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Encyclopedia > Ansgar
Saint Ansgar

Ansgar, etching by Hugo Hamilton (1830)
Apostle of the North
Born 8 September 801(801-09-08), Amiens
Died 3 February 865 (aged 63), Bremen
Venerated in Roman Catholicism, Lutheran Church, Anglican Church
Feast February 3
Patronage Denmark
Saints Portal

Saint Ansgar, Anskar or Oscar, (September 8?, 801February 3, 865) was an Archbishop of Hamburg-Bremen. The see of Hamburg was designated a "Mission to bring Christianity to the North", and Ansgar became known as the "Apostle of the North". Hugo Hamilton 1830 This image is in the public domain because its copyright has expired in the United States and those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 100 years. ... is the 251st day of the year (252nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events December 28 - Louis the Vrome occupies Barcelona. ... Amiens is a city and commune in the north of France, 120 km north of Paris. ... is the 34th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events Ethelred succeeds as king of Wessex (or 866). ... This article is about the city in Germany. ... The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... The Lutheran movement is a group of denominations of Protestant Christianity by the original definition. ... The Anglican Communion is a world-wide organisation of Anglican Churches. ... The calendar of saints is a traditional Christian method of organising a liturgical year on the level of days by associating each day with one or more saints, and referring to the day as that saints day. ... is the 34th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Saint Quentin is the patron saint of locksmiths and is also invoked against coughs and sneezes. ... Image File history File links Gloriole. ... St. ... Ansgarius is a lunar impact crater that is located near the eastern limb of the Moon. ... is the 251st day of the year (252nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events December 28 - Louis the Vrome occupies Barcelona. ... is the 34th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events Ethelred succeeds as king of Wessex (or 866). ... The Archbishopric of Bremen was an ecclesiastical state in the Holy Roman Empire. ... Northern Europe Northern Europe is the northern part of the European continent. ...

Contents

Life

Ansgar was born in Amiens. After his mother’s early death he was brought up at Corbie, and made rapid progress in the learning of the time. According to the Vita Ansgarii, he learned that his mother was in the company of Saint Mary and the little boy who initially lacked an enlightened spirit quickly became serious about life (Life of Ansgar, 1). This would begin the trend of spiritual visions in Ansgar’s life, which would be considered the main motivation in his life by his pupil and subsequent author of Vita Ansgarii, Rimbert. Ansgar was a product of the phase of Christianization of Saxony begun by Charlemagne and continued by his son and successor, Louis the Pious. When Saxony was no longer the focus, it was what is today Denmark that fell under the far sweeping missionary gaze, with a group of monks sent back to Jutland with the Jutish king Harald Klak. Eventually Ansgar returned two years later after educating young boys who had been purchased because Harald has possibly been driven out of his kingdom. In 822 he was one of a colony sent to found the abbey of Corvey (New Corbie) in Westphalia, and became there a teacher and preacher. He had for a period resided with the baptized Harald Klak and when Louis the Pious at Worms in 829 was requested by two representatives from Sweden and the Swedish king Björn at Hauge, he appointed Ansgar missionary. The representatives had claimed that several Swedes were willing to convert to Christendom. Ansgar arrived at Birka in 829, with his aide friar Witmar, and a small congregation was formed in 831, which included the king's own steward Hergeir, as the most prominent member. Ansgar and his companion Witmar proceeded to Birka on Lake Mälaren. He remained there for six months, involved in preaching and converting the inhabitants, at which time they returned to Louis and Ansgar was appointed Bishopric of Hamburg in 831. Amiens is a city and commune in the north of France, 120 km north of Paris. ... Corbie is a commune of the Somme département, in northern France. ... Jutland Peninsula Jutland (Danish: Jylland; German: Jütland; Frisian Jutlân; Low German Jötlann) is the western, continental part of Denmark as well as one of the three historical Lands of Denmark, dividing the North Sea from the Kattegat and the Baltic Sea. ... For the coarse vegetable textile fiber, see Jute. ... Harald Klak Halvdansson (b. ... Events Abd-ar-rahman II becomes ruler of Umayyad Spain. ... The Imperial Abbey of Corvey (German: Fürstabtei Corvey) was a Benedictine abbey on the River Weser, 2km northwest of Höxter, now in North Rhine-Westphalia. ... For other places named Westphalia, see Westphalia (disambiguation). ... Harald Klak Halvdansson (b. ... Louis the Pious, contemporary depiction from 826 as a miles Christi (soldier of Christ), with a poem of Rabanus Maurus overlaid. ... Wormser Dom Worms (pronounced ) is a city in the southwest of Germany. ... Events Egbert of Wessex conquers Mercia and is recognized as Bretwalda. ... King Björns barrow in HÃ¥ga (Old Norse name: Haug)near Uppsala. ... Location in Sweden During the Viking Age, Birka or Birca  , on the island of Björkö (also Bierkø, literally: Birch Island) in Sweden, was an important trading center which handled goods from Scandinavia as well as Central and Eastern Europe and the Orient. ... Malamir succeeds Omurtag as Khan of Bulgaria The Saracens capture Palermo. ... Location map Mälaren details, with Stockholm urban area to the right in pink. ... This article is about the city in Germany. ...


