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Encyclopedia > Ansel Adams
Ansel Easton Adams

Born February 20, 1902(1902-02-20)
San Francisco, California
Died April 22, 1984 (aged 82)
Nationality American
Occupation Photographer and Conservationist
Children Michael, Anne
Parents Charles and Olive Adams
Website
http://www.anseladams.com


Ansel Easton Adams (February 20, 1902April 22, 1984) was an American photographer, best known for his black-and-white photographs of the American West. His studio, which is still owned by the Adams family, is now the “Ansel Adams Gallery”. is the 51st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1902 (MCMII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday [1] of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... is the 112th day of the year (113th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... A photographer at the Calgary Folk Music Festival Paparazzi at the Tribeca Film Festival A photographer is a person who takes a photograph using a camera. ... Conservationists are those people who tend to more highly rank the wise use of the Earths resources and ecosystems. ... is the 51st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1902 (MCMII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday [1] of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... is the 112th day of the year (113th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... A photographer at the Calgary Folk Music Festival Paparazzi at the Tribeca Film Festival A photographer is a person who takes a photograph using a camera. ... Black-and-white or black and white) can refer to a general term used in photography, film, and other media (see black-and-white). ... The Western United States, also referred to as the American West or simply The West, traditionally refers to the region constituting the westernmost states of the United States (see geographical terminology section for further discussion of these terms). ...

Contents

Life

Ansel Adams at Big Sur, 1980.
Ansel Adams at Big Sur, 1980.

For other uses, see Big Sur (disambiguation). ...

Childhood

Adams was born in the Western Addition of San Francisco, California to distinctly upper-class parents Charles and Olive Adams. He was an only child and was named after his uncle Ansel Easton. The Adams family came from New England, having migrated from Northern Ireland in the early 1700s but were not connected with the Presidential Adams family. His grandfather founded and built a prosperous lumber business, which his father later ran, though his father’s natural talents lay more with sciences than with business. Later in life, Adams would condemn that very same industry for cutting down many of the great redwood forests.[1] This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Upper class is a concept in sociology that refers to the group of people at the top of a social hierarchy. ...


His mother’s family came from Baltimore and his maternal grandfather had a successful freight-hauling business but squandered his wealth in failed mining and real estate ventures in Nevada.[2]


Ansel Adams was born in his parents bed. When he was four years old, he was tossed face-first into a garden wall during an aftershock from the 1906 San Francisco earthquake, breaking his nose. Among his earliest memories was watching the ensuing fire that destroyed much of the city a few miles away. His left-leaning broken nose was never corrected and remained crooked for his entire life.[3] Aftershocks are earthquakes in the same region of the mainshock (generally within a few rupture length) but of smaller magnitude and which occur with a pattern that follows Omoris law. ... Sarah San Francisco Earthquake redirects here. ...


Adams was a hyperactive child and prone to frequent sickness. He had few friends but his family home and surroundings on the heights facing San Francisco Bay provided ample childhood activities. He hadn’t the patience for games or sports but the curious child took to nature at an early age, collecting bugs and exploring the nearby beach.[4] His father bought a telescope and they shared the hobby enthusiastically. His parents raised him to follow the ideals of Ralph Waldo Emerson, to live a modest, moral life guided by a social responsibility to man and to nature.[5] Ralph Waldo Emerson (May 25, 1803 – April 27, 1882) was an American essayist, poet, and leader of the Transcendentalist movement in the early nineteenth century. ...


After the death of his grandfather and the aftermath of the Panic of 1907, his father’s business suffered great financial losses and by 1912, the family’s standard of living had dropped sharply.[6] After young Ansel was dismissed from several private schools for his restlessness and inattentiveness, his father decided to pull him out of school in 1915, at the age of 12. Adams was then educated by private tutors, his Aunt Mary, and by his father. During the Panama-Pacific International Exposition in 1915, his father insisted that, as part of his education, Adams spend a good part of each day studying the exhibits.[7] After a while, Adams resumed and then completed his formal education by attending another private school until eighth grade. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Categories: Stub | Worlds Fairs | California history | San Francisco history ...


Music became the main focus of his later youth. Possessing a photographic memory, Adams quickly learned to read music and play the piano. Through a series of dedicated piano teachers, the regime of grueling piano exercises and strict discipline quieted his hyperactivity and his musical skills blossomed. Music also provided the channeled emotional outlet he had craved. He applied himself seriously toward becoming a concert pianist.[8]

Close-up of leaves In Glacier National Park (1942)
Close-up of leaves In Glacier National Park (1942)

Adams first visited Yosemite National Park in 1916 with his family. The famous valley was the first place in the United States to be designated a protected nature area by a Congressional act, signed by Abraham Lincoln in 1864.[9] He wrote of his first view of the valley which so inspired him, “the splendor of Yosemite burst upon us and it was glorious...One wonder after another descended upon us...There was light everywhere...A new era began for me." His father gave him his first camera, a Kodak Brownie box camera, during that stay and he took his first photographs with his “usual hyperactive enthusiasm”.[10] He returned to Yosemite on his own the following year with better cameras and a tripod. In the winter, he learned basic darkroom technique working part-time for a San Francisco photo finisher.[11] Adams avidly read photography magazines, attended camera club meetings, and went to photography and art exhibits. With his Uncle Frank he explored the High Sierra, in summer and winter, developing the stamina and skill needed to photograph at high altitude and under difficult weather conditions. Image File history File links en:Ansel Adams In Glacier National Park (1942) Close-up of leaves, from directly above, In Glacier National Park, Montana. ... Image File history File links en:Ansel Adams In Glacier National Park (1942) Close-up of leaves, from directly above, In Glacier National Park, Montana. ... Yosemite National Park (pron. ... For other uses, see Abraham Lincoln (disambiguation). ... The Brownie No 2 The Kodak Brownie box camera, introduced in 1900, was a very simple camera that anyone could use. ...


