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Encyclopedia > Antoine Crozat

Antoine Crozat, Marquis du Chatel (Toulouse, ca.1655 — Paris, June 7, 1738), founder of an immense fortune, was the first private proprietary owner of French Louisiana from 1712 to 1717. The Capitole, the 18th century city hall of Toulouse and best known landmark in the city; in the foreground is the Place du Capitole, a hub of urban life at the very center of the city Toulouse (pronounced in standard French, and in local Toulouse accent) (Occitan: Tolosa, pronounced ) is... City flag City coat of arms Motto: Fluctuat nec mergitur (Latin: Tossed by the waves, she does not sink) Coordinates : Time Zone : CET (GMT +1) Administration Subdivisions 20 arrondissements Département Paris (75) Région ÃŽle-de-France Mayor Bertrand Delanoë (PS) City (commune) Characteristics Land Area 86. ... Events February 4 - Court Jew Joseph Suss Oppenheimer is executed in Württenberg April 15 - Premiere in London of Serse, an Italian opera by George Frideric Handel. ... Territory of French Louisiane in 1803. ...


He rose from obscurity, the son of a peasant, to become one of the wealthiest merchants of France. By lending money to the government he was ennobled as the marquis du Châtel, and became a financial counsellor to Louis XIV. He invested in the Guinea Company and the Asiento Company, two lucrative overseas franchises. The king eventually offered him a 15‑year trade monopoly in the new colony of Louisiana. On arrival there he entrusted Cadillac with prospecting for the precious metals that persistent rumors attributed to the territory; after the enterprise proved fruitless, he surrendered his monopoly and returned to France in 1738. Louis XIV (Louis-Dieudonné) (September 5, 1638 – September 1, 1715) ruled as King of France and of Navarre from May 14, 1643 until his death just prior to his seventy-seventh birthday. ... Asiento (or Assiento) is the name of the permit given by the Spanish government to other countries to sell slaves to the Spanish colonies. ... Statue of Cadillac commemorating his landing in Detroit Antoine Laumet, dit de La Mothe, sieur de Cadillac (March 5, 1658-October 15, 1730), a French explorer, was a colourful figure in the history of New France. ...


He married Marguerite Legendre. Their four children:

  • Marie Anne married the comte d'Evreux
  • Louis-François, marquis du Châtel
  • Joseph-Antoine, marquis de Thugny
  • Louis-Antoine, baron de Thiers, whose gallery of paintings inherited from his uncle Pierre Crozat, ("Crozat le Pauvre"), was purchased after his death for the Hermitage Museum, through Denis Diderot.

Pierre Crozat (1661 - 1740), French art collector, was born at Toulouse, one of a family who were prominent French financiers and collectors. ... The State Hermitage Museum (Государственный Эрмитаж) in St. ... Portrait of Diderot by Louis-Michel van Loo, 1767 Denis Diderot (October 5, 1713 – July 31, 1784) was a French philosopher and writer. ...

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