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Encyclopedia > Anti Fascist Action
AFA logo featuring an anti-fascist armed with a Molotov Cocktail
AFA logo featuring an anti-fascist armed with a Molotov Cocktail

Anti-Fascist Action (AFA) is a militant anti-fascist organisation that started in the United Kingdom and spread to other European countries. Image File history File links Please see the file description page for further information. ... Antifascistisk Aktion (AFA) is a Swedish extra-parliamentary network whose goal is to smash fascism in all its forms. AFA is a socialist movement which rejects the capitalist society, and with a revolution wish to replace it with a stateless and classless society. ... Molotov cocktail is the generic name for a variety of crude incendiary weapons. ... Militant anti-fascism is a form of anti-fascism that advocates the use of violence against fascism. ... This article is 150 kilobytes or more in size. ...

Contents

British AFA

The British Anti-Fascist Action was launched in London in 1985 by Red Action and the anarcho-syndicalist Direct Action Movement. It was active in fighting organisations it claimed were fascist or racist, such as the National Front and British National Party. The group was partly a reaction to the perceived inadequacies of the original Anti-Nazi League (ANL), which at the time had wound up its operations. AFA accused ANL of failing to directly confront fascists, of allying with moderates who were complicit in racism, and of being a vanguardist organisation run as a front by the Socialist Workers Party . This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Red Action is a small London-based leftist grouping. ... Anarcho-syndicalist flag. ... Formed in 1994, the Solidarity Federation (SolFed) is a federation of class struggle anarchists active in Britain. ... Fascism (in Italian, fascismo), capitalized, was the authoritarian political movement which ruled Italy from 1922 to 1943 under the leadership of Benito Mussolini. ... 1. ... In the United Kingdom, the British National Front (most commonly called the National Front or NF) is a far right-wing political party that had its heyday during the 1970s and 80s. ... This article is about the modern party. ... Anti-Nazi League logo The Anti-Nazi League (ANL) was an organisation set up with left-wing trade union money in 1977 to oppose the rise of what they deemed to be far-right groups in Britain. ... In the context of revolutionary struggle, vanguardism is a strategy whereby an organization (usually a vanguard party) attempts to place itself at the center of the movement, and steer it in a direction consistent with its ideology. ... The Socialist Workers Party (SWP) is a political party of the far left in England. ...


Although in the 1980s, many Trotskyist groups, independent socialists, anarchists and members of the Labour Party were active in AFA, the main group was always Red Action, a group formed out of disillusioned Socialist Workers Party members who had criticised perceived populist or popular front politics of the ANL and for whom militant anti-fascism was a central value. Affiliated organisations in the early period included Newham Monitoring Project and Searchlight magazine. Trotskyism is the theory of Marxism as advocated by Leon Trotsky. ... Socialism is a social and economic system (or the political philosophy advocating such a system) in which the economic means of production are owned and controlled collectively by the people. ... Anarchism is a generic term describing various political philosophies and social movements that advocate the elimination of hierarchy and imposed authority. ... The Labour Party has been, since its founding in the early 20th century, the principal political party of the left in the United Kingdom. ... Red Action is a small London-based leftist grouping. ... Populism is a political ideology or rhetorical style that holds that the common person is oppressed by the elite in society, which exists only to serve its own interests, and therefore, the instruments of the State need to be grasped from this self-serving elite and instead used for the... Popular Fronts comprise broad coalitions of political and other groups, often made up of oppositioners or left wingers, and often united against particularly stringent circumstances. ... Militant anti-fascism is a form of anti-fascism that advocates the use of violence against fascism. ... Searchlight is a British publication which describes itself as an international anti-fascist magazine, and publishes material critical of far-right political parties. ...


