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Encyclopedia > Apocalypto
Apocalypto

Apocalypto promotional poster
Directed by Mel Gibson
Produced by Mel Gibson
Farhad Safinia
Bruce Davey
Written by Mel Gibson
Farhad Safinia
Starring Rudy Youngblood
Raoul Trujillo
Mayra Sérbulo
Dalia Hernández
Gerardo Taracena
Rodolfo Palacios
Bernardo Ruiz Juarez
Ammel Rodrigo Mendoza
Ricardo Diaz Mendoza
Israel Contreras
Music by James Horner
Cinematography Dean Semler
Editing by John Wright
Distributed by Touchstone Pictures (USA)
Icon Entertainment (International)
20th Century Fox (Argentina)
Release date(s) December 8, 2006 (theater)
May 22, 2007 (DVD and Blu-ray)
Running time 139 minutes
Language Yucatec Maya
Budget $40,000,000
Gross revenue $120,175,290 (worldwide)
Allmovie profile
IMDb profile
Ratings
Australia:  MA 15+
Canada (BC/SK):  18A
Canada (Ontario):  14A
India:  U/A
Ireland:  15
Malaysia:  U
Singapore:  NC-16
United Kingdom:  18
United States:  R

Apocalypto is an Academy Award-nominated 2006 epic film directed by Mel Gibson, starring Rudy Youngblood. Set in Mexico's Yucatán Peninsula, it depicts a Mesoamerican tribesman's experience of an armed invasion and destruction of his tribe, and subsequent manhunt for him during the declining period of the ancient Maya civilization. Mel Columcille Gerard Gibson (born January 3, 1956) is an American-born actor, director and producer. ... Mel Columcille Gerard Gibson (born January 3, 1956) is an American-born actor, director and producer. ... Farhad Safinia is a screenwriter and producer. ... Bruce Davey is an Austrailian film producer in the United States. ... Mel Columcille Gerard Gibson (born January 3, 1956) is an American-born actor, director and producer. ... Farhad Safinia is a screenwriter and producer. ... Rudy Youngblood as Jaguar Paw Rudy Youngblood (born Rudy Gonzales on September 21, 1982, Belton, Texas) is a young Native American actor, musician, dancer and artist. ... Raoul Trujillo Apache Actor, dancer, former soloist with the Nikolais Dance Theatre and the original choreographer and co-director for the American Indian Dance Theatre. ... Dalia Hernandez is a Mexican actress who made her acting debut in the 2006 Mel Gibson epic Apocalypto, which chronicles the waning years of the great Maya civilization. ... James Roy Horner (born August 14, 1953) is an American composer of orchestral and film music. ... Dean Semler is an Australian cinematographer. ... John Wright is an ACE-certified film editor. ... Touchstone Pictures (also known as Touchstone Films in its early years) is one of several alternate film labels of The Walt Disney Company, established in 1984. ... Icon Productions LLC is an American independent production company founded in August 1989 by legendary Hollywood actor and director, Mel Gibson. ... Twentieth (20th) Century Fox Film Corporation (known from 1935 to 1985 as Twentieth Century-Fox Film Corporation) is one of the six major American film studios. ... is the 342nd day of the year (343rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 142nd day of the year (143rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... DVD (also known as Digital Versatile Disc or Digital Video Disc) is a popular optical disc storage media format. ... Blu-ray discs Blu-ray Disc is a next-generation optical disc format jointly developed by a group of leading consumer electronics and PC companies called the Blu_ray Disc Association (BDA), which succeeds the Blu_ray Disc Founders (BDF). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A motion picture rating system categorizes films with regard to suitability for children and/or adults in terms of issues such as sex, violence and profanity. ... The British Columbia Film Classification Office, part of the Ministry of Public Safety and Solicitor General in the Canadian province of British Columbia under the Motion Picture Act of BC uses the following motion picture rating system (based on the Canadian Home Video Rating System) for theatrical releases : General. ... The Ontario Film Review Board uses the following motion picture rating system for theatrical releases in the Canadian province of Ontario under the Theatres Act: General. ... British Board of Film Classification logo The British Board of Film Classification (BBFC), originally British Board of Film Censors, is the organisation responsible for film and some video game classification and censorship within the United Kingdom. ... The Motion Picture Association of Americas film-rating system is used in the U.S and its territories to rate a films thematic and content suitability for certain audiences. ... Although he never won an Oscar for any of his movie performances, the comedian Bob Hope received two honorary Oscars for his contributions to cinema. ... The year 2006 in film involved some significant events. ... The epic film is a film genre typically featuring expensive production values, an emotionally moving music soundtrack, and dramatic themes. ... Mel Columcille Gerard Gibson (born January 3, 1956) is an American-born actor, director and producer. ... Rudy Youngblood as Jaguar Paw Rudy Youngblood (born Rudy Gonzales on September 21, 1982, Belton, Texas) is a young Native American actor, musician, dancer and artist. ... The Yucatán peninsula as seen from space The Yucatán Peninsula, in Southeastern Mexico, separates the Caribbean Sea from the Gulf of Mexico. ... An invasion is a military action consisting of armed forces of one geopolitical entity entering territory controlled by another such entity, generally with the objective of conquering territory, or altering the established government. ... Look up manhunt in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... This article is about the pre-Columbian Maya civilization. ...

Contents

Plot

Jaguar Paw (in middle played by Rudy Youngblood) and his father Flint Sky (to the right played by Morris Birdyellowhead) in their village.

Opening quote: Image File history File links Apocalypto_Jaguar_Paw_and_Flint_Sky. ... Image File history File links Apocalypto_Jaguar_Paw_and_Flint_Sky. ... Rudy Youngblood as Jaguar Paw Rudy Youngblood (born Rudy Gonzales on September 21, 1982, Belton, Texas) is a young Native American actor, musician, dancer and artist. ... Morris Birdyellowhead is an actor best known for his portrayal of Flint Sky in the 2006 epic film Apocalypto directed by Mel Gibson. ...

A great civilization is not conquered from without until it has destroyed itself from within.

W. Durant Will Durant William James Durant (November 5, 1885–November 7, 1981) was an American philosopher, historian, and writer. ...

While hunting Baird's Tapir in the Mesoamerican jungle, Jaguar Paw (Rudy Youngblood), his father Flint Sky (Morris Birdyellowhead), and their fellow tribesmen encounter a procession of traumatized and fearful refugees. The procession's leader explains that their lands have been ravaged, and asks for Flint Sky's permission to pass through the jungle. When Jaguar Paw and his tribesmen return to their village, Flint Sky tells his son not to let the procession's state of fear seep into him. At night, the tribe's elder tells the village a fable of man forever unable to fill his want, despite having been given the capabilities of all of the animals. The villagers follow the story with music and dance, leaving Jaguar Paw to ponder. Binomial name Tapirus bairdii (Gill, 1865) Baird’s Tapir (Tapirus bairdii) is one of the three species of tapir found in Latin America. ... Mesoamerica is the region extending from central Mexico south to the northwestern border of Costa Rica that gave rise to a group of stratified, culturally related agrarian civilizations spanning an approximately 3,000-year period before the European discovery of the New World by Columbus. ... Rudy Youngblood as Jaguar Paw Rudy Youngblood (born Rudy Gonzales on September 21, 1982, Belton, Texas) is a young Native American actor, musician, dancer and artist. ... Morris Birdyellowhead is an actor best known for his portrayal of Flint Sky in the 2006 epic film Apocalypto directed by Mel Gibson. ... For other uses, see Fable (disambiguation). ...


The next morning, Jaguar Paw wakes from a nightmare to see strangers enter the village and set the huts ablaze. The raiders, led by Zero Wolf (Raoul Trujillo), attack and subdue the villagers. Jaguar Paw slips out with his pregnant wife Seven (Dalia Hernández) and his little son Turtles Run, lowering them on a vine into a small cave (a chultun, shaped something like a well)[1] to hide them. Jaguar Paw returns to the village to fight the raiders but is subdued with the rest of the tribe. A raider whom Jaguar Paw attacked and almost killed, the vicious Middle Eye (Gerardo Taracena), slits Flint Sky's throat while Jaguar Paw helplessly watches. Raoul Trujillo Apache Actor, dancer, former soloist with the Nikolais Dance Theatre and the original choreographer and co-director for the American Indian Dance Theatre. ... Dalia Hernandez is a Mexican actress who made her acting debut in the 2006 Mel Gibson epic Apocalypto, which chronicles the waning years of the great Maya civilization. ... A chultun (plural: chultunob) is a bottle-shaped cistern built underground by the pre-Columbian Maya. ...

