FACTOID # 21: 15% of Army recruits from South Dakota are Native American, which is roughly the same percentage for female Army recruits in the state.
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Encyclopedia > Anthony Braxton

Anthony Braxton (born June 4, 1945) is an American composer, multi-reedist and pianist. June 4 is the 155th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (156th in leap years), with 210 days remaining. ... 1945 (MCMVL) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1945 calendar). ... A composer is a person who writes music. ... Reed instruments are musical instruments; they are members of the woodwind family. ... A grand piano, with the lid up. ...

He has created a large body of highly complex work. Much of Braxton's music is jazz oriented, but he has also been active in free improvisation and orchestral music, and has written operas. Among the vast array of instruments he utilizes are the flute; the sopranino, soprano, C-Melody, F alto, E-flat alto, baritone, bass, and contrabass saxophones; and the E-flat, B-flat, and contrabass clarinets. Jazz is an original American musical art form that originated around the start of the 20th century in New Orleans, rooted in African American musical styles blended with Western music technique and theory. ... Free improvisation or free music is improvised music without any rules beyond the taste of the musicians involved, and not in any particular style. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... The Teatro alla Scala in Milan. ... The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ... An E-flat sopranino saxophone (right). ... The soprano saxophone is a variety of the saxophone, a woodwind instrument. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Baritone saxophone The baritone saxophone is one of the larger and lower pitched members of the saxophone family. ... The bass saxophone (or bass sax for short) is the second largest existing member of the saxophone family (or third largest, if the subcontrabass tubax is counted). ... The contrabass saxophone is the second largest member of the saxophone family (the largest being the triple B-flat subcontrabass tubax, although the tubax is not technically a member of the saxophone family due to its narrower bore). ... Saxophones of different sizes play in different registers. ... Eâ™­ clarinet with Oehler system keywork. ... A bass clarinet, which sounds an octave lower than the more common Bb soprano clarinet. ... The contrabass clarinet is the largest common member of the clarinet family. ... Two soprano clarinets: a Bâ™­ clarinet (left) and an A clarinet (right, with no mouthpiece). ...

Critic Chris Kelsey writes that "Although Braxton exhibited a genuine — if highly idiosyncratic — ability to play older forms (influenced especially by saxophonists Warne Marsh, John Coltrane, Paul Desmond, and Eric Dolphy), he was never really accepted by the jazz establishment, due to his manifest infatuation with the practices of such non-jazz artists as John Cage and Karlheinz Stockhausen. Many of the mainstream's most popular musicians (Wynton Marsalis among them) insisted that Braxton's music was not jazz at all. Whatever one calls it, however, there is no questioning the originality of his vision; Anthony Braxton created music of enormous sophistication and passion that was unlike anything else that had come before it." [1] Chris Kelsey (born June 5, 1961 in Bangor, ME) is an American jazz musician, composer, and journalist. ... Warne Marsh (26 October 1927 - 17 December 1987) was an American saxophonist born in Los Angeles. ... John Coltrane John William Coltrane (September 23, 1926 – July 17, 1967), often known as Trane, was an American jazz saxophonist and composer. ... Paul Desmond and Dave Brubeck, October 8, 1954. ... Eric Allan Dolphy (June 20, 1928 – June 29, 1964) was a jazz musician who played alto saxophone, flute and bass clarinet. ... John Cage For the character of John Cage from the TV show Ally McBeal see: John Cage (Character) John Milton Cage (September 5, 1912 – August 12, 1992) was an American experimental music composer, writer and visual artist. ... Karlheinz Stockhausen (born August 22, 1928) is a German composer, one of the most important and controversial composers of the 20th century. ... New Orleans-born jazz and classical artist and composer Wynton Marsalis Wynton Marsalis (born October 18, 1961) is an American trumpeter and composer. ...

