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Encyclopedia > Annunciation
A key piece of the Paleologan Mannerism - the Annunciation icon from Ohrid.

In Christianity, the Annunciation is the revelation to Mary, the mother of Jesus by the archangel Gabriel that she would conceive a child to be born the Son of God. The Christian churches celebrate this with the feast of Annunciation on March 25, which as the Incarnation is nine months before the feast of the Nativity of Jesus, or Christmas. The date of the Annunciation also marked the New Year in many places, including England (where it is called Lady Day). The traditional location of the Annunciation is in the town of Nazareth, Israel, where is currently located the Church of the Annunciation. The Annunciation is the revelation to Mary by the archangel Gabriel that she would conceive a child to be born the Son of God. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (447x614, 378 KB)The icon of Annunciation from the Church of St Climent in Ochrid (first quarter of the 14th century). ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (447x614, 378 KB)The icon of Annunciation from the Church of St Climent in Ochrid (first quarter of the 14th century). ... City motto : Coordinates Municipality : Ohrid municipality Elevation 695 m Population 55 749 Time zone  - Standard  - Summer (DST) CET (UTC+1) CEST (UTC+2) Founded Area code +389 46 Postal code 6000 Car plates OH Official Website www. ... Saint Mary and Saint Mary the Virgin both redirect here. ... Gabriel delivering the Annunciation. ... The term conception can refer to more than one meaning: Concept Fertilisation This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... For other uses, see Christian (disambiguation). ... is the 84th day of the year (85th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Christ en majesté, Matthias Grünewald, 16th c. ... For the Nativity of Jesus, see Nativity of Jesus. ... This article is about Jesus of Nazareth. ... For other uses, see Christmas (disambiguation). ... The New Year is an event that happens when a culture celebrates the end of one year and the beginning of the next year. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... In the Christian calendar, Lady Day is the Feast of the Annunciation (25 March) and the first of the four traditional Irish Quarter days and English quarter days. ... Nazareth (Arabic الناصرة an-Nāṣirah; Hebrew נָצְרַת, Standard Hebrew Naẓərat, Tiberian Hebrew Nāṣəraṯ) is an ancient town in the North District in Israel. ... The Church of the Annunciation is a church in Nazareth that was established in the place in which, according to the Christian tradition, was the house of Mary, the mother of Jesus and in which the angel Gabriel told Mary the Annunciation. ...

Contents

The Annunciation in the Bible

In the Bible, the Annunciation is narrated in the book of Luke, Chapter 1, verses 26-38 (NWT): The New World Translation of the Holy Scriptures (NWT) is a modern-language translation of the Bible published by the Jehovahs Witnesses, specifically Watchtower Bible and Tract Society of New York, Inc. ...

26 In her sixth month the angel Gabriel was sent forth from God to a city of Gal´i·lee named Nazareth, 27 to a virgin promised in marriage to a man named Joseph of David’s house; and the name of the virgin was Mary. 28 And when he went in before her he said: “Good day, highly favored one, God is with you.” 29 But she was deeply disturbed at the saying and began to reason out what sort of greeting this might be. 30 So the angel said to her: “Have no fear, Mary, for you have found favor with God; 31Behold, you will conceive in your womb and give birth to a son, and you are to call his name Jesus. 32 This one will be great and will be called Son of the Most High; and God will give him the throne of David his father, 33 and he will rule as king over the house of Jacob forever, and there will be no end of his kingdom.” This article is about the archangel Gabriel. ... Hebrew נָצְרַת (Natzrat) (Standard) Náẓərat Arabic الناصرة (an-Nāṣira) Name Meaning Ancient word in Hebrew Government City District North Population 64,800[1] (2006) Jurisdiction 14 200 dunams (14. ...


34 But Mary said to the angel: “How is this to be, since I am having no intercourse with a man?” 35 In answer the angel said to her: “Holy spirit will come upon you, and power of the Most High will overshadow you. For that reason also what is born will be called holy, God’s Son. 36 And Behold, Elizabeth your relative has also herself conceived a son, in her old age, and this is the sixth month for her, the so-called barren woman; 37 because with God no declaration will be an impossibility.” 38 Then Mary said: “ May it become of me according to your word.” At that the angel departed from her.