Maya city rulers look up to the approaching solar eclipse

Before the raiders leave the village with their prisoners, one suspicious raider severs the vine leading into the ground cave, trapping Jaguar Paw's wife and son within. The raiders and their captives trek toward the Maya city, encountering failed maize crops and slaves producing plaster. They also pass a small girl with leprosy who, after entering a trance-like state, prophesies to the raiders that their end is near, including details of darkness in the middle of the day and a man bringing a jaguar. In the city's outskirts, the female captives are sold as slaves and the males are escorted to the top of a step pyramid. The high priest sacrifices several captives by decapitating them after pulling out their beating hearts. When Jaguar Paw is about to be sacrificed, a solar eclipse stays the priest's hand. The priest declares the sun god Kukulkan satisfied with the sacrifices. The eclipse passes, and light returns to the world. Image File history File links Apocalypto_city_rulers. ... Image File history File links Apocalypto_city_rulers. ... Photo taken during the 1999 eclipse. ... Maya may refer to: // The Maya, Native American peoples of southern Mexico and northern Central America Maya peoples, the contemporary indigenous peoples Maya civilization, their historical pre-Columbian civilization Mayan languages, the family of languages spoken by the Maya Yucatec Maya language, specific and most widespread Mayan language, frequently referred... This article is about the maize plant. ... This article is about the building material. ... For the malady found in the Hebrew Bible, see the article Tzaraath. ... Mesoamerican pyramids, pyramid-shaped structures, are an important part of Ancient Mesoamerican architecture. ... Photo taken during the 1999 eclipse. ... A solar deity is a deity who represents the Sun. ... Quetzalcoatl (feathered snake, in Nahuatl: Ketsalkoatl, in Spanish: Quetzalcóatl) is the Aztec name for the Feathered-Serpent deity of ancient Mesoamerica, one of the main gods of many Mexican and northern Central American civilizations. ...


Zero Wolf, told by the priest to "dispose" of the remaining captives, takes them to a ball field. The captives are released in pairs and forced to run the length of the field to win their freedom. The raiders target them with javelins, arrows, and slingstones as they run. Jaguar Paw is struck by an arrow through the abdomen but reaches the end of the field and removes the arrow tip. Zero Wolf's son, Cut Rock, approaches to finish him off with an obsidian blade, but Jaguar Paw stabs him through the jaw with the arrow tip. As Cut Rock dies a painful death, Jaguar Paw escapes through a withered maize field and an open mass grave. The enraged Zero Wolf and his raiders pursue Jaguar Paw into the jungle and back toward Jaguar Paw's home. Along the way, one of the raiders is killed by a black jaguar that has been disturbed by Jaguar Paw. As he flees, Jaguar Paw jumps over a high waterfall and survives, declaring from the riverbank below that the raiders are now in his territory. Ballcourt at Monte Alban Ballcourt at Uaxactun The Mesoamerican ballgame[1] was a sport with ritual associations played for over 3000 years by the peoples of Mesoamerica in Pre-Columbian times. ... Look up Javelin on Wiktionary, the free dictionary Javelin can refer to several things: For the spear-like object,used as a thrown weapon in ancient times see Javelin Ancient For the modern athletic discipline see Javelin throw. ... This article is about a type of volcanic glass. ... Image:Mass Grave Bergen Belsen May 1945. ... A melanistic leopard, or black panther The black panther is the common name for a black specimen (a melanistic variant) of any of several species of cats. ...


Zero Wolf's raiders fall to both the forest's elements and Jaguar Paw's traps. A heavy rain sets in, which begins to flood the ground cave in which Jaguar Paw's wife and son are still trapped. Jaguar Paw defeats Middle Eye in hand-to-hand combat and kills Zero Wolf by leading him into a trap meant for hunting tapir. He is chased by two remaining raiders out to a beach where they encounter Spanish conquistadores and missionaries making their way ashore in boats. The amazement of the raiders allows Jaguar Paw to flee. He returns into the forest to pull his wife and son out of the pit where they are hiding. He returns in time to save the family, and sees that his wife has given birth to a healthy second son. As the family walks near the coastline, Jaguar Paw's wife asks what the strange objects near the shore are. Jaguar Paw responds only that "they bring men". Jaguar Paw and his family go deeper into the forest, "to seek a new beginning", leaving the conquistadores who are anchored in ships off the beach. Conquistador (Spanish: kōn-kē-stŏ-dōr) (meaning Conqueror in the Spanish language) is the term used to refer to the soldiers, explorers, and adventurers who brought much of the Americas and Asia Pacific under Spanish colonial rule between the 15th and 17th centuries, starting with the 1492 settlement... A missionary is a propagator of religion, often an evangelist or other representative of a religious community who works among those outside of that community. ... Conquistador (Spanish: kōn-kē-stŏ-dōr) (meaning Conqueror in the Spanish language) is the term used to refer to the soldiers, explorers, and adventurers who brought much of the Americas and Asia Pacific under Spanish colonial rule between the 15th and 17th centuries, starting with the 1492 settlement...


Production details

Prior to filming and writing a script, Apocalypto writer and producer Farhad Safinia first met Mel Gibson while working as an assistant during the post-production of The Passion of the Christ. Eventually, Gibson and Safinia found time to discuss "their mutual love of movies and what excites them about moviemaking."[2] Safinia notes: Farhad Safinia is a screenwriter and producer. ... This article is about the film. ...

We started to talk about what films excite us and what he wanted to do next, and we specifically spent a lot of time on the action-chase genre of filmmaking. Those conversations essentially grew into the skeleton of ('Apocalypto'). We wanted to update the chase genre by, in fact, not updating it with technology or machinery but stripping it down to its most intense form, which is a man running for his life, and at the same time getting back to something that matters to him.[2]

The desire to portray and explore a culture as it existed before the arrival of the Europeans led Gibson and Safinia to choose the Maya for their high sophistication and eventual decline. Safinia notes why he and Gibson chose the ancient Maya over the Aztecs: The word Aztec is usually used as a historical term, although some contemporary Nahuatl speakers would consider themselves Aztecs. ...

The Mayans were far more interesting to us. You can choose a civilization that is bloodthirsty, or you can show the Mayan civilization that was so sophisticated with an immense knowledge of medicine, science, archaeology and engineering ... but also be able to illuminate the brutal undercurrent and ritual savagery that they practiced. It was a far more interesting world to explore why and what happened to them.[4]

Gibson filmed Apocalypto mainly in Catemaco, San Andres Tuxtla, and Paso de Ovejas in the Mexican state of Veracruz. The waterfall scene was filmed on a real waterfall called Salto de Eyipantla, located in San Andrés Tuxtla. It was filmed also in El Petén, a department of Guatemala, where the mystical city of the movie is located (Tikal). Catemaco is a small town located in the southern Sierra de los Tuxtlas region of the Mexican state of Veracruz. ... San Andres Tuxtla is a city in southern Veracruz, Mexico. ... Paso de Ovejas is a city in Veracruz, Mexico. ... Location within Mexico Country Capital Municipalities 212 Largest City Veracruz Government  - Governor Fidel Herrera Beltrán (PRI)  - Federal Deputies PRI: 6 PAN: 11 PRD: 2 Convergencia: 2  - Federal Senators PRD: 1 PAN: 1 Convergencia: 1 Area Ranked 11th  - Total 71,699 km² (27,683. ... San Andrés Tuxtla is a city in southern Veracruz, Mexico. ... El Petén El Petén is a department of the nation of Guatemala. ... For other uses, see Tikal (disambiguation). ...


The two did research on ancient Maya history, reading both creation and destruction myths. Safinia and Gibson even used sacred texts such as the Popul Vuh.[3] In addition, Safinia and Gibson personally traveled to the Yucatan to scout out filming locations and visit Maya ruins to help write the script. A creation myth is a supernatural mytho-religious story or explanation that describes the beginnings of humanity, earth, life, and the universe (cosmogony),[1] usually as a deliberate act of creation by a supreme being. ... For the eschatological beliefs of various religions, see End Times. ... The Popol Vuh (Council Book or Book of the Community; Popol Wuj in modern Quiché spelling) is the book of scripture of the Quiché, a Kingdom of the Maya civilization in Guatemala. ...


