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Encyclopedia > Antonio, Prior of Crato
Portuguese royalty
House of Aviz

John I
Children
   Prince Edward
   Pedro, Duke of Coimbra
   Henry the Navigator
   Princess Isabel
   John, Duke of Aveiro
   Fernando, the Saint Prince
   Afonso, Duke of Braganza
   Princess Beatrice
Edward
Children
   Prince Afonso
   Ferdinand, Duke of Viseu
   Princess Leonor
   Princess Catherine
   Princess Joan
Grandchildren include
   Manuel, Duke of Beja
Afonso V
Children include
   Saint Joan Princess
   Prince John
John II
   Prince Afonso
   George, Duke of Coimbra (natural son)
Manuel I
Children include
   Miguel da Paz
   Prince John
   Princess Isabella
   Princess Beatrice
   Louis, Duke of Beja
   Ferdinand, Duke of Guarda
   Cardinal-Prince Afonso
   Cardinal Henry
   Edward, Duke of Guimarães
   Princess Maria
Grandchildren include
   Philip I (II of Spain)
   Anthony, Prior of Crato
   Catherine, Duchess of Braganza
Great-Grandchildren include
   Teodosio, Duke of Braganza
Great-Great-Grandchildren include
   John, Duke of Braganza
John III
Children include
   Princess Maria
   Prince John
Grandchildren include
   Prince Sebastian
   Don Carlos
Sebastian
Cardinal Henry
Anthony

