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Encyclopedia > Anton Haeckl

Anton Haeckl was a musical instrument builder in Vienna, who built the first physharmonica in 1818. Two of his instruments from 1825 (refs. Inv. Nr. 19.480 (20 white keys) and Inv. Nr. 38.956) can be seen in the Vienna Technical Museum. Inhabitants according to official census figures: 1800 to 2005 Vienna in 1858 UN complex in Vienna, with the non-affiliated Austria Center Vienna in front - picture taken from Danube Tower in nearby Danube Park. ...


The physharmonica looked similar to the hand harmonium still in use in India today, with a piano-style keyboard. Smaller examples of this type of instrument rested on the left arm, and were played with the right hand. The range of notes was from B to g". This article is on the musical instrument; for information on other kinds of harmonia, see harmonium (disambiguation). ...


A newspaper advert of 14 April 1821 in the "Allgemeine Musikalische Zeitung" says: "The master also makes very small versions which rest comfortably on the left arm, and which the right hand plays."[1] April 14 is the 104th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (105th in leap years). ... The coronation banquet for George IV 1821 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ...


A patent ("privilegium") was granted to Anton Haeckl for such instruments on 8 April 1821. A patent is a set of exclusive rights granted by a state to a person for a fixed period of time in exchange for the regulated, public disclosure of certain details of a device, method, process or composition of matter (substance) (known as an invention) which is new, inventive, and... April 8 is the 98th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (99th in leap years). ... The coronation banquet for George IV 1821 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ...


Similar instruments

Similar early instruments, built in France, looked somewhat like an oversized modern piano-accordion, but were placed, like pianos, on a stand so one could use both hands on the keyboard. The bellows were operated by foot pedals and a string mechanism. The instrument had no bass section, so though it looked like an accordion it is treated as forerunner of the harmonium. A 24-bass piano accordion An accordion is a musical instrument of the handheld bellows-driven free reed aerophone family, sometimes referred to as squeezeboxes. ...


One such instrument, made by "Busson Brevete" (Paris) in 1880, can be seen in the Vienna Technical Museum (ref. Inv. Nr. 15.289).


Notes

  1. ^ "Auch in einem ganz kleinen Formate fertigt der Meister davon Exemplare die bequem im linken Arm liegen, indess die rechte Hand spielt.“

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