Yucatec Maya language is used throughout Apocalypto,[4] in the same way Aramaic and Latin were used for Gibson's religious blockbuster The Passion of the Christ (2004). Said Gibson about again using a foreign language: This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Aramaic is a group of Semitic languages with a 3,000-year history. ... For other uses, see Latins and Latin (disambiguation). ... Blockbuster, as applied to film or theater, denotes a very popular and/or successful production. ... This article is about the film. ...

I think hearing a different language allows the audience to completely suspend their own reality and get drawn into the world of the film. And more importantly, this also puts the emphasis on the cinematic visuals, which are a kind of universal language of the heart.[3]

Like the The Passion of the Christ, the movie has no opening credits and begins with a quotation. The title is only seen during the end credits. This article is about the film. ...


Maya specialist Dr Richard D. Hansen (the film's consultant), Gibson and Safinia all strived to create some authenticity in the film. Gibson had said of Dr Hansen's involvement: Dr. Richard D. Hansen, Ph. ...

Richard’s enthusiasm for what he does is infectious. He was able to reassure us and make us feel secure that what we were writing had some authenticity as well as imagination.[3]

Apocalypto features a cast of unknown actors from Mexico City, the Yucatán, numerous Native Americans from the United States and Canada, and locals from Los Tuxtlas and Veracruz. In the end, three cast members came from Canada, two from the USA and the rest from Mexico. There were at least 700 extras on set. Many of the younger actors from isolated communities had never set foot inside a hotel room prior to filming. Nickname: Location of Mexico City Coordinates: , Country Federal entity Boroughs The 16 delegaciones Founded c. ... Location within Mexico Country Capital Municipalities 106 Government  - Governor Ivonne Ortega Pacheco PRI  - Federal Deputies PAN: 4 PRI: 1  - Federal Senators Hugo Laviada (PAN) Alfredo Rodríguez (PAN) Cleominio Zoreda (PRI) Area Ranked 20th  - State 38,402 km²  (14,827. ... This article is about the people indigenous to the United States. ... Los Tuxtlas Biosphere Sign Los Tuxtlas only live in the eye of the beholder. ... Veracruz from space, July 1997 The city of Veracruz is a major port city and municipality on the Gulf of Mexico in the Mexican state of Veracruz. ...


During filming, Gibson and cinematographer Dean Semler employed the use of Spydercam[5], a suspended camera system allowing shooting from atop: Dean Semler is an Australian cinematographer. ...

We had a Spydercam shot from the top of [the] 150-foot waterfall, looking over an actor's shoulder and then plunging over the edge –- literally in the waterfall. I thought we’d be doing it on film, but we put the Genesis [camera] up there in a light-weight water housing. The temperatures were beyond 100 degrees at [the] top, and about 60 degrees at the bottom, with the water and the mist. We shot two fifty-minute tapes without any problems – though we [did get] water in there once and fogged up.[6]

This equipment is used in a scene in which the captive villagers are led through the river. Semler and Gibson also filmed Apocalypto digitally, using the high-definition Panavision Genesis camera.[5] The Panavision Genesis HD camera. ...


Gibson had insisted on making the main sets based on actual buildings rather than relying on computer-generated images. Most of the step pyramids seen at the Maya city were actual models designed by Thomas E. Sanders, who had previously been nominated for "Best Art Direction-Set Decoration" for his work in Saving Private Ryan[6]. Computer-generated imagery[1] (also known as CGI) is the application of the field of computer graphics or, more specifically, 3D computer graphics to special effects in films, television programs, commercials, simulators and simulation generally, and printed media. ... This is about the polyhedron. ... Saving Private Ryan is a 1998 Academy-Award-winning film set in World War II, directed by Steven Spielberg and written by Robert Rodat. ...


Simon Atherton, an English armorer and weapon-maker who worked with Gibson on Braveheart, was hired this time to research and provide the Maya weapons. Gibson let Atherton play the cross-bearing Spanish priest who appears on a boat at the end of the film. In addition, the production team consisted of a large group of make-up artists and costume designers who worked to recreate an authentic Maya look for the large cast. For the moshing term Braveheart, see Wall of death (moshing). ...


While Gibson financed the film himself, Disney signed on to release Apocalypto for a fee in certain markets. The film was slated for an August 4, 2006, release, but Touchstone Pictures delayed the release date to December 8, 2006, due to heavy rains interfering with filming in Mexico. On September 23, 2006, Gibson pre-screened Apocalypto to two predominantly Native American audiences in the US state of Oklahoma, at the Riverwind Casino in Goldsby, owned by the Chickasaw Nation, and at Cameron University in Lawton.[7] He also did a pre-screening in Austin, Texas, on September 24 in conjunction with one of the movie's stars, Rudy Youngblood.[8] Disney redirects here. ... is the 216th day of the year (217th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Touchstone Pictures (also known as Touchstone Films in its early years) is one of several alternate film labels of The Walt Disney Company, established in 1984. ... is the 342nd day of the year (343rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 266th day of the year (267th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the people indigenous to the United States. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      A U.S. state is any one of the fifty subnational entities of... For other uses, see Oklahoma (disambiguation). ... Riverwind Casino is the largest casino in Oklahoma, at 219,000 square feet[1]. It is located in Goldsby, Oklahoma, at the Interstate 35/State Highway 9 junction. ... Goldsby is a town in McClain County, Oklahoma, United States. ... The Chickasaws are a Native American people of the United States, originally from present-day Mississippi, now mostly living in Oklahoma. ... Cameron University a four-year, state-funded university located in Lawton, Oklahoma, offers more than 50 degrees through two-year, four-year and graduate programs. ... Lawton is a city in Comanche County, Oklahoma, United States. ... Austin is the capital of the U.S. state of Texas and the seat of Travis County. ... For other uses, see Texas (disambiguation). ... is the 267th day of the year (268th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Rudy Youngblood as Jaguar Paw Rudy Youngblood (born Rudy Gonzales on September 21, 1982, Belton, Texas) is a young Native American actor, musician, dancer and artist. ...


Cast

  • Rudy Youngblood - Jaguar Paw
  • Dalia Hernández - Seven
  • Jonathan Brewer - Blunted
  • Morris Birdyellowhead - Flint Sky
  • Carlos Emilio Báez - Turtles Run
  • Amílcar Ramírez - Curl Nose
  • Israel Contreras - Smoke Frog
  • Israel Ríos - Cocoa Leaf
  • María Isabel Díaz - Mother-in-Law
  • Iazúa Laríos - Sky Flower
  • Raoul Trujillo - Zero Wolf
  • Gerardo Taracena - Middle Eye
  • Rodolfo Palacios - Snake Ink
  • Ariel Galván - Hanging Moss
  • Bernardo Ruiz - Drunkards Four
  • Ricardo Díaz Mendoza - Cut Rock
  • Richard Can - Ten Peccary
  • Carlos Ramos - Monkey Jaw
  • Ammel Rodrigo Mendoza - Buzzard Hook
  • Marco Antonio Argueta - Speaking Wind
  • Aquetzali García - Oracle Girl
  • María Isidra Hoil - Oracle Girl

Rudy Youngblood as Jaguar Paw Rudy Youngblood (born Rudy Gonzales on September 21, 1982, Belton, Texas) is a young Native American actor, musician, dancer and artist. ... Dalia Hernandez is a Mexican actress who made her acting debut in the 2006 Mel Gibson epic Apocalypto, which chronicles the waning years of the great Maya civilization. ... Morris Birdyellowhead is an actor best known for his portrayal of Flint Sky in the 2006 epic film Apocalypto directed by Mel Gibson. ... Raoul Trujillo Apache Actor, dancer, former soloist with the Nikolais Dance Theatre and the original choreographer and co-director for the American Indian Dance Theatre. ...