Anthony I of Portugal (Portuguese: António) (Lisbon, 1531Paris, August 26, 1595), known by The Prior of Crato (and, rarely, as The Determined, The Fighter or The Independentist), was a grandson of Manuel I, claimant of the Portuguese throne during the 1580 crisis (struggle for the throne of Portugal) and, according to some historians, King of Portugal (during a short time in 1580, in the continent, and since then until 1583, in the Azores Islands). The House of Aviz is a dynasty of kings of Portugal. ... Image File history File links Authorized by FOTW. File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... João I, tenth king of Portugal (in English, John I) (the Good or sometimes, the Great or even the One With Good Memory), was born in Lisbon in April 11, 1357 and died in the same city in August 14, 1433. ... Duarte of Portugal (Edward, in English), the Philosopher or the Eloquent, the 11th king of Portugal, was born in Viseu on October 31, 1391 and he died in Tomar on September 13, 1438. ... Pedro, Prince of Portugal, Duke of Coimbra (English: Peter) - (1392-May 20, 1449) was a Portuguese prince of the House of Aviz, son of King John I of Portugal and his wife Philippa of Lancaster. ... Infante Dom Henrique, duke of Viseu, generally known in English as Henry the Navigator, (March 4, 1394 – November 13, 1460), a prince of Portugal, looms large as an important figure in the early days of European colonial expansion. ... Categories: Stub ... John of Portugal (Santarém, January 13, 1400 - Alcácer do Sal, October 18, 1442) was a Prince of Portugal of the House of Aviz, son of King John I of Portugal and his wife Philippa of Lancaster. ... Fernando of Portugal, the Saint Prince (English: Ferdinand) - (September 29, 1402-June 5, 1443) was a Prince of Portugal of the House of Aviz. ... Afonso I, Duke of Braganza (1377-1461) was the eighth Count of Bracelos and the first Duke of Braganza. ... Beatrice of Portugal (Portuguese: Beatriz) was a natural daughter of John I of Portugal and a Galician noblewoman named Inês Pires. ... Duarte of Portugal (Edward, in English), the Philosopher or the Eloquent, the 11th king of Portugal, was born in Viseu on October 31, 1391 and he died in Tomar on September 13, 1438. ... Afonso V of Portugal - Alfonso, Alphonso -, the African (Port. ... Ferdinand, Prince of Portugal, Duke of Viseu (Portuguese: Fernando) was the third son of Portuguese King Edward of Portugal and his wife Leonor of Aragon. ... Leonor of Portugal (English: Eleanor), was a Princess of Portugal, daughter of King Edward of Portugal and his wife Leonor of Aragon. ... Catherine of Braganza. ... Joan of Portugal (Portuguese: Joana) was a Portuguese Princess daughter of King Edward of of Portugal and his wife Leonor of Aragon. ... Manuel I of Portugal (Archaic Portuguese: Manoel I, English: Emanuel I), the Fortunate (Port. ... Afonso V of Portugal - Alfonso, Alphonso -, the African (Port. ... Saint Joan of Portugal known in Portugal as Saint Joan Princess (Portuguese: Santa Joana Princesa) was a Portuguese princess of the House of Aviz, daughter of King Afonso V of Portugal and his first wife Isabel of Coimbra. ... João II of Portugal (English: John II), the Perfect Prince (Port. ... João II of Portugal (English: John II), the Perfect Prince (Port. ... Prince Afonso of Portugal was born in May 18, 1475 in Lisbon, Portugal, and died in a horse riding accident in the margins of the Tagus river on July 13, 1491, 16 years old. ... George of Portugal (Portuguese: Jorge) was a Portuguese Prince, natural son of King John II of Portugal and Ana de Mendonça, a maid of Joan, La Beltraneja. ... Manuel I of Portugal (Archaic Portuguese: Manoel I, English: Emanuel I), the Fortunate (Port. ... Miguel da Paz of Portugal (English (lit. ... This is a current Biography collaboration of the week! Please help improve it to featured article standard. ... Isabella of Portugal (1503 - 1539) was princess of Portugal. ... Beatrice of Portugal (1504 - 1538) was princess of Portugal. ... Louis or Lewis, Duke of Beja (Portuguese: Luís) was a Portuguese Prince son of King Manuel I of Portugal and his second wife Maria of Aragon. ... Ferdinand of Portugal, Duke of Guarda (Portuguese: Fernando) was a Portuguese Prince son of King Manuel I of Portugal and his second wife Maria of Aragon. ... Afonso, Prince of Portugal, Cardinal of the Kingdom (English: Alphonzo) was a son of Portuguese King Manuel I of Portugal and his wife Maria of Aragon. ... Henry, the cardinal-king or Henrique (in Portuguese) the Chaste (Port. ... Edward of Portugal (Portuguese language: Duarte]]) - (Lisbon, October 7, 1515-Lisbon, September 20, 1540), 4th Duke of Guimarães and Prince of Portugal, was son of King Manuel I of Portugal and his wife Maria of Aragon. ... Maria of Portugal (English: Mary) was a Portuguese Princess daughter of King Manuel I and his wife Leonor of Castile. ... Philip II of Spain (Spanish: Felipe II) - (May 21, 1526 – September 13, 1598), the first King of Spain understood as the whole peninsula of Hispania (r. ... Anthony I of Portugal (Portuguese: António) (Lisbon, 1531 – Paris, August 26, 1595), known by The Prior of Crato (and, rarely, as The Determined, The Fighter or The Independentist), was a grandson of Manuel I, claimant of the Portuguese throne during the 1580 crisis (struggle for the throne of Portugal... Catherine, Duchess of Braganza (1540 - 1614), was a claimant to the throne of Portugal following the death of King Henry I of Portugal in 1580. ... Teodósio II of Bragança, (1568, Vila Viçosa - 1630) was the 7th Duke of Bragança. ... John IV of Portugal (Portuguese João IV) (March 1603 - November 6, 1656), the Restoring King (Port. ... This is a current Biography collaboration of the week! Please help improve it to featured article standard. ... Maria of Portugal (English: Mary) as a Portuguese Princess daughter of King John III of Portugal and his wife Catherine of Habsburg. ... Prince João of Portugal (June 3, 1537 - January 2, 1554) (in English: John) was the eighth son of King John III of Portugal by his wife Catherine of Habsburg, (princess of Spain) daughter of Philip of Flanders and Joanna of Castile. ... Sebastian of Portugal Sebastião I (English: Sebastian) the Desired (Port. ... Several of the Carlist pretenders to the Spanish throne were also known as Don Carlos. ... Sebastian of Portugal Sebastião I (English: Sebastian) the Desired (Port. ... Henry, the cardinal-king or Henrique (in Portuguese) the Chaste (Port. ... Anthony I of Portugal (Portuguese: António) (Lisbon, 1531 – Paris, August 26, 1595), known by The Prior of Crato (and, rarely, as The Determined, The Fighter or The Independentist), was a grandson of Manuel I, claimant of the Portuguese throne during the 1580 crisis (struggle for the throne of Portugal... Pictures of Anthony I of Portugal, Prior of Crato, disputed 18th King of Portugal. ... District Lisbon Mayor   - Party Pedro Santana Lopes PSD Area 84. ... Events January 26 - Lisbon, Portugal is hit by an earthquake-- thousands die October 1 - Battle of Kappel - The forces of Zürich are defeated by the Catholic cantons. ... The Eiffel Tower has become a symbol of Paris throughout the world. ... August 26 is the 238th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (239th in leap years). ... Events January 30 - William Shakespeares Romeo and Juliet is performed for the first time. ... Manuel I of Portugal (Archaic Portuguese: Manoel I, English: Emanuel I), the Fortunate (Port. ... History of Portugal Series Prehistoric Portugal Pre-Roman Portugal Roman Lusitania and Gallaecia Visigoths and Suevi Moorish rule and Reconquista First County of Portugal Kingdom of Galicia and Portugal Second County of Portugal Establishment of the Monarchy Consolidation of the Monarchy 1383-1385 Crisis Discoveries Portuguese Empire 1580 Crisis Iberian... Afonso Henriques was the first King of Portugal. ... Events March 1 - Michel de Montaigne signs the preface to his most significant work, Essays. ... 1583 was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar. ... Portuguese) are an archipelago of Portuguese islands situated in the middle of the Atlantic Ocean, about 1,500 km from Lisbon and about 3,900 km from the east coast of North America. ...