While in Yosemite, he had frequent contact with the Best family, owners of Best's Studio, who allowed him to practice on their old square piano. In 1928, Ansel Adams married Virginia Best in Best's Studio in Yosemite Valley. Virginia inherited the studio from her artist father on his death in 1935, and the Adams continued to operate the studio until 1971. The studio, now known as the Ansel Adams Gallery, remains in the hands of the Adams family.


At age 17, Adams joined the Sierra Club, a group dedicated to preserving the natural world's wonders and resources, and he was the custodian of the organization’s headquarters at Yosemite, for four years.[12] He remained a member throughout his lifetime and served as a director, as did his wife. Adams participated in the club's annual "high trips", and was later responsible for several first ascents in the Sierra Nevada. During 1919, he contracted the lethal influenza which ravaged the world and fell seriously ill but recovered after several months to resume his outdoor life. The Sierra Club is an American environmental organization founded on May 28, 1892 in San Francisco, California by the well-known preservationist John Muir, who became its first president. ... In climbing, a first ascent (FA) is the first climb to reach the top of a mountain, or the first to follow a particular climbing route. ...


During his twenties, most of his friends came from musical connections, particularly violinist and amateur photographer Cedric Wright, who became his best friend as well as his philosophical and cultural mentor. Their shared philosophy came from Edward Carpenter’s Toward Democracy, a literary work which espoused the pursuit of beauty in life and art. Adams always carried a pocket edition with him while at Yosemite.[13] It soon became his personal philosophy as well, as Adams later stated, “I believe in beauty. I believe in stones and water, air and soil, people and their future and their fate.”[14] He decided that the purpose of his art from now on, whether photography or music, was to reveal that beauty to others and to inspire them to the same calling. Edward Carpenter in 1875. ...


In summer, Adams would enjoy a life of hiking, camping, and photographing, and the rest of the year he worked to improve his piano playing, expanding his piano technique and musical expression. He also gave piano lessons to make some income, finally affording a grand piano suitable to his musical ambitions.[15] His first photographs were published in 1921 and Best’s Studio began selling his Yosemite prints the following year. His early photos already showed careful composition and sensitivity to tonal balance. In letters and cards to family, he also expresses his daring to climb to the best view points and brave the worst elements.[16] At this point, however, Adams was still planning a career in music, even though his small hands, easily bruised by bravura playing, limited his repertoire to practiced works which benefited from his strengths of fine touch and excellent musicality.[17] It took seven more years, though, for Adams to finally concede that at best he might become a concert pianist of limited range, an accompanist, or a piano teacher.


In the mid-1920s, Adams experimented with soft-focus, etching, bromoil, and other techniques of the pictorial photographers, such as Photo-Secession leader Alfred Stieglitz who strived to emulate Impressionism and tried to put photography on an equal artistic plane with painting by trying to mimic it. However, Adams steered clear of hand-coloring which was also popular at the time. Adams used a variety of lenses to get different effects, but eventually rejected pictorialism for a more realist approach which relied more heavily on sharp focus, heightened contrast, precise exposure, and darkroom craftsmanship.[18] The Photo-Secession movement was a group of photographers led by Alfred Stieglitz in the early 1900s that helped to raise standards and awareness of art photography. ... He was a loser. ... This article is about the art movement. ...


Career

In 1927, Adams contracted for his first portfolio, in his new style, which included his famous image Monolith, the vertical western face of Half Dome taken with his Korona view camera utilizing glass plates and a dark red filter (to heighten the tonal contrasts). On that excursion, he had only one plate left and he “visualized” the effect of the blackened sky before risking the last shot. As he wrote, “I had been able to realize a desired image: not the way the subject appeared in reality but how it felt to me and how it must appear in the finished print”.[19] As he wrote confidently in April, 1927, “My photographs have now reached a stage when they are worthy of the world’s critical examination. I have suddenly come upon a new style which I believe will place my work equal to anything of its kind.”[20] Half Dome is a granite dome in Yosemite National Park, located at the eastern end of Yosemite Valley — possibly Yosemites most familiar sight. ...


With the sponsorship and promotion of Albert Bender, an arts-connected businessman, Adams’s first portfolio was a success (earning nearly $4,000) and soon he received commercial assignments to photograph the wealthy patrons who bought his portfolio.[21] Adams also came to understand how important it was that his carefully crafted photos were reproduced to best effect. At Bender’s invitation, he joined the prestigious Roxburghe Club, an association devoted to fine printing and high standards in book arts. He learned much about printing techniques, inks, design, and layout which he later applied to other projects.[22] Unfortunately, at that time, most of his darkroom work was still being done in the basement of his parent’s home, and he was somewhat limited by barely adequate equipment.


