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Encyclopedia > Apartheid legislation in South Africa

The Apartheid Legislation in South Africa was a series of different laws and acts which were to help the apartheid-government to enforce the segregation of different races and cement the power and the dominance by the Whites, of substantially European descent, over the other race groups. Starting in 1948, the Nationalist Government in South Africa enacted laws to define and enforce segregation. This article is about law in society. ... This article or section may contain original research or unverified claims. ... A segregated beach in South Africa, 1982. ...


What makes South Africa's apartheid era different from segregation and racial hatred that have occurred in other countries is the systematic way in which the National Party, which came into power in 1948, formalised it through the law. Petty apartheid: sign on Durban beach in English, Afrikaans and Zulu (1989) Apartheid (meaning separatism in Afrikaans, cognate to English apart and hood) was a system of racial segregation that was enforced in South Africa from 1948 to 1994. ...


The effect of the legislation was invariably favourable to the Whites and detrimental to the other race groups.


Some of the apartheid laws introduced

Prohibition of Mixed Marriages Act, Act No 55 of 1949. Apartheid (ap-ar-taet) is the policy and the system of laws implemented and enforced by White minority governments in South Africa from 1948 till 1990; and by extension any legally sanctioned system of racial segregation. ... 1949 (MCMXLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1949 calendar). ...


Prohibited marriages between white people and people of other races. Between 1946 and the enactment of this law, only 75 mixed marriages had been recorded, compared with some 28,000 white marriages.


Immorality Amendment Act, Act No 21 of 1950; amended in 1957 (Act 23). 1950 (MCML) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Prohibited adultery, attempted adultery or related immoral acts (extra-marital sex) between white and black people.


Population Registration Act, Act No 30 of 1950. The Population Registration Act of 1950 required that all inhabitants of South Africa be classified in accordance with their racial characteristics as part of the system of apartheid [1] [2] [3]. Social rights, political rights, educational opportunities, and economic status were largely determined by which group an individual belonged to. ... 1950 (MCML) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ...


Led to the creation of a national register in which every person's race was recorded. A Race Classification Board took the final decision on what a person's race was in disputed cases.


Group Areas Act, Act No 41 of 1950. The Group Areas Act of 1950 (Act No. ... 1950 (MCML) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ...


Forced physical separation between races by creating different residential areas for different races. Led to forced removals of people living in "wrong" areas, for example Coloureds living in District Six in Cape Town.


Suppression of Communism Act, Act No 44 of 1950. The 1950 Suppression of Communism Act was legislation of the National government in South Africa. ... 1950 (MCML) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ...


Outlawed communism and the Communist Party in South Africa. Communism was defined so broadly that it covered any call for radical change. Communists could be banned from participating in a political organisation and restricted to a particular area.


Bantu Building Workers Act, Act No 27 of 1951. 1951 (MCMLI) was a common year starting on Monday; see its calendar. ...


Allowed black people to be trained as artisans in the building trade, something previously reserved for whites only, but they had to work within an area designated for blacks. Made it a criminal offence for a black person to perform any skilled work in urban areas except in those sections designated for black occupation.


Separate Representation of Voters Act, Act No 46 of 1951. Together with the 1956 amendment, the Separate Representation of Voters Act removed all Natives from the voting roll. ... 1951 (MCMLI) was a common year starting on Monday; see its calendar. ...


Together with the 1956 amendment, this act led to the removal of Coloureds from the common voters' roll.


Prevention of Illegal Squatting Act, Act No 52 of 1951. 1951 (MCMLI) was a common year starting on Monday; see its calendar. ...


Gave the Minister of Native Affairs the power to remove blacks from public or privately owned land and to establishment resettlement camps to house these displaced people.


Bantu Authorities Act, Act No 68 of 1951. 1951 (MCMLI) was a common year starting on Monday; see its calendar. ...


Provided for the establishment of black homelands and regional authorities and, with the aim of creating greater self-government in the homelands, abolished the Native Representative Council.


Natives Laws Amendment Act of 1952. 1952 (MCMLII) was a Leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ...