Life

Anthony was the illegitimate son of Prince Louis, Duke of Beja (1506 - 1555), and therefore grandson of King Manuel I. And was precisely because he was illegitimate that his claim for the throne was considered invalid; furthermore, his father was also, just like him, Prior of Crato (that enabled him to marry without a Pope's dismissal). He was a disciple of Bartolomeu dos Mártires. Louis or Lewis, Duke of Beja (Portuguese: Luís) was a Portuguese Prince son of King Manuel I of Portugal and his second wife Maria of Aragon. ... // Events Leonardo da Vinci completes the Mona Lisa. ... Events Russia breaks 60 year old truce with Sweden by attacking Finland February 4 - John Rogers becomes first Protestant martyr in England May 23 - Paul IV becomes Pope. ... Manuel I of Portugal (Archaic Portuguese: Manoel I, English: Emanuel I), the Fortunate (Port. ...


In 1571 he was governor of the Portuguese North African fortification of Tangier. Events January 11 - Austrian nobility is granted Freedom of religion. ... View toward the Mediterranean Tangier, or Tangiers (Tanja طنچة in Berber and Arabic, Tánger in Spanish, and Tanger in French), is a city of northern Morocco with a population of 350,000, or 550,000 including suburbs. ...


In 1578, after the disaster of Alcácer Quibir, where the young King Sebastian lost his life, Anthony claimed his rights to the throne, but his pretensions where denied, and his uncle Cardinal Henry became the new monarch. Events January 31 - Battle of Gemblours - Spanish forces under Don John of Austria and Alexander Farnese defeat the Dutch. ... The Battle of Alcacer Quibir took place on August 4, 1578 by Alcazarquivir in Morrocco between the Portuguese army and the troops of the Moorish Sultan. ... Sebastian of Portugal Sebastião I (English: Sebastian) the Desired (Port. ... Henry, the cardinal or Henrique (in Portuguese) (January 31, 1512 - January 31, 1580), was the seventeenth King of Portugal between 1578 and 1580. ...


In January 1580, when the Cortes were assembled in Almeirim (where it was to be decided the heir of the Portuguese throne), the old Cardinal-King Henry died. The Regency of the Kingdom was assumed by a Governative Junta formed by five governors. January is the first month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of seven Gregorian months with the length of 31 days. ... Events March 1 - Michel de Montaigne signs the preface to his most significant work, Essays. ... ... Coat of Arms Almeirim is a municipality in Portugal with a total area of 222. ... Henry, the cardinal-king or Henrique (in Portuguese) the Chaste (Port. ...