Eastern traditions

Icon of the Annunciation (16th century, Ukraine)

In Eastern Orthodoxy Mary is referred to as Theotokos ("God bearer"). The traditional Eastern Orthodox Troparion (hymn for the day) of the Annunciation is: Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Look up icon in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Eastern Orthodoxy (also called Greek Orthodoxy and Russian Orthodoxy) is a Christian tradition which represents the majority of Eastern Christianity. ... Theotokos of Kazan Theotokos (Greek: , translit. ... Troparion (also tropar, plural: troparia) in Byzantine music and in the religious music of Eastern Orthodoxy is a short hymn of one stanza, or one of a series of stanzas (this may carry the further connotation of a hymn interpolated between psalm verses). ...

Today is the beginning of our salvation,
And the revelation of the eternal mystery!
The Son of God becomes the Son of the Virgin
As Gabriel announces the coming of Grace.
Together with him let us cry to the Theotokos:
Rejoice, O Full of Grace,
The Lord is with You!

The Feast of the Annunciation is one of the twelve Great Feasts of the church year. As the action initiating the Incarnation of Christ, Annunciation has such an important place in Eastern Orthodox theology that the Festal Divine Liturgy of St. John Chrysostom is always celebrated on March 25, regardless of what day it falls on—even if it falls on Pascha (Easter Sunday) itself, a coincidence which is called Kyriopascha. The only time the Divine Liturgy may be celebrated on Great and Holy Friday is if it falls on March 25. Due to this, the rubrics regarding the celebration of the feast are the most complicated of all in Orthodox liturgics. The Annunciation is called Euangelismos (Evangelism) in Greek, literally meaning "spreading the Good News". // Great Feasts of the Orthodox Church Easter/Pascha The feast of the Resurrection of Jesus, called Easter or Pascha, is the greatest of the feasts of the Eastern Orthodox Church. ... Christ en majesté, Matthias Grünewald, 16th c. ... The Divine Liturgy is the common term for the Eucharistic service of the Byzantine tradition of Christian liturgy. ... John Chrysostom (349– ca. ... Easter (also called Pascha) is generally accounted the most important holiday of the Christian year, observed March or April each year to celebrate the Resurrection of Jesus from the dead (after his death by crucifixion; see Good Friday), which Christians believe happened at about this time of year, almost two... Good Friday is the Friday before Easter (Easter always falls on a Sunday). ...


Related dates

The Annunciation, by El Greco (1575)

In the Roman Catholic and Lutheran liturgical calendar, the feast is moved if necessary to prevent it from either falling on a Sunday (because Sundays at that time of year are of the highest liturgical rank), or during Holy Week or Easter Week (the week in which Easter occurs). To avoid a Sunday before Holy Week, the next day (March 26) would be observed instead. In years when March 25 falls during Holy Week or Easter Week the Annunciation is moved to the Monday after Octave of Easter, which is the Sunday after Easter. (If the Feast of St. Joseph, normally falling on March 19, must also be moved to a later date as a consequence of Easter falling on one of its earliest possible dates, the Annunciation remains on Low Monday, with the feast of St. Joseph on the following Tuesday, as the higher-ranking person is transferred first.) Download high resolution version (803x1066, 200 KB)The Annunciation by El Greco 1570-1575 Museo del Prado, Madrid Source: http://www. ... Download high resolution version (803x1066, 200 KB)The Annunciation by El Greco 1570-1575 Museo del Prado, Madrid Source: http://www. ... El Greco (The Greek, 1541 – April 7, 1614) was a painter, sculptor, and architect of the Spanish Renaissance. ... The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... The Lutheran movement is a group of denominations of Protestant Christianity by the original definition. ... The liturgical year, also known as the Christian year, consists of the cycle of liturgical seasons in some Christian churches which determines when Feasts, Memorials, Commemorations, and Solemnities are to be observed and which portions of Scripture are to be read. ... Holy Week (Latin: ) in Christianity is the last week of Lent. ... This article is about the Christian festival. ... March 26 is the 85th day of the year (86th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Octave of Easter, formerly know as Low Sunday (also known as , or Quasimodo Sunday) is the first Sunday after Easter. ... Saint Josephs Day is marked in some branches of Christianity in honor of Saint Joseph, spouse of Mary and foster-father of Jesus. ... is the 78th day of the year (79th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


