FACTOID # 12: It's not the government they hate: Washington DC has the highest number of hate crimes per capita in the US.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Antigua Guatemala
Antigua Guatemala*
UNESCO World Heritage Site
State Party Flag of Guatemala Guatemala
Type Cultural
Criteria ii, iii, iv
Reference 65
Region Latin America and the Caribbean
Inscription History
Inscription 1979  (3rd Session)
* Name as inscribed on World Heritage List.
† Region as classified by UNESCO.

La Antigua Guatemala (commonly referred to as just Antigua or La Antigua) is a city in the central mountains of Guatemala famous for its well-preserved Spanish New World Baroque architecture as well as a number of spectacular ruined churches. It has been designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site. A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... As of 2006, there are a total of 830 World Heritage Sites located in 138 State Parties. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Guatemala. ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State... This is a list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in North America, Central America, South America, and the Caribbean. ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State... Adoration, by Peter Paul Rubens. ... UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) is a specialized agency of the United Nations established in 1945. ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State...


Antigua Guatemala serves as the municipal seat for the surrounding municipality of the same name. It also serves as the departmental capital of Sacatepéquez Department. Sacatepéquez Sacatepéquez is a department in Guatemala. ...

Contents

Population

Homestead in ruins of a colonial Spanish building; Volcánes de Fuego (left) and Acatenango visible in distance
Homestead in ruins of a colonial Spanish building; Volcánes de Fuego (left) and Acatenango visible in distance
A colonial church facade
A colonial church facade

The city had a peak population of some 60,000 in the 1770s; the bulk of the population moved away in the late 18th century. Despite significant population growth in the late 20th century, the city reached half that number in the 1990s. According to the 2002 census, the city has some 33,000 inhabitants. Antigua Guatemala. ... Antigua Guatemala. ... I took this photo in Antigua Guatemala in 1980 and hereby release it to Wikipedia and public domain. ... I took this photo in Antigua Guatemala in 1980 and hereby release it to Wikipedia and public domain. ... Events and Trends For more events, see 18th century United States Declaration of Independence ratified by the Continental Congress (July 4, 1776). ... (17th century - 18th century - 19th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 18th century refers to the century that lasted from 1701 through 1800. ... (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999... For the band, see 1990s (band). ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ...


La Antigua Guatemala means the "ancient Guatemala". Founded on March 10, 1543, as the third capital of Guatemala, after the nearby town of Ciudad Vieja was destroyed in a flood, Antigua Guatemala was for more than 200 years the seat of the military governor of the Spanish colony of Guatemala, a large region that included almost all of present-day Central America. The conquistadores named the city La Muy Noble y Muy Leal Ciudad de Santiago de los Caballeros de Guatemala ("The Very Noble and Very Loyal City of Santiago of the Knights of Guatemala") but it was known just as Santiago de Guatemala, in honor of their patron saint, Santiago, after Santiago de Compostela in Spain. March 10 is the 69th day of the year (70th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... // Events February 21 - Battle of Wayna Daga - A combined army of Ethiopian and Portuguese troops defeat the armies of Adal led by Ahmed Gragn. ... Ciudad Vieja is a municipality in the Guatemalan department of Sacatepéquez. ... The Captaincy General of Guatamala (Spanish: Capitania General de Goathemalawa) was an administrative division in Spanish America which covered much of Central America, extending from the Soconusco region - located in what is now the southern part of Mexico (states of Chiapas, Tabasco, Quintana Roo, and Yucatan) - to Costa Rica. ... For other uses, see Central America (disambiguation). ...


In 1773, a series of earthquakes destroyed much of the town. The Spanish Crown ordered (1776) the removal of the capital to a safer location, where Guatemala City, the modern capital of Guatemala, now stands. The badly damaged city was ordered abandoned, although not everyone left. 1773 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... An earthquake is the result from the sudden release of stored energy in the Earths crust that creates seismic waves. ... Coat of Arms of the King of Spain King of Spain redirects here. ... Year 1776 (MDCCLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Thursday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... Guatemala City (in full, La Nueva Guatemala de la Asunción; locally known as Guatemala or Guate) is the capital and largest city of the nation of Guatemala. ...


