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Encyclopedia > Anton Cermak
Anton Cermak
Anton Cermak

Anton Cermak, in Czech Antonín Čermák, (May 9, 1873March 6, 1933) was the mayor of Chicago, Illinois, from 1931 until his death in 1933. Image File history File links Antoncermak222. ... Image File history File links Antoncermak222. ... May 9 is the 129th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (130th in leap years). ... 1873 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calaber). ... March 6 is the 65th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (66th in Leap years). ... 1933 (MCMXXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... Mayors of Chicago, Illinois, Current or Previous The mayoral term in Chicago was two years from 1837 through 1907, at which time it was lengthened to four years. ... 1931 (MCMXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link is to a full 1931 calendar). ... 1933 (MCMXXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ...


Born in Kladno, Bohemia (now the Czech Republic), Cermak emigrated with his parents to the United States in 1874. He began his political career as a precinct captain and in 1902 was elected to the Illinois state legislature. Seven years later, he would take his place as alderman of the 12th Ward (Bridgeport, the home base of future mayors Richard J. Daley, Michael Bilandic and Daley's son Richard M. Daley). Cermak was elected president of the Cook County Board of Commissioners in 1922, chairman of the Cook County Democratic Party in 1928, and mayor of Chicago in 1931.[1] His mayoral victory came in the wake of the Great Depression and the deep resentment many Chicagoans had of Prohibition and the increasing violence resulting from organized crime's control of Chicago, typified by the St. Valentine's Day Massacre. Kladno is a city in the Central Bohemian Region of the Czech Republic. ... Bohemia. ... 1874 (MDCCCLXXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... 1902 (MCMII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Official language(s) English Capital Springfield Largest city Chicago Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 25th 149,998 km² 340 km 629 km 4. ... Bridgeport is a neighborhood on the south side of Chicago, Illinois, USA. It is one of 77 official community areas of Chicago. ... Richard J. Daley was Chicagos longest-serving mayor and held office from 1955 to his death in 1976 Richard Joseph Daley (May 15, 1902 – December 20, 1976) was the longest-serving mayor of Chicago. ... Michael Anthony Bilandic (born: February 13, 1923; died: January 16, 2002; buried in St. ... Richard Michael Daley (born April 24, 1942) has been Mayor of Chicago since 1989. ... Cook County is a county located in the state of Illinois. ... Dorothea Langes Migrant Mother depicts destitute pea pickers in California, centering on Florence Owens Thompson, a mother of seven children, age 32, in Nipomo, California, March 1936. ... Prohibition agents destroying barrels of alcohol. ... // Events - Timeline Pre-1910s 1882 - Chicago Police Chief William McGarigle, in the pay of Chicago crime lord Michael Cassius McDonald, is indicted for graft later fleeing to Canada. ... The St. ...


The many new ethnic groups such as Poles, Czechs, Ukrainians, Jews, Italians, and blacks that began to settle in Chicago in the early 1900s were mostly detached from the political system, due in part to lack of organization which in turn led to underrepresentation in the City Council and to entrenched powers by the ethnic groups which had settled Chicago during the city's early years. As an immigrant himself, Cermak recognized Chicago's relatively-new immigrants as a significant population of disenfranchised voters and a large power base for Cermak and his local Democratic organization. African Americans, also known as Afro-Americans or black Americans, are an ethnic group in the United States of America whose ancestors, usually in predominant part, were indigenous to Sub-Saharan and West Africa. ... // Events and Trends Technology First flight by the Wright brothers, December 17, 1903. ...


Before Cermak, the Democratic party in Cook County was run by the "Lace Curtain" Irish, who generally despised everyone who wasn't "Lace Curtain", including the Irish from the Back of the Yards and Bridgeport neighborhoods, who were commonly referred to as "Pig Shit" Irish. As Cermak climbed the local political ladder, the resentment of the Lace Curtain group grew. When the bosses rejected his bid to become the mayoral candidate, Cermak swore revenge. That is when he formed his non-Irish political army and eventually wooed William Dawson, US Congressman from the 2nd District and the most powerful black politician in the country, to switch from the Republican to the Democratic party. New City, one of the 77 official community areas, is located on the southwest side of Chicago, Illinois. ... William Levi Dawson (April 26, 1886 - November 9, 1970) was an American politician who served in the United States House of Representatives. ...


