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Encyclopedia > Antananarivo
Antananarivo
Tananarive
Antananarivo at sunset, March 2005

Flag
Nickname: Tana
Location of Antananarivo (red dot) in Madagascar
Location of Antananarivo (red dot) in Madagascar
Country Madagascar
Founded 1625
Population (1,403,449 (2001 census))
 - Total 1,403,449

Antananarivo (pronounced /ˌæntəˌnænəˈriːvoʊ/ or /ˌɑːntəˌnɑːnəˈriːvoʊ/) is the capital of Madagascar. It is also known by its French name Tananarive or by its colonial short-hand form Tana. Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 559 pixelsFull resolution‎ (1,031 × 720 pixels, file size: 87 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... EXAMPLE:Laughbox,Blondie,BamBam,Pinkie,etc. ... Image File history File links MG-Antananarivo. ... This is an alphabetical list of the sovereign states of the world, including both de jure and de facto independent states. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... Not to be confused with capitol. ...


Antananarivo-Renivohitra ("Antananarivo-Capital") is the capital of the Analamanga region and of the Antananarivo autonomous province. Analamanga is a region in Madagascar. ... Antananarivo is a province of Madagascar with an area of 58,283 km². It has a population of 4,580,788 (July, 2001). ...

Contents

Location

Its coordinates are Latitude 18°53'23.72"S and longitude 47°30'35.99"E.


Antananarìvo is situated in the center of the island length-wise, and 90 miles away from the eastern coast. The city occupies a commanding position, being built on the summit and slopes of a long and narrow rocky ridge, which extends north and south for about 2½ miles and rising at its highest point to 690 ft. above the extensive rice plain to the west, which is itself 4060 ft. above sea-level. It is Madagascar's largest city and is its administrative, communications, and economic center. The city is located at 18°55' South, 47°31' East (-18.916667, 47.516667),[1] 135 miles west-southwest of Toamasina, the principal seaport of the island, with which it is connected by railway, and for about 60 miles along the coastal lagoons, a service of small steamers. Industries include food products, cigarettes, and textiles. Approximately 120 km (75 miles) to the northeast is Mantadia National Park. A summit is: Summit (topography), a point higher than all the ground immediately surrounding it; the highest point of a hill or mountain Route summit, the highest point on a transportation route crossing high ground Summit (meeting), a meeting of heads of state or other leaders Summit may also refer... In mathematics, the slope (or gradient, especially where three or more dimensions are discussed) of a straight line (within a Cartesian coordinate system) is a measure for the steepness of said line. ... Rock redirects here. ... This article is about the use of the term in geography and physical geology. ... For other uses, see City (disambiguation). ... The term Administration, as used in the context of government, differs according to jurisdiction. ... For the Bobby Womack album, see Communication (1972 album). ... Economics (deriving from the Greek words οίκω [okos], house, and νέμω [nemo], rules hence household management) is the social science that studies the allocation of scarce resources to satisfy unlimited wants. ... Toamasina (Masc. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Port. ... This mid bay barrier in Narrabeen, a suburb of Sydney (Australia), has blocked what used to be a bay to form a lagoon. ... Unlit filtered cigarettes. ... This article is about the type of fabric. ... Mantadia National Park is a protected area consisting principally of primary growth forest in the eastern part of Madagascar. ...