AFA had what they called a twin-track strategy: physical confrontation of fascists on the streets and ideological struggle against fascism in working class communities. Where anti-racist groups often orient to black communities, as the victims of racism, AFA oriented to the white working class, as fascism's main recruiting ground. As the physical confrontation approach was more visible than their ideological work, AFA's tactics were criticised for their squadism and use of violence. Thousands of people took part in AFA mobilisations like the Remembrance Day demonstrations in 1986 and 1987 and a mobilisation against Blood and Honour in May 1987. In 1988, AFA formed Cable Street Beat, its musical arm, on similar principles to the Anti-Nazi League’s Rock Against Racism. The term working class is used to denote a social class. ... Anti-racism, like other general social attitudes, ideas and movements, has many variations and faces. ... Manifestations Slavery · Racial profiling · Lynching Hate speech · Hate crime · Hate groups Genocide · Holocaust · Pogrom Ethnocide · Ethnic cleansing · Race war Religious persecution · Gay bashing Pedophobia · Ephebiphobia Movements Discriminatory Aryanism · Neo-Nazism · Supremacism Kahanism Anti-discriminatory Abolitionism · Civil rights · Gay rights Womens/Universal suffrage · Mens rights Childrens rights · Youth... Squadists were a movement within the Anti-Nazi League in the late 1970s and early 1980s who used violent confrontation to break up meetings, marches and other gatherings of extreme right-wing groups such as the British National Front and the British Movement. ... Wreaths of artificial poppies used as a symbol of remembrance Remembrance Day (Australia, Canada, United Kingdom), also known as Poppy Day (South Africa and Malta), and Armistice Day (United Kingdom, New Zealand and many other Commonwealth countries; and the original name of the holiday internationally) is a day to commemorate... Blood and Honour emblem. ... Rock Against Racism (RAR) was a campaign set up by Red Saunders, Roger Huddle and others in winter 1976. ...


In 1986, AFA was disrupted by allegations made by Searchlight magazine about some of the anarchist groups involved, notably Class War, who were expelled from the group despite Red Action’s support for them. In 1989, there was a split in AFA between hardcore militant anti-fascists and groups closer to liberal anti-fascism. The militant groups relaunched AFA that year, with affiliates including Direct Action Movement and the Trotskyist Workers Power, as well as several trade unions. During this period, AFA high points included a Unity Carnival in East London with 10,000 participants and a demonstration in Bethnal Green with 4000 participants (under the slogan “Beating the Fascists: An old East End tradition”), both in 1991, and the “Battle of Waterloo” at Waterloo train station. Low points included the jailing of three AFA members for attacking a neo-fascist in 1990. Searchlight is a British publication which describes itself as an international anti-fascist magazine, and publishes material critical of far-right political parties. ... Anarchism is a generic term describing various political philosophies and social movements that advocate the elimination of hierarchy and imposed authority. ... This article is about the organisation and newspaper Class War. ... Red Action is a small London-based leftist grouping. ... Liberal anti-fascism is a form of anti-fascism that is distinguished by its use of non-violent, legal and democratic methods in fighting fascism, which it sees primarily as a moral evil and as a threat to liberal democracy. ... Formed in 1994, the Solidarity Federation (SolFed) is a federation of class struggle anarchists active in Britain. ... Trotskyism is the theory of Marxism as advocated by Leon Trotsky. ... Workers Power is a Trotskyist group, affiliated to the League for the Fifth International, which it was a prime mover in founding. ... A Trade Union (Labour union) ... is a continuous association of wage-earners for the purpose of maintaining or improving the conditions of their employment. ... East London is the name commonly given to the eastern part of London on the north side of the River Thames. ... Bethnal Green is an area in the London Borough of Tower Hamlets, in the East End of London. ... The term East End is most commonly used to refer to the East End of London. ... The terms Neo-Nazism and Neo-Fascism refer to any social or political movement to revive Nazism or Fascism, respectively, and postdates the Second World War. ...