Themes

The Australian version of the Apocalypto film poster. The original theatrical poster acquired a nomination in the 36th annual Key Art Awards for the best Action Adventure poster.
The Australian version of the Apocalypto film poster.[9] The original theatrical poster acquired a nomination in the 36th annual Key Art Awards for the best Action Adventure poster. [10] [11]

Maya civilization in the Central Area reached its full glory in the early eighth century, but it must have contained the seeds of its own destruction, for in the century and a half that followed all its magnificent cities had fallen into decline and ultimately suffered abandonment. This was surely one of the most profound social and demographic catastrophes of all human history.[12] Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 429 × 599 pixels Full resolution (500 × 698 pixel, file size: 175 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Movie poster for the film Apocalypto 1) Fair use for the illustration and analysis of the poster image 2) Promotional intended for wide distribution 3... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 429 × 599 pixels Full resolution (500 × 698 pixel, file size: 175 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Movie poster for the film Apocalypto 1) Fair use for the illustration and analysis of the poster image 2) Promotional intended for wide distribution 3... The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ...

Michael Coe, The Maya

As Coe puts it, the precursors to the fall of the Maya civilization, the "seeds of its own destruction," are similar to those found in other past civilizations. Yet Mel Gibson takes this comparison a step forward and claims these same "forces" are "occurring in our society now." Apocalypto is partially intended as a political allegory about civilizations in decline.[13] The movie is an attempt to illustrate the parallels between a great fallen empire of the past and the great empires of today. Gibson states, "People think that modern man is so enlightened, but we're susceptible to the same forces – and we are also capable of the same heroism and transcendence."[14][3] Allegory of Music by Filippino Lippi. ...


The filmmakers researched exactly what was the cause behind the Mayan collapse. The problems "faced by the Maya are extraordinarily similar to those faced today by our own civilization" co-writer Safinia stated during production, "especially when it comes to widespread environmental degradation, excessive consumption and political corruption."[3] The peek through time at this culture of the past serves as a looking glass onto our own lives today. The film serves as a cultural critique – in Dr. Hansen's words, a "social statement" – sending the message that it is never a mistake to question our own assumptions about morality.[15] This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


The corrosive forces of corruption are illustrated in specific scenes throughout the movie. Excessive consumption can be seen in the extravagant lifestyle of the upper-class Maya, their vast wealth contrasted with the sickly, the extremely poor, and the enslaved. Environmental degradation is portrayed both in the exploitation of natural resources such as the over-mining and farming of the land, but also through the treatment of people, families and entire tribes as resources to be harvested and sold to slavery. Political corruption is seen in the leaders' manipulation, the human sacrifice on a large scale, and the mass slave trade. These themes are prevalent throughout the movie and often overlap and blend together, creating an overall sense of sadness, devastation and destruction. Human sacrifice is the act of killing a human being for the purposes of making an offering to a deity or other, normally supernatural, power. ...


The Ancient Greek verb αποκαλύπτω (apokalýptō) means "I uncover," "disclose," or "reveal." Gibson commented about the movie's title: "[It] just expresses so well what I want to convey. I think it's just a universal word. In order for something to begin, something has to end. All of those elements are involved. But it's not a big doomsday picture or anything like that."[16] Beginning of Homers Odyssey The Ancient Greek language is the historical stage of the Greek language[1] as it existed during the Archaic (9th–6th centuries BC) and Classical (5th–4th centuries BC) periods in Ancient Greece. ...


Reception

This scene from Apocalypto was filmed at a waterfall in San Andrés Tuxtla.

The film was released in the United States on December 8, 2006, to generally positive reviews from film critics. Richard Roeper and guest critic Aisha Tyler on the television show Ebert & Roeper gave it "two big thumbs up" rating by [17] Michael Medved gave Apocalypto four stars (out of four) calling the film "an adrenaline-drenched chase movie" and "a visceral visual experience."[18] Overall, the review tallying website Rotten Tomatoes reported that 116 out of the 178 reviews they tallied were positive for a score of 65% and a certification of "fresh".[19] Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... San Andrés Tuxtla is a city in southern Veracruz, Mexico. ... is the 342nd day of the year (343rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Richard Roeper (born October 17, 1959)[1] is a columnist/film critic for the Chicago Sun-Times and, since September of 2000, has co-hosted the television series At the Movies with Ebert & Roeper with fellow film critic Roger Ebert. ... Aisha Tyler (born September 18, 1970 in San Francisco, California) is an American actress, stand-up comedian and occasional writer. ... At the Movies with Ebert & Roeper is a movie review television program featuring film critic Roger Ebert and columnist Richard Roeper, both of the Chicago Sun-Times. ... Michael Medved (born October 3, 1948) is a Jewish-American, neoconservative radio talk show host, film critic, and author. ... Rotten Tomatoes () is a website devoted to reviews and news of movies and video games. ...


Contrary to the omens that the film would not have a warm reception in Mexico, it registered a wider number of viewers than Perfume and Rocky Balboa. It even displaced memorable Mexican premieres such as Titanic and Poseidon.[20] According to polls performed by the newspaper Reforma, 80% of polled Mexicans labeled the film as “very good” or “good”.[20] Rocky VI redirects here. ... Titanic is a 1997 American romance film directed, written, produced and edited by James Cameron about the sinking of the RMS Titanic. ... Poseidon is a 2006 remake of the classic disaster film The Poseidon Adventure, based on the novel by Paul Gallico. ... Reforma is a Mexican newspaper based in Mexico City. ...


Apocalypto gained some passionate champions in the Hollywood community. Actor Robert Duvall called it "maybe the best movie I’ve seen in 25 years."[21][22] Director Quentin Tarantino said, "I think it’s a masterpiece. It was perhaps the best film of that year. I think it was the best artistic film of that year."[23] Robert Selden Duvall (born January 5, 1931) is an Academy Award-, two-time Emmy Award-, and four-time Golden Globe Award-winning American film actor and director. ... Quentin Jerome Tarantino (born March 27, 1963) is a Palme dOr-winning American film director, actor, and an Oscar winning screenwriter. ...


Box office

Apocalypto opened at the top of the American box office with $15 million, beating the Leonardo DiCaprio film Blood Diamond and Nancy Meyers' The Holiday. The following weekend, it dropped 47% to land in sixth place. It dipped another 50% over the four-day Christmas frame and fell out of the top 10 altogether. The film grossed $51 million in the US and an additional $69 million internationally.[24] Icon Productions entirely financed Apocalypto's $40 million budget, so Icon owned international rights to the film and sold domestic distribution to Touchstone Pictures for a reduced distribution fee.[25] http://www. ... Blood Diamond is an Academy Award-nominated 2006 adventure/drama/thriller film. ... Nancy Jane Meyers (Born December 8, 1949 in Pennsylvania, USA) is an American film director, producer and screenwriter. ... For other uses, see Holiday (disambiguation). ... Touchstone Pictures (also known as Touchstone Films in its early years) is one of several alternate film labels of The Walt Disney Company, established in 1984. ...


In the United Kingdom, the film set a new record for the highest opening weekend take by a foreign language film. It took £1.3m compared to the previous record holder, Hero, which took £1.05m in 2004. Gibson's The Passion of the Christ only took £229,426.[26] The movie has also sold over $36 million worth of DVDs in the international home video market. Hero (Chinese: ; pinyin: ) is a Chinese wuxia film, directed by Zhang Yimou with music by Tan Dun. ... The year 2004 in film involved some significant events. ... This article is about the film. ... DVD (also known as Digital Versatile Disc or Digital Video Disc) is a popular optical disc storage media format. ...


