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Encyclopedia > Anneliese Michel

Anneliese Michel (September 21, 1952July 1, 1976) was a Catholic woman from Germany who was said to be possessed by six or more demons and subsequently underwent an exorcism. Two motion pictures, The Exorcism of Emily Rose and Requiem are loosely based on Anneliese's story. Image File history File links Emblem-important. ... is the 264th day of the year (265th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1952 (MCMLII) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1976 Pick up sticks(MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... “Fiend” redirects here. ... Saint Francis exorcised demons in Arezzo, fresco of Giotto Exorcism (from Late Latin exorcismus, from Greek exorkizein - to adjure, correctly pronounced exercism) is the practice of evicting demons or other evil spiritual entities from a person or place which they are believed to have possessed (taken control of). ... The Exorcism of Emily Rose is a 2005 horror/thriller film directed by Scott Derrickson. ... Requiem (2006) is a German language film by Hans-Christian Schmid starring Sandra Hüller. ...


Anneliese experienced what is recognized by medical professionals as severe psychiatric disturbances from the age of 16 to her death, at age 23, as a direct or indirect result of an exorcism ritual. Both priests who performed the exorcism and Anneliese's parents were convicted of negligent homicide. The Catholic Church, which had authorized the exorcism, reversed its position and declared Anneliese Michel a case of mental illness. Many people believe she was genuinely possessed by demons, and her grave-site is a destination for pilgrims to this day.

Contents

Early life

Anneliese Michel was born in 1952 at Leiblfing, a small village in Bavaria. She was raised in the small Bavarian town of Klingenberg am Main, where her father operated a sawmill. Her parents were devout Catholics and she grew into a deeply religious person. In 1968, Anneliese began suffering from seizures and was diagnosed as epileptic at the Psychiatric Clinic in Würzburg. Image File history File links Question_book-3. ... For other uses, see Bavaria (disambiguation). ... Klingenberg am Main, town on the lower Bavarian part of the river Main, Bavaria, Germany. ... This article is about epileptic seizures. ... Epilepsy (often referred to as a seizure disorder) is a chronic neurological condition characterized by recurrent unprovoked seizures. ... Würzburg Residenz. ...


Psychiatric treatment and exorcism

A stay at an unnamed psychiatric hospital did not improve Anneliese’s health. Moreover, she began to suffer from depression. Having centered her life around devout Catholic faith, Anneliese began to attribute her condition to demonic possession. She grew increasingly frustrated with medical intervention as it did not improve her condition. Long-term medical treatment proved unsuccessful; her condition, including her depression, worsened with time. Anneliese became intolerant of sacred places and objects, such as the crucifix, which she attributed to her own demonic possession. Throughout the course of the religious rites Anneliese underwent, she took powerful psychotropic drugs prescribed to her by her doctors. Below is the timetable of her medical treatment based on information from F. Goodman’s research. A psychiatric hospital (also called, at various places and times, mental hospital or mental ward, historically often asylum, lunatic asylum, or madhouse), is a hospital specialising in the treatment of persons with mental illness. ... On the Threshold of Eternity. ... Demonic possession, in supernatural belief systems, is a form of spiritual possession whereby certain malevolent extra-dimensional entities, demons, gain control over a mortal persons body, which is then used for an evil or destructive purpose. ... A psychoactive drug or psychotropic substance is a chemical that alters brain function, resulting in temporary changes in perception, mood, consciousness, or behaviour. ... Felicitas Goodman (1914-2005) was a Hungarian linguist and anthropologist. ...


June 1970 Anneliese suffered a third seizure at the psychiatric hospital she had been staying in and was prescribed her first anticonvulsant. The name of this drug is not known and it did not bring about any immediate alleviation of Anneliese's symptoms; she also continued to talk of what she called "devil faces" seen by her on varying times of the day. Anneliese became convinced that conventional medicine was of no help as it did not make her feel better in the least. Growing increasingly adamant that her illness was of a spiritual kind, she appealed to the Church to perform an exorcism on her. Although she was fervent about the potential help that an exorcism could offer her, Anneliese was denied by the Church. The same month she was prescribed another drug, Aolept (pericyazine), which is a phenothiazine with general properties similar to those of chlorpromazine: pericyazine is used in the treatment of various psychoses including schizophrenia and disturbed behaviour. The anticonvulsants, sometimes also called antiepileptics, belong to a diverse group of pharmaceuticals used in prevention of the occurrence of epileptic seizures. ...