The Eastern churches (Eastern Orthodox, Oriental and Eastern Catholic) do not move the feast of the Annunciation under any circumstance. They have special combined liturgies for those years when the Annunciation coincides with another feast. In these churches, even on Good Friday a Divine Liturgy is celebrated when it coincides with the Annunciation. One of the most frequent accusations brought against New Calendarism is the fact that in the New Calendar churches (which celebrate the Annunciation according to the New Calendar, but Easter according to the Old Calendar), these special Liturgies can never be celebrated any more, since the Annunciation is always well before Holy Week on the New Calendar. The Old Calendarists believe that this impoverishes the liturgical and spiritual life of the Church. Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Coptic Orthodox Pope · Roman Catholic Pope Archbishop of Canterbury · Patriarch of Constantinople Christianity Portal This box:      Faith... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Archbishop of Canterbury Patriarch of Constantinople Christianity Portal This box:      The term Oriental Orthodoxy refers to... The Eastern Catholic Churches are autonomous particular Churches in full communion with the Pope of Rome. ... Good Friday is the Friday before Easter (Easter always falls on a Sunday). ... The Divine Liturgy is the common term for the Eucharistic service of the Byzantine tradition of Christian liturgy. ... The New calendarists are those Eastern Orthodox Churches that adopted the Revised Julian calendar, namely the Greek and Syrian Orthodox Churches and some others. ... The Revised Julian calendar is a calendar that was considered for adoption by the Eastern Orthodox churches at a synod in Istanbul in May 1923. ... The Julian calendar was introduced in 46 BC by Julius Caesar and came into force in 45 BC (709 ab urbe condita). ... Holy Week (Latin: ) in Christianity is the last week of Lent. ...

The Annunciation, mural from Ubisi, Georgia
The Annunciation, mural from Ubisi, Georgia

The date is close to the vernal equinox, as Christmas is to the winter solstice; because of this the Annunciation and Christmas were two of the four "Quarter days" in medieval and early modern England, which marked the divisions of the fiscal year (the other two were Midsummer Day, or the Nativity of St. John the BaptistJune 24—and Michaelmas, the feast day of St. Michael, on September 29). Image File history File links Damiane4. ... Image File history File links Damiane4. ... Ubisi (Georgian უბისი) is a small village and a medieval monastic complex in Georgia, particularly in the region Imereti, some 25 km from the town Kharagauli. ... Illumination of Earth by Sun on the day of equinox The vernal equinox (or spring equinox) marks the beginning of astronomical spring. ... Illumination of Earth by Sun on the day of the northern hemisphere winter solstice Illumination of Earth by Sun on the day of the southern hemisphere winter solstice In astronomy, the winter solstice is the moment when the earth is at a point in its orbit where one hemisphere is... In British and Irish tradition, the quarter days were the four dates on which servants were hired, and rents and rates were due. ... Midsummer celebration, Åmmeberg, Sweden Midsummer is the period of time centered upon the summer solstice. ... John the Baptist (also called John the Baptizer or John the Dipper) is regarded as a prophet by at least three religions: Christianity, Islam, and Mandaeanism. ... is the 175th day of the year (176th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the first term of many universities in the British Isles, see Michaelmas Term. ... The calendar of saints is a traditional Christian method of organising a liturgical year on the level of days by associating each day with a saint, and referring to the day as the saints day of that saint. ... Guido Renis archangel Michael (in the Capuchin church of Sta. ... is the 272nd day of the year (273rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


When the calendar system of Anno Domini was first introduced by Dionysius Exiguus in AD 525, he assigned the beginning of the new year to March 25, since according to Christian theology, the era of grace began with the Incarnation of Christ. AD redirects here. ... Dionysius Exiguus (Dennis the Little, meaning humble) (c. ... Events Bernicia settled by the Angles Ethiopia conquers Yemen The Daisan river, a tributary of the Euphrates, floods Edessa and within a couple of hours fills the entire city except for the highest parts. ... The New Year is an event that happens when a culture celebrates the end of one year and the beginning of the next year. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations · Other religions Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Catholic Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box:      In Christianity... Christ en majesté, Matthias Grünewald, 16th c. ...