After a cooling off period with Virginia Best during 1925–6, during which he had short-lasting relationships with various women, many of them students of his mentor Cedric Wright, he married Virginia in 1928. The newlyweds moved in with his parents to save expenses. His marriage also marked the end of his serious attempt at a musical career, as well as her ambitions to be a classical singer.

Farm workers at Manzanar War Relocation Center with Mt. Williamson in the background.
Farm workers at Manzanar War Relocation Center with Mt. Williamson in the background.

Between 1929 and 1942, Adams’ works became more mature and he became more established. In the course of his 60-year career, the 1930s were a particularly productive and experimental time. Adams expanded his works, focusing on detailed close-ups as well as large forms from mountains to factories.[23] In 1930 Taos Pueblo, Adams second portfolio, was published with text by writer Mary Austin. In New Mexico, he was introduced to notables from Stieglitz’s circle, including wife Georgia O’Keeffe, artist John Marin, and photographer Paul Strand, all of whom created famous works during their stays in the Southwest. Adams’s talkative, high-spirited nature combined with his excellent piano playing made him a hit within his enlarging circle of elite artist friends.[24] Strand especially proved influential, sharing secrets of his technique with Adams, and finally convincing Adams to pursue photography with all his talent and energy. One of Strand’s suggestions which Adams immediately adopted was to use glossy paper rather than matte to intensify tonal values. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2000x1500, 1580 KB) Farm, farm workers, Mt. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2000x1500, 1580 KB) Farm, farm workers, Mt. ... Manzanar sign Manzanar National Historic Landmark (better known as Manzanar War Relocation Center) was a Japanese American internment camp during World War II that operated near Independence, California. ... Taos Pueblo, circa 1920 Taos Pueblo (or Pueblo de Taos), continuously inhabited for over 1000 years, is the ancient town of the Northern Tiwa speaking tribe of Pueblo people, Native Americans. ... Georgia O’Keeffe in Abiquiu, New Mexico, photographed by Carl Van Vechten, 1950 Georgia Totto OKeeffe (November 15, 1887 – March 6, 1986) was an American artist, widely regarded as one of the greatest modernist painters of the 20th century. ... John Marin (December 23, 1870 - October 2, 1953) was an early American modernist artist. ... Wall Street, 1915 Paul Strand (October 16, 1890 – March 31, 1976) was an American photographer and filmmaker who, along with fellow modernist photographers like Alfred Stieglitz and Edward Weston, helped establish photography as an art form in the 20th century. ...


Through a friend with Washington connections, Adams was able to put on his first solo museum exhibition at the Smithsonian Institution in 1931, featuring 60 prints taken in the High Sierra. He received an excellent review from the Washington Post, “His photographs are like portraits of the giant peaks, which seem to be inhabited by mythical gods”.[25] Despite his success, Adams felt he was not yet up to the standards of Strand. He decided to broaden his subject matter to include still life and close-up photos, and to achieve higher quality by “visualizing” each image before taking it. He emphasized the use of small apertures and long exposures in natural light, which created sharp details with a wide range of focus, as demonstrated in Rose and Driftwood (1933), one of his finest still-life photographs.


In 1932, Adams had a group show at the M. H. de Young Museum with Imogen Cunningham and Edward Weston and they soon formed Group f/64, which espoused “pure or straight photography” over pictorialism (f/64 being a very small aperture setting that gives great depth of field). The group’s manifesto stated that “Pure photography is defined as possessing no qualities of technique, composition or idea, derivative of any other art form”.[26] In reality, “pure photography” did borrow from some of the established principles of painting, especially compositional balance and perspective, and some manipulation of subject and effect. By these standards, not only were “soft focus” lenses prohibited but Adams earlier photo “Monolith”, which used a strong red filter to create a black sky, would have been considered unacceptable. The de Young Museum. ... Imogen Cunningham (April 12, 1883 - June 24, 1976) was an American photographer known for her photography of botanicals, nudes and industry. ... Edward Weston (March 24, 1886 - January 1, 1958) was an American photographer, and co-founder of Group f/64. ... Group f/64 was created in 1932 by a circle of photographers espousing a common philosophy. ... Pictorialism was a photographic movement in vogue from around 1885 following the widespread introduction of the dry-plate process, and reached its height in the early years of the 20th century and declined rapidly after 1914. ... a big (1) and a small (2) aperture For other uses, see Aperture (disambiguation). ... In optics, particularly film and photography, the depth of field (DOF) is the distance in front of and beyond the subject that appears to be in focus. ...


Following Stieglitz’s example, in 1933 Adams opened his own art and photography gallery in San Francisco which eventually became the Danysh Gallery after Adams commitments grew too burdensome.[27] Adams also began to publish essays in photography magazines and wrote his first instructional book Making a Photograph in 1935.[28] During the summers, he often participated in Sierra Club outings, as a paid photographer for the group, and the rest of the year a core group of the Club members socialized regularly in San Francisco. During 1933, his first child Michael was born, followed by Anne two years later.[29]