By the time the Portuguese throne was disputed by several claimants; among them there was Catherine, Duchess of Braganza (1540-1614), her nephew Farnese Rainuccio of Parma, Philip II of Spain and the Prior of Crato himself. The Duchess has later been dubbed as legitimate heir, after her descendants obtained the thone in 1640 (in form of John IV of Portugal), but at that time, she was one of possible heirs. According to the feudal custom, her late older sister's son Rainuccio, an Italian, was the closest heir, then the Duchess herself, and only after them, king Philip. Philip II was a foreigner and descended from Manuel I by a female line; as for Anthony, although he was a Manuel I's grandson in male line, he was an illegitimate grandson. Catherine, Duchess of Braganza (1540 - 1614), was a claimant to the throne of Portugal following the death of King Henry I of Portugal in 1580. ... Philip II of Spain (Spanish: Felipe II) - (May 21, 1526 – September 13, 1598), the first King of Spain understood as the whole peninsula of Hispania (r. ... John IV of Portugal (Portuguese João IV) (March 1603 - November 6, 1656), the Restoring King (Port. ...


Philip, however, managed to bribe the high classes of the Kingdom with gold from the Americas, and the crown started to pend to his side. For them, the idea of a personal union with Spain would highly profitable for Portugal, that was going through a bad economical moment. Map of the Americas by Jonghe, c. ... A personal union is a political union of two or more entities that, internationally, are considered separate states, but through established law, share the same head of state —hence also whatever political actions are vested in the head of state, but none (or at least extremely few) others. ...


Anthony tried to seduce the people for his cause, comparing the present situation to the one of 1385. Then, just like in 1580, the king of Castile invoked arguments of blood nature to inherit the Portuguese throne; and like in 1580, the Master of Aviz (John I), illegitimate son of King Peter I, claimed his rights to the throne that ended in victory for Portugal in Aljubarrota and in the Cortes of Coimbra in 1385. History of Portugal Series Prehistoric Portugal Pre-Roman Portugal Roman Lusitania and Gallaecia Visigoths and Suevi Moorish rule and Reconquista First County of Portugal Kingdom of Galicia and Portugal Second County of Portugal Establishment of the Monarchy Consolidation of the Monarchy 1383-1385 Crisis Discoveries Portuguese Empire 1580 Crisis Iberian... Events March 1 - Michel de Montaigne signs the preface to his most significant work, Essays. ... A former kingdom of Spain, Castile comprises the two regions of Old Castile in north-western Spain, and New Castile in the centre of the country. ... João I, tenth king of Portugal (in English, John I) (the Good or sometimes, the Great or even the One With Good Memory), was born in Lisbon in April 11, 1357 and died in the same city in August 14, 1433. ... Pedro I of Portugal, eighth king of Portugal (in English, Peter I), known as the Cruel (not to be confused with Pedro I of Castile, also known as Pedro the Cruel) or as the Lawful (Port. ... Battle of Aljubarrota Conflict 1383–1385 Crisis Date August 14, 1385 Place Near Aljubarrota, central Portugal Result Decisive Portuguese victory The Battle of Aljubarrota took place on August 14, 1385, between the Portuguese forces commanded by D. João I of Portugal and his general Nuno Alvares Pereira, and the Castilian... ... Coimbra is a city and the capital of the district of Coimbra in Portugal. ... Events August 14 - Battle of Aljubarrota between the Portuguese under John I of Portugal and the Castilians, under John I of Castile. ...


In July 24, 1580, Anthony proclaimed himself King of Portugal in Santarém, followed by popular acclamation in several locations of the country; he governed in the continent during 20 days, until he was defeated in the Battle of Alcântara by the Spanish armies led by the Duke of Alba. July 24 is the 205th day (206th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 160 days remaining. ... Events March 1 - Michel de Montaigne signs the preface to his most significant work, Essays. ... Afonso Henriques was the first King of Portugal. ... There are a number of places called Santarém: Santarém, Brazil Santarém, Portugal Santarém is also a Portuguese cheese. ... There were two Battles of Alcantara: Battle of Alcantara (1581) - Spain and Portugal are united when Spain, led by the Duke of Alva, defeats Portugal Battle of Alcantara (1809) _ An inconclusive battle during the Napoleonic Wars (the Peninsular War) This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists... Fernando Álvarez de Toledo, the third Duke of Alva (or Alba) (1508-January 12, 1583) was a Spanish general and governor of the Spanish Netherlands (1567 - 1573), nicknamed the Iron Duke because of his cruelty, giving the Protestants of the Low Countries a firsthand taste of the Black Legend. ...