The first authentic allusions to it are in a canon, of the Council of Toledo (656), and another of the Council of Constantinople "in Trullo" (692), forbidding the celebration of any festivals duing Lent, excepting the Lord's Day (Sunday) and the Feast of the Annunciation. An earlier origin has been claimed for it on the ground that it is mentioned in sermons of Athanasius and of Gregory Thaumaturgus, but both of these documents are now admitted to be spurious. A synod held at Worcester, England (1240), forbade all servile work on this feast day. See further Lady Day. Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Wycliffe Tyndale · Luther · Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Patriarch of Constantinople Christianity Portal This box:      Canon law is the term used for... Councils of Toledo (Concilia toletana). ... Events Ali succeeds Uthman as Caliph Battle of Basrah (also known as Battle of the Camel) Oswiu of Northumbria annexes Mercia Births Deaths Uthman ibn Affan, Caliph (murdered) Peada, king of Mercia (murdered) Categories: 656 ... Both the Fifth Ecumenical Council and the Sixth Ecumenical Council failed to produce disciplinary norms, for which reason the emperor Justinian II convoked an assembly in 692 to meet in Constantinople in the same domed hall where the Sixth Council had been held, called in Trullo (= under the dome). ... Events The Quinisext Council (also said in Trullo), held in Constantinople, laid the foundation for the Orthodox Canon Law The Arabs conquer Armenia. ... It has been suggested that Cuaresma be merged into this article or section. ... The Lords Day is one of the traditional Christian names for Sunday, the first day of the Judaeo-Christian seven-day week, observed by most Christians as the memorial of the resurrection of Jesus Christ, which is said in the four canonical gospels of the New Testament to have... Icon illustrating, in the center, the Resurrection appearances of Jesus and around the sides, the Great Feasts. ... Athanasius of Alexandria (also spelled Athanasios) was a Christian bishop of Alexandria in the fourth century. ... Gregory Thaumaturgus (c. ... A synod (also known as a council) is a council of a church, usually a Christian church, convened to decide an issue of doctrine, administration or application. ... This article is about the city of Worcester in England. ... Events Batu Khan and the Golden Horde sack the Ruthenian city of Kyiv Births Pope Benedict XI Deaths April 11 - Llywelyn ap Iorwerth, also known as Llywelyn The Great Prince of Gwynedd Monarchs/Presidents Aragon - James I King of Aragon and count of Barcelona (reigned from 1213 to 1276) Castile... In the Christian calendar, Lady Day is the Feast of the Annunciation (25 March) and the first of the four traditional Irish Quarter days and English quarter days. ...


Annunciation in the Quran

Annunciation is also cited in the Quran, in chapters 3 (Aal 'Imran - The family of Imran) verses 45-51 and 19 (Maryam - Mary) verses 16-26, although never with the mention or insinuation that Jesus is the son of God. The Quran (Arabic al-qurʾān أَلْقُرآن; also transliterated as Quran, Koran, and less commonly Alcoran) is the holy book of Islam. ...


From chapter 3

[45] (Remember) when the angels said: "O Maryam (Mary)! Verily, Allâh gives you the glad tidings of a Word ("Be!" - and he was! i.e. 'Isâ (Jesus) the son of Maryam (Mary)) from Him, his name will be the Messiah 'Isâ (Jesus), the son of Maryam (Mary), held in honor in this world and in the Hereafter, and will be one of those who are near to Allâh."


[46] "He will speak to the people in the cradle and in manhood, and he will be one of the righteous."


[47] She said: "O my Lord! How shall I have a son when no man has touched me." He said: "So (it will be) for Allâh creates what He wills. When He has decreed something, He says to it only: "Be!" - and it is.


[48] And He (Allâh) will teach him ('Isâ (Jesus)) the Book and Al-Hikmah (i.e. the Sunnah, the faultless speech of the Prophets, wisdom), (and) the Taurât (Torah) and the Injeel (Gospel).


[49] And will make him ('Isâ (Jesus)) a Messenger to the Children of Israel (saying): "I have come to you with a sign from your Lord, that I design for you out of clay, a figure like that of a bird, and breathe into it, and it becomes a bird by Allâh's Leave; and I heal him who was born blind, and the leper, and I bring the dead to life by Allâh's Leave. And I inform you of what you eat, and what you store in your houses. Surely, therein is a sign for you, if you believe.


[50] And I have come confirming that which was before me of the Taurât (Torah), and to make lawful to you part of what was forbidden to you, and I have come to you with a proof from your Lord. So fear Allâh and obey me.


[51] Truly! Allâh is my Lord and your Lord, so worship Him (Alone). This is the Straight Path.


From chapter 19

An Armenian miniature from the Roslin Gospels, 1287.

[16] And mention in the Book (the Qur'ân, O Muhammad (peace be upon him) the story of) Maryam (Mary), when she withdrew in seclusion from her family to a place facing east.[17] She placed a screen (to screen herself) from them; then We sent to her Our Ruh (angel Jibrîl (Gabriel)) and he appeared before her in the form of a man in all respects. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Annunciation, a miniature from the Roslin Gospels, 1287. ...


[18] She said: "Verily! I seek refuge with the Most Gracious (Allâh) from you, if you do fear Allâh." I don't really know what I'm doin


[19] (The angel) said: "I am only a Messenger from your Lord, (to announce) to you the gift of a righteous son."