During the 1930s, many photographers including Dorothea Lange and Walker Evans believed they had a social obligation to reveal the harsh times of the Depression through their art. Mostly resistant to the “art for life’s sake” movement, Adams did begin in the 1930s to deploy his photographs in the cause of wilderness preservation. In part, he was inspired by the increasing desecration of Yosemite Valley by commercial development, including a pool hall, bowling alley, golf course, shops, and automobile traffic. He created a limited-edition book in 1938, Sierra Nevada: The John Muir Trail, as part of the Sierra Club's efforts to secure the designation of Sequoia and Kings Canyon as national parks. This book and his testimony before Congress played a vital role in the success of the effort, and Congress designated the area as a National Park in 1940. Dorothea Lange (May 25, 1895 – October 11, 1965) was an influential American documentary photographer and photojournalist, best known for her Depression-era work for the Farm Security Administration (FSA). ... For the off-road and NASCAR driver, see Walker Evans (racer). ... Giant Sequoia (Sequoiadendron) trees in the Giant Forest Sequoia National Park is a national park in the southern Sierra Nevada, east of Visalia, California in the United States of America. ... This article is about Kings Canyon National Park, USA. For Kings Canyon, Australia, see Kings Canyon (Northern Territory). ...


In 1935, Adams had a very active year. He created many new photos of the Sierra and one of his most famous photographs, Clearing Winter Storm, captured the entire valley just as a winter storm relented, leaving a fresh coat of snow. After courting Stieglitz for three years, Adams gathered his recent work and had a solo show at the Stieglitz gallery “An American Place” in New York in 1936. The exhibition proved successful with both the critics and the buying public, and earned Adams strong praise from the revered Stieglitz.[30] During the balance of the 1930s, Adams took on many commercial assignments to supplement the income from the struggling Best’s Studio. Until the 1970s, Adams was dependent on commercial projects to make ends meet. Some of his clients included Kodak, Fortune magazine, Pacific Gas and Electric, AT&T, and the American Trust Company. In 1939, he was named an editor of U.S. Camera, the most popular photography magazine at that time.[31]


In 1940, Ansel put together A Pageant of Photography, the most important and largest photography show in the West to date, attended by millions of visitors.[32] With his wife, Adams completed a children’s book and the very successful Illustrated Guide to Yosemite Valley during 1940 and 1941. Adams also began his first serious stint of teaching in 1941 at the Art Center School of Los Angeles, which included the training of military photographers.[33] In 1943, Adams had a camera platform mounted on his car, to afford him a better vantage point over the immediate foreground and a better angle for expansive backgrounds. Most of his landscapes from that time forward were made from his car rather than from summits reached by rugged hiking, as in his earlier days.[34]


On a trip in New Mexico in 1941, just weeks before the attack on Pearl Harbor, Adams shot one of the most famous landscape photographs of all time, Moonrise, Hernandez, New Mexico, a scene of the Moon rising above a modest village with snow-covered mountains in the background, under a dominating black sky. The photograph’s fame was probably enhanced by Adams’s description in his later books[35][36][37] of how it was made: the light on the crosses in the foreground was rapidly fading, and he could not find his exposure meter; however, he remembered the luminance of the Moon, and used it to calculate the proper exposure. Adams’s earlier account[38] was less dramatic, stating simply that the photograph was made after sunset, with exposure determined using his Weston Master meter.[39] However the exposure was actually determined, the foreground was underexposed, the highlights in the clouds were quite dense, and the negative proved difficult to print.[40] Over nearly 40 years, Adams re-interpreted the image, his most popular by far, using the latest darkroom equipment at his disposal, making over 1300 unique prints, most in 16″ by 20″ format. Many of the prints were made in the 1970s, finally giving Adams financial independence from commercial projects. The total value of these original prints exceeds $25,000,000;[41] the highest price paid for a single print reached $609,600 at Sotheby's New York auction in 2006. Luminance (also called luminosity) is a photometric measure of the density of luminous intensity in a given direction. ...


In September 1941, Adams contracted[42] with the Department of the Interior to make photographs of National Parks, Indian reservations, and other locations for use as mural-sized prints for decoration of the Department’s new building. Part of his understanding with the Department was that he might also make photographs for his own use, using his own film and processing. Although Adams kept meticulous records of his travel and expenses,[43] he was less disciplined about recording the dates of his images, and neglected to note the date of Moonrise, so it was not clear whether it belonged to Adams or to the U.S. Government. But the position of the Moon allowed the image to eventually be dated from astronomical calculations, and it was determined that Moonrise was made on November 1, 1941,[44][45] a day for which he had not billed the Department, so the image belonged to Adams.[46] The same was not true for many of his other negatives, including The Tetons and the Snake River, which, having been made for the Mural Project, became the property of the U.S. Government.[46] The United States Department of the Interior (DOI) is a Cabinet department of the United States government that manages and conserves most federally-owned land. ... is the 305th day of the year (306th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see 1941 (disambiguation). ...


Adams was distressed by the Japanese American Internment that occurred after the Pearl Harbor attack. He requested permission to visit the Manzanar War Relocation Center in the Owens Valley, at the foot of Mount Williamson. The resulting photo-essay first appeared in a Museum of Modern Art exhibit, and later was published as Born Free and Equal: The Story of Loyal Japanese-Americans. He also contributed to the war effort by doing many photographic assignments for the military, including making prints of secret Japanese installations in the Aleutians.[47] Adams was the recipient of three Guggenheim fellowships during his career, the first in 1946 to photograph every National Park.[48] This series of photographs produced memorable images of “Old Faithful Geyser” and Mount McKinley. Residents of Japanese ancestry waiting in line for the bus that will transport them to an internment camp. ... This article is about the harbor in Hawaii. ... Manzanar sign Manzanar National Historic Landmark (better known as Manzanar War Relocation Center) was a Japanese American internment camp during World War II that operated near Independence, California. ... Owens Valley is the arid ranching valley of the Owens River in southeastern California in the United States. ... Mount Williamson is the second highest mountain in the Sierra Nevada range of California. ... This article is about the museum in New York City. ... Camp life at Manzanar: Female interns practicing calisthenics, 1943. ... The Solomon R. Guggenheim Foundation is a nonprofit corporation founded in 1937 by philanthropist Solomon R. Guggenheim and artist Hilla Rebay. ...