During the early 1990s, there was growing awareness of fascist, racist and far right activity in Britain, particularly with the rise of the British National Party and attacks on black teenagers Stephen Lawrence and Roland Adams. In response, several groups were set up to challenge this, essentially competing with AFA: the black-led and Labour Party-linked Anti-Racist Alliance, a revived Anti-Nazi League (set up by the Socialist Workers Party (UK), Youth Against Racism in Europe (set up by the Militant Tendency) and Workers Against Racism (set up by the Revolutionary Communist Party). 1. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into far right. ... This article is about the modern party. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Roland Adams was a 15 year old black youth from London who was murdered in 1991. ... The Labour Party has been, since its founding in the early 20th century, the principal political party of the left in the United Kingdom. ... Anti-Nazi League logo The Anti-Nazi League (ANL) was an organisation set up with left-wing trade union money in 1977 to oppose the rise of what they deemed to be far-right groups in Britain. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... It has been suggested that Militant (Britain) be merged into this article or section. ... There are a number of political parties called the Revolutionary Communist Party active in various countries across the world. ...


In 1993, Derek Beackon, a candidate from the main UK far right party, the British National Party (BNP), won a council seat on the Isle of Dogs in Tower Hamlets, East London, under the slogan of rights for whites. This signalled a turn in the BNP's policy from confrontation on the streets to what Searchlight magazine has called 'Euronationalism', a bid for electoral respectability through the articulation of the concerns of white working class communities. AFA responded with its 'Filling the Vacuum' strategy, which argued that a new strategy was needed: positively taking a political alternative to these communities, rather than concentrating on challenging the fascist presence on the streets. Most AFA and Red Action activists have consequently devoted their energies to the Independent Working Class Association.[1][2] Derek William Beackon was an unemployed British lorrydriver who achieved nationwide notoriety after winning a Millwall council seat for the far-right British National Party (BNP) on September 17 1993. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into far right. ... This article is about the modern party. ... The Isle of Dogs in 1899, at the height of its commercial success The Isle of Dogs is in the centre of this 2005 aerial view of east London as seen from the skies over south London. ... The London Borough of Tower Hamlets is a London borough to the east of the City of London and north of the River Thames in East London. ... Searchlight is a British publication which describes itself as an international anti-fascist magazine, and publishes material critical of far-right political parties. ... This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ... Logo of the Independent Working Class Association The Independent Working Class Association (IWCA) is a small working class political party in Britain with the avowed aim of promoting the political and economic interests of the working class, regardless of the consequences to existing political and economic structures. ...


AFA in other countries

German AFA demonstration against anti-semitism, in Hamm 2004.
German AFA demonstration against anti-semitism, in Hamm 2004.
  • Sweden has a group called Antifascistisk aktion, which means Anti-Fascist Action, and the group uses the same acronym, AFA. Their activities include protests and information work, as well as acts of sabotage and violence against political opponents.[3]
  • Denmark's AFA group was founded in 1992 following the murder of a Danish anti-fascist. Activities have included confrontations with racist and fascist groups, and opposition to Danish immigration laws.
  • Ireland's AFA group appears to be modelled on the British group, but its website implies that it has a greater emphasis on Irish Republicanism.[4]
  • The Netherlands has an AFA group called Anti-Fascistische Aktie. It mainly participates in demonstrations against Dutch far right organisations like the NVU and the Nationale Alliantie. It has its own newspaper called Alert!.
  • Greece has a group called "Antifa", which sometimes uses the acronym AFA. The group organises marches and demonstrations against racism, and in support of immigrants. It has often engaged in confrontations with supporters of neo-Nazi organisations, mainly Hrisi Avgi.
  • There is a Serbian AFA group in Novi Sad (Antifašistička akcija Novi Sad). They organize public discussions, protests and concerts.

The Eternal Jew: 1937 German poster. ... Map of Germany showing Hamm Hamm is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Antifascistisk Aktion (AFA) is a Swedish extra-parliamentary network whose goal is to smash fascism in all its forms. AFA is a socialist movement which rejects the capitalist society, and with a revolution wish to replace it with a stateless and classless society. ... Irish Republicanism is an ideology based on the Irish nationalist belief that all of Ireland should be a united independent republic. ... Nvu (pronounced N-view or en-vee-you depending on your preference and/or native language) is a WYSIWYG HTML editor, based on the Composer component of Mozilla Application Suite and Gecko 1. ... Hrisi Avgis logo, featuring a meander pattern. ... Nickname: Serbian Athens Motto: Град по мери грађана City of the citizens (in English) Location of Novi Sad within Serbia Coordinates: Country  Serbia Province Vojvodina District South Bačka Established 1694 City status February 1, 1748 Politics    - Mayor Maja Gojković (SRS)  - City assembly SRS, DSS and SPS  - Municipalities 2 (Novi Sad and Petrovaradin) Area...

