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Encyclopedia > Antioch, Illinois

Antioch is a suburban village in Lake County, Illinois, USA. The population was 8,788 at the 2000 census. Antioch is part of Chicagoland, the metropolitan area surrounding Chicago, Illinois. Housing subdivision near Union, Kentucky, a suburb of Cincinnati, Ohio. ... Lake County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. ... Official language(s) English Capital Springfield Largest city Chicago Area  Ranked 25th  - Total 57,918 sq mi (149,998 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 390 miles (629 km)  - % water 4. ... Chicagoland is an informal name for the Chicago metropolitan area, used by local residents, businesses, governments, and planning agencies. ... Flag Seal Nickname: The Windy City Motto: Urbs In Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location Location in Chicagoland and northern Illinois Coordinates , Government Country State Counties United States Illinois Cook, DuPage Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 606. ... Official language(s) English Capital Springfield Largest city Chicago Area  Ranked 25th  - Total 57,918 sq mi (149,998 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 390 miles (629 km)  - % water 4. ...

Contents

History

As noted in the Village of Antioch's website (http://www.antioch.il.gov/history.html):


The Pottawatomi Indian Tribe, nomadic hunters who lived in tepees, inhabited Antioch when white men began to arrive. They fought with the British in the War of 1812 and then with the American settlers in the Blackhawk War of 1832. It was in 1832 that the Indians began to leave the area, although arrowheads and other remnants of their history can still be found today if one knows where to look. The winding Highway 173 was once an Indian trail and Highway 83 was the Muquonago Trail. Sequoit, name of the creek and the local high school mascot, is an Indian word meaning "winding". The Potawatomi (also spelled Pottawatomie or Pottawatomi) are an Aboriginal American people of the upper Mississippi River region. ... The Black Hawk War was a war fought in 1832 in the Midwestern section of the United States of America between American settlers and Native Americans. ...


The first permanent white settlement in Antioch was the Gage Brothers' cabin on Sequoit Creek, a tributary of the Fox River. In 1839, Hiram Buttrick built a sawmill along the creek, making Antioch a center of commerce. A replica of the mill has been built a few hundred feet downstream from where it once stood. The Fox River is a tributary of the Illinois River in the states of Wisconsin and Illinois in the United States. ...


Antioch was officially founded just prior to the United States Civil War by a small Protestant sect known as the Disciples of Christ, later known as the Church of Christ. In 1843, less enthusiastically religious residents mockingly recommended the biblical name "Antioch," and the name stuck. Partly due to being a regional center of the Abolitionist movement, Antioch is noted as having sent a disproportionately high number of its young men to the Union Army. Shortly after the Civil War, the town dis-incorporated, as many of the initial religious settlers moved away. In 1892, Antioch reincorporated as a village, which it has been continuous to this day. The town grew as new settlers (primarily of English and German descent) established farms and businesses. The American Civil War was fought in the United States from 1861 until 1865 between the northern states, popularly referred to as the U.S., the Union, the North, or the Yankees; and the seceding southern states, commonly referred to as the Confederate States of America, the CSA, the Confederacy... The insignia of the Christian Church (Disciples of Christ). ... Alternate meanings: see Church of Christ (disambiguation). ... This article is about the abolition of slavery. ...


In the late 1800's, Antioch became a popular vacation spot for Chicagoans. Tourism grew quickly once the rail line to Chicago was laid in 1886. Originally, farmers near the lake accepted boarders, then they added guest rooms onto their homes. Eventually hotels and subdivisions of summer cottages were built. The tourists took excursion boats through the renowned flowering lotus beds. Hunting, fishing, dancing and gambling were big draws, but most tourists (not to mention year-round residents) simply preferred the quiet country life over the hustle and bustle of Chicago. During Prohibition, one famous Antioch resident was Al Capone, who owned a summer home on nearby Bluff Lake. Prohibition is any of several periods during which the manufacture, transportation, import, export, and sale of alcoholic beverages is restricted or illegal. ... Capone redirects here. ...


Fire destroyed much of downtown in 1891, 1903, and 1904. What remained was a little known cottage, entitled "Steve's Cottage", on what is commonly called "Loon Lake." In 1905, the town rebuilt with brick and started a public water system. The base of the first water tower is still found at the corner of Toft and Orchard Streets. A volunteer Fire Department was formed in 1913.


The town grew at a steady pace through the years. Harvesting ice to supply ice boxes was a major industry in the area for many years. Pickard China, America's finest china company, has been a steady employer in Antioch since 1937. In the 1950's, the village developed the large industrial park along Anita Avenue, which greatly contributes to the tax and employment base.