In November 1973 Anneliese started her treatment with Tegretol (carbamazepine), which is an antiepileptic drug. Anneliese took this medicine frequently, until shortly before her death, when she was unable to swallow anything. Carbamazepine (CBZ) is an anticonvulsant and mood stabilizing drug, used primarily in the treatment of epilepsy and bipolar disorder. ...


During the treatment, Anneliese's parents turned to the local church for a cure, inquiring of different priests if they would perform an exorcism on their daughter. They all refused because the Roman Ritual, which governs exorcisms, is very specific regarding the proof that is required to establish a possession. The idea that she was possessed was first recognised by a local parish priest, Father Ernst Alt, known as a specialist in exorcism, ultimately making the way for the exorcism request for Anneliese being eventually approved by the bishop of Würzburg, Josef Stangl, in September 1975. Bishop Stangl appointed Pastor Arnold Renz to carry out the traditional rites of exorcism with the help of Father Ernst Alt. Eleven months before she died, the medical treatment of Anneliese stopped and the rites of exorcism began, which were carried out secretly in the bedroom of her parent's home during one-hour sessions. Anneliese Michel's voice during exorcism rites allegedly claimed to be that of demons who possessed Judas Iscariot, Nero, Cain, and Adolf Hitler as well as Fleischmann, a disgraced Frankish Priest from the 16th century and Lucifer himself. She also mentioned a few other damned souls who had manifested themselves through her. The Roman Ritual (Latin: Rituale Romanum) is a religious text of the Catholic faith. ... Demonic possession, in supernatural belief systems, is a form of spiritual possession whereby certain malevolent extra-dimensional entities, demons, gain control over a mortal persons body, which is then used for an evil or destructive purpose. ... Father Ernst Alt was a German Roman Catholic priest and exorcist. ... The Bishopric of Würzburg was an ecclesiastical principality in the Holy Roman Empire, located in Lower Franconia. ... Josef Stangl (March 12, 1907 - April 8, 1979) was a Roman Catholic Bishop of Würzburg, Germany. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Catholic Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box:      A pastor is an... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations · Other religions Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Catholic Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box:      For other... For other uses, see Nero (disambiguation). ... In stories common to the Abrahamic religions, Cain or Káyin (קַיִן / קָיִן spear Standard Hebrew Qáyin, Tiberian Hebrew Qáyin / Qāyin; Arabic قايين QāyÄ«n in the Arabic Bible; قابيل QābÄ«l in Islam) is the eldest son of Adam and Eve, and the first man born in creation... Hitler redirects here. ... Fleischman and Fleischmann are common family names which mean Butcher in German. ... This article is about the star or fallen angel. ...


On July 1, 1976 Anneliese Michel died in her sleep. She had predicted that she would be liberated from the demons on this day. At midnight, Anneliese ceased her raging. Exhausted but peaceful, she finally went to sleep and never woke up. According to Physicians' Desk Reference, taking carbamazepine may cause epileptic obnubilation (a lowered level of consciousness with loss of ability to respond properly to external stimuli), along with fever and hypoxemia (lack of oxygen in blood). Anneliese had all these symptoms, which gave rise to the theory that the cause of death was suffocation. That she should have died from a side-effect of carbamazepine seems far-fetched, however, and the autopsy report stated that her death was caused by the malnutrition and dehydration that resulted from almost a year of semi-starvation during the rites of exorcism. An analogue medical thermometer showing the temperature of 38. ... // Hypoxemia (or hypoxaemia) is an abnormally low partial pressure of oxygen (PO2) in arterial blood (West J. Pulmonary Pathophysiology: The Essentials p22). ... Percentage of population affected by malnutrition by country, according to United Nations statistics. ... Dehydration (hypohydration) is the removal of water (hydro in ancient Greek) from an object. ...


Trial and courtroom charges

After an investigation the state prosecutor maintained Anneliese’s death could have been prevented even one week before she died. He charged all four defendants — Pastor Ernst Alt and Father Arnold Renz as well as the parents — with negligent homicide for failing to call a medical doctor. The prosecutor is the chief legal representative of the prosecution in countries adopting the common law adversarial system or the civil law inquisitorial system. ... Negligent homicide is a charge brought against persons, who by inaction, allow others under their care to die. ...


The trial started on March 30, 1978 in the district court and drew intense interest. Before the court, the doctors claimed the woman was not possessed, although Dr. Richard Roth, who was asked for medical help by Father Alt, allegedly said after the exorcism he witnessed on May 30, 1976 that "there is no injection against the devil." is the 89th day of the year (90th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays the 1978 Gregorian calendar). ...