In 1952 Adams was one of the founders of the magazine Aperture, which was intended as a serious journal of photography showcasing its best practitioners and newest innovations. He was also a contributor to Arizona Highways, a photo-rich travel magazine which continues today. His article on Mission San Xavier del Bac, with text by longtime friend Nancy Newhall, was enlarged into a book published in 1954. This was the first of many collaborations with her.[49] In June 1955, Adams began his annual workshops, teaching thousands of students until 1981.[50] Aperture is a renowned quarterly photography magazine, and also a highly respected major publisher of nearly 500 books of fine art photography. ... Cover of Arizona Highways, September, 1955. ... San Xavier del Bac San Xavier del Bac is a historic Spanish mission about 10 miles (16 km) south of downtown Tucson, Arizona on the Tohono Oodham San Xavier Indian Reservation, also known as the white dove of the desert or place where the water appears because the Santa... Nancy Wynne Newhall (May 9, 1908–July 7, 1974) was an American photography critic. ...


By the 1950s, Adams came to believe that he was on the down side of his creative life. He continued with commercial assignments for another twenty years and became a consultant on a monthly retainer for Polaroid Corporation, founded by good friend Edwin Land.[51] He made thousands of photographs with Polaroid products, El Capitan, Winter, Sunrise (1968) being the one he considered his most memorable. In the final twenty years of his life, the Hasselblad was his camera of choice, with Moon and Half Dome (1960) being his favorite photo made with that brand of camera.[52] Edwin Herbert Land (May 7, 1909 – March 1, 1991) was an American scientist and inventor. ...


In March 1963, Ansel Adams and Nancy Newhall accepted a commission from Clark Kerr, the President of the University of California, to produce a series of photographs of the University's campuses to commemorate its centennial celebration. The collection, titled Fiat Lux after the University's motto, was published in 1967 and now resides in the Museum of Photography at the University of California, Riverside. Clark Kerr (May 17, 1911 – December 1, 2003) was the first Chancellor of the University of California, Berkeley (1952–1958) and the 12th President of the University of California (1958–1967). ... Berkeley Davis Irvine Los Angeles Merced Riverside San Diego Santa Barbara Santa Cruz UC Office of the President in Oakland The University of California (UC) is a public university system in the state of California. ... The University of California, Riverside, commonly known as UCR or UC Riverside, is a public research university and one of 10 campuses of the University of California system. ...


In 1974, Adams had a major retrospective exhibition at the Metropolitan Museum of Art. Much of his time during the 1970s was spent curating and re-printing negatives from his vault, in part to satisfy the great demand of art museums which had finally created departments of photography and desired his iconic works. He also devoted his considerable writing skills and prestige to the cause of environmentalism, focusing particularly on the Big Sur coastline of California and the protection of Yosemite from over-use. President Carter commissioned Adams to make the first official portrait of a president made by a photograph.[53] Metropolitan Museum of Art New York Elevation The Metropolitan Museum of Art, often referred to simply as the Met, is one of the worlds largest and most important art museums. ... For other uses, see Big Sur (disambiguation). ...


Contributions and influence

Adams was not the first artist to celebrate Yosemite and the vast Western wilderness. Romantic landscapists Albert Bierstadt and Thomas Moran had portrayed the Grand Canyon and Yosemite at the end of their reign, and were subsequently displaced by daredevil photographers Carleton Watkins, Eadweard Muybridge, and George Fiske.[54] But it was his black-and-white photographs of the West which became the foremost record of what many of the National Parks were like before tourism, and his persistent advocacy helped expand the National Park system. He skillfully used his works to promote many of the goals of the Sierra Club and of the nascent environmental movement, but always insisted that, as far as his photographs were concerned, “beauty comes first”. His stirring images are still very popular in calendars, posters, and books. Albert Bierstadt, by Napoleon Sarony. ... Thomas Moran. ... Muybridges The Horse in Motion. ...


Realistic about development and the subsequent loss of habitat, Adams advocated for balanced growth, but was pained by the ravages of “progress”. He stated, “We all know the tragedy of the dustbowls, the cruel unforgivable erosions of the soil, the depletion of fish or game, and the shrinking of the noble forests. And we know that such catastrophes shrivel the spirit of the people…The wilderness is pushed back, man is everywhere. Solitude, so vital to the individual man, is almost nowhere.” [55]


