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Encyclopedia > Antiochian Orthodox Church

The Antiochian Orthodox Church is one of the five churches that composed the One Holy Catholic and Apostolic Church before the Great Schism, and today is one of the autocephalous Eastern Orthodox Churches. It claims to be the sole legitimate successor to the Christian community founded in Antioch by the Apostle St. Peter. Its North American branch is autonomous, although the Holy Synod of Antioch still apoints its head bishop. One Holy Catholic and Apostolic Church is a phrase in the Nicene Creed (μίαν αγίαν καθολικήν καί αποστολικήν Έκκλησίαν) that also appears partly in the Apostles Creed (the holy catholic church). It indicates the four marks of the Christian Church – unity, purity, universality and authenticity – and is based on the premise that all true Christians (irrespective... The East-West Schism, known also as the Great Schism (though this latter term sometimes refers to the later Western Schism), was the event that divided Chalcedonian Christianity into Western Catholicism and Eastern Orthodoxy. ... In hierarchical Christian churches, especially Eastern Orthodox and Oriental Orthodox churches, autocephaly is the status of a hierarchical church whose head bishop does not report to any higher-ranking bishop. ... Icon of the Theotokos of Vladimir, one of the most venerated of Orthodox Christian icons of the Virgin Mary. ... A Christian is a follower of Jesus of Nazareth. ... The city of Antioch-on-the-Orontes (modern Antakya; Greek Αντιόχεια) is located in what is now Turkey. ... Alternate meanings: See Apostle (Mormonism), The Apostle (1997 movie) The Twelve Apostles (in Greek απόστολος apostolos = someone sent forth/sent out, an emissary) were probably Jewish men (10 names are Aramaic, 4 names are Greek) chosen from among the disciples, who were sent forth by Jesus of Nazareth to preach the... The Antiochian Orthodox Archdiocese of North America (in full, the Antiochian Orthodox Christian Archdiocese of North America) is the sole jurisdiction of the USA and Canada with exclusive jurisdiction over the Antiochian Orthodox faithful in those countries, though these faithful were originally cared for by the Russian Orthodox Church in...


The seat of the patriarchate was formerly Antioch, in what is now Turkey, but is now Damascus, Syria, on the "Street called Straight." The city of Antioch-on-the-Orontes (modern Antakya; Greek Αντιόχεια) is located in what is now Turkey. ... Damascus by night, pictured from Jabal Qasioun; the green spots are minarets Damascus (Arabic officially دمشق Dimashq, colloquially ash-Sham الشام) is the capital city of Syria and is the oldest inhabited city in the world. ...


The claim is disputed by the Syriac Orthodox Church of Antioch, part of Oriental Orthodoxy; the schism between the two occurred over the Christology of the Council of Chalcedon. The Syriac Catholic Church, the Maronite Church, and the Melkite Greek Catholic Church, all of them in communion with the Roman Catholic Church, also claim to hold the patriarchate. The Roman Catholic Church also claimed the patriarchate and appointed titular patriarchs for many centuries, until it renounced those claims in 1964. The Syriac Orthodox Church is an autocephalous Oriental Orthodox church based in the Middle East with members spread throughout the world. ... The term Oriental Orthodoxy refers to the churches of Eastern Christian traditions that keep the faith of only the first three ecumenical councils of the undivided Church - the First Council of Nicaea, the First Council of Constantinople and the Council of Ephesus - and rejected the dogmatic definitions of the Council... Christology is that part of Christian theology that studies and defines who Jesus the Christ was and is. ... The Council of Chalcedon was an ecumenical council that took place from October 8—November 1, 451 at Chalcedon, a city of Bithynia in Asia Minor. ... The Syrian Catholic Church is a Christian church in the Levant in full communion with the pope having practices and rites in common with the Jacobites. ... Maronites (Marunoye ܐܶܝܢܘܪܡ in Syriac, Mawarinah in Arabic) are members of one of the Eastern Rites of the Catholic church. ... The Melkite Greek Catholic Church or Melchite Greek Catholic Church is a non-nationalistic church originating when bishops from the oriental churches excommunicated following the Council of Chalcedon all over the middle-east sided with Emperor Marcian. ... The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... The Roman Catholic Church is the largest Christian body in the world. ... 1964 was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ...


The patriarchate is represented in North America by the Antiochian Orthodox Christian Archdiocese of North America. World map showing location of North America A satellite composite image of North America North America is a continent in the northern hemisphere, bounded on the north by the Arctic Ocean, on the east by the North Atlantic Ocean, on the south by the Caribbean Sea, and on the west... The Antiochian Orthodox Christian Archdiocese of North America (often referred to simply as the Antiochian Archdiocese) is the sole jurisdiction of the Antiochian Orthodox Church in the USA and Canada with exclusive jurisdiction over the Antiochian Orthodox faithful in those countries, though these faithful were originally cared for by the...


See also

The Patriarch of Antioch, is one of the original patriarchs of early Christianity, who were bishops with influence over other sees. ... Events July 9 - Justin becomes Roman emperor September 29 - Severus, Patriarch of Antioch is deposed by a synod for his Monophysitism. ... The Patriarch of Antioch is one of the Eastern Orthodox patriarchs, sometimes called the Greek Patriarch of Antioch to distinguish from the Oriental Orthodox Syrian Patriarch of Antioch. ... Events July 9 - Justin becomes Roman emperor September 29 - Severus, Patriarch of Antioch is deposed by a synod for his Monophysitism. ...

External links

  • Church of Antioch (OrthodoxWiki article)
  • Unofficial Antiochian discussion group
This article is part of the Eastern Christianity Portal - Learn more about Eastern Christianity  

  Results from FactBites:
 
Antiochian Orthodox Church - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (387 words)
The Antiochian Orthodox Church claims to be one of the five churches that composed the One Holy Catholic and Apostolic Church before the Great Schism.
As an autocephalous Eastern Orthodox Church, it claims to be the sole legitimate successor to the Christian community founded in Antioch by the Apostles St.
After it the Oriental Orthodox Syriacs retained their own West Syrian Rite, while those faithful to the Council of Chalcedon and the Byzantine Emperor came to adopt the Byzantine Rite, which the Antiochian Orthodox Church still uses for Divine Liturgy.
Church of Antioch - OrthodoxWiki (1939 words)
The Church of Antioch is one of the five patriarchates (i.e., the Pentarchy) that constituted the one, holy, catholic, and apostolic Church before the schism between Rome and Antioch in 1098, and between Rome and the other patriarchates at around the same general period.
The schism greatly weakened the Antiochian church, and in 637 when Antioch fell to the Muslim Arabs, the "Greek" church was perceived by the invaders as allied to the Romano-Byzantine enemies of the Arabs.
Although elements in a number of the Eastern Orthodox Churches have criticized the apparent consensus reached by the representatives at Chambesy, the patriarch and holy synod of the Antiochian Orthodox Church welcomed the agreements as positive moves towards a sharing in the Love of God, and a rejection of the hatred of insubstantial division.
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