Ria
  • Vanessa → Nessi

For a list of apocopations in the English language, see List of English apocopations. This is a list of common apocopations in the English language. ...


See also

It has been suggested that Apocopation be merged into this article or section. ... Acronyms and initialisms are abbreviations formed from the initial letter or letters of words, such as NATO and XHTML, and are pronounced in a way that is distinct from the full pronunciation of what the letters stand for. ... In traditional grammar, a contraction is the formation of a new word from two or more individual words. ... Acronyms and initialisms are abbreviations formed from the initial letter or letters of words, such as NATO and XHTML, and are pronounced in a way that is distinct from the full pronunciation of what the letters stand for. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Syneresis. ...

External sources

Look up Apocope in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.
  • World Wide Words: Apocope

  Results from FactBites:
 
Reference.com/Encyclopedia/Apocope (325 words)
An apocope or apocopation is a type of metaplasm that refers to a word formed by removing the end of a longer original word.
The word apocopation is derived from the Greek apokoptein (from apo (away (from)) and koptein (to cut)).
In many languages, apocopation is also used to form shorter synonyms of a word, which becomes a sort of spoken abbreviation the word.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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