Adams co-founded Group f/64 with other masters like Edward Weston, Willard Van Dyke, and Imogen Cunningham. With Fred Archer, he pioneered the zone system, a technique for translating perceived light into specific densities on negatives and paper, giving photographers better control over finished photographs. Adams also advocated the idea of visualization (which he often called ‘previsualization’, though he later acknowledged that term to be a redundancy) whereby the final image is “seen” in the mind’s eye before taking the photo, toward the goal of achieving all together the aesthetic, intellectual, spiritual, and mechanical effects desired. He taught these and other techniques to thousands of amateur photographs through his publications and his workshops. His many books about photography, including the Morgan & Morgan Basic Photo Series (The Camera, The Negative, The Print, Natural Light Photography, and Artificial Light Photography) have become classics in the field. Group f/64 was created in 1932 by a circle of photographers espousing a common philosophy. ... Edward Weston (March 24, 1886 - January 1, 1958) was an American photographer, and co-founder of Group f/64. ... Willard Van Dyke (1906 - 1986) was an American filmmaker and photographer who believed that photography could have a major influence on the world. ... Imogen Cunningham (April 12, 1883 - June 24, 1976) was an American photographer known for her photography of botanicals, nudes and industry. ... Fred Archer was a photographer best known as the co-inventor of the zone system along with Ansel Adams, circa 1939-1940. ... This article or section may be excessively or inappropriately using first or second person, contrary to the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia entry. ... In language, redundancy often takes the form of phrases which repeat a concept with a different word. ...


He was elected in 1966 a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. In 1980 Jimmy Carter awarded him the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the nation's highest civilian honor. It has been suggested that this article be split into multiple articles accessible from a disambiguation page. ... The House of the Academy, Cambridge, Massachusetts. ... For other persons named Jimmy Carter, see Jimmy Carter (disambiguation). ... The Presidential Medal of Freedom The Presidential Medal of Freedom is one of the two highest civilian awards in the United States and is bestowed by the President of the United States (the other award which is considered its equivalent is the Congressional Gold Medal, which is bestowed by an...

The Tetons and the Snake River (1942)
The Tetons and the Snake River (1942)

Adams's photograph The Tetons and the Snake River has the distinction of being one of the 116 images recorded on the Voyager Golden Record aboard the Voyager spacecraft. These images were selected to convey information about humans, plants and animals, and geological features of the Earth to a possible alien civilization. These photographs eloquently mirror his favorite saying, a Gaelic mantra, which states “I know that I am one with beauty and that my comrades are one. Let our souls be mountains, Let our spirits be stars, Let our hearts be worlds.”[56] Image File history File links Download high resolution version (3000x2402, 756 KB) en:Ansel Adams The Tetons and the Snake River (1942) Grand Tetons National Park, Wyoming. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (3000x2402, 756 KB) en:Ansel Adams The Tetons and the Snake River (1942) Grand Tetons National Park, Wyoming. ... The Voyager Golden Record. ...


His lasting legacy includes helping to elevate photography to an art comparable with painting and music, and equally capable of expressing emotion and beauty. As he reminded his students, “It is easy to take a photograph, but it is harder to make a masterpiece in photography than in any other art medium”.[57]


Death

Ansel Adams died on April 22, 1984 from heart failure aggravated by cancer. When he died he left behind his wife, two children (Michael born August 1933, Anne born 1935) and five grandchildren. is the 112th day of the year (113th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ...


Publishing rights for the Adams' photographs are handled by the trustees of The Ansel Adams Publishing Rights Trust.


The Minarets Wilderness in the Inyo National Forest was renamed the Ansel Adams Wilderness in 1985 in his honor. Mount Ansel Adams, an 11,760 ft (3,580 m) peak in the Sierra Nevada, was named for him in 1985. Inyo National Forest is a federally protected forest. ... The Ansel Adams Wilderness is a wilderness area in the Sierra Nevada of California,USA. The wilderness is part of the Inyo and Sierra National Forests. ... Mount Ansel Adams is a 11,760-foot peak in the Sierra Nevada. ...


The full archive of Ansel Adams' work is located at the Center for Creative Photography (CCP) at the University of Arizona in Tucson. The Center for Creative Photography (CCP), established in 1975 and located on the University of Arizona (Tucson) campus, is a research facility and archival repository containing the full archives of over 60 of the most famous American photographers including those of Ansel Adams, Edward Weston, Harry Callahan and Garry Winogrand... The University of Arizona (UA or U of A) is a land-grant and space-grant public institution of higher education and research located in Tucson, Arizona, United States. ... Tucson (pronounced ) is the seat of Pima County, Arizona, United States, located 118 miles (188 km) southeast of Phoenix and 60 miles (98 km) north of the U.S.-Mexico border. ...


John Szarkowski states in the introduction to Ansel Adams: Classic Images (1985, p. 5), "The love that Americans poured out for the work and person of Ansel Adams during his old age, and that they have continued to express with undiminished enthusiasm since his death, is an extraordinary phenomenon, perhaps even unparalleled in our country's response to a visual artist".


Awards

is the 339th day of the year (340th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... Arnold Alois Schwarzenegger (German IPA: ; born July 30, 1947) is an Austrian-American bodybuilder, Golden Globe-winning actor, businessman and politician currently serving as the 38th Governor of the U.S. state of California. ... Maria Owings Shriver (pronounced: ) (born November 6, 1955[1] in Chicago, Illinois) is an American journalist and the wife of California Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger and as such, the current First Lady of California. ... Conceived by First Lady Maria Shriver, the California Hall of Fame was established with The California Museum for History, Women and the Arts to honor legendary individuals and families who embody California’s innovative spirit and have made their mark on history. ... The California Museum for History, Women and the Arts – home of the California Hall of Fame – is housed in the State Archives Building in Sacramento, one block from the State Capitol. ...

