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Encyclopedia > Antipodean Albatross
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Antipodean Albatross
Conservation status: Vulnerable
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Procellariiformes
Family: Diomedeidae
Genus: Diomedea
Species: D. antipodensis
Diomedea antipodensis
Roberston and Warham, 1992
Synonyms
Diomedea exulans antipodensis

The Antipodean Albatross (Diomedea antipodensis) is a large seabird from the albatross family. One of the great albatrosses of the genus Diomedea, it was only distinguished as a subspecies of the Wandering Albatross in 1992 and recognised by some authorities as a full species in 1998. While not all scientists believe it is a full species, retaining it with the Wandering Albatross, a 2004 study of the mitochondrial DNA and microsatellites of the Wandering Albatross species complex supported the split. Antipodean Albatrosses are smaller than Wandering Albatrosses, and breed in predominately brown plumage, but are otherwise difficult to distinguish from Wanderers. Scientific classification or biological classification is how biologists group and categorize extinct and living species of organisms. ... Phyla Porifera (sponges) Ctenophora (comb jellies) Cnidaria (coral, jellyfish, anemones) Placozoa (trichoplax) Subregnum Bilateria (bilateral symmetry) Acoelomorpha (basal) Orthonectida (parasitic to flatworms, echinoderms, etc. ... Typical Classes Subphylum Urochordata - Tunicatas Ascidiacea Thaliacea Larvacea Subphylum Cephalochordata - Lancelets Subphylum Myxini - Hagfishes Subphylum Vertebrata - Vertebrates Petromyzontida - Lampreys Placodermi (extinct) Chondrichthyes - Cartilaginous fishes Acanthodii (extinct) Actinopterygii - Ray-finned fishes Actinistia - Coelacanths Dipnoi - Lungfishes Amphibia - Amphibians Reptilia - Reptiles Aves - Birds Mammalia - Mammals Chordates (phylum Chordata) include the vertebrates, together with... Orders Many - see section below. ... Families Procellariidae Diomedeidae Hydrobatidae Pelecanoididae Procellariiformes (from the Latin procella, a storm) is an order of birds formerly called Tubinares and still called tubenoses in English. ... Genera Diomedea Thallasarche Phoebastria Phoebetria The albatrosses (from Portuguese Alcatraz, a pelican) are seabirds in the family Diomedeidae, which is closely allied to the petrels. ... Species (Linnaeus, 1758) (Robertson & Warham, 1992) (Roux et al, 1983) (Mathews, 1929) (Murphy, 1917) (Lesson, 1785) The great albatrosses are seabirds in the genus Diomedea in the albatross family. ... In biology, binomial nomenclature is the formal method of naming species. ... In scientific classification, synonymy is the existence of multiple systematic names to label the same organism. ... Seabirds are birds that spend much of their lives, outside the breeding season at least, at sea. ... Genera Diomedea Thalassarche Phoebastria Phoebetria The albatrosses, family Diomedeidae, are large seabirds allied to the procellarids, storm-petrels and diving-petrels in the order Procellariiformes (the tubenoses). ... Scientific classification or biological classification refers to how biologists group and categorize extinct and living species of organisms. ... Species (Linnaeus, 1758) (Robertson & Warham, 1992) (Roux et al, 1983) (Mathews, 1929) (Murphy, 1917) (Lesson, 1785) The great albatrosses are seabirds in the genus Diomedea in the albatross family. ... In zoology, as in other branches of biology, subspecies is the rank immediately subordinate to a species. ... Binomial name Diomedea exulans Linnaeus, 1758 The best known Albatross is the Wandering Albatross (Diomedea exulans), which occurs in all parts of the Southern Oceans. ... In biology, a species is the basic unit of biodiversity. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Mitochondrial genetics. ... A microsatellite is a short block of DNA sequence (a Tandemly Repetitive DNA sequence), often less than 150 base pairs long, that is repeated many times within the genome of an organism. ... Headline text iiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiInsert non-formatted text herehvgcyvIn biology, a cryptic species complex is a group of species that satisfy the scientific definition of species — that is, they are reproductively isolated from each other — but which are anatomically indistinguishable. ... Closeup on a single white feather A feather is one of the epidermal growths that forms the distinctive outer covering, or plumage, on a bird. ...


Antipodean Albatrosses nest on New Zealand's outer island groups. There are two subspecies within the Antipodean Albatross, Diomedea antipodensis antipodensis, which nests on Antipodes Islands and Campbell Island and Diomedea antipodensis gibsoni, which nests on the Auckland Islands. D. a. gibsoni was considered a separate species as well after 1998, but the 2004 study showed there was little evidence to support the split. At sea Antipodean Albatrosses range across the South Pacific from Australia to as far as Chile. They feed predominately on squid and to a lesser extent fish (unlike other albatross species they are not recorded eating any crustacea), and have been recorded visting the spawning grounds of the giant cuttlefish off New South Wales. The position of the Antipodes Islands relative to New Zealand, and other outlying islands. ... Campbell Island is a remote, sub-antarctic island of New Zealand and the main island of the Campbell Island group. ... The Auckland Islands (50°42′ S 166°5′ E) form a sub-antarctic archipelago of New Zealand. ... For other meanings of Pacific, see Pacific (disambiguation). ... Suborders Myopsina Oegopsina Squids are the large, diverse group of marine cephalopods popular as food in cuisines as widely separated as Korean and Italian. ... Atlantic herring, Clupea harengus: the most abundant species of fish in the world. ... Classes Remipedia Cephalocarida Branchiopoda Ostracoda Maxillopoda Malacostraca The crustaceans (Crustacea) are a large group of arthropods (55,000 species), usually treated as a subphylum. ... Families Sepiadariidae Sepiidae Cuttlefish are animals of the order Sepiida, and are marine cephalopods, small relatives of squids and nautilus. ... Motto: Orta Recens Quam Pura Nites (Newly Risen, How Brightly You Shine) Nickname: First State, Premier State Other Australian states and territories Capital Sydney Government Governor Premier Const. ...


References

  • Brooke, M. (2004). Albatrosses And Petrels Across The World: Procellariidae. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK ISBN 0-19-850125-0
  • Burg, T.M., & Croxall, J.P., (2004) "Global population structure and taxonomy of the wandering albatross species complex". Molecular Ecology 13: 2345-2355. [1]

 
 

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