The priests were defended by church-paid lawyers, whereas the parents were defended by one of Germany's most well-known lawyers, Erich Schmidt-Leichner, a lawyer who had defended numerous persons in Nazi war crimes trials. Schmidt-Leichner claimed that the exorcism was legal and that the German constitution protected citizens in the unrestricted exercise of their religious beliefs. For the fish called lawyer, see Burbot. ... Dr. Erich Schmidt-Leichner (1911-1983) was a German lawyer who made a name as a distinguished defense counsel at the Nuremberg Trials. ... National Socialism redirects here. ... In the context of war, a war crime is a punishable offense under International Law, for violations of the laws of war by any person or persons, military or civilian. ... The Basic Law for the Federal Republic of Germany (German: Grundgesetz für die Bundesrepublik Deutschland) is the constitution of modern Germany. ... The word citizen may refer to: A person with a citizenship Citizen Watch Co. ...


The defense played tapes recorded at the exorcism sessions, sometimes featuring what was claimed to be "demons arguing", as proof that Anneliese was indeed possessed. Both priests presented their deeply held conviction that she was possessed, and that she was finally freed by exorcism just before she died.


Ultimately, the accused were found guilty of manslaughter resulting from negligence and were sentenced to a six months suspended sentence and three years probation. It was a far lighter sentence than anticipated by most people. Yet, it was more than demanded by the prosecution, which had asked that the priests only be fined and that the parents be found guilty but not punished. This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


During the trial, the major lingering issues were related to the church itself. A not-guilty verdict could be seen as opening the gate to more exorcism attempts - and possibly unfortunate outcomes. But for the most part, experienced observers believed the effect would be the opposite - that merely bringing charges of negligent homicide against priests and parents would provoke changes and more caution.


Exhumation

Before the trial the parents asked authorities for permission to exhume the remains of their daughter. They did so as a result of a message received from a Carmelite nun from the district of Allgäu in southern Bavaria. The nun had told the parents that a vision had revealed to her that their daughter's body was still intact, and that this authenticated the supernatural character of her case. The official reason presented by the parents to authorities was that Anneliese had been buried in undue hurry in a cheap coffin. Almost two years after the burial, on February 25, 1978, her remains were replaced in a new oak-coffin lined with tin. By other animals Humans are not the only species to bury their dead. ... Origin and early history Carmelites (in Latin Ordo fratrum Beatæ Virginis Mariæ de monte Carmelo) is the name of a Roman Catholic order founded in the 12th century by a certain Berthold (d. ... Allgäu as seen from a hot air balloon Allgäu is an area in south-west of Swabia (Bavaria) and contains also a small part of south-east Baden-Württemberg. ...


The official reports (to date undisputed by any authority) state that the body bore the signs of consistent deterioration. The accused exorcists — Anneliese’s parents and the two priests — were discouraged from seeing the remnants of Anneliese. Father Arnold Renz later claimed that he had even been prevented from entering the mortuary. A mortuary is a cold chamber used to keep the deceased from seriously decomposing; this practice exists for the sake of recognition of the deceased and to allow time to prepare for burial. ...


Legacy

Bishop Josef Stangl, who approved the exorcism and corresponded by letter on the case with the two priests a dozen times, also was investigated by state authorities. It was decided not to indict him or summon him to appear at the trial due to his age and poor health. The bishop stated that his actions were all within the bounds of canon law. Josef Stangl (March 12, 1907 - April 8, 1979) was a Roman Catholic Bishop of Würzburg, Germany. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Wycliffe Tyndale · Luther · Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Patriarch of Constantinople Christianity Portal This box:      Canon law is the term used for...


The courtroom case, called the Klingenberg Case, became the basis of Scott Derrickson's 2005 movie The Exorcism of Emily Rose. The film significantly deviates from the real-world events (for example, the film is set in the United States, Anneliese was renamed Emily Rose, and the court case was shown with a substantially different outcome). The film's inventory of demons doesn't mention Hitler. The German-language film Requiem (2006) by Hans-Christian Schmid holds a much truer account of the real-life events. The Klingenberg Case is the case which the 2005 movie The Exorcism of Emily Rose, by Scott Derrickson, was based on. ... Scott Derrickson is a screenwriter, producer, and director. ... The Exorcism of Emily Rose is a 2005 horror/thriller film directed by Scott Derrickson. ... Adolf Hitler Adolf Hitler (April 20, 1889 – April 30, 1945, standard German pronunciation in the IPA) was the Führer (leader) of the National Socialist German Workers Party (Nazi Party) and of Nazi Germany from 1933 to 1945. ... Requiem (2006) is a German language film by Hans-Christian Schmid starring Sandra Hüller. ... Hans-Christian Schmid (1965, Altötting) is a German film director and screenwriter. ...