Historical inaccuracy and related criticism

Apocalypto has been criticized by a number of anthropologists and archaeologists working in the field of Mayanist studies who charge that the film depicts late Maya society as violent. [27][28][29] The film has also been accused of historical inaccuracy and racism by historians, Chicanos, and many in the archaeological community.[28] Some of these people charge that the film helps fuel a stereotype that shows native Mesoamericans as bloodthirsty savages, while failing to portray their achievements in areas such as mathematics and astronomy. Some critics of the movie confuse the sun god Kukulkan with Gukumatz the god of K'iche'-Maya tradition or Quetzalcoatl of Aztec mythology; however, they are not the same, although their origins are directly related. Sara Zapata Mijares, president and founder of Federación de Clubes Yucatecos-USA, a group of Yucatec Mayans, disagrees on any perceived negative portrayal but nonetheless commented that the film "should have had a little bit more of the culture. It could have shown a little more why these buildings [pyramids] were built."[30] This is about the social science. ... Mayanist is a term which has been in widespread use from the late 19th century onwards, to refer to scholars who have specialised in research and study of the Central American pre-Columbian Maya civilization. ... It has been suggested that Maya women be merged into this article or section. ... Manifestations Slavery Racial profiling Lynching Hate speech Hate crime Genocide (examples) Ethnocide Ethnic cleansing Pogrom Race war Religious persecution Blood libel Paternalism Police brutality Movements Policies Discriminatory Race / Religion / Sex segregation Apartheid Redlining Internment Ethnocracy Anti-discriminatory Emancipation Civil rights Desegregation Integration Equal opportunity Counter-discriminatory Affirmative action Racial quota... For other uses, see Chicano (disambiguation). ... Archaeology or sometimes in American English archeology (from the Greek words αρχαίος = ancient and λόγος = word/speech) is the study of human cultures through the recovery, documentation and analysis of material remains, including architecture, artefacts, biofacts, human remains, and landscapes. ... A solar deity is a deity who represents the Sun. ... Quetzalcoatl (feathered snake, in Nahuatl: Ketsalkoatl, in Spanish: Quetzalcóatl) is the Aztec name for the Feathered-Serpent deity of ancient Mesoamerica, one of the main gods of many Mexican and northern Central American civilizations. ... It has been suggested that this article be split into multiple articles. ... Aztec is a term used to refer to certain ethnic groups of central Mexico, particularly those groups who spoke the Nahuatl language and who achieved political and military dominance over large parts of Mesoamerica in the 14th, 15th and 16th centuries, a period referred to as the Late post-Classic...


Mexican reporter Juan E. Pardinas disagrees: "The bad news is that this historical interpretation bears some resemblances with reality […]. Mel Gibson's characters are more similar to the Mayas of the Bonampak's murals than the ones that appear in the Mexican school textbooks".[31][32]


Likewise in the movie, another key cause of the fall of the civilization was "excessive consumption" and "environmental degradation" of which there is plenty of supporting evidence. It has been discovered that the Mayan process of creating the lime stucco cement that covered their temples required a great deal of energy to heat up the lime stone to convert it to quick lime. One calculation estimates that it would take five tons of jungle forestry to make one ton of quick lime. Dr. Hansen explains, "I found one pyramid in El Mirador that would have required nearly 650 hectares (1,600 acres) of every single available tree just to cover one building with lime stucco... Epic construction was happening... creating devastation on a huge scale"[33] Michael D. Coe, author of "The Maya" also lists "environmental collapse" as one of the leading causes of the fall of the great empire, alongside "endemic warfare", "overpopulation", and "drought". "There is mounting evidence for massive deforestation and erosion throughout the Central Area. The Maya apocalypse, for such it was, surely had ecological roots," explains Coe. [34]


Richard D. Hansen, the historical consultant for Apocalypto and assistant professor of archaeology at Idaho State University as well as the director of the Mirador Basin Project in Guatemala (a forest reserve home to a number of Maya archaeological sites) states that the impact the film will have on Maya archaeology will be beneficial: "It is a wonderful opportunity to focus world attention on the ancient Maya and to realize the role they played in world history."[35] Dr. Richard D. Hansen, Ph. ... Idaho State University (ISU) is a public university operated by the U.S. state of Idaho. ...


In Hollywood on a large scale, there is an "active set of debates" between historians and filmmakers as both attempt to create meaning out of the past.[36] Using a historical perspective to portray a work of fiction automatically thrust the work into this debate and undoubtedly will cause outcries from all types of groups. Safinia addresses such concerns by stating, "The final decision when making a film is, 'What is the right balance between historical authenticity and making it exciting visually as well?' The film is an all out entertainment thrill ride, and that is what it was always designed to do.[37]


Mesoamerican history

On a very basic level, Apocalypto contains a number of items unknown in pre-Columbian Mesoamerica. It depicts the latter days – the post classic period – of Maya civilization, but the main pyramid where the human sacrifices occurred actually comes from classic period, when the Mayas were at their zenith. This period ended in 900 A.D., 600 years before the movie apparently takes place. Hansen comments: "There was nothing in the post-classic period that would match the size and majesty of that pyramid in the film. But Gibson was trying to make a story here. He was trying to depict opulence, wealth, consumption of resources."[38]


The Maya city inaccurately combines details from different Maya and Mesoamerican cultures widely separated by time and place.[29] For example, temples are in the shape of those of Tikal in the central lowlands classic style while decorated with Puuc style elements of the north west Yucatan centuries later. Co-writer and co-producer Farhad Safinia states the mixing of architectures had been done simply for aesthetic reasons.[39] For other uses, see Tikal (disambiguation). ... Mesoamerican chronology The chronology of Pre-Columbian Mesoamerica is usually divided into the following eras: Paleo-Indian Period c. ... General boundaries of the Puuc region. ... Farhad Safinia is a screenwriter and producer. ...


The mural in the arched walkway includes elements from the Maya codices combined with elements from the Bonampak murals (over 700 years earlier than the film's setting) and the San Bartolo murals (some 1500 years earlier than the film's setting) Рas in most civilizations, the styles of Maya art changed dramatically over the centuries. Elements of such non-Maya civilizations as those of Teotihuacan and the Aztec are also seen. Robert Carmack, an anthropology professor from SUNY Albany's renowned Mesoamerican program, said "it's a big mistake Рalmost a tragedy Рthat they present this as a Maya film."[29] His colleague, Walter Little, agreed, stating how "a lot of people will think this is how it was, unfortunately."[29] Page 9 of the Dresden Codex (from the 1880 F̦rstermann edition) Maya codices (singular codex) are folding books stemming from the pre-Columbian Maya civilization, written in Maya hieroglyphic script on Mesoamerican paper, made from the inner bark of certain trees, the main being the wild fig tree or... Bonampak. ... San Bartolo is a site of the ancient Maya civilization. ... Teotihuacan was the largest Pre-Columbian known city in the Americas, and the name Teotihuacan is used to refer to the civilization this city dominated, which at its greatest extent included most of Mesoamerica. ... University at Albany Sapientia et sua et docendi causa (Wisdom both for its own sake and for the sake of teaching) The University at Albany, located in Albany, New York, USA, is a university center of the State University of New York. ... Mesoamerica is the region extending from central Mexico south to the northwestern border of Costa Rica that gave rise to a group of stratified, culturally related agrarian civilizations spanning an approximately 3,000-year period before the European discovery of the New World by Columbus. ...


Stephen Houston, professor of Anthropology at Brown University, points out that human sacrifice victims among the Maya were captured kings, members of royal families, and other high-ranking nobility: "They didn't run around rounding up ordinary people to sacrifice."[40] However MSN Encarta mentions decapitation of royalty and heart extraction of slaves and prisoners.[41] Karl Taube, professor of Anthropology at the University of California Riverside, objects to the huge pit filled with corpses in the film, citing the lack of evidence for mass graves.[40] On the contrary, Hansen responds it is "conjecture", citing that "all [Gibson was] trying to do there is express the horror of it [whether those pits existed]."[42] Stephen D. Houston (1958—) is an American anthropologist, epigrapher and Mayanist scholar, who is particularly renowned for his research into the pre-Columbian Maya civilization of Mesoamerica. ... This is about the social science. ... Brown University is a private university located in Providence, Rhode Island. ... Encarta is a digital multimedia encyclopedia published by Microsoft Corporation. ... Karl Andreas Taube is an American Mayanist, anthropologist, epigrapher and ethnohistorian, known for his publications and research into the pre-Columbian cultures of Mesoamerica and the American Southwest. ... The University of California, Riverside, is a public coeducational university whose main campus is in a suburban district of the city of Riverside, California. ...