Since then, he started to rule the country from Terceira Island, in the Azores, where, until 1583, he established an opposition government to the Spanish occupation ocupación, that even minted coin - a typical act of sovereignty and royalty. Because of that, many authors consider him the last monarch of the House of Aviz (instead of Cardinal-King Henry) and the 18th King of Portugal. Map of Terceira Island, Azores. ... Flag of Azores Shaded relief map of the Azores from 1975 The Azores (Portuguese: Açores) are an archipelago of Portuguese islands in the middle of the Atlantic Ocean, about 1,500 km from Lisbon and about 3,900 km from the east coast of North America. ... 1583 was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar. ... The House of Aviz is a dynasty of kings of Portugal. ... Henry, the cardinal-king or Henrique (in Portuguese) the Chaste (Port. ... Afonso Henriques was the first King of Portugal. ...


His government in Terceira island was only recognized in the Azores, and in the continent and in the Madeira Islands the power was exercised by Philip II, who was acclaimed king in 1580 as Philip I of Portugal, and recognized as official king the following year by Cortes of Tomar in 1581. Location | Detail Motto of the autonomous region: Das ilhas, as mais belas e livres (Portuguese: From the islands, the most beautiful and free) Official language Portuguese Capital Funchal Other towns Porto Santo, Machico, Santa Cruz, Câmara de Lobos, Santana Area 797 km² Population  - Total (1991)  - Density c. ... Philip II of Spain (Spanish: Felipe II) - (May 21, 1526 – September 13, 1598), the first King of Spain understood as the whole peninsula of Hispania (r. ... Events March 1 - Michel de Montaigne signs the preface to his most significant work, Essays. ... Philip II of Spain (1527 – September 13, 1598), King of Spain (r. ... ... Coat of Arms Renaissance Manuelina style Window at the Convent of Christ Tomar, also known in English as Thomar, is a city of some 20,000 and also a municipality in Portugal with a total area of 351. ... Events January 16 - English Parliament outlaws Roman Catholicism April 4 - Francis Drake completes a circumnavigation of the world and is knighted by Elizabeth I. July 26 - The Northern Netherlands proclaim their independence from Spain in the Oath of Abjuration. ...


After his defeat in the Azores, he went in exiled to France - traditional enemy of the Habsburgs of Spain - receiving their support; he also congregated the support of England. An attempt for an invasion was tried, but ended in failure. Habsburg (sometimes spelled Hapsburg, but never so in official use) was one of the major ruling houses of Europe. ... Royal motto: Dieu et mon droit (French: God and my right) Englands location within the UK Official language English de facto Capital London de facto Largest city London Area - Total Ranked 1st UK 130,395 km² Population - Total (mid-2004) - Density Ranked 1st UK 50. ...


Anthony continued to fight until the end of his life for the restoration of independence of his country. He would never see the end of the Philippine dynasty, in 1640, time when a Portuguese - the grandson of his cousin, the Duchess of Braganza, John, was acclaimed king as John IV of Portugal, after a victorious coup in December 1, 1640. The Philippine House or House of Habsburg is the third dynasty of Kings of Portugal named after the three Spanish kings who ruled over Portugal from Madrid between 1580 and 1640. ... Events December 1 - Portugal regains its independence from Spain and João IV of Portugal becomes king. ... John IV of Portugal (Portuguese João IV) (March 1603 - November 6, 1656), the Restoring King (Port. ... December 1 is the 335th (in leap years the 336th) day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events December 1 - Portugal regains its independence from Spain and João IV of Portugal becomes king. ...

Preceded by:
Henry I
Kings of Portugal Succeeded by:
Philip I

  Results from FactBites:
 
António, Prior of Crato - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1400 words)
Antonio was the illegitimate son of Prince Louis, Duke of Beja (1506–1555) by Yolande (Violante) Gomez, a Jewess, who is said to have died a nun.
He was endowed with the wealthy priory of Crato.
Antonio's claim, which was inferior to those of Philip II and the duchess of Braganza, was not supported by the nobles or gentry.
THE ORDER OF OUR LADY OF THE CONCEPTION OF VILA VIÇOSA (3453 words)
A claim had been put forward, however, by the supporters of Antonio, Prior of Crato (1531-1595), probably natural son of the Infant Luis of Portugal (1506-1555), an elder brother of the Cardinal King who had died without legitimate issue.
Antonio was himself unmarried and, being illegitimate, his claim should have been subordinated to that of the descendants of his uncle, the Infant Duarte.
Antonio, Prior of Crato, was sent into exile in France with a pension.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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