Works

Evening, McDonald Lake, Glacier National Park (1942)
Evening, McDonald Lake, Glacier National Park (1942)
Church, Taos Pueblo (1942)
Church, Taos Pueblo (1942)

Image File history File links en:Ansel Adams Evening, McDonald Lake, Glacier National Park (1942) Looking across lake toward mountains, Evening, McDonald Lake, Glacier National Park, Montana. ... Image File history File links en:Ansel Adams Evening, McDonald Lake, Glacier National Park (1942) Looking across lake toward mountains, Evening, McDonald Lake, Glacier National Park, Montana. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (586x782, 117 KB) en:Ansel Adams Church, Taos Pueblo (1942) Front view of entrance, Church, Taos Pueblo National Historic Landmark, New Mexico, 1942 [Misicn de San Gercnimo] (vertical orientation), 1942 Source: http://www. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (586x782, 117 KB) en:Ansel Adams Church, Taos Pueblo (1942) Front view of entrance, Church, Taos Pueblo National Historic Landmark, New Mexico, 1942 [Misicn de San Gercnimo] (vertical orientation), 1942 Source: http://www. ... Taos Pueblo, circa 1920 Taos Pueblo (or Pueblo de Taos), continuously inhabited for over 1000 years, is the ancient town of the Northern Tiwa speaking tribe of Pueblo people, Native Americans. ...

Notable photographs

  • Monolith, The Face of Half Dome, 1927.
  • Rose and Driftwood, 1932.
  • Clearing Winter Storm, 1940.
  • Moonrise, Hernandez, New Mexico, 1941.
  • Ice on Ellery Lake, Sierra Nevada, 1941.
  • Georgia O'Keeffe and Orville Cox at Canyon de Chelly
  • Aspens, New Mexico, 1958.

Photographic books

  • Ansel Adams: 400 Photographs, 2007. ISBN 0316117722, ISBN 978-0316117722
  • Ansel Adams: The Spirit of Wild Places, 2005. ISBN 1-59764-069-7
  • Born Free and Equal, 2002. ISBN 1-893343-05-7
  • America's Wilderness, 1997. ISBN 1-56138-744-4
  • California, 1997. ISBN 0-8212-2369-0
  • Yosemite, 1995. ISBN 0-8212-2196-5
  • The National Park Photographs, 1995. ISBN 0-89660-056-4
  • Photographs of the Southwest, 1994. ISBN 0-8212-0699-0
  • Ansel Adams: In Color, 1993. ISBN 0-8212-1980-4
  • Our Current National Parks, 1992.
  • Ansel Adams: Classic Images, 1986. ISBN 0-8212-1629-5
  • Polaroid Land Photography, 1978. ISBN 0-8212-0729-6
  • These We Inherit: The Parklands of America, with Nancy Newhall, 1962.
  • This is the American Earth, with Nancy Newhall, 1960. ISBN 0-8212-2182-5
  • Born Free and Equal, 1944. ISBN 1-893343-05-7

Technical books Camp life at Manzanar: Female interns practicing calisthenics, 1943. ... Nancy Wynne Newhall (May 9, 1908–July 7, 1974) was an American photography critic. ...

  • The Camera, 1995. ISBN 0-8212-2184-1
  • The Negative, 1995. ISBN 0-8212-2186-8
  • The Print, 1995. ISBN 0-8212-2187-6
  • Natural Light Photography, 1952. ISBN 0-8212-0719-9
  • Artificial Light Photography, 1956. ISBN 0-8212-0720-2
  • Examples: The Making of 40 Photographs, 1983. ISBN 0-8212-1750-X

See also

The Ansel Adams Award for Conservation Photography, named in honor of the late American photographer Ansel Adams, is a photography award administered by the Sierra Club. ... The Sierra Club is an American environmental organization founded on May 28, 1892 in San Francisco, California by the well-known preservationist John Muir, who became its first president. ... Charles Hitchcock Adams (1868–1951) was an amateur American astronomer. ... Allied Arts Guild, located in Menlo Park, California, stands on part of what was once a vast 35,250-acre land grant dating back to the late 1700s. ... This article or section may be excessively or inappropriately using first or second person, contrary to the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia entry. ... Fred Archer was a photographer best known as the co-inventor of the zone system along with Ansel Adams, circa 1939-1940. ... The Tetons - Snake River (1942) by Ansel Adams Wildlife photography, such as this midflight shot of a male mallard duck, can be very challenging and require a high power telephoto lens A waterfall in Iron Horse State Park. ... The Ansel Adams Wilderness is a wilderness area in the Sierra Nevada of California,USA. The wilderness is part of the Inyo and Sierra National Forests. ...