History

A theater in Antananarivo around 1905
A theater in Antananarivo around 1905

Antananarivo was founded in about 1625 by King Andrianjaka and takes its name (the City of the Thousand) from the number of soldiers Andrianjaka assigned to guarding it. For a long time it was the principal village of the Hova chiefs, Antananarivo became more important as those chiefs made themselves sovereigns of the greater part of Madagascar, until it became a town of some 80,000 inhabitants. In 1793 it was made the capital of the Merina kings. The conquests of King Radama I made Antananarivo the capital of almost all of Madagascar.Until 1869 all buildings within the city proper were of wood or rushes, but even then it possessed several timber palaces of considerable size, the largest being 120 ft high. These crown the summit of the central portion of the ridge; and the largest palace, with its lofty roof and towers, is the most conspicuous object from every point of view. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Events March 27 - Prince Charles Stuart becomes King Charles I of England, Scotland and Ireland. ... Masouleh village, Gilan Province, Iran. ... The examples and perspective in this article may not represent a worldwide view. ... For the comedy film of the same name, see Head of State (film). ... Ronda, Spain Main street in Bastrop, Texas, United States, a small town A town is a community of people ranging from a few hundred to several thousands, although it may be applied loosely even to huge metropolitan areas. ... Year 1793 (MDCCXCIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... Not to be confused with capitol. ... The Merina is the largest ethnic group in Madagascar. ... For other uses, see Monarch (disambiguation). ... Radama I the Great (c. ... 1869 (MDCCCLXIX) is a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... For other uses, see City (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Wood (disambiguation). ... Species see text Juncus is a genus of the Juncaceae family. ... The quintessential medieval European palace: Palais de la Cité, in Paris, the royal palace of France. ... A topographical summit is a point on a surface which is higher in elevation than all points immediately adjacent to it. ... The roofs of Olomouc, Czech Republic. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...

Antananarivo, Madagascar
Antananarivo, Madagascar

Since the introduction of stone and brick, the whole city has been rebuilt and now contains numerous structures of some architectural pretension, the royal palaces, the houses formerly belonging to the prime minister and nobles, the French residency, the Anglican and Roman Catholic cathedrals, several stone churches, as well as others of brick, colleges, schools, hospitals, courts of justice and other government buildings, and hundreds of good dwellings. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 750 KB) Uploaded on May 18, 2005 by robin. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 750 KB) Uploaded on May 18, 2005 by robin. ... Rock redirects here. ... For other uses, see Brick (disambiguation). ... This article is about the built environment. ... A prime minister is the most senior minister of cabinet in the executive branch of government in a parliamentary system. ... The Lords and Barons prove their Nobility by hanging their Banners and exposing their Coats-of-arms at the Windows of the Lodge of the Heralds. ... Residency is the act of establishing or maintaining a residence in a given place. ... The term Anglican describes those people and churches following the religious traditions of the Church of England, especially following the Reformation. ... The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... A Cathedral is a Christian church building, specifically of a denomination with an episcopal hierarchy, which serves as the central church of a bishopric. ... This article is about the Christian buildings of worship. ... A college (Latin collegium) can be the name of any group of colleagues; originally it meant a group of people living together under a common set of rules (con-, together + leg-, law). As a consequence members of colleges were originally styled fellow and still are in some places. ... Students in Rome, Italy. ... A hospital today is an institution for professional health care provided by physicians and nurses. ... This article is about courts of law. ... Buildings are combinatorial structures on which groups act; the theory of buildings was introduced by Jacques Tits and expounded in Kenneth S. Browns excellent monograph Buildings. ... A dwelling is a structure in which humans or other animals live. ...