Footnotes

  1. ^ http://libcom.org/history/1985-2001-anti-fascist-action-afa
  2. ^ http://www.stagebottles.de/blaggers.html
  3. ^ http://site.vk.se/senastenyttart.jsp?article=64806&categorylist=10,4,6,32,39
  4. ^ http://www.geocities.com/irishafa/

Bibliograpy

  • Bullstreet, K.. Bash the Fash: Anti-Fascist Recollections 1984-1993. ISBN 1-873605-87-0. 
  • No Retreat by Dave Hann and Steve Tilsey

See also

Members of the Dutch Eindhoven Resistance with troops of the US 101st Airborne in Eindhoven in September 1944. ... Antifascistisk Aktion (AFA) is a Swedish extra-parliamentary network whose goal is to smash fascism in all its forms. AFA is a socialist movement which rejects the capitalist society, and with a revolution wish to replace it with a stateless and classless society. ... Anti-racism refers to beliefs, actions, movements, and policies adopted or developed to oppose racism. ... ARA Logo, featuring a masked anarchist smashing a swastika Anti-Racist Action Network (ARA) is a decentralized network of militant anarcho-communists who espouse anti-fascist and anti-racist views. ... Formed in 1994, the Solidarity Federation (SolFed) is a federation of class struggle anarchists active in Britain. ... Logo of the Independent Working Class Association The Independent Working Class Association (IWCA) is a small working class political party in Britain with the avowed aim of promoting the political and economic interests of the working class, regardless of the consequences to existing political and economic structures. ... Militant anti-fascism is a form of anti-fascism that advocates the use of violence against fascism. ... This page pertains to fascism after World War II. For a discussion of groups and movements that also include as core tenets racial nationalism, antisemitism, and praise for Hitler, see Neo-Nazism. ... The terms Neo-Nazism and Neo-Fascism refer to any social or political movement to revive Nazism or Fascism, respectively, and postdates the Second World War. ... Red Action is a small London-based leftist grouping. ... In the context of the skinhead subculture, a redskin is a left wing (communist or socialist) skinhead. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Squadists were a movement within the Anti-Nazi League in the late 1970s and early 1980s who used violent confrontation to break up meetings, marches and other gatherings of extreme right-wing groups such as the British National Front and the British Movement. ... In Leninist bogus, a united front is a coalition of Clinton likeleft-wing working class forces which put forward a common set of demands and share a common plan of action, but which do not subordinate themselves to the front, retaining their abilities for independent political action and continuing to...

External links

  • Article about AFA
  • AFA Ireland
  • A Brief History of Anti-Fascist Action Ireland
  • Swedish AFA
  • Dutch AFA
  • AFA Novi Sad

  Results from FactBites:
 
Antifascistisk Aktion (431 words)
AFA was founded in Denmark in 1992 after a bomb killing of a young anti-racist.
AFA formed partly in order to be prepared to react against similar future events, partly because the autonomous movement that AFA originated from needed a stronger and more continuous organization.
AFA refuse any attempts to dialogue with organized racists because any such dialog can be nothing else than advertisement and a platform for their ‘ideas’.
Italy: Sicily, Anti-fascist coalition blocks neo Nazis (589 words)
On the second of November fascists succeeded in preventing the neo-nazi Forza Nouva from marching in Catania, Sicily's second city.
This action forced the police to set up two major roadblocks - one at Villa Bellini in front of the anti-fascists and the other two blocks away at Piazza Umberto where the nazis were forced to stop.
What their allies in the BNP would think of this is anybody's guess!) The fascist demonstration was also protesting against the right to choose, probably explaining one reason so few women were there.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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