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Encyclopedia > Antithesis
Look up Antithesis in
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This article is about the rhetorical device. For the historical issue in Dutch politics, see Antithesis (Netherlands).

Antithesis (Greek for "setting opposite", from ἀντί against + θέσις position) is a counter-propositions and denotes a direct contrast to the original proposition. In setting the opposite, an individual brings out of a contrast in the meaning (eg., the definition, interpretation, or semantics) by an obvious contrast in the expression. Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wiktionary (a portmanteau of wiki and dictionary) is a multilingual, Web-based project to create a free content dictionary, available in over 150 languages. ... The Antithesis (Antithese in Dutch) is a conflict between Christian-democratic, confessional parties, united in the Coalition and liberal parties, united in the Concentratie between 1888 and 1918. ... This article is about the word proposition as it is used in logic, philosophy, and linguistics. ... Look up Contrast in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... For other uses, see Definition (disambiguation). ... Interpretation, or interpreting, is an activity that consists of establishing, either simultaneously or consecutively, oral or gestural communications between two or more speakers who are not speaking (or signing) the same language. ... The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ... An idiom is an expression (i. ...

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Description

A simplistic description of dialectics is thesis, antithesis, synthesis. It is the basic idea of yin and yang. Hell is the antithesis of Heaven; disorder is the antithesis of order. It is the juxtaposition of contrasting ideas, usually in a balanced way. In rhetoric, it is a figure of speech involving the bringing out of a contrast in the ideas by an obvious contrast in the words, clauses, or sentences, within a parallel grammatical structure, as in the following: In classical philosophy, dialectic (Greek: διαλεκτική) is controversy, Viz. ... This article is about the thesis in academia. ... Synthesis (from the ancient Greek σύν (with) and θεσις (placing), is commonly understood to be an integration of two or more pre-existing elements which results in a new creation. ... Japanese name Kanji: Hiragana: Vietnamese name Vietnamese: In Chinese philosophy yin and yang (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ) are generalized descriptions of the antitheses or mutual correlations in human perceptions of phenomena in the natural world, combining to create a unity of opposites in the theory of the Taiji. ... Rhetoric (from Greek , rhêtôr, orator, teacher) is generally understood to be the art or technique of persuasion through the use of oral, visual, or written language; however, this definition of rhetoric has expanded greatly since rhetoric emerged as a field of study in universities. ... A figure of speech, sometimes termed a rhetoric, or elocution, is a word or phrase that departs from straightforward, literal language. ... IDEA may refer to: Electronic Directory of the European Institutions IDEA League Improvement and Development Agency Individuals with Disabilities Education Act Indian Distance Education Association Integrated Data Environments Australia Intelligent Database Environment for Advanced Applications IntelliJ IDEA - a Java IDE Interactive Database for Energy-efficient Architecture International IDEA (International Institute... For other uses, see Word (disambiguation). ... In grammar, a clause is a word or group of words ordinarily consisting of a subject and a predicate, although in some languages and some types of clauses, the subject may not appear explicitly. ... In linguistics, a sentence is a unit of language, characterized in most languages by the presence of a finite verb. ...

"When there is need of silence, you speak, and when there is need of speech, you are dumb; when present, you wish to be absent, and when absent, you desire to be present; in peace you are for war, and in war you long for peace; in council you descant on bravery, and in the battle you tremble."

Antithesis is sometimes double or alternate, as in the appeal of Augustus:

"Listen, young men, to an old man to whom old men were glad to listen when he was young."

Among English writers who have made the most abundant use of antithesis are Pope, Young, Johnson, and Gibbon; and especially Lyly in his Euphues. It is, however, a much more common feature in French than in English; while in German, with some striking exceptions, it is conspicuous by its absence. The familiar phrase “Man proposes: God disposes” is an example of antithesis, as is John Dryden's description in “The Hind and the Panther”: “Too black for heaven, and yet too white for hell.” For other uses, see Alexander Pope (disambiguation). ... For other persons named Samuel Johnson, see Samuel Johnson (disambiguation). ... Edward Gibbon (1737–1794). ... John Lyly (Lilly or Lylie) (c. ... John Dryden John Dryden (August 19 {August 9 O.S.}, 1631 - May 12 {May 1 O.S.}, 1700) was an influential English poet, literary critic, translator and playwright, who dominated the literary life of Restoration England to such a point that the period came to be known in literary circles...


The force of the antithesis is increased if the words on which the beat of the contrast falls are alliterative, or otherwise similar in sound. It gives an expression greater point and vivacity than a judicious employment of this figure; but, on the other hand, there is nothing more tedious and trivial than a pseudo-antithetical style.


Biblical

The Antithesis of the Law is the name given by New Testament scholars to a section of the Sermon on the Mount, Matthew 5:17–48, in which Jesus is reported as taking six well known prescriptions of the Jewish Law, and calling on his followers to do more than the law requires. The best known is perhaps his teaching on retaliation in Matthew 5:38, The Antithesis of the Law (Matthew 5:17-48) is a less well known but highly structured (you have heard . ... This article is about the Christian scriptures. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations · Other religions Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Catholic Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box:      The Sermon... This article is about Jesus of Nazareth. ... The Torah () is the most important document in Judaism, revered as the inspired word of G-d (the vocal is never spelled), traditionally said to have been revealed to Moses. ...

"Ye have heard that it hath been said, An eye for an eye, and a tooth for a tooth: 39 But I say unto you, That ye resist not evil: but whosoever shall smite thee on thy right cheek, turn to him the other also." (KJB).

The antithesis arises from the turn of phrase, repeated with minor variations in each of the six sayings, This page is about the version of the Bible; for the Harvey Danger album, see King James Version (album). ...

"Ye have heard that it hath been said... But I say unto you...".

Protestant scholars since the Reformation have generally believed that Jesus was setting His teaching over against false interpretations of the law current at the time. Jesus never used the phrase "it has been said" when referring to scripture anywhere else in the Gospels. An antithesis remains, whichever opinion one takes. Antithesis was the name given by Marcion to a document in which he contrasted the Old Testament with the New Testament. Marcion of Sinope (ca. ... Note: Judaism commonly uses the term Tanakh to refer to its canon, which corresponds to the Protestant Old Testament. ... This article is about the Christian scriptures. ...


In fiction

In fiction, an antithesis can be used to describe a character who presents the exact opposite as to personality type, moral outlook, etc. to another character in a particular piece of literature. This does not mean however, that they are necessarily in conflict with each other.


See also

The alternate hypothesis (or maintained hypothesis) and the null hypothesis are the two rival hypotheses whose likelihoods are compared by a statistical hypothesis test. ... According to many followers of the theories of Karl Marx (or Marxists), dialectical materialism is the philosophical basis of Marxism. ... In classical philosophy, dialectic (Greek: διαλεκτική) is controversy, Viz. ... In rhetoric, a rhetorical device or resource of language is a technique that an author or speaker uses to evoke an emotional response in his audience (his reader(s) or listener(s)). These emotional responses are central to the meaning of the work or speech, and should also get the...

References

  • This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain.

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