Besides a diocese formed from those of Bremen and Verden, the new metropolitan was to have the right to send missions into all the northern lands and to consecrate bishops for them. Ansgar was consecrated in November, 831, and, the arrangements having been at once approved by Gregory IV, went to Rome to receive the pallium directly at the hands of the pope and to be named legate for the northern lands. This commission had previously been bestowed upon Ebbo, Archbishop of Reims; but an amicable agreement was reached by which the jurisdiction was divided, Ebbo retaining Sweden for himself. For a time Ansgar devoted himself to the needs of his own diocese, which was still missionary territory with but a few churches. He founded in Hamburg a monastery and a school; the latter was to serve the Danish mission, but accomplished little. The 830s and 840s were a successful time for Ansgar despite the difficulties in the Empire at this time which involved Ansgar losing Turholt due to the division of Louis’ empire after 840. He was to face difficulties in his career when Hamburg was unexpectedly sacked in 845, effectively reducing the church’s treasures and books to nothing and leaving the entire diocese completely destroyed and deemed unrestoreable. Therefore, Ansgar was given the bishopric in Bremen in 847, but this was inappropriate as Hamburg had been an archbishopric. Thus, Bremen and Hamburg were combined for Ansgar, which caused great consternation and hostility from the bishops of Cologne to whom Bremen had been subject. This issue was not resolved in Ansgar’s favor until 864 by Pope Nicolas I. Through all this political turmoil, Ansgar continued his mission to the northern lands and reviving the mission to Sweden in 850. Times were difficult during the Danish civil war and Ansgar was forced to establish good relations with two kings, Horic the Elder and his son, Horic II. Both were receptive to his mission and collaborated with him until Ansgar’s death in 865 (Wood, 124-125). The Archbishopric of Bremen was an ecclesiastical state in the Holy Roman Empire. ... Verden can refer to: Verden, Germany, a city in Lower Saxony, Germany. ... In hierarchical Christian churches, the rank of metropolitan bishop, or simply metropolitan, pertains to the diocesan bishop or archbishop (then more precisely called Metropolitan archbishop) of a metropolis; that is, the chief city of an old Roman province, ecclesiastical province, or regional capital. ... Malamir succeeds Omurtag as Khan of Bulgaria The Saracens capture Palermo. ... Gregory IV, pope (827-844), was chosen to succeed Valentinus in December 827, on which occasion he recognized the supremacy of the Frankish emperor Louis the Pious in the most unequivocal manner. ... now. ... Saint Mark from the Ebbo Gospels. ...

Ansgar, statue in Hamburg.

After the death of Louis the Pious (840), Ansgar lost the abbey of Turholt, which had been given as an endowment for his work, and in 845 Hamburg was destroyed by the Danes, so that he was a bishop without either see or revenue. Many of his helpers deserted him, and his work was in danger of extinction. The new king, Louis the German, came to his aid; after failing to recover Turholt for him, he planned to bestow upon him the vacant diocese of Bremen. There were many canonical and other difficulties in the way; but after prolonged negotiations Pope Nicholas I approved the union of the two dioceses (864). Image File history File links Size of this preview: 320 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (768 × 1440 pixel, file size: 244 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Erzbischof Ansgar – Ansgar von Bremen auf der Trostbrücke in Hamburg. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 320 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (768 × 1440 pixel, file size: 244 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Erzbischof Ansgar – Ansgar von Bremen auf der Trostbrücke in Hamburg. ... Louis the Pious, contemporary depiction from 826 as a miles Christi (soldier of Christ), with a poem of Rabanus Maurus overlaid. ... Events March 28 - Paris is sacked by Viking raiders, probably under Ragnar Lodbrok, who collect a huge ransom in exchange for leaving. ... Louis the German (also known as Louis II or Louis the Bavarian or German Ludwig der Deutsche) (804 – August 28, 876), the third son of the emperor Louis the Pious and his first wife, Ermengarde of Hesbaye, was the king of Bavaria from 817, when his father partitioned the empire... Nicholas I,(Rome c. ...


From 848 Ansgar resided in Bremen, and did what he could to revive the Danish mission. When he was established in a position of dignity once more, he succeeded in gaining permission from King Haarik to build a church in Sleswick, and secured the recognition of Christianity as a tolerated religion. He did not forget the Swedish mission, and spent two years there in person (848-850), at the critical moment when a pagan reaction was threatened, which he succeeded in averting. Events The Borobudur is completed. ... Schleswig prior to its partition (also encompassing Ribe as well as the Baltic islands of Fehmarn and Ærø, identified as 9a and 4b, respectively). ...