Today, Anneliese's grave in Klingenberg am Main remains a place of pilgrimage for many Catholics who consider Anneliese Michel a devout believer who experienced extreme sufferings to assist departed souls in Purgatory. It is now said that she haunts classrooms all over Germany. Klingenberg am Main, town on the lower Bavarian part of the river Main, Bavaria, Germany. ... This article is about the religious or spiritual journey. ... Illustration for Dantes Purgatorio (18), by Gustave Doré, an imaginative picturing of Purgatory. ...


Many of Michel's 'symptoms' are consistent with, and suggestive of, mental disorders in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV-TR) section on Dissociative Disorders, and/or with behaviors observed in patients with these disorders. For example, the temporary adoption of bizarre, rigid body postures (dystonia); the use of the first-person plural pronoun 'we' to describe one's self; the markedly dilated pupils not explained by any external stimuli; full or partial amnesia; the emergence of distinct 'personalities' among the 'demons'; the pervasive psychoemotional 'numbness' Michel describes in The Exorcism of Anneliese Michel; Michel's feeling as though her body was acting outside her volition (depersonalization); fear or rejection of sexuality; the persistence of these symptoms despite medical treatment, and in absence of any known medical cause; and many others. The Scream, the famous painting commonly thought of as depicting the experience of mental illness. ... The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual published by the American Psychiatric Association The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) is a handbook for mental health professionals that lists different categories of mental disorder and the criteria for diagnosing them, according to the publishing organization the American Psychiatric Association. ... Dissociative disorders are defined as conditions that involve disruptions or breakdowns of memory, awareness, identity and/or perception. ... Dystonia is a neurological movement disorder in which sustained muscle contractions cause twisting and repetitive movements or abnormal postures. ... Depersonalization is an alteration in the perception or experience of the self so that one feels detached from, and as if one is an outside observer of, ones mental processes or body. ...


The Public Image Limited song Annalisa was inspired by Anneliese's exorcism and death. Public Image Ltd (PiL) is a band formed in 1978 by John Lydon, formerly and later Johnny Rotten of the Sex Pistols. ...


References

  • Goodman, Felicitas D. (1988). How about Demons?: Possession and Exorcism in the Modern World. Indianapolis: Indiana University Press. ISBN 0-253-32856-X.
  • Goodman, Felicitas D. (1981) The Exorcism of Anneliese Michel. Eugene; Resource Publications. ISBN 1-59752-432-8
  • Cries of a Woman Possessed : German Court Hears Tapes in Exorcism Death Trial, by Michael Getler, in The Washington Post (April 21, 1978).
  • The Exorcism of Emily Rose; a 2005 film based on the events, but Americanized and the names of everyone involved were changed, especially Anneliese, now Emily Rose.
  • What in God's Name, Eric T. Hansen, Washington Post, Sept. 2005
  • http://www.spectator.org/dsp_article.asp?art_id=8898
  • Langue française : "La vérité sur l'exorcisme d'Anneliese Michel" par Felicitas D. Goodman. France 1994.

The Exorcism of Emily Rose is a 2005 horror/thriller film directed by Scott Derrickson. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Anneliese Michel Resource Page - anneliese michel (7486 words)
Anneliese Michel was raised in the small Bavarian town of Klingenberg am Main, where her father operated a sawmill.
Suffering from major seizures, Anneliese returned to secondary school in the fall of 1970, and was still able to attend the University of Wurzburg in September 1973, where she studied elementary education.
Anneliese had all these symptoms, which gave rise to the theory, that the cause of death was suffocation.
: HotGhost.com : True Story of Emily Rose (1527 words)
Anneliese Michel (21 September 1952 1 July 1976) was a German woman who was believed to have been possessed by a demon and subsequently underwent an exorcism.
Anneliese began committing acts of self-mutilation at this time, and the act of tearing off her clothes and urinating on the floor became commonplace.
Anneliese's attacks were sometimes so strong that she would have to be held down by 3 men, or even chained up.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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