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Encyclopedia > Anne of Austria
Anne of Austria
Queen of France and Navarre
Anne of Austria by Peter Paul Rubens, c. 1622-25
Titles HMCM The Dowager Queen of France (1643-1666)
HMCM The Queen of France (1615-1643)
HRH Infanta Anne of Spain (1601-1643)
Born September 22, 1601
Valladolid, Spain
Died January 20, 1666
Consort November 24, 1615 - May 14, 1643
Consort to Louis XIII
Issue Louis XIV, Philip
Royal House House of Hasburg
Father Philip III
Mother Margaret of Austria


Louis XIII by Philippe de Champaigne Image File history File links Size of this preview: 491 × 599 pixel Image in higher resolution (654 × 798 pixel, file size: 108 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Description: Anna of Austria, queen of France, mother of king Louis XIV Date: 1622-1625 Painter: Peter Paul Rubens العربية | ÄŒesky | Deutsch | English | Ελληνικά | Espa... Rubens and Isabella Brant in the Honeysuckle Bower Alte Pinakothek Peter Paul Rubens (June 28, 1577 – May 30, 1640) was the most popular and prolific Flemish and European painter of the 17th century. ... September 22 is the 265th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (266th in leap years). ... Events February 8 - Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex, rebels against Elizabeth I of England - revolt is quickly crushed February 25 - Robert Devereux beheaded Jesuit Matteo Ricci arrives in China Bad harvest in Russia due to rainy summer Dutch troops drive Portuguese from Málaga Battle of Kinsale, Ireland Births... Plaza Mayor and city hall, Valladolid Valladolid is an industrial city and its municipality in central Spain, upon the Rio Pisuerga and within the Ribera del Duero region. ... January 20 is the 20th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1666 is often called Annus Mirabilis. ... November 24 is the 328th day (329th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Events June 2 - First Récollet missionaries arrive at Quebec City, from Rouen, France. ... May 14 is the 134th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (135th in leap years). ... // Events January 21 - Abel Tasman discovers Tonga February 6 - Abel Tasman discovers the Fiji islands. ... Louis XIII (September 27, 1601 – May 14, 1643), called the Just (French: le Juste), was King of France from 1610 to 1643. ... Sun King redirects here. ... Philippe I, Duke of Orléans (September 21, 1640 – June 8, 1701) was the son of the Louis XIII of France and Anne of Austria, and younger brother of Louis XIV of France. ... The Habsburg Monarchy included the territories ruled by the Austrian branch of the House of Habsburg, and then by the successor House of Habsburg-Lorraine, between 1745 and 1867/1918. ... Philip III of Spain Philip III (Spanish: Felipe III) (April 14, 1578 – March 31, 1621) was the king of Spain and Portugal (as Philip II Portuguese: Filipe II), from 1598 until his death. ... Margaret of Austria, 1609, by Bartolomé González y Serrano Margaret of Austria (1584-1611), Queen of Spain and Portugal, was the daughter of the Archduke Charles II of Austria and Maria Anna of Bavaria, and the sister of the Emperor Ferdinand II. She married Philip III of Spain on... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (484x707, 23 KB) Louis XIII licence : Localisation : Paris, Val de Grâce File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): List of French monarchs Louis XIII of France ...


Anne of Austria (September 22, 1601 - January 20, 1666) was Queen Consort of France and Navarre and Regent for her son, Louis XIV of France. During her relatively brief Regency, 1643–1651, Cardinal Mazarin served as France's chief minister. September 22 is the 265th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (266th in leap years). ... Events February 8 - Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex, rebels against Elizabeth I of England - revolt is quickly crushed February 25 - Robert Devereux beheaded Jesuit Matteo Ricci arrives in China Bad harvest in Russia due to rainy summer Dutch troops drive Portuguese from Málaga Battle of Kinsale, Ireland Births... January 20 is the 20th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1666 is often called Annus Mirabilis. ... Capital Pamplona (Basque: Iruña) Official language(s) Spanish; Basque co-official in the north of community. ... Regent, from the Latin, a person selected to administer a state because the ruler is a minor or is not present or debilitated. ... Sun King redirects here. ... Jules Mazarin, French diplomat and statesman, by Pierre-Louis Bouchart. ... In most Protestant churches, a minister is a member of the ordained clergy who leads a congregation or participates in a role in a parachurch ministry; such a person may also be called a Pastor, Preacher, Bishop, Chaplain or Elder. ...


Queen consort of France

She was born in Valladolid, Spain and baptised Ana Maria Mauricia