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Encyclopedia > Apocalypse of Baruch

The Apocalypse of Baruch is a Jewish apocryphal or pseudepigraphical text written in the late 1st century CE, after the fall of Jerusalem to the Romans in 70 CE, which seemed to the author to signify the imminent end of the world (the apocalypse). It is not part of the canon of either the Jewish or most Christian Bibles but is part of the Peshitta. The Apocalypse exists in two quite different versions, one in Syriac and one in Greek. It is frequently republished and cited by modern apocalyptic Christian sects. For a discussion of Jews as an ethnicity or ethnic group see the article on Jew. ... In Judeo-Christian theology, the word apocrypha (Greek απόκρυφα, neuter plural of απόκρυφος, hidden) refers to texts that are not considered canonical, part of the Bible, but are of roughly similar style and age as the accepted Scriptures. ... Pseudepigrapha (from the Greek words pseudos = lie and epigrapho = write) is a text or a number of texts whose claimed authorship or authenticity is incorrect. ... (Redirected from 1st century CE) (1st century BC - 1st century - 2nd century - other centuries) The 1st century was that century which lasted from 1 to 99. ... Jerusalem (Hebrew: יְרוּשָׁלַיִם Yerushalayim; Arabic: القدس al-Quds; see also names of Jerusalem) is an ancient Middle Eastern city of key importance to the religions of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. ... The term apocalypse was introduced by F. Lücke (1832) as a description of the New Testament book of Revelation. ... Canon can mean: A rule adopted by an ecumenical council of the Catholic or Eastern Orthodox churches. ... The term Christian means belonging to Christ and is derived from the Greek noun Χριστός Khristós which means anointed one, which is itself a translation of the Hebrew word Moshiach (Hebrew: משיח, also written Messiah), (and in Arabic it is pronounced Maseeh مسيح). ... The Bible (From Greek βιβλια—biblia, meaning books, which in turn is derived from βυβλος—byblos meaning papyrus, from the ancient Phoenician city of Byblos which exported papyrus) is the sacred scripture of Christianity. ... The Peshitta is the standard version of the Bible in the Syriac language. ... Syriac is an Eastern Aramaic language that was once spoken across much of the Fertile Crescent. ...


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JewishEncyclopedia.com - BARUCH, APOCALYPSE OF (Syriac): (4279 words)
After fasting seven days, Baruch receives a revelation concerning the future punishment of the heathen and of all godless persons; and he is told that he will live until the consummation of the time, that he may bear witness in the hour of their punishment against those nations who now prosper.
Baruch, while sitting in the ruins of the Temple lamenting, receives a new revelation in the form of the following vision: In his sleep he sees a wood surrounded by rocks and crags, and, opposite the wood, a growing vine, beneath which flows a spring.
The views of the Apocalypse on the relations of sin and death, of the first man and his descendants, seem to be contradictory: and for this reason some scholars consider the Apocalypse to be the work of more than one author.
Baruch - LoveToKnow 1911 (3178 words)
These constitute Baruch's epistle to the nine and a half tribes in captivity, and have been published in Syriac and Latin in the London and Paris Polyglots, and in Syriac alone from one MS.
Baruch remains in Jerusalem and Jeremiah accompanies the Exiles to Babylon.
Though the original work was dependent on the Apocalypse of Baruch it cannot have been written much before the close of the 1st cent.
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