Political Makeup

Antioch's government is made up of a mayor and six trustees elected at large, with staggered terms. The current mayor is Dorothy Larson. The Village leans Republican, but partisan politics rarely figure in local elections. Pro and anti-Walmart as well as pro and anti-development factions dominate the political landscape. Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. ...


Economy

Most of Antioch's residents work outside of the village, in Chicago or neighboring villages. Residents can reach both Chicago and Milwaukee by way of Interstate 94 and U.S. Route 41. Since 1996, Metra's North Central Service has played an increasingly important role in the development of Antioch. Daily train service to and from Chicago appeals to many commuters and has given rise to new commercial development near the train depot. The village is currently undergoing rapid commercial and residential growth, with a majority of it along the IL Rte 173 corridor. U.S. Route 41 is a north-south United States Highway that runs from the Upper Peninsula of Michigan to Miami, Florida. ... Metra (officially the Northeast Illinois Regional Commuter Railroad Corporation) is Chicagolands commuter rail system, serving over 200 stations on 11 lines across the Regional Transportation Authoritys six-county service area (Cook, DuPage, Kane, Lake, McHenry and Will Counties) providing over 67 million rides annually. ... The North Central Service (NCS) is a commuter rail line provided and operated by Metra in Chicago, Illinois and its surrounding suburbs. ...


The village has some small industry, including the world famous Pickard China factory (where Air Force One and Camp David china comes from). Downtown has a mix of small retail focused on antiques, quilting, small clothing boutiques and a wide range of ethnic restaurants. Air Force One is the air traffic control call sign of any U.S. Air Force aircraft carrying the President of the United States. ... Main Lodge at Camp David during Nixon administration, February 9, 1971. ...


Education

Colleges/universities with over 2000 students nearest to Antioch:


Public high school in Antioch: College of Lake County is a two-year community college in Grayslake, Illinois. ... McHenry County College is a community college in Crystal Lake, Illinois. ... Categories: Wikipedia cleanup | Stub ... Trinity International University is an evangelical Christian institution of higher education headquartered in Deerfield, Illinois. ... Oakton Community College is a two-year community college with campuses in Skokie, Illinois and Des Plaines, Illinois. ...

Public primary/middle schools in Antioch: The acronym ACHS may refer to one of the following high schools: Antioch Community High School Argo Community High School Category: ...

  • ANTIOCH UPPER GRADE SCHOOL (Students: 886; Location: 800 HIGHVIEW DR; Grades: 06 - 08)
  • HILLCREST ELEMENTARY SCHOOL (Students: 628; Location: 433 E DEPOT ST; Grades: PK - 02)
  • W C PETTY ELEMENTARY SCHOOL (Students: 382; Location: 850 HIGHVIEW DR; Grades: 02 - 05)
  • EMMONS GRADE SCHOOL (Students: 375; Location: 24226 W BEACH GROVE; Grades: KG - 08)
  • OAKLAND ELEMENTARY SCHOOL (Students: 343; Location: 22018 W GRASS LAKE; Grades: 02 - 05)
  • ANTIOCH ELEM SCHOOL (Students: 302; Location: 817 N MAIN ST; Grades: 02 - 05)
  • GRASS LAKE ELEM SCHOOL (Students: 236; Location: 26177 W GRASS LAKE; Grades: PK - 08)

Private primary/middle schools in Antioch:

  • ST PETER ELEMENTARY SCHOOL (Students: 288; Location: 900 ST PETER STREET; Grades: KG - 8)
  • FAITH EVANG LUTHERAN SCHOOL (Students: 183; Location: 1275 S MAIN STREET; Grades: PK - 8)

Library in Antioch:

  • ANTIOCH P.L.D. (Operating income: $1,406,272; Location: 757 MAIN STREET; 84,435 books; 6,920 audio materials; 6,192 video materials; 529 serial subscriptions)

Public Safety

The Antioch Police Department employs 42 persons, consisting of 30 sworn personnel. The Department has a Chief of Police, 2 Commanders, and 5 Sergeants with the remaining sworn personnel being in the Detective Division and the Patrol Division. The Department also has an explorer post consisting of an explorer chief, lieutenant, 2 sergeants, and 3 explorers. The entire department continues to grow as the Village of Antioch expands.


The Antioch fire department consists of volunteer firefighters and a volunteer rescue squad. The Antioch Rescue Squad was the first Advanced Life Support rescue squad in the state.