Present day

Antananarivo, Madagascar
Antananarivo, Madagascar

The city was captured by the French in 1895 and incorporated into their Madagascar protectorate. Since the French conquest of Madagascar, good roads have been constructed throughout the city, broad flights of steps connect places too steep for the formation of carriage roads, and the central space, called Andohalo, has become a handsome place, with walks and terraces, flower-beds and trees. A small park has been laid out near the residency, and the planting of trees and the formation of gardens in various parts of the city give it a bright and attractive appearance. Water is obtained from springs at the foot of the hill, but it is proposed to bring an abundant supply from the river Ikopa, which skirts the capital to the south and west. The city is guarded by two forts built on hills to the east and south-west respectively. Including an Anglican and a Roman Catholic cathedral, there are about fifty churches in the city and its suburbs, as well as a Muslim mosque. Antananarivo is home of the University of Madagascar and the Collège Rural d'Ambatobe. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 937 KB) Image taken from German wikipedia (de:Bild:Antananarivo_Rova-Palast. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 937 KB) Image taken from German wikipedia (de:Bild:Antananarivo_Rova-Palast. ... Year 1895 (MDCCCXCV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... This article is about states protected and/or dominated by a foreign power. ... The written history of Madagascar began in the seventh century A.D., when Arabs established trading posts along the northwest coast. ... This page is related to transport; you may be looking for the 2002 Bollywood movie Road. ... Spiral (double helix) stairway in the Vatican Museum Stairs, staircase, stairway, stairwell, and flight of stairs are all names for a construction designed to bridge a large vertical distance by dividing it into smaller vertical distances, called steps. ... Wiktionary has related dictionary definitions, such as: terrace A terrace may refer to: Terrace (agriculture), a leveled section of a hilly cultivated area, designed to slow or prevent the rapid run-off of irrigation water (see also Lynchet). ... For other uses, see Flower (disambiguation). ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Tree (disambiguation). ... This article needs additional references or sources to facilitate its verification. ... For other uses, see River (disambiguation). ... Fortifications (Latin fortis, strong, and facere, to make) are military constructions designed for defensive warfare. ... Illustration of the backyards of a surburban neighbourhood Suburbs are inhabited districts located either on the outer rim of a city or outside the official limits of a city (the term varies from country to country), or the outer elements of a conurbation. ... There is also a collection of Hadith called Sahih Muslim A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم, Persian: Mosalman or Mosalmon Urdu: مسلمان, Turkish: Müslüman, Albanian: Mysliman, Bosnian: Musliman) is an adherent of the religion of Islam. ... The Masjid al-Haram in Mecca as it exists today A mosque is a place of worship for followers of the Islamic faith. ... The University of Madagascar was the former name of the centralized public university system in Madagascar, although the original branch in Antananarivo is still often called by that name. ...


In the colonial period and for some years after independence, the spelling Tananarive was used rather than Antananarivo. In general, the word colonial means of or relating to a colony. In United States history, the term Colonial is used to refer to the period before US independence. ...

Antananarivo seen from the North-East
Antananarivo seen from the North-East

Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 304 pixelsFull resolution (1491 × 567 pixel, file size: 505 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Antananarivo and the Ankaratra volcano range (in the background) Photo taken in 2005. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 304 pixelsFull resolution (1491 × 567 pixel, file size: 505 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Antananarivo and the Ankaratra volcano range (in the background) Photo taken in 2005. ...

Sister cities

Image File history File links Flag_of_Armenia. ... Location of Yerevan in Armenia Coordinates: , Country Established 782 BC Government  - Mayor Yervand Zakharyan Area  - City 227 km²  (87. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ... This article is about the city in Jiangsu. ...

References

  1. ^ GEOnet Names Server (GNS). GEOnet. Retrieved on 2006-08-16.
  • This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain.

GIlrs Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 228th day of the year (229th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Encyclopædia Britannica, the eleventh edition The Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition (1910–1911) is perhaps the most famous edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica. ... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ...


External links

  • Antananarivo Renivohitra Official website.

Coordinates: 18°56′S, 47°31′E Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Antananarivo, The City Of A Thousand Warriors: Madagascar's Capital ~ By Rabenilaina Harinia Cyrille (1811 words)
However long you chose to visit Madagascar, it would be a pity to leave without staying a day in Antananarivo and visiting one of the most important and largest markets in the world: the zoma (Friday in Malagasy).
If you are planning to stay a few days in Antananarivo, you may organise some tours in the capital’s surroundings on your own.
It is from this very place that King Andrianampoinimerina launched his campaign to conquer Antananarivo in 1794, laying the basis of Madagascar’s unification under Merina rule.
ANTANANARIVO, (320 words)
The University of Antananarivo (1961), the country’s principal institution of higher education, is located here, as are numerous research institutes and an astronomical observatory.
Antananarivo is also the site of Madagascar’s leading libraries and museums including the National Library (1961), the libraries of the university and of the Académie Malgache, the Historical Museum (1897), and the Museum of Art and Archaeology (1970).
The city was founded as a fortress in the early 17th century by the rulers of the Merina, a people of Malay origin, who made it their chief residence in the 1790s; their large palace, overlooking the city from the top of the ridge, was gutted by fire in November 1995.
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