Narrowed the definition of the category of blacks who had the right of permanent residence in towns. Section 10 limited this to those who'd been born in a town and had lived there continuously for not less than 15 years, or who had been employed there continuously for at least 15 years, or who had worked continuously for the same employer for at least 10 years.


Natives (Abolition of Passes and Co-ordination of Documents) Act, Act No 67 of 1952. 1952 (MCMLII) was a Leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ...


Commonly known as the Pass Laws, this ironically named act forced black people to carry identification with them at all times. A pass included a photograph, details of place of origin, employment record, tax payments, and encounters with the police. It was a criminal offence to be unable to produce a pass when required to do so by the police. No black person could leave a rural area for an urban one without a permit from the local authorities. On arrival in an urban area a permit to seek work had to be obtained within 72 hours.


Native Labour (Settlement of Disputes) Act of 1953. 1953 (MCMLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday. ...


Prohibited strike action by blacks.


Bantu Education Act, Act No 47 of 1953. Bantu Education Act of 1953 was a South African law which codified several aspects of the apartheid system. ... 1953 (MCMLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday. ...


Established a Black Education Department in the Department of Native Affairs which would compile a curriculum that suited the "nature and requirements of the black people". The author of the legislation, Dr Hendrik Verwoerd (then Minister of Native Affairs, later Prime Minister), stated that its aim was to prevent Africans receiving an education that would lead them to aspire to positions they wouldn't be allowed to hold in society. Instead Africans were to receive an education designed to provide them with skills to serve their own people in the homelands or to work in labouring jobs under whites.


Reservation of Separate Amenities Act, Act No 49 of 1953 Forced segregation in all public amenities, public buildings, and public transport with the aim of eliminating contact between whites and other races. "Europeans Only" and "Non-Europeans Only" signs were put up. The act stated that facilities provided for different races need not be equal. This page is a candidate for speedy deletion, because: it is patent nonsense. ... 1953 (MCMLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday. ...


Natives Resettlement Act, Act No 19 of 1954 1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Group Areas Development Act, Act No 69 of 1955 1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Natives (Prohibition of Interdicts) Act, Act No 64 of 1956. 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Denied black people the option of appealing to the courts against forced removals.


Bantu Investment Corporation Act, Act No 34 of 1959. Year 1959 (MCMLIX) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Provided for the creation of financial, commercial, and industrial schemes in areas designated for black people.


Extension of University Education Act, Act 45 of 1959. Year 1959 (MCMLIX) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Put an end to black students attending white universities (mainly the universities of Cape Town and Witwatersrand). Created separate tertiary institutions for whites, Coloured, blacks, and Asians.


Promotion of Bantu Self-Government Act, Act No 46 of 1959. This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Year 1959 (MCMLIX) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Classified black people into eight ethnic groups. Each group had a Commissioner-General who was tasked to develop a homeland for each, which would be allowed to govern itself independently without white intervention.


Coloured Persons Communal Reserves Act, Act No 3 of 1961. 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (the link is to a full 1961 calendar). ...


Preservation of Coloured Areas Act, Act No 31 of 1961. 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (the link is to a full 1961 calendar). ...


Urban Bantu Councils Act, Act No 79 of 1961. 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (the link is to a full 1961 calendar). ...


Created black councils in urban areas that were suppoed to be tied to the authorities running the related ethnic homeland.


Terrorism Act of 1967. The Terrorism Act 2000 is a current United Kingdom Act of Parliament - An Act to make provision about terrorism; and to make temporary provision for Northern Ireland about the prosecution and punishment of certain offences, the preservation of peace and the maintenance of order. ... 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar (the link is to a full 1967 calendar). ...


Allowed for indefinite detention without trial and established BOSS, the Bureau of State Security, which was responsible for the internal security of South Africa.


Bantu Homelands Citizens Act of 1970. 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday. ...


Compelled all black people to become a citizen of the homeland that responded to their ethnic group, regardless of whether they'd ever lived there or not, and removed their South African citizenship.


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