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Encyclopedia > Antimicrobial peptide

An antimicrobial is a substance that that kills or slows the growth of microbes like bacteria (antibacterial activity), fungi (antifungal activity), viruses (antiviral activity), or parasites (antiparasitic activity). A microorganism or microbe is an organism that is so small that it is microscopic (invisible to the naked eye). ... Phyla/Divisions Actinobacteria Aquificae Bacteroidetes/Chlorobi Chlamydiae/Verrucomicrobia Chloroflexi Chrysiogenetes Cyanobacteria Deferribacteres Deinococcus-Thermus Dictyoglomi Fibrobacteres/Acidobacteria Firmicutes Fusobacteria Gemmatimonadetes Nitrospirae Omnibacteria Planctomycetes Proteobacteria Spirochaetes Thermodesulfobacteria Thermomicrobia Thermotogae Bacteria (singular, bacterium) are a major group of living organisms. ... An antiseptic is a substance that kills or prevents the growth of bacteria on the external surfaces of the body. ... Divisions Chytridiomycota Zygomycota Ascomycota Basidiomycota The Fungi (singular: fungus) are a large group of organisms ranked as a kingdom within the Domain Eukaryota. ... Something antifungal kills or inhibits the growth of fungus. ... Three types of viruses: a bacterial virus, otherwise called a bacteriophage (left center); an animal virus (top right); and a retrovirus (bottom right). ... Antiviral drugs are a class of medication used specifically for treating viral infections. ... A parasite is an organism that lives in or on the living tissue of a host organism at the expense of that host. ...

Antibiotics are one class of antibacterial and antifungal antimicrobials that can potentially be used as medicinal drugs to treat infections because of their low toxicity for humans or animals. An antibiotic is a drug that kills or slows the growth of bacteria. ... NLM (National Library of Medicine, contains resources for patients and healthcare professionals) Virtual Hospital (digital health sciences library by the University of Iowa) Online Medical Dictionary Collection of links to free medical resources Wikicities has a wiki about medicine: Medicine Categories: Medicine | Health ... A drug is any substance that can be used to modify a chemical process or processes in the body, for example to treat an illness, relieve a symptom, enhance a performance or ability, or to alter states of mind. ... An infection is the detrimental colonization of a host organism by a foreign species. ... Toxicity (from Greek τοξικότητα - poisonousness) is a measure to the degree to which something is toxic or poisonous. ... Phyla Porifera (sponges) Ctenophora (comb jellies) Cnidaria Placozoa Subregnum Bilateria  Acoelomorpha  Orthonectida  Rhombozoa  Myxozoa  Superphylum Deuterostomia     Chordata (vertebrates, etc. ...

The term originally described only those formulations derived from living organisms but is now applied also to synthetic antimicrobials, such as the sulfonamides. In chemistry, the phrase chemical synthesis appears to have one of two meanings. ... Sulfonamides, also known as sulfa drugs, are synthetic antimicrobial agents derived from sulfonic acid. ...

Essential oils

Many essential oils have topical (external) antimicrobial activity, including: In medicine, a topical medication is applied to body surfaces such as the skin or mucous membranes such as the vagina, nasopharynx, or the eye. ...

Tea tree oil is a yellow- or green-tinged essential oil with a fresh camphoraceous odour. ... The branches of a young sandalwood tree found in Hawaii Sandalwood is the wood of trees of the genus Santalum. ... Binomial name Syzygium aromaticum (L.) Merrill & Perry Cloves are the aromatic dried flower buds of a tree (Syzygium aromaticum, sometimes included in the genus Eugenia) in the family Myrtaceae. ... Lavender oil is an essential oil obtained by distillation from the flower spikes of certain species of lavender. ...

See also

  Results from FactBites:
Antimicrobial Peptides (1116 words)
Antimicrobial peptides are a diverse group of peptides that are subgrouped according to their amino acid composition and structure:
Bioactive peptides from kappa casein (169 amino acids) are derived from the hydrolyzed C-terminal fragment of kappa casein known as Caseinomacropeptide (106-169).
Antimicrobial peptides have the potential to be used as potent antibiotics, biopreservatives and wound healing agents.
Antimicrobial peptides naturally in BIOSKINCLEAR (1440 words)
These peptides, which include but are not limited to the cathelicidin and defensin gene families, provide rapid, broad-spectrum defense against infection by acting as natural antibiotics and by participating in host cell processes involved in immune defense.
The importance of the epithelial contribution to host immunity is evident, as alterations in antimicrobial peptide expression have been associated with various pathologic processes.
Fortunately we do not have to wait to get the benefits of antimicrobial peptides when fighting acne or skin injuries, for they can be addressed with the peptides and proteins contained in the mucin of certain species of land snails, the same they use to repair their own body and calcium shell whenever damaged.
  More results at FactBites »



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