Taube also objects to the large number of slaves, something for which there is also no evidence.[40] Also, there is little possibility that the Maya would have been "dumbstruck" by the sight of a city.[29] As agricultural people, they also would not have allowed fields of rotting corpses near their crops.[29] Zachary Hruby, of UC Riverside, lamented the use of the Yucatec Maya language, as it gives a sense of authenticity to a film that he says has taken many unfortunate liberties with the subject. Specifically these liberties include: the style and scale of the sacrifices, the presentation of the Maya villagers as isolated people living off the wild forest, the chronological compression of the more urbanized Terminal Classic Maya and the primarily village-dwelling Late Postclassic Maya.[43] Critics have complained that Gibson also includes the arrival of a Spanish Expedition in the last five minutes of the story and argue that the Spanish arrived 300 years after the last large Maya city was abandoned.[citation needed] However, despite the end of construction at many famous postclassic centers, such as Chichen Itza and Uxmal they had not been abandoned at the time of the Spanish arrival, and there were still many comparatively smaller Maya cities such as Mayapan, Tiho, Coba, Chetumal and Nito, and Tayasal, also known as Petzen Itza survived until 1697 before being conquered by the Spanish.[citation needed] The University of California, Riverside is a public, coeducational university situated in Riverside, California beside Box Springs Mountain. ... Yucatec Maya is a Maya language spoken in the Yucatan Peninsula, northern Belize and parts of Guatemala. ... Mesoamerican chronology divides the history of pre-Columbian Mesoamerica into a number of named successive eras or periods, from the earliest evidence of human habitation through to the early Colonial period which followed the Spanish colonization of the Americas. ... Mesoamerican chronology divides the history of pre-Columbian Mesoamerica into a number of named successive eras or periods, from the earliest evidence of human habitation through to the early Colonial period which followed the Spanish colonization of the Americas. ... Mesoamerican chronology divides the history of pre-Columbian Mesoamerica into a number of named successive eras or periods, from the earliest evidence of human habitation through to the early Colonial period which followed the Spanish colonization of the Americas. ... Temple of the Warriors Chichen Itza is the largest of the Pre-Columbian archaeological sites in Yucat n, Mexico. ... Panorama of Uxmal Uxmal (, ) is a large Pre-Columbian ruined city of the Maya civilization in the state of Yucatán, Mexico. ... Mayapan (in Spanish Mayapán) is a Pre-Columbian Maya site in the state of Yucatán, Mexico, about 40 km south-east of Mérida and 100 km west of Chichen Itza. ... Coba (Cobá in the Spanish language) is a large ruined city of the Pre-Columbian Maya civilization, located in the state of Quintana Roo, Mexico. ... Front of the palace of the Governor of the state of Quintana Roo in Chetumal Chetumal (coordinates: ) is a city on the east coast of the Yucatán Peninsula in Mexico. ... Flores is the capital city of El Petén department of Guatemala. ...


Some Mayanists disagree with the romantic view about the Mayas. "The first researchers tried to make a distinction between the 'peaceful' Maya and the 'brutal' cultures of central Mexico", David Stuart wrote in a 2003 article. "They even tried to say human sacrifice was rare among the Maya." But in carvings and mural paintings, Stuart said: "we have now found more and greater similarities between the Aztecs and Mayas Рincluding a Maya ceremony in which a grotesquely costumed priest is shown pulling the entrails from a bound and apparently living sacrificial victim."[44] Stuart also noted evidence of child sacrifices.[45] This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Dr. David Stuart (b. ... The remains of a sacrificed boy to Huitzilopochtli in the Great Pyramid of Tenochtitlan (photo by H̩ctor Monta). ...


Interviewed by the Sunday Times, Gibson defended the film before the attacks of the critics: "I didn't show half the stuff I read about. I read about an orgy of sacrifice: 20,000 people sacrificed in four days. They were also very fond of impaling genitals and torturing people for years on end. For instance, if they captured a king or queen from another place, they would humiliate them for a decade. They would cut off their lips, have their tongues ripped out, they would have no eyes and no ears. Oh, and they would chew their fingers off. The guy would be alive but was just a babbling mass of nerve endings, then they'd roll him up in a ball after nine years of this stuff and roll him down the temple stairs and pulverise him."[46][47] The Sunday Times is a Sunday broadsheet newspaper distributed in the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland, published by Times Newspapers Ltd, a subsidiary of News International which is in turn owned by News Corporation. ... Categories: Stub | Death penalty | Torture ...


Hansen has defended research that had been done on the film. Hansen was asked to be technical adviser on the film after Gibson had seen one of Hansen's documentaries, called Dawn of the Maya, which was done at El Mirador in northern Guatemala. While Gibson's fictional story is set near the coast of Mexico's Yucatan during the collapse of Classic Maya civilization, Hansen's work in Guatemala's Mirador Basin serves, in large part, as the movie's factual basis: "A lot of the overall ideas that are in the story come from El Mirador, there were a lot of individual scenes that we provided for him [Gibson]. Working on the set was a time machine for me. The Maya houses were exactly like you would expect to see ... the corn husks, the pottery shards, the feathers and textiles, the baskets and mats on the ground."[35] El Mirador is a large pre-Columbian site of the Maya civilization, located in the north of the modern department of El Petén, Guatemala. ...


Asked about if there was any historicity of the physical portrayal of the Mayas in Apocalypto in regards to the makeup and body paint, Hansen responded: "Oh, absolutely. I spent hours and hours going through the pottery and the images looking for tattoos. The scarification and tattooing was all researched, the inlaid jade teeth are in there, the ear spools are in there. There is a little doohickey that comes down from the ear through the nose into the septum – that was entirely their artistic innovation."[35] A subtle but interesting example of authenticity in tattooing is found on the left arm of Seven, Jaguar Paw's wife - a horizontal band with two dots above; the Mayan symbol for the number 'seven'.

A screenshot of Jaguar Paw's wife, Seven, showing a tattoo on her arm in the design of the Mayan symbol for the number 7.

In addition, Hansen states that the "scenes of people running around with elaborate body paint and bones pierced through their noses"[35] had also some artistic licence on Gibson's part. In response to how violent the Mayas were in the film, Hansen commented: "We know warfare was going on. The Postclassic center of Tulum is a walled city; these sites had to be in defensive positions. There was tremendous Aztec influence by this time. The Aztecs were clearly ruthless in their conquest and pursuit of sacrificial victims, a practice that spilled over into some of the Maya areas."[35] Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... This article includes a list of works cited but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ...


Other areas where the film has been criticized for some inaccuracy and liberties taken include the scene where Jaguar Paw and the rest of captives are used as target practice. Archaeologist Jim Brady of Cal State L.A has responded that he has not heard of any evidence of the Mayas staging such a scene, while Hansen states: "The process of using these individuals as target practice is a real possibility. I couldn't say it did happen, but I couldn't say it didn't either. [Gibson] wanted to have some reason to have the guys go after Rudy Youngblood, to go after the hero ... . That was entirely Mel's scenario – but it's highly reasonable."[48]


Apocalypto writer and producer Farhad Safinia did extensive research in conjunction with the making of the film, using several sources including the Popol Vuh.[49] In the audio commentary of the film's first DVD release, Safinia states that the myth in the old shaman's story (played by Espiridion Acosta Cache who is an actual modern day Maya storyteller[50]) told at night to the people of the village had been taken from a Mesoamerican tale retranslated into Yucatec Maya with Safinia's own additions. Farhad Safinia is a screenwriter and producer. ... The Popol Vuh (Quiché for Council Book or Book of the Community; Popol Wuj in modern spelling) is the book of scripture of the Quiché, a kingdom of the post classic Maya civilization in highland Guatemala. ...


Eclipse

The solar eclipse is portrayed as occurring in just a few seconds, with the moon moving rapidly to obstruct the sun, then remaining motionless for some time, before moving away quickly. In reality, while totality may be brief, eclipses take place over several hours, with the moon moving at a constant pace throughout. Photo taken during the 1999 eclipse. ... Totality Corporation was a publicly-traded internet services provider based out of San Francisco, from the years 1999 to 2005. ...