Braxton's music is highly theoretical and mystically influenced, and he is the author of multiple volumes explaining his theories and pieces—such as the philosophical three-volume Triaxium Writings and the five-volume Composition Notes, both published by Frog Peak Music. While his compositions and improvisations can be characterized as avant garde, many of his pieces have a swing feel and rhythmic angularity that are overtly indebted to Charlie Parker and the Bebop tradition. Mysticism from the Greek μυστικός (mystikos) an initiate (of the Eleusinian Mysteries, μυστήρια (mysteria) meaning initiation[1]) is the pursuit of achieving communion or identity with, or conscious awareness of, ultimate reality, the divine, spiritual truth, or God through direct experience, intuition, or insight; and the belief that such experience is an... Frog Peak Music is a composers collective that produces and distributes experimental works, and functions as a home for its artists. ... Philosophically, improvisation often focuses on bringing ones personal awareness into the moment, and on developing a profound understanding for the action one is doing. ... The Loves of Zero 35 mm film by Robert Florey 1927 Avant-garde in French means front guard, advance guard, or vanguard. ... Charlie Parker Charles Bird Parker, Jr. ... Bebop or bop is a form of jazz characterized by fast tempos and improvisation based on harmonic structure rather than melody. ...

Braxton is notorious for naming his pieces as diagrams, typically labelled with cryptic numbers and letters. (The labels of long playing records were better suited than compact discs for the depiction of these diagram titles.) Sometimes these diagrams have an obvious relation to the music — for instance, on the album For Trio the diagram-title indicates the physical positions of the performers — but in many cases the diagram-titles remain inscrutable (and Braxton has pointedly refused to explain their significance, claiming that he himself is still discovering their meaning). Braxton eventually settled on a system of opus-numbers to make referring to these pieces simpler (and earlier pieces have had opus-numbers retrospectively added to them). Manufacturers put records inside protective and decorative cardboard jackets and an inner paper sleeve to protect the grooves from dust and scratches. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...

In 1994, he was granted a MacArthur Fellowship. The John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation is a private, independent grantmaking institution. ...

Beyond his musical career, Braxton is an avid chess player; for a time in the 1960s he was a professional chess hustler, playing in New York in Washington Square Park. Chess is an abstract strategy board game and mental sport for two players. ...



Early in his career, Braxton led a trio with violinist Leroy Jenkins and trumpeter Leo Smith and was involved with The Association for the Advancement of Creative Musicians, the "AACM", founded in Chicago, Braxton's birthplace. This article contains information on the musician Leroy Jenkins. ... Ishmael Wadada Leo Smith (Dec 18, 1941 in Leland, Mississippi) is a jazz trumpeter. ... The Association for the Advancement of Creative Musicians (AACM) is a non_profit organization, founded in Chicago, Illinois, by pianist/composer Muhal Richard Abrams, pianist Jodie Christian, drummer Steve McCall, and composer Phil Cohran. ... Nickname: The Windy City, The Second City, Chi Town, The City of Big Shoulders Motto: Urbs In Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location in Chicagoland and Illinois Coordinates: Country United States State Illinois County Cook Incorporated March 4, 1837 Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Area    - City 606. ...

In 1968, Braxton recorded For Alto. There had been occasional unaccompanied saxophone recordings previously (notably Coleman Hawkins' "Picasso"), but For Alto was the first full-length album for unaccompanied saxophone. The album's songs were dedicated to Cecil Taylor and John Cage, among others. The album influenced other artists like Steve Lacy (soprano sax) and George Lewis (trombone), who would go on to record their own acclaimed solo albums. Coleman Hawkins Coleman Randolph Hawkins, nicknamed Hawk and sometimes Bean, (November 21, 1901 or 1904 - May 19, 1969) was a prominent jazz tenor saxophone musician. ... Cecil Percival Taylor (born in New York City March 15, 1930) is an American pianist and poet now generally acknowledged to be one of the great innovative sources of free jazz (along with the better known Ornette Coleman). ... John Cage For the character of John Cage from the TV show Ally McBeal see: John Cage (Character) John Milton Cage (September 5, 1912 – August 12, 1992) was an American experimental music composer, writer and visual artist. ... Steve Lacy (July 23, 1934 – June 4, 2004), born Steven Norman Lackritz in New York, was an innovative jazz soprano saxophonist. ...