The police department and the fire department are housed in separate buildings next to each other. The Antioch police department communications division dispatches for the Police Departments of Antioch, Lake Villa, and Lindenhurst - along with fire and rescue departments of Antioch and Lake Villa. The 911 Center serves 65,000 residents in these three communities. In March 1993, the Antioch Police Department became a part of the Lake Country Enhanced 911 system . The Antioch Police Department has a state-of-the-art 911 center -- one of the most sophisticated 911 centers in the State of Illinois.


Arts & Recreation

Antioch remains the summer and winter destination of choice for Chicagoland residents. The Chain O Lakes, an Illinois State Park found along the Fox River, serves as an aquatic mecca for boating and summer leisure, while skiing and snowmobiling abound during the winter months. Along with neighboring Fox Lake, Antioch has become host to numerous pro and amateur national fishing tournaments. Chicagoland is an informal name for the Chicago metropolitan area, used by local residents, businesses, governments, and planning agencies. ... The Fox River is a tributary of the Illinois River in the states of Wisconsin and Illinois in the United States. ... Fox Lake is a village located in Lake County, Illinois. ...


The village is bordered by four holdings of the Lake County Forest Preserve District, an award winning and nationally recognized land conservation organization (http://www.lcfpd.org/preserves/index.cfm?fuseaction=preserves.view).


Along with the neighboring city of Waukegan, Antioch has benefited from the record number of new films being developed in and around Chicagoland. The village has had cameos in such blockbuster and critically acclaimed hits as Attack of the Killer Tomatoes (1978) and The Amityville Horror (2005 film). There is currently a thriving performing arts scene, centered around the PM&L Theatre as well as the civic bandstand behind Main Street. Waukegan is a city located in Lake County, Illinois, of which it is the county seat. ... Attack of the Killer Tomatoes is a 1978 American comedy film spoofing B-movies. ... The Amityville Horror is a 2005 horror film, directed by Andrew Douglas. ...


Geography

Location of Antioch, Illinois

Antioch is located nearly halfway between Chicago and Milwaukee at 42°28′45″N, 88°5′27″W (42.479069, -88.090878)GR1. Image File history File links ILMap-doton-Antioch. ...


According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 19.8 km² (7.6 mi²). 19.1 km² (7.4 mi²) of it is land and 0.7 km² (0.3 mi²) of it (3.40%) is water. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... A square mile is an Imperial unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (5,280 feet, 1,760 yards, 1,609. ...


Demographics

As of the censusGR2 of 2000, there were 8,788 people, 3,235 households, and 2,351 families residing in the village. A special census has since been ordered, and it is believed the village's population has risen above 14,000. 1870 US Census for New York City A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). ...


The population density was 459.8/km² (1,190.4/mi²). There were 3,346 housing units at an average density of 175.1/km² (453.2/mi²). The racial makeup of the village was 95.19% White, 1.07% African American, 0.35% Native American, 1.16% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 1.08% from other races, and 1.14% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.42% of the population. The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... Race, as defined by the United States Census Bureau and the Federal Office of Management and Budget, is a self-identification data item in which residents choose the race or races with which they most closely identify. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ...


There were 3,235 households out of which 41.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.4% were married couples living together, 12.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.3% were non-families. 22.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.72 and the average family size was 3.20. Matrimony redirects here. ...


In the village the population was spread out with 29.9% under the age of 18, 8.0% from 18 to 24, 32.4% from 25 to 44, 21.1% from 45 to 64, and 8.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 95.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.9 males.


The median income for a household in the village was $56,481, and the median income for a family was $66,589. Males had a median income of $51,503 versus $31,389 for females. The per capita income for the village was $25,711. About 2.3% of families and 3.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.9% of those under age 18 and 8.0% of those age 65 or over. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


External links

  • Village of Antioch website: (http://www.antioch.il.gov/index.htm)
  • Antioch Chamber of Commerce & Industry: (http://www.antiochchamber.org/)
  • Maps and aerial photos Coordinates: 42.479069° -88.090878°
    • Street map from Google Maps, or Yahoo! Maps, or Windows Live Local
    • Satellite image from Google Maps, Windows Live Local, WikiMapia
    • Topographic map from TopoZone
    • Aerial image or topographic map from TerraServer-USA

  Results from FactBites:
 
Antioch, Illinois - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1837 words)
Antioch is part of Chicagoland, the metropolitan area surrounding Chicago, Illinois.
Antioch was officially founded just prior to the United States Civil War by a small Protestant sect known as the Disciples of Christ, later known as the Church of Christ.
Antioch remains the summer and winter destination of choice for Chicagoland residents.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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