In the film, the eclipse is followed by a full moon on what appears to be the evening of the same day, an astronomical impossibility: solar eclipses only occur during the new moon. Edgar Martin del Campo of SUNY Albany has pointed out that the Maya had an understanding of astronomy and would not have been in awe of an eclipse as they are depicted in the movie.[29] Nevertheless, while Maya astronomers and priests knew about eclipses and how to predict their occurrences, lay people may not have had access to the same information.[citation needed] In the movie, the reactions of the priests suggest that they were fully expecting the eclipse and had scheduled the ritual sacrificial ceremony to coincide with it; before bringing down the sacrificial knife, the High Priest looks to the sun expectantly, seconds before the eclipse begins. Also, the priest asks the sun to return during the climax of the eclipse as a sign the god is satisfied, suggesting the priest had privy knowledge of what was actually happening. The eclipse scene of the film is reminiscent of an episode during Christopher Columbus' fourth voyage; Columbus impressed local Arawaks in what is now Jamaica by predicting a lunar eclipse.[51] A very similar sequence also appears in the Tintin comic Prisoners of the Sun, in which Tintin and his friends avoid being sacrificed to the sun by Incas when an eclipse occurs. For other uses, see Full Moon. ... The lunar phase depends on the Moons position in orbit around Earth. ... University at Albany Sapientia et sua et docendi causa (Wisdom both for its own sake and for the sake of teaching) The University at Albany, located in Albany, New York, USA, is a university center of the State University of New York. ... For other uses, see Astronomy (disambiguation). ... This article is about astronomical eclipses. ... Christopher Columbus (1451–1506) was a navigator and an admiral for the Crown of Castile whose voyages to America greatly expanded European exploration and colonization of the continent (Vikings had previously had a colony at current New England, and there is significant support for Carthaginian pre-Columbian trans-Atlantic contact). ... Arowak woman (John Gabriel Stedman) The term Arawak (from aru, the Lokono word for cassava flour), was used to designate the Amerindians encountered by the Spanish in the West Indies. ... Time lapse movie of the 3 March 2007 lunar eclipse A lunar eclipse occurs whenever the Moon passes through some portion of the Earth’s shadow. ... The Adventures of Tintin (French: ) is a series of Belgian comic books created by Belgian artist Hergé, the pen name of Georges Remi (1907–1983). ... Prisoners of the Sun. ... For other meanings of Inca, see Inca (disambiguation). ...


Awards

Apocalypto has been recognized with numerous awards and nominations. For his role as producer and director of the film, Mel Gibson was given the Trustee Award by the First Americans in the Arts organization. Gibson was also awarded the Latino Business Association's Chairman's Visionary Award for his work on Apocalypto on November 2, 2006, at the Beverly Hilton Hotel in Los Angeles, California. At the ceremony, Gibson had said that the film was a "badge of honor for the Latino community."[52] Gibson also stated that Apocalypto would help dismiss the notion that "history only began with Europeans”[53]. Mel Columcille Gerard Gibson (born January 3, 1956) is an American-born actor, director and producer. ... First Americans in the Arts (FAITA) is a non-profit organization based in Beverly Hills, California. ... is the 306th day of the year (307th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Hilton Hotel chain is owned by Hilton Hotels Corporation and is based in Beverly Hills, California. ... Flag Seal Nickname: City of Angels Location Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates , Government State County California Los Angeles County Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,290. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ...


Won

  • Central Ohio Film Critics Association- COFCA Award for Best Cinematography (2007) - Dean Semler
  • Dallas-Fort Worth Film Critics Association Awards - DFWFCA Award for Best Cinematography (2006) - Dean Semler
  • First Americans in the Arts - FAITA Award for Outstanding Performance by an Actor (2007) - Rudy Youngblood
  • First Americans in the Arts - FAITA Award for Outstanding Performance by an Actor (Supporting) (2007) - Morris Birdyellowhead
  • Imagen Foundation - Imagen Award for Best Supporting Actor (2007) - Gerardo Taracena
  • Imagen Foundation - Imagen Award for Best Supporting Actress (2007) - Dalia Hernandez
  • Motion Picture Sound Editors, USA - Golden Reel Award for Best Sound Editing for Music in a Feature Film (2007) - Dick Bernstein (music editor), Jim Henrikson (music editor)
  • Phoenix Film Critics Society - PFCS Award for Best Cinematography (2006) - Dean Semler

Dean Semler is an Australian cinematographer. ... The Dallas-Fort Worth Film Critics Association (DFWFCA) is an organization of 50 print, tv, radio/TV and internet reviewers from Dallas-Fort Worth-based publications. ... Dean Semler is an Australian cinematographer. ... First Americans in the Arts (FAITA) is a non-profit organization based in Beverly Hills, California. ... Rudy Youngblood as Jaguar Paw Rudy Youngblood (born Rudy Gonzales on September 21, 1982, Belton, Texas) is a young Native American actor, musician, dancer and artist. ... First Americans in the Arts (FAITA) is a non-profit organization based in Beverly Hills, California. ... Morris Birdyellowhead is an actor best known for his portrayal of Flint Sky in the 2006 epic film Apocalypto directed by Mel Gibson. ... The Imagen Foundation is dedicated to encouraging and recognizing the positive portrayals of Latinos in the entertainment industry[1]. In 1983, founder Helen Hernandez met with prolific television writer and producer Norman Lear. ... The Imagen Foundation is dedicated to encouraging and recognizing the positive portrayals of Latinos in the entertainment industry[1]. In 1983, founder Helen Hernandez met with prolific television writer and producer Norman Lear. ... Dalia Hernández Armenta (b. ... Founded in 1953, Motion Picture Sound Editors (M.P.S.E.) is an honorary society of motion picture sound editors. ... Motto: (traditional) In God We Trust (official, 1956–present) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City Official language(s) None at the federal level; English de facto Government Federal Republic  - President George W. Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence - Declared - Recognized... The Phoenix Film Critics Society (PFCS) is an organization of film reviewers from Phoenix-based publications. ... Dean Semler is an Australian cinematographer. ...

Nominated

Academy Award The Academy Awards, popularly known as the Oscars, are the most prominent and most watched film awards ceremony in the world. ... Motto: (traditional) In God We Trust (official, 1956–present) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City Official language(s) None at the federal level; English de facto Government Federal Republic  - President George W. Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence - Declared - Recognized... Academy Award The Academy Awards, popularly known as the Oscars, are the most prominent and most watched film awards ceremony in the world. ... Motto: (traditional) In God We Trust (official, 1956–present) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City Official language(s) None at the federal level; English de facto Government Federal Republic  - President George W. Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence - Declared - Recognized... Kami Asgar is an Iranian-American Supervising Sound Editor. ... Academy Award The Academy Awards, popularly known as the Oscars, are the most prominent and most watched film awards ceremony in the world. ... Motto: (traditional) In God We Trust (official, 1956–present) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City Official language(s) None at the federal level; English de facto Government Federal Republic  - President George W. Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence - Declared - Recognized... Kevin OConnell (born circa 1957[1]) is a sound re-recording mixer. ... Saturn Award The Saturn Award is an award presented annually by the Academy of Science Fiction, Fantasy & Horror Films to honor the top works in science fiction, fantasy, and horror in film, television, and home video. ... Motto: (traditional) In God We Trust (official, 1956–present) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City Official language(s) None at the federal level; English de facto Government Federal Republic  - President George W. Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence - Declared - Recognized... Mel Columcille Gerard Gibson (born January 3, 1956) is an American-born actor, director and producer. ... Saturn Award The Saturn Award is an award presented annually by the Academy of Science Fiction, Fantasy & Horror Films to honor the top works in science fiction, fantasy, and horror in film, television, and home video. ... Motto: (traditional) In God We Trust (official, 1956–present) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City Official language(s) None at the federal level; English de facto Government Federal Republic  - President George W. Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence - Declared - Recognized... The American Society of Cinematographers (ASC) is not a labor union or guild, but rather an educational, cultural and professional organization. ... Motto: (traditional) In God We Trust (official, 1956–present) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City Official language(s) None at the federal level; English de facto Government Federal Republic  - President George W. Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence - Declared - Recognized... Dean Semler is an Australian cinematographer. ... The British Academy of Film and Television Arts (BAFTA), is a British organization that hosts annual awards shows for film, television, childrens film and television, and interactive media. ... Mel Columcille Gerard Gibson (born January 3, 1956) is an American-born actor, director and producer. ... Bruce Davey is an Austrailian film producer in the United States. ... The Broadcast Film Critics Association (BFCA) is the largest film critics organization in the U.S. and Canada, representing 199 television, radio and online critics. ... The Chicago Film Critics Association is an American film critic association. ... The Golden Globe Awards are American awards for motion pictures and television programs, given out each year during a formal dinner. ... The Hollywood Reporter is one of two major trade papers of the film industry in the United States, the other being Variety. ... The Imagen Foundation is dedicated to encouraging and recognizing the positive portrayals of Latinos in the entertainment industry[1]. In 1983, founder Helen Hernandez met with prolific television writer and producer Norman Lear. ... Founded in 1953, Motion Picture Sound Editors (M.P.S.E.) is an honorary society of motion picture sound editors. ... Motto: (traditional) In God We Trust (official, 1956–present) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City Official language(s) None at the federal level; English de facto Government Federal Republic  - President George W. Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence - Declared - Recognized... Kami Asgar is an Iranian-American Supervising Sound Editor. ... In filmmaking, dubbing or looping is the process of recording or replacing voices for a motion picture. ... In filmmaking, dubbing or looping is the process of recording or replacing voices for a motion picture. ... In filmmaking, dubbing or looping is the process of recording or replacing voices for a motion picture. ... The Online Film Critics Society (OFCS) is a professional association for film critics as well as film journalists, scholars, and historians who publish their reviews, interviews and essays on the Internet. ... Dean Semler is an Australian cinematographer. ... The Satellite Awards are an annual award given by the International Press Academy. ...