In 854 Ansgar returned to Sweden. Now a king Olof ruled in Birka. According to Rimbert, he was well disposed to Christianity. On a Viking raid to Apuole in Kurland, the Swedes prayed, and with God's help they plundered the Curonians. Events Charles the Bald, Louis the German and Lothar meet at Attigny. ... Olof was the king of Sweden when Ansgar made his second voyage to Birka in the year 854. ... Courland, Kurland, Couronia, or Curonia, a former Baltic province of the Teutonic Order state in Livonia (ca. ... The Curonians (also called Kursi, Latvian Kurši) are one of the extinct Baltic tribes that later formed the Latvian nation. ...


Ansgar died 865 in Bremen. This article is about the city in Germany. ...


His life story was written by his successor as archbishop, Rimbert, in the Vita Ansgari. Rimbert (or Rembert), archbishop in Hamburg-Bremen between 865 - 888 AD. Revered as a saint particularly in Friesland. ... Vita Ansgari, the biography of Ansgar, written by Rimbert, his successor as archbishop in Hamburg-Bremen. ...


Visions

Although a historical document and primary source written by a man whose existence can be proven historically, the Vita Ansgarii ("The Life of Ansgar") can be considered a biased source by historians today. The Vita Ansgarii is concerned, in part, with Ansgar’s visions that supposedly (according to Rimbert, the author) contributed to his incredible missionary feats and provided the necessary encouragement for them.


Through the course of this work, there are many important junctures in his life that are embarked on after a vision has occurred to Ansgar. His early studies were inspired by a vision of his mother in the presence of Saint Mary, and Rimbert states that Ansgar’s ensuing devotion to the acetic life of a monk. When the Swedish people were left without a priest for some time, he begs King Horic (of the Swedes) to help him with this problem. After receiving his consent, he consults with Bishop Gautbert to find a suitable man. The two together sought the approval of King Louis, which was granted when he learned that they were in agreement on the issue. Ansgar was convinced he was commanded by heaven to undertake this mission, and he was influenced by a vision he received. In his vision, Ansgar was concerned about the journey. In it, he saw buildings of different kinds and in one of them he met a man who reassured him of his purpose and informed him of a prophet that he would meet, the abbot Adalhard, who would instruct him in what was to happen. In his vision, he searches for and finds Adalhard who commands “Islands, listen to me, pay attention, remotest peoples” which Ansgar interprets as God’s will that he go to the Scandinavian countries as “…most of that country consisted of islands, and also when, ‘I will make you the light of the nations so that my salvation may reach to the ends of the earth,’ was added, since the end of the world in the north was in Swedish territory” (Life of Ansgar, 17-18).


Statues dedicated to him stand in Hamburg and Copenhagen as well as a stone cross at Birka. A crater on the Moon, Ansgarius, has been named for him. Ansgar is the patron saint of Denmark. His feast day is 3 February. Tycho crater on Earths moon. ... This article is about Earths moon. ... Ansgarius is a lunar impact crater that is located near the eastern limb of the Moon. ... The calendar of saints is a traditional Christian method of organising a liturgical year on the level of days by associating each day with one or more saints, and referring to the day as that saints day. ... is the 34th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...


References

  • This article includes content derived from the Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, 1914, which is in the public domain.
  • Pryce, Mark. Literary Companion to the Festivals: A Poetic Gathering to Accompany Liturgical Celebrations of Commemorations and Festivals. Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 2003.
  • Tschan, Francis J. History of the Archbishops of Hamburg-Bremen. New York: Columbia University Press, 1959.
  • Wood, Ian. The Missionary Life: Saints and the Evangelisation of Europe, 400 – 1050. Great Britain: Longman, 2001.
  • Life of Ansgar

The Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge is a 1914 religious encyclopedia, published in thirteen volumes. ... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ...

External links

  • Ansgar at Birka History of Birka
  • Vita Ansgari, English translation from Medieval sourcebook
  • German History Forum
New creation Archbishop of Hamburg
834-865
Succeeded by
Rimbert
Preceded by
Leuderich
Bishop of Bremen
848-865

  Results from FactBites:
 
Ansgar (140 words)
Ansgar (801-865), Archbishop of Hamburg, was born 801 in Amiens.
Ansgar had for a period resided with the baptized Danish king Harald Klak[?] and when Louis the Pious at the Diet of Worms in 829 was requested by two representatives from Sweden, he appointed Ansgar missionary.
Ansgar arrived at "Birka" in 829, with his aide friar Witmar, and a small congregation was formed in 831, which included the kings own steward Hergeir, as the most prominent member.
Welcome to St. Ansgar, Iowa (1722 words)
Ansgar's history since it was founded in 1853 by a group of Norwegian immigrant farmers, led by the Rev. Claus L. Clausen a Danish minister.
Ansgar is justifiable proud of its well rounded education program, which is well staffed and housed in modern and well kept facilities.
Ansgar is the center of a large, consolidated district and has a total enrollment of 700 students.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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