[20] She said: "How can I have a son, when no man has touched me, nor am I unchaste?"


[21] He said: "So (it will be), your Lord said: 'That is easy for Me (Allâh): And (We wish) to appoint him as a sign to mankind and a mercy from Us (Allâh), and it is a matter (already) decreed, (by Allâh).' "


[22] So she conceived him, and she withdrew with him to a far place (i.e. Bethlehem valley about 4-6 miles from Jerusalem).


[23] And the pains of childbirth drove her to the trunk of a date-palm. She said: "Would that I had died before this, and had been forgotten and out of sight!"


[24] Then (the babe 'Iesa (Jesus) or Jibrîl (Gabriel)) cried unto her from below her, saying: "Grieve not: your Lord has provided a water stream under you.


[25] "And shake the trunk of date-palm towards you, it will let fall fresh ripe-dates upon you."


[26] "So eat and drink and be glad. And if you see any human being, say: 'Verily! I have vowed a fast unto the Most Gracious (Allâh) so I shall not speak to any human being this day.'"


Annunciation in art

The Annunciation by Leonardo da Vinci (1472-1475) Uffizi Gallery.
The Annunciation by Leonardo da Vinci (1472-1475) Uffizi Gallery.

The Annunication is one of the most frequent subjects of artistic representation in both the Christian East and West, partucularly during the Middle Ages and Rennaissance, and figures in the repetoir of almost all of the great masters. The figures of the Virgin Mary and the Archangel Gabriel, being emblematic of purity and grace, were favorite subjects of many artists. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 366 pixelsFull resolution (4096 × 1874 pixel, file size: 593 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 366 pixelsFull resolution (4096 × 1874 pixel, file size: 593 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... “Da Vinci” redirects here. ... The Uffizi Gallery (Italian Galleria degli Uffizi) is a palace or palazzo in Florence, holding one of the most famous museums in the world. ... The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times, beginning with the Renaissance. ... By Region: Italian Renaissance Northern Renaissance -French Renaissance -German Renaissance -English Renaissance The Renaissance was a great cultural movement which brought about a period of scientific revolution and artistic transformation, at the dawn of modern European history. ...


Because the natural composition of the scene–two parallel figures, often elegantly clad–the subject was often employed in the decoration of a diptych or tympaneum (decorated arch above a doorway). In the Eastern Orthodox Church, the Annunciation is typically depicted on the Holy Doors (decorative doorway leading from the nave into the sanctuary). Ivory consular diptych of Areobindus, Byzantium, 506 AD, Louvre museum A diptych is any object with two flat plates attached at a hinge. ... 17th-century iconostasis of Prophet Elias church, Yaroslavl. ... Links to full descriptions of the elements of a Gothic floorplan are also found at the entry Cathedral diagram. ... Ajax prepares to violate the sanctuary of Athena by abducting Cassandra by force: red-figure vase, c. ...


See also

This article is about the archangel Gabriel. ... Fleurs-de-lys on the flag of Quebec The fleur-de-lis (also spelled fleur-de-lys; plural fleurs-de-lis or -lys) is used in heraldry, where it is particularly associated with the France monarchy (see King of France). ... Annunciade (and various alternate spellings) is a denomination common to several orders, both religious and military, instituted with a view of the Annunciation. ... Maryland Day is a legal holiday in the U.S. state of Maryland. ... The Church of the Annunciation is a church in Nazareth that was established in the place in which, according to the Christian tradition, was the house of Mary, the mother of Jesus and in which the angel Gabriel told Mary the Annunciation. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Annunciation
  • Entheomedia.org
  • 'The Annunciation' by Edward Burne-Jones at the Lady Lever Art Gallery
  • Read the account (Luke Ch.1 26-55) at Bible Gateway (various versions)
  • The Annunciation Icons (mostly Russian)
  • "The Feast of the Annunciation" in the 1913 Catholic Encyclopedia.
  • [1] MP3 of Orthodox Byzantine Hymn(s) for the Annunciation

  Results from FactBites:
 
CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: The Annunciation of the Blessed Virgin Mary (800 words)
The fact of the Annunciation of the Blessed Virgin Mary is related in Luke, i 26-38.
The local tradition of Nazareth pretends that the angel met Mary and greeted her at the fountain, and when she fled from him in fear, he followed her into the house and there continued his message.
The Annunciation is the beginning of Jesus in His human nature.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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