Cermak's political and organizational skills helped create one of the most powerful political organizations of his day, and Cermak is considered the father of Chicago's Democratic machine. With support from Franklin D. Roosevelt on the national level, Cermak gradually wooed members of Chicago's growing black community into the Democratic fold. FDR redirects here. ...

When Cermak challenged incumbent mayor William Hale ("Big Bill") Thompson in the 1931 mayor's race, Thompson, representative of Chicago's existing power structure, responded with ethnic slurs: Image File history File links Cermak2. ... Image File history File links Cermak2. ... William Hale Thompson campaigns for Mayor in 1917. ... 1931 (MCMXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link is to a full 1931 calendar). ...

I won't take a back seat to that Bohunk, Chairmock, Chermack or whatever his name is.
Tony, Tony, where's your pushcart at?
Can you picture a World's Fair mayor
With a name like that?

Cermak's reply, "He doesn't like my name....It's true I didn't come over on the Mayflower, but I came over as soon as I could," was a sentiment to which ethnic Chicagoans could relate, and Thompson's slur largely backfired.[2] This article or section contains information that has not been verified and thus might not be reliable. ... A 1933 Century of Progress worlds fair poster The Century of Progress Exposition was a worlds fair held in Chicago, Illinois from 1933-1934 to celebrate Chicagos centennial. ... Mayflower in Plymouth Harbor by William Halsall (1882) The Mayflower was the ship which transported the Pilgrims from Plymouth, England to North Virginia (which later became part of the United States of America) in 1620, leaving Plymouth on September 6 and dropping anchor near Cape Cod on November 11 (both...


The flamboyant Thompson's reputation as a buffoon and the voters' disgust with the corruption of his machine and his inability or unwillingness to clean up organized crime in Chicago were cited as major factors in Cermak capturing 58% of the vote in the mayoral election on April 6, 1931. Cermak's victory finished Thompson as a political power and largely ended the Republican Party's power in Chicago — no Republican has held the office of mayor of Chicago since Thompson's exit in 1931. // Events - Timeline Pre-1910s 1882 - Chicago Police Chief William McGarigle, in the pay of Chicago crime lord Michael Cassius McDonald, is indicted for graft later fleeing to Canada. ... April 6 is the 96th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (97th in leap years). ... 1931 (MCMXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link is to a full 1931 calendar). ... 1931 (MCMXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link is to a full 1931 calendar). ...


While riding in an open car next to President-elect Franklin D. Roosevelt in Miami Beach, Florida, on February 15, 1933, Cermak was shot and seriously wounded when Giuseppe Zangara tried to assassinate Roosevelt and hit Cermak instead. Later, rumors circulated that Cermak, not Roosevelt, had been the intended target, as his promise to clean up Chicago's rampant lawlessness posed a threat to Al Capone and the Chicago organized crime syndicate. Cermak was quoted as saying "I'm glad it was me instead of you" to Roosevelt while headed to the hospital. FDR redirects here. ... Miami Beach is a city located in Miami-Dade County, Florida. ... Official language(s) English Capital Largest city Tallahassee Jacksonville Area  Ranked 22nd  - Total 65,794 sq. ... February 15 is the 46th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1933 (MCMXXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... Giuseppe Zangara Giuseppe Zangara (September 7, 1900 – March 20, 1933) fired upon the United States President-elect Franklin Delano Roosevelt in 1933. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... FBI mugshot of Capone, 1931 Alphonse Capone(January 17, 1899 – January 25, 1947), popularly known as Alfonso Scarface Capone, was an infamous Italian American gangster in the 1920s and 1930s, although his business card reportedly described him as a used furniture dealer. ... Organized crime is crime carried out systematically by formal criminal organizations. ...