Braxton joined pianist's Chick Corea's existing trio with Dave Holland (double bass) and Barry Altschul (drums) to form the short-lived avant garde quartet "Circle", around 1970. When Corea broke up the group, forming Return to Forever to pursue a fusion based style of composition and recording, Holland and Altschul remained with Braxton for much of the 1970s as part of a quartet, with the rotating brass chair variously filled by trumpeter Kenny Wheeler, or trombonists George Lewis or Ray Anderson. This group recorded on Arista Records. The core trio plus saxophonist Sam Rivers recorded Holland's Conference of the Birds, ECM. In the 1970s he also recorded duets with Lewis and with synthesizer player Richard Teitelbaum. In the late 1970s he recorded two large ensemble recordings, "Creative Orchestra Music," inspired by American jazz and marching band traditions, and "For Four Orchestras." Both of these records were released on Arista Records. Chick Corea on the cover of sheet music book Chick Corea Collection Armando Anthony Chick Corea (born June 12, 1941) is a multiple Grammy Award winning American jazz pianist/keyboardist and composer. ... Dave Holland (born October 1, 1946) is a jazz bassist and composer. ... Barry Altschul is a magnificent drummer who gained fame in the late 60s with pianist Paul Bley and others playing in the outside style of jazz that had been evolving steadily since Cecil Taylor, Ornette Coleman, John Coltrane, and others broke ground. ... Return to Forever was the name of various jazz fusion bands founded and led by keyboardist Chick Corea. ... Bitches Brew (1970) by Miles Davis is considered the most influential early fusion album. ... Image of a trumpet. ... A trumpeter may be one of several things: A trumpeter is a musician who plays the trumpet. ... Kenny Wheeler (born 14th January 1930, Toronto, Canada) is a Canadian composer trumpet and flugelhorn player, based since the 1950s in the UK. Most of his output is rooted in jazz, but he has also been active in free improvisation and rock music. ... George Lewis (born 1952) is a jazz trombone player. ... Ray Anderson (born 1952) is an independent jazz trombone player. ... Arista Records is an American record label that is a wholly owned subsidiary of Sony BMG, and operates under the RCA Records Group // After being fired from CBS Records, Columbia Pictures offered Clive Davis the presidency of its record division, Bell Records, in 1974. ... Samuel Carthorne Rivers (born September 25, 1923, El Reno, Oklahoma) is a jazz musician and composer. ... Conference of the Birds (Manteq at-Tair, 1177) is a mystic book of poems in Persian by Farid ud-Din Attar of approximately 4500 lines. ... ECM is an abbreviation of: Electret condenser microphone Electro chemical machining Electronic countermeasures Electronic contract manufacturing Electronic control module Elliptic curve method (integer factorization) Electron Cloud Model Enterprise content management Entitlement control message - in secure data transfer Error correction mode (fax protocol) Essentials of Clinical Medicine Extracellular matrix See also... Richard Teitelbaum (May 19, 1939 in New York, NY) is a composer, keyboardist, and improvisor. ... Arista Records is an American record label that is a wholly owned subsidiary of Sony BMG, and operates under the RCA Records Group // After being fired from CBS Records, Columbia Pictures offered Clive Davis the presidency of its record division, Bell Records, in 1974. ...

Braxton's regular group in the 1980s and early 1990s was a quartet with Marilyn Crispell (piano), Mark Dresser (double bass) and Gerry Hemingway on drums was called "his finest and longest standing band". [2] Marilyn Crispell (Mar 30, 1947 in Philadelphia, PA) is a composer and jazz pianist. ... Mark Dresser (b. ... Gerry Hemingway (b. ...

Braxton has also recorded and collaborated with musicians situated in the European improvisation scene, such as Derek Bailey, Evan Parker, and the Globe Unity Orchestra, or with giants from the 'regular' jazz world, such as Max Roach. Throughout the years Braxton has played with a wide variety of people, such as Mal Waldron, Dave Douglas, Ornette Coleman, Dave Brubeck, Lee Konitz, Peter Brötzmann, Willem Breuker, Muhal Richard Abrams, Steve Lacy, Roscoe Mitchell, Pat Metheny, Andrew Cyrille, Wolf Eyes, Misha Mengelberg, Chris Dahlgren and countless others. Derek Bailey pictured at the Vortex Club, Stoke Newington, 1991. ... Evan Shaw Parker (born 5 April 1944 in Bristol) is a British free-improvising saxophone player from the European free jazz scene. ... The Globe Unity Orchestra is a free jazz ensemble. ... Jazz in 3/4 time cover released in 1957 on EmArcy Maxwell Lemuel Roach (born January 10 (according to the official records, though his family claims January 8), 1924)to parents Alphonse and Cressie Roach. ... Malcolm Earl Waldron (August 16, 1926 - December 2, 2002) was an American jazz and world music pianist and composer. ... Dave Douglas (born March 24, 1963) is a U.S. jazz trumpeter and composer whose music is notable for drawing on many non-jazz musical styles, including classical music, European folk music and klezmer. ... Ornette Coleman (born March 19, 1930) is an American saxophonist and composer. ... Brubeck in 1954 David Warren (Dave) Brubeck (born December 6, 1920 in Concord, California) is an American jazz pianist who has written a number of jazz standards, including In Your Own Sweet Way and The Duke. ... Lee Konitz (born 1927 in Chicago, Illinois) is an American jazz composer and saxophone player. ... Peter Brötzmann (born March 6, 1941) is a German free jazz saxophonist. ... Willem Breuker (b. ... Muhal Richard Abrams (born 1930) is a composer, arranger, and jazz pianist. ... Steve Lacy (July 23, 1934 – June 4, 2004), born Steven Norman Lackritz in New York, was an innovative jazz soprano saxophonist. ... Roscoe Mitchell (born August 3, 1940 in Chicago, Illinois) is an African-American composer and jazz saxophonist. ... Patrick Bruce Metheny (born August 12, 1954 in Lees Summit, Missouri) is a world renowned American jazz guitarist. ... Andrew Charles Cyrille (born November 10, 1939) is a jazz drummer. ... Wolf Eyes are a noise band from Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA. Wolf Eyes began as a solo project of former Nautical Almanac member Nate Young, with Aaron Dilloway joining in 1999, and John Olson in 2000. ... Misha Mengelberg (born June 5, 1935) is a Dutch jazz pianist and composer. ...