Antigua today

La Merced Church
La Merced Church
San Pedro Church
San Pedro Church

Central Park (Parque Central) is the heart of the city. The reconstructed fountain (photo) there is a popular gathering spot. Off to the side of the Central Park, the Arco de Santa Catalina (photo) is among the many notable architectural landmarks of Antigua. Antigua is noted for its very elaborate religious celebrations during Lent (Cuaresma), leading up to Holy Week and Easter. Each Sunday in Lent, one on the local parishes sponsor a Procession through the streets of Antigua. front fascade of Church of La Merced, Antigua Guatemala, 1979. ... front fascade of Church of La Merced, Antigua Guatemala, 1979. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2048 × 1536 pixel, file size: 648 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2048 × 1536 pixel, file size: 648 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... It has been suggested that Cuaresma be merged into this article or section. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... Holy Week (Latin: Hebdomada Sancta) in Christianity is the last week of Lent. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Wycliffe Tyndale · Luther · Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Archbishop of Canterbury Patriarch of Constantinople Christianity Portal This box:      Easter, the Sunday of... It has been suggested that Cuaresma be merged into this article or section. ... A parish is a type of administrative subdivision. ... Former the 60s progressive rock band, Procession, see Procession, Sixties band Funeral Procession, illustrated in a manuscript of the Hours of the Virgin. ...


There are many Spanish language schools located in Antigua.


Tourism is a major part of the local economy.


Volcanoes

Arch connecting two parts of old Convent, Volcán de Agua in background
Arch connecting two parts of old Convent, Volcán de Agua in background

Three large volcanoes dominate the horizon around Antigua. Old convent arch with Vulcan de Agua in background, Antigua Guatemala, 1979 I took this photograph in 1979 and hereby release it to Wikipedia -- Infrogmation 23:41 Dec 4, 2002 (UTC) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old... Old convent arch with Vulcan de Agua in background, Antigua Guatemala, 1979 I took this photograph in 1979 and hereby release it to Wikipedia -- Infrogmation 23:41 Dec 4, 2002 (UTC) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old... For other uses, see Volcano (disambiguation). ...


The most commanding, to the south of the city, is the Volcán de Agua or "Volcano of Water", some 3766 meters (12 356 feet) high. It is so named because the crater atop it was formerly filled with water. Shortly after the Spanish conquest of Guatemala, the first capital was on a site part-way up this mountain. It was destroyed by a flood and mudslide when an earthquake let loose the water from the crater, and the capital of Guatemala was moved down the valley to the current Antigua. The original site is a village now known as "Ciudad Vieja", ("The Old City"). Agua as seen from the road from Chimaltenango to Antigua Volcán de Agua is a volcano located in Guatemala that has been inactive since the mid 16th century. ...


To the west of the city are a pair of peaks, Acatenango, long inactive, some 3976 meters (13045 feet) high, and the Volcán de Fuego or "Volcano of Fire", some 3763 meters (12346 feet) high. "Fuego" is famous for being almost constantly active at a low level. Smoke issues from its top daily, but larger eruptions are rare. Major Volcanoes of Guatemala Acatenango is a stratovolcano in Guatemala. ... Fuego redirects here. ...

Looking towards Volcan de Agua

Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ...

External link

Coordinates: 14°34′N, 90°44′W Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Antigua: Antigua Guatemala (462 words)
Antigua is probably best known for three things: the beautiful Spanish-style architecture and cobblestone streets built in the 16th century and preserved by law to this day, the many ruined churches and monastaries, casualties of the 1773 earthquake, and the majestic volcanoes looming on all sides.
Antigua is popular with tourists at all times of year and is full of great restaurants, hotels built in the same Spanish style with heavenly, flowered courtyards, and dozens of Spanish-language schools.
Antigua is situated in a valley ringed with forested hills and dominated by three monumental volcanoes.
Antigua Guatemala. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05 (232 words)
It is the capital of Sacatepéquez dept. Founded in 1542 by survivors from nearby Ciudad Vieja, which had been destroyed by flood and earthquake, Antigua Guatemala became the third capital of Spanish Guatemala.
Antigua Guatemala, dominated by the volcanoes Agua (12,310 ft/3,752 m high), Acatenango (12,982 ft/3,957 m high), and Fuego (12,854 ft/3,918 m high), was continually subject to disaster from volcanic eruptions, floods, and earthquakes.
Antigua Guatemala, which has many fine Spanish colonial buildings, is a major tourist center.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m