Soundtrack album

Further information: Apocalypto (soundtrack)

The soundtrack to Apocalypto was composed by James Horner. Apocalypto is the soundtrack to the 2006 film of the same name by Mel Gibson. ... In film formats, the soundtrack is the physical area of the film which records the synchronized sound. ... James Roy Horner (born August 14, 1953) is an American composer of orchestral and film music. ...


See also

Promotional poster Kings of the Sun was a 1963 movie directed by J. Lee Thompson set in Mesoamerica at the time of the arrival of the Spanish Conquistadores. ...

Notes

  1. ^ Chultuns are underground cavities with a typically narrow opening, which the Maya either excavated in toto or enlarged from a natural depression, which were used chiefly for water storage, but also for the storage of other goods and even burials.
  2. ^ a b [1][dead link]
  3. ^ a b c d e Apocalypto First Look at WildAboutMovies
  4. ^ Actors spoke Yucatec Maya language, BProphets-Apoc
  5. ^ spydercam: Info - Work History
  6. ^ CinemaTech: Dion Beebe, Dean Semler, Tom Sigel, and others on Digital Cinematography
  7. ^ "Gibson takes 'Apocalypto' to Oklahoma", Associated Press, 2006-09-23. Retrieved on 2006-09-24. (English) 
  8. ^ "Mel campaigns for new movie, against war in Iraq", Reuters, 2006-09-24. Retrieved on 2006-09-25. (English) 
  9. ^ Movie Poster Awards Archive: November 2006
  10. ^ 'Sunshine,' 'Pirates,' 'Borat' top Key Art noms
  11. ^ MCN Press Release: THR Key Arts Awards
  12. ^ Michael D. Coe: "The Maya" 7th ed, pg 161. Thames & Hudson, 2005.
  13. ^ E. Michael Jones, "Abortion and Human Sacrifice in the Americas". 
  14. ^ "Mel Gibson criticizes Iraq war at film fest - Troubled filmmaker draws parallels to collapsing Mayan civilization", Associated Press, September 25, 2006. Retrieved on 2006-12-12. 
  15. ^ Gibson film angers Mayan groups. BBC.co.uk (2006-12-08). Retrieved on 2007-06-29.
  16. ^ Making Yucatec Maya "cool again". Language Log (2005-11-07). Retrieved on 2007-06-29.
  17. ^ Ebert & Roeper air date 2006-12-10
  18. ^ Apocalypto review by Michael Medved (Microsoft Word document)
  19. ^ "Apocalypto" at rottentomatoes.com. Retrieved January 11, 2008.
  20. ^ a b "Califican con 7.6 a Apocalypto", Reforma, 2007-01-30. 
  21. ^ Robert Duvall interview from Premiere, March 2007. Retrieved December 2, 2007.
  22. ^ "Apocalypto's Biggest Fan" by David Carr, February 12, 2007. Retrieved December 2, 2007.
  23. ^ FILMINK Magazine, August 2007. Retrieved December 2, 2007.
  24. ^ "[2]"
  25. ^ [3] "Film funds start to be star-driven" by Michael Fleming Variety, May 18, 2007
  26. ^ "Mel Gibson's Apocalypto smashes record", The Guardian, January 9, 2007
  27. ^ "Is "Apocalypto" Pornography?", Archaeology Magazine, 5 December 2006
  28. ^ a b "Gibson film angers Mayan groups", BBC, 8 December 2006
  29. ^ a b c d e f g McGuire, Mark. "'Apocalypto' a pack of inaccuracies", San Diego Union Tribune, 12 December 2006. Retrieved on 2006-12-12. 
  30. ^ " globalheritagefund.org. Retrieved on 2007-12-04. “About 25 members of the Maya community in Los Angeles were invited to an advance screening of Gibson's film last week. Two of those who attended came away impressed, but added that they too wished Gibson had shown more of the Maya civilization. "It was a great action film that kept me on the edge of my seat," said Sara Zapata Mijares, president and founder of Federacion de Clubes Yucatecos-USA. "I think it should have had a little bit more of the culture," such as the pyramids. "It could have shown a little more why these buildings were built.”
  31. ^ Translation from the original in Spanish: "La mala noticia es que esta interpretación histórica tiene alguna dosis de realidad […]. Los personajes de Mel Gibson se parecen más a los mayas de los murales de Bonampak que a los que aparecen en los libros de la SEP" —Reforma, "Nacionalismo de piel delgada", 4 February 2007.
  32. ^ Evidence May Back Human Sacrifice Claims
  33. ^ http://www.cinemareview.com/production.asp?prodid=3773 Production Notes: The Heart of Apocalypto
  34. ^ Michael D. Coe "The MAYA" 7th ed, pg 162-63
  35. ^ a b c d e Mel Gibson's Maya. Archaeology, Volume 60 Number 1, January/February 2007.
  36. ^ http://muse.jhu.edu/login?uri=/journals/american_quarterly/v050/50.1br_toplin.html Telling ghost stories: reflections on history and Hollywood
  37. ^ http://news.newamericamedia.org/news/view_article.html?article_id=7d6ee7c2b24711821e7b3c08516541b7 For Some Maya, 'Apocalypto' is a Thrill
  38. ^ Global Heritage Fund
  39. ^ Global Heritage Fund
  40. ^ a b c The Washington Post, 15 December 2006.
  41. ^ http://encarta.msn.com/encyclopedia_761576077_2/Maya_Civilization.html |MSN Encarta Maya Civilization part 2
  42. ^ Global Heritage Fund
  43. ^ Hruby, Zachary. "Apocalypto: A New Beginning or a Step Backwards", Mesoweb News & Reports, 08 December 2006. Retrieved on 2006-12-12. 
  44. ^ Evidence May Back Human Sacrifice Claims | LiveScience
  45. ^ Stuart, David (2003). "La ideología del sacrificio entre los mayas". Arqueología mexicana XI, 63: 24-29. 
  46. ^ Mel Gibson on his movie 'Apocalypto', interview Sunday Times, January 2007
  47. ^ Mel Gibson Quotes archive
  48. ^ Global Heritage Fund
  49. ^ Mel Gibson’s Apocalypto: Fear killed the Mayas - Pravda.Ru
  50. ^ Apocalypto - Official Apocalypto DVD Website
  51. ^ Jamaica History: Columbus's Second Visit | jamaica-guide.info
  52. ^ Gibson honored by Latino business group - USATODAY.com
  53. ^ TodoExito.com - Events

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Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 346th day of the year (347th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 338th day of the year (339th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Reforma is a Mexican newspaper based in Mexico City. ... The Washington Post is the largest newspaper in Washington, D.C.. It is also one of the citys oldest papers, having been founded in 1877. ... is the 349th day of the year (350th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... December 8 is the 342nd day (343rd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 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External links

The Internet Movie Database (IMDb) is an online database of information about movies, actors, television shows, production crew personnel, and video games. ... Metacritic is a website that collates reviews of music albums, games, movies, TV shows, DVDs and books. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...

Reviews

Preceded by
Happy Feet
Box office number-one films of 2006 (USA)
December 10, 2006
Succeeded by
The Pursuit of Happyness

  Results from FactBites:
 
"APOCALYPTO": Gibson's next film and the Mayan year 2012 (840 words)
The title "Apocalypto" which in Greek means "an unveiling and a new beginning" and the fact that the film will revolve around the ancient, highly evolved and mysterious Mayan civilization, gives away the theme and content of the film.
Mel Gibson's title "Apocalypto", which in Greek means "an unveiling and a new beginning", certainly fits with the Mayan definition of the "Fin de los Tiempos" as described above and which will occur on Friday, December 21, 2012.
Filming of "Apocalypto" in Mexico is scheduled to commence in October for a planned release of Summer 2006.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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