Beginning in 1995, Braxton began to concentrate almost exclusively on what he calls Ghost Trance Music, which introduces a steady pulse to his music and also allows the simultaneous performance of any piece by the performers. More recently he has created new series of compositions, such as the Falling River Musics that are documented on 2+2 Compositions (482 Music, 2005).

Braxton studied philosophy at Roosevelt University. He has taught at Mills College and now is Professor of Music at Wesleyan University in Middletown, Connecticut, teaching music composition, music history, and improvisation. Mills College is a liberal arts womens college in Oakland, California. ... Wesleyan University, founded in 1831, is a private, liberal arts university in Middletown, Connecticut. ... Nickname: Forest City Coordinates: Counties Middlesex County Mayor Sebastian N. Giuliano Area    - City 42. ...

One of his children, Tyondai Braxton, also is a professional musician & guitarist. Tyondai Braxton is an American musician and the son of jazz musician Anthony Braxton. ...

Partial discography

Braxton recorded albums for various labels, such as Leo Records, Braxton House, Futura [3],Hat Hut, Emanem, Delmark, Black Saint, Arista Records, etc. for information about the similarly named rap artist see Eminem Emanem is an independent record label based in London specialising in free improvised music. ... Arista Records is an American record label that is a wholly owned subsidiary of Sony BMG, and operates under the RCA Records Group // After being fired from CBS Records, Columbia Pictures offered Clive Davis the presidency of its record division, Bell Records, in 1974. ...

