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Encyclopedia > Antifa

The word Antifa derives from Antifaschismus, German for "anti-fascism". It refers to individuals and groups that are dedicated to fighting fascism. These groups sometimes include the word antifa in their names. Anti-fascism is the opposition to fascist ideology, organization, or government, on all levels. ... Fascism is a radical political ideology that combines elements of corporatism, authoritarianism, nationalism, militarism, anti-anarchism, anti-communism and anti-liberalism. ...


During the 1920s, 1930s, and 1940s, the Soviet Union sponsored various anti-fascist movements, usually using the name Antifa to describe the organizations. POWs captured by the Soviets during the Great Patriotic War in the 1940s were encouraged to undertake Antifa training. For example, Pál Maléter, a Hungarian POW, became a Communist after undergoing Antifa training in Kiev. Geneva Convention definition A prisoner of war (POW) is a soldier, sailor, airman, or marine who is imprisoned by an enemy power during or immediately after an armed conflict. ... The Eastern Front1 was the theatre of combat between Nazi Germany and its allies against the Soviet Union during World War II. It was somewhat separate from the other theatres of the war, not only geographically, but also for its scale and ferocity. ... Pál Maléter (1917-June 16, 1958) was born to Hungarian parents in Eperjés, a city in the northern part of Historical Hungary, today part of Slovakia. ... This article is about communism as a form of society and as a political movement. ... Location Map of Ukraine with Kiev highlighted. ...


Today, the term Antifa refers to individuals and groups that are dedicated to fighting what they call fascist tendencies. These include: racism, nationalism, anti-Semitism, and sometimes capitalism. There is a network of such groups, but they do not constitute a homogeneous movement. Depending on the particular group or individual, the ultimate goals may be quite different. Fascism is a radical political ideology that combines elements of corporatism, authoritarianism, nationalism, militarism, anti-anarchism, anti-communism and anti-liberalism. ... An African-American man drinks out of the colored only water cooler at a racially segregated street car terminal in the United States in 1939. ... Liberty Leading the People by Eugène Delacroix Nationalism is an ideology [1] that holds that a nation is the fundamental unit for human social life, and takes precedence over any other social and political principles. ... The Eternal Jew: 1937 German poster. ... Capitalism is an economic system in which the means of production are mostly privately owned, and capital is invested in the production, distribution and other trade of goods and services, for profit in a competitive free market. ...


The terms "anti-fascist" and "Antifa" are almost exclusively used by left-wing groups. For these groups, the struggle against fascism, racism and nationalism is usually associated with a broader view that holds society (or aspects of it) responsible, and therefore seeks radical social change. Antifa groups most often view capitalism as related to fascism and racism, as well as sexism, homophobia and other perceived forms of oppression, while seeing communism, socialism or anarchism as desirable forms of social organization. Human relationships within an ethnically diverse society. ... This article is about revolution in the sense of a drastic change. ... The sign of the headquarters of the National Association Opposed To Woman Suffrage Sexism is commonly considered to be discrimination and/or hatred against people based on their sex rather than their individual merits, but can also refer to any and all systemic differentiations based on the sex of the... Homophobia is the fear of, aversion to, or discrimination against homosexuality or homosexuals. ... Oppression is the negative outcome experienced by people targeted by the arbitrary and cruel exercise of power in a society or social group. ... This article is about communism as a form of society and as a political movement. ... Socialism refers to a broad array of doctrines or political movements that envisage a socio-economic system in which property and the distribution of wealth are subject to social control. ... This article or section may contain inappropriate or misinterpreted citations. ...


Groups which use the term Antifa sometimes use illegal methods in fighting fascism, and some elements within these groups espouse violent methods.

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References

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Anti-fascism is the opposition to fascist ideology, organization, or government, on all levels. ... Anti-Fascist Action (or AFA) is a British left-wing organisation founded in 1986. ... Militant anti-fascism is a form of anti-fascism that advocates the use of violence against fascism, opposes depending on the state to combat fascism, and often has an orientation to working class politics. ... Anti-racism refers to beliefs, actions, movements, and policies adopted or developed to oppose racism. ... ARA Logo, featuring a masked anarchist smashing a swastika Anti-Racist Action Network (ARA) is a decentralized network of anti-fascist and anti-racist communists. ... A typical rash A rash is a change in the skin which affects its appearance or texture. ... SHARP (Skinheads Against Racial Prejudice) are anti-racist skinheads who oppose neo-Nazis and other political racists, especially if those racists call themselves skinheads. ...

External links

  • Antifa Portal
  • British anarchist group Antifa
  • AntiFaNet
  • German Federal Agency for the Protection of the Constitution
  • KP B3RLIN
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References

  • Bullstreet, K.. Bash the Fash: Anti-Fascist Recollections 1984-1993. ISBN 1-873605-87-0.
  • Key, Anna (ed.) Beating Fascism: Anarchist anti-fascism in theory and practice. ISBN 1-873605-88-9.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Hackits | Profile for Antifa (250 words)
Antifa need to finish 4 Challenge(s) to reach the PHP Ribbon.
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NodeWorks - Encyclopedia: Antifa (464 words)
Today Antifa is used to refer to groups or organizations, especially in Germany but increasingly in other European countries and elsewhere, that dedicate themselves to fight what they call "fascism", which they take to include all racist, racialist or nationalist tendencies, which they view as a serious and pervasive threat.
Nonetheless, antifa groups most often view capitalism as fundamentally related to fascism, racism, sexism, heterosexism, and other perceived forms of oppression, and communism or anarchism as desirable forms of society with the possibility of being free of fascism, nationalism and racism.
Antifa methods include research, public information or propaganda, and demonstrations that typically take the form of counter-demonstrations or the targeting of what are seen to be right-wing businesses, clubs, and hang-outs.
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