Notes

  1. ^ Mary Street Alinder, 1996. Ansel Adams: a Biography. New York: Henry Holt and Co. ISBN 0-8050-4116-8, p. 4
  2. ^ Ansel Adams, 1983a. Ansel Adams: An Autobiography. Boston: Little, Brown and Co. ISBN 0-8212-1596-5, p. 4
  3. ^ Sierra Club Biography. Sierra Club. Retrieved on February 12, 2007.
  4. ^ Adams, 1983a, p. 14
  5. ^ Alinder, 1996, p. 11
  6. ^ Alinder, 1996, p. 9
  7. ^ Adams, 1983a, p. 18
  8. ^ Adams, 1983a, p. 24
  9. ^ Alinder, 1996, p. 19
  10. ^ Adams, 1983a, p. 53
  11. ^ Alinder, 1996, p. 36
  12. ^ Adams, 1983a, p. 57
  13. ^ Alinder, 1996, p. 47
  14. ^ Adams, 1983a, p. 9
  15. ^ Adams, 1983a, p. 27
  16. ^ Alinder and Stillman, 1988. Ansel Adams: Letters and Images 1916-1984. Boston: Little, Brown & Co. ISBN 0-8212-1691-0, p. 3
  17. ^ Adams, 1983a, p. 28
  18. ^ Alinder, 1996, pp. 38–42
  19. ^ Adams, 1983a, p. 76
  20. ^ Alinder and Stillman, 1988, p. 30
  21. ^ Alinder, 1996, p. 62
  22. ^ Alinder, 1996, p. 68
  23. ^ Ansel Adams at the Phoenix Art Museum. ARTINFO. Retrieved on November 29, 2006.
  24. ^ Alinder, 1996, pp. 73–74
  25. ^ Alinder, 1996, p. 77
  26. ^ Alinder, 1996, p. 87
  27. ^ Adams, 1983a, p. 115
  28. ^ Alinder, 1996, p. 114
  29. ^ Alinder, 1996, p. 102
  30. ^ Alinder, 1996, p. 120
  31. ^ Alinder, 1996, p. 158
  32. ^ Alinder, 1996, p. 159
  33. ^ Adams, 1983a, p. 312
  34. ^ Alinder, 1996, p. 239
  35. ^ Ansel Adams, 1981. The Negative. Boston: New York Graphic Society. ISBN 0-8212-1131-5, p. 127
  36. ^ Adams, 1983a, pp. 273–275
  37. ^ Ansel Adams, 1983b. Examples: The Making of 40 Photographs. Boston: New York Graphic Society. ISBN 0-8212-1750-X, pp. 40–43
  38. ^ T.J. Maloney, ed., 1942. U.S. Camera 1943 annual. New York: Duell, Sloan & Pearce, pp. 88–89
  39. ^ Alinder, 1996, p. 192, states that the image caption for Moonrise in U.S. Camera 1943 was inaccurate, citing discrepancies in several technical details.
  40. ^ Adams, 1983b, p. 42
  41. ^ Alinder, 1996, pp. 185–199
  42. ^ Peter Wright and John Armor, 1988. The Mural Project. Santa Barbara, California: Reverie Press ISBN 1-55824-162-0, p. vi. Although verbal agreement was given on September 30, 1941, the contract was actually approved on November 3 and backdated to October 14.
  43. ^ Wright and Armor, 1989, p. vi
  44. ^ Sean Callahan, 1981. “Short Takes: Countdown to Moonrise,” American Photographer, January 1981, pp. 30–31. David Elmore of the High Altitude Observatory in Boulder, Colorado, determined that Moonrise was taken on October 31, 1941, at 4:03 P.M.
  45. ^ Dennis di Cicco, 1991. “Dating Ansel Adams’ Moonrise,” Sky & Telescope, November 1991, pp. 529–533. Di Cicco noticed that the Moon’s position at the time Elmore had determined did not match the Moon’s position in the image, and after an independent analysis, determined the time to be 4:49:20 P.M. on November 1, 1941. He reviewed his results with Elmore, who agreed with di Cicco’s conclusions.
  46. ^ a b Alinder, 1996, p. 201
  47. ^ Alinder, 1996, p. 175
  48. ^ Alinder, 1996, p. 217
  49. ^ Alinder, 1996, p. 251
  50. ^ Adams, 1983a, p. 316
  51. ^ Alinder, 1996, p. 260
  52. ^ Adams, 1983a, p. 375
  53. ^ Alinder, 1996, pp. 294–295
  54. ^ Alinder, 1996, p. 33
  55. ^ Adams, 1983a, pp. 290–291
  56. ^ Adams, 1983a, p. 385
  57. ^ Adams, 1983a, p. 327
  58. ^ Adams inducted into California Hall of Fame. California Museum. Retrieved on April 16, 2008.

Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 273rd day of the year (274th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see 1941 (disambiguation). ... is the 307th day of the year (308th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 287th day of the year (288th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 304th day of the year (305th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see 1941 (disambiguation). ... is the 305th day of the year (306th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see 1941 (disambiguation). ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Ansel Adams
Persondata
NAME Adams, Ansel Easton
ALTERNATIVE NAMES
SHORT DESCRIPTION American photographer
DATE OF BIRTH February 20, 1902
PLACE OF BIRTH San Francisco, California
DATE OF DEATH April 22, 1984
PLACE OF DEATH
A photographer at the Calgary Folk Music Festival Paparazzi at the Tribeca Film Festival A photographer is a person who takes a photograph using a camera. ... is the 51st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1902 (MCMII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday [1] of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... is the 112th day of the year (113th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Ansel Adams [1902-1984] (508 words)
Ansel Adams' Manzanar War Relocation Center Photographs - Library of Congress and Picturing the Century : Portfolio: Ansel Adams from the National Archives
Ansel Adams Fiat Lux Database - 1,761 images taken of the University of California campuses taken in the 1960s.
Ansel Adams at 100 - edited by John Szarkowski.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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