Long-time Chicago newsman Len O'Connor offers a diferent view of the events surrounding Cermak's death.[3] He has written that aldermen "Paddy" Bauler and Charlie Weber informed him that relations between Cermak and FDR were strained because Cermak fought FDR's nomination at the Democratic convention in Chicago for over 20 ballots. It was only a personal telephone call from William Randolph Hearst, who promised to use his newspaper network to defeat Cermak's candidate, that broke the log jam. After the election, Cermak vacationed with Bauler and Weber in North Carolina, where the two aldermen eventually convinced the mayor that he had to kiss and make up with FDR because the city was unable to pay city workers and teachers and needed money (the city was issuing script that was accepted by merchants). It was arranged for Cermak to meet with the President-elect in Miami, where he was vacationing. With his tail between his legs, Cermak approached FDR and kissed the ring. William Randolph Hearst William Randolph Hearst (April 29, 1863 – August 14, 1951) was an American newspaper magnate, born in San Francisco, California. ...

Cermak (left) and FDR (center) moments before the assassination
Cermak (left) and FDR (center) moments before the assassination

For appearances, FDR invited the three Chicagoans to ride with him in an open car in a parade held in his honor. All accepted and the two aldermen were witnesses to the shooting. The legend that his last words were "I'm glad it was me instead of you" was, according to Len O'Connor, totally fabricated by Weber and Bauler. Years later, Bauler told O'Connor that they couldn't tell the press what he really said: Apparently he instantly knew that his death was imminent, and that all he worked so hard for over his entire life was being swept away and his rage at being cheated erupted. At a moment when most men call out to God, or their wives or their mothers, Cermak used his last breath to call the President-elect a "motherfucker" to his face. Given Cermak's rough and tumble street origins, this is entirely plausible. Image File history File links Assassination2. ... Image File history File links Assassination2. ...


Cermak died of his wounds on March 6 and was interred at Bohemian National Cemetery in Chicago. The mayor's death was followed by a struggle for succession to his party chairmanship and to the mayor's office. March 6 is the 65th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (66th in Leap years). ...


Following Cermak's death, 22nd Street, a major east-west artery that traversed Chicago's West Side and the close-in suburbs of Cicero and Berwyn, areas with a significant Czech population, was renamed Cermak Road. Incorporated Town in 1869. ... Incorporated City in 1902. ...


In 1943, a Liberty ship, the SS A. J. Cermak was named after Cermak. It was scrapped in 1964. The Liberty ships were cargo ships built in the United States during World War II. They were cheap and quick to build, and came to symbolize U.S. wartime industrial output. ... The SS (Hull Number 1836) was a Liberty ship built in the United States during World War 2. ...


Cermak's son-in-law, Otto Kerner, Jr., was governor of Illinois and a federal circuit judge. Otto Kerner, Jr. ...


References

  1. ^ Hirsch, Arnold R. "Democratic Party." Encyclopedia of Chicago.
  2. ^ Wendt, Lloyd (1979). Chicago Tribune. Chicago: Rand McNally. ISBN 0-528-81826-0.
  3. ^ O'Connor, Len (1975). Clout: Mayor Daley and His City. Chicago: H. Regnery Co.. ISBN 0-809-28291-7.

External links

  • Cermak's tomb at Bohemian National Cemetery
Preceded by:
William Hale Thompson
Mayor of Chicago
1931–1933
Succeeded by:
Frank J. Corr

  Results from FactBites:
 
Anton Cermak - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1052 words)
Anton Cermak, in Czech Antonín Čermák, (May 9, 1873 – March 6, 1933) was the mayor of Chicago, Illinois, from 1931 until his death in 1933.
Cermak was elected president of the Cook County Board of Commissioners in 1922, chairman of the Cook County Democratic Party in 1928, and mayor of Chicago in 1931.
Following Cermak's death, 22nd Street, a major east-west artery that traversed Chicago's West Side and the close-in suburbs of Cicero and Berwyn, areas with a significant Czech population, was renamed Cermak Road.
Anton Cermak - definition of Anton Cermak in Encyclopedia (358 words)
Anton Cermak (May 9, 1873 - March 6, 1933) was the mayor of Chicago, Illinois from 1931 until his death in 1933.
Born in Kladno, Bohemia (now the Czech Republic), Cermak began his political career as a precinct captain and in 1902 was elected to the Illinois state legislature.
Cermak's son-in-law, Otto Kerner, was Governor of Illinois from 1961 to 1968 and later headed the Kerner Commission, which issued a report on race relations in the United States.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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