  • 1968 Three Compositions of New Jazz
  • 1968 For Alto
  • 1969 Anthony Braxton [Affinity]
  • 1971 Récital Paris 1971 [live] [Futura]
  • 1971 Together Alone Delmark
  • 1971 Circle: Paris Concert [live]
  • 1972 Saxophone Improvisations, Series F
  • 1972 Town Hall (1972) [live]
  • 1974 In the Tradition, Vol. 1
  • 1974 In the Tradition, Vol. 2
  • 1974 Quartet Live at Moers New Jazz Festival
  • 1974 Duo, Vols. 1 and 2
  • 1974 First Duo Concert [live]
  • 1974 Trio and Duet Sackville
  • 1974 New York, Fall 1974
  • 1974 Live at Wigmor
  • 1975 Five Pieces (1975)
  • 1975 Anthony Braxton Live
  • 1975 The Montreux/Berlin Concerts [live]
  • 1975 Live
  • 1976 Creative Orchestra Music (1976)
  • 1976 Elements of Surprise: Braxton/Lewis Duo
  • 1976 Duets (1976)
  • 1976 Donaueschingen (Duo) 1976
  • 1976 Quartet (Dortmund) 1976 [live]
  • 1976 Solo: Live at Moers Festival
  • 1977 Four Compositions (1973)
  • 1978 Creative Orchestra (Koln) 1978
  • 1978 For Four Orchestras
  • 1978 Alto Saxophone Improvisations (1979)
  • 1978 Birth and Rebirth
  • 1978 NW5-9M4: For Trio
  • 1979 Performance (9-1-1979) [live]
  • 1979 With Robert Schumann String Quartet
  • 1979 Seven Compositions (1978)
  • 1980 For Two Pianos
  • 1980 The Coventry Concert [live]
  • 1981 Composition No. 96
  • 1981 Six Compositions: Quartet
  • 1982 Open Aspects (Duo) 1982
  • 1982 Four Compositions (Solo, Duo & Trio)
  • 1982 Six Duets (1982)
  • 1983 Four Compositions (Quartet) 1983
  • 1983 Composition No. 113
  • 1984 Prag (Quartet-1984) [live]
  • 1985 Seven Standards (1985), Vol. 2
  • 1985 London (Quartet-1985) [live]
  • 1985 Seven Standards (1985), Vol. 1
  • 1985 Quartet (London) 1985 [live]
  • 1985 Six Compositoins (Quartet) 1984
  • 1986 Five Compositions (Quartet), 1986
  • 1986 Moment Précieux [live]
  • 1987 Six Monk's Compositions (1987)
  • 1987 ... If My Memory Serves Me Right
  • 1988 19 (Solo) Compositions (1988)
  • 1988 Victoriaville 1988 [live]
  • 1988 2 Compositions (Järvenpää) 1988, Ensemble
  • 1988 Kol Nidre
  • 1988 The Aggregate
  • 1988 London Solo (1988)
  • 1989 Eugene (1989)
  • 1989 7 Compositions (Trio) 1989
  • 1989 Vancouver Duets (1989)
  • 1989 2 Compositions (Ensemble) 1989/1991
  • 1989 Eight (+3) Tristano Compositions, 1989
  • 1991 8 Duets: Hamburg 1991
  • 1991 Duo (Amsterdam) 1991 [live]
  • 1991 Composition No. 107 (Excerpt, 1982)/In CDCM
  • 1991 Composition No. 98
  • 1992 Wesleyan (12 Altosolos) 1992
  • 1992 Willisau (Quartet) 1991[Pt. 2] [live]
  • 1992 Composition No. 165 (For 18 Instruments)
  • 1992 (Victoriaville) 1992 [live]
  • 1993 Duets (1993)
  • 1993 9 Standards (Quartet) 1993 [live]
  • 1993 Trio (London) 1993 [live] Leo
  • 1993 12 Compositions: Oakland, July 1993
  • 1993 Quartet (Santa Cruz) 1993 [live]
  • 1993 Charlie Parker Project 1993
  • 1993 Duo (Leipzig) 1993
  • 1993 Duo (London) 1993
  • 1994 Composition No. 174: For Ten Percussionists
  • 1994 Small Ensemble Music (Wesleyan) 1994 [live]
  • 1994 Duo (Wesleyan) 1994
  • 1994 Knitting Factory (Piano/Quartet) 1994, Vol. 2 [live]
  • 1995 11 Compositions
  • 1995 10 Compositions (Duet) 1995
  • 1995 Performance Quartet
  • 1995 Octet (New York) 1995
  • 1995 Solo Piano (Standards) 1995
  • 1995 Two Lines Lovely Music
  • 1995 Knitting Factory (Piano/Quartet) 1994, Vol. 1 [live]
  • 1995 4 Compositions (Quartet) 1995
  • 1995 Seven Standards 1995
  • 1996 Composition No. 192
  • 1996 Composition No. 193 [live]
  • 1996 Tentet (New York) 1996 [live]
  • 1996 Live at Merkin Hall
  • 1996 14 Compositions (Traditional) 1996
  • 1996 Composition No. 102: For Orchestra & Puppet Theatre
  • 1996 Sextet (Istanbul) 1996
  • 1996 Composition No. 173
  • 1997 Silence/Time Zones
  • 1997 Amsterdam 1991 [live]
  • 1997 4 Compositions (Quartet) 1995
  • 1998 Compositions No. 10 & No. 16 (+101)
  • 1999 Duets (1987)
  • 1999 4 Compositions (Washington D.C.) 1998
  • 1999 Trillium R [4-CD boxset opera]
  • 2000 Composition No. 94:
  • 2000 Quintet (Basel) 1977 [live]
  • 2000 10 Compositions (Quartet) 2000
  • 2000 9 Compositions (Hill) 2000
  • 2001 Compositions/Improvisations 2000
  • 2001 Composition No. 247
  • 2001 Composition No. 169 + (186 + 206 + 214)
  • 2001 Four Compositions (GTM) 2000
  • 2001 8 Compositions (Quintet) 2001
  • 2002 This Time
  • 2002 Duets [Wesleyan] 2002
  • 2002 8 Standards (Wesleyan 2001) [live]
  • 2002 Solo (Koln) 1978
  • 2002 Ninetet (Yoshi's) 1997, Vol. 1
  • 2003 Four Compositions (GTM) 2000
  • 2003 Two Compositions (Trio) 1998 [live]
  • 2003 Solo (Milano) 1979, Vol. 1 [live]
  • 2003 Anthony Braxton [2003]
  • 2003 Ninetet (Yoshi's) 1997, Vol. 2 [live]
  • 2003 Solo (NYC) 2002 [live]
  • 2003 23 Standards (Quartet) 2003
  • 2003 20 Standards (Quartet) 2003
  • 2004 Shadow Company (2004)
  • 2004 4 Improvisations (Duets) 2004
  • 2005 Quintet (London) 2004 Live at the Royal Festival Hall
  • 2006 Compositions 175 & 126 (for Four Vocalists And Constructed Environment) [with The Creative Jazz Orchestra]
  • 2006 Sextet (Victoriaville) 2005
  • 2006 Black Vomit (with Wolf Eyes)

3 Compositions of New Jazz is a 1968 album by Anthony Braxton. ... For Alto is a jazz double-LP by composer/multi-reedist Anthony Braxton which was released in 1969. ...


  • Braxton, Anthony - Triaxium Writings Volumes 1-3 - 1985.
  • Braxton, Anthony - Composition Notes A-E - 1988.
  • Ford, Alun - Anthony Braxton (Creative Music Continuum) - Stride, 2004.
  • Heffley, Mike - The Music Of Anthony Braxton - Greenwood, 1996.
  • Lock, Graham - Forces in Motion: The Music and Thoughts of Anthony Braxton - Da Capo, 1989.
  • Lock, Graham - Mixtery (A Festschrift For Anthony Braxton) - Stride, 1995.
  • Lock, Graham - Blutopia: Visions of the Future and Revisions of the Past in the Work of Sun Ra, Duke Ellington, and Anthony Braxton - Duke University, 2000.
  • Radano, Ronald Michael - New Musical Figurations (Anthony Braxton'S Cultural Critique) - University of Chicago, 1994.
  • Wilson, Peter Niklas - Anthony Braxton. Sein Leben. Seine Musik. Seine Schallplatten. - Oreos, 1993.

External links



  • Breakfast Conversation in Concert: Anthony Braxton interviewed by Roland Young, Glen Howell, and Sandy Silver, before his concert at the Palace of the Legion of Honor, 10 October 1971.
  • Braxton interview concerning the application of his musical language (1985)
  • Epitonic.com: Anthony Braxton featuring tracks from 19 Solo Compositions, 1988
  • Art of the States: Anthony Braxton Composition No. 186 (1996)
  • Most of Braxton's recordings for Leo Records are available from emusic. This is no longer the case, but Leo Records has made almost all of Braxton's Leo sessions available as downloads from their own site.

  Results from FactBites:
braxBIOshort (567 words)
Anthony Braxton is widely and critically acclaimed as a seminal figure in the music of the late 20th century.
Braxton's three decades worth of recorded output is kaleidescopic and prolific, and has won and continues to win prestigious awards and critical praise.
Braxton's name continues to stand for the broadest integration of such oft-conflicting poles as "creative freedom" and "responsibility," discipline and energy, and vision of the future and respect for tradition in the current cultural debates about the nature and place of the Western and African-American musical traditions in America.
Anthony Braxton - Music Downloads - Online (751 words)
Braxton began with jazz's essential rhythmic and textural elements, combining them with all manner of experimental compositional techniques, from graphic and non-specific notation to serialism and multimedia.
Although Braxton exhibited a genuine -- if highly idiosyncratic -- ability to play older forms (influenced especially by saxophonists Warne Marsh, John Coltrane, Paul Desmond, and Eric Dolphy), he was never really accepted by the jazz establishment, due to his manifest infatuation with the practices of such non-jazz artists as John Cage and Karlheinz Stockhausen.
Braxton was able to fuse jazz's visceral components with contemporary classical music's formal and harmonic methods in an utterly unselfconscious -- and therefore convincing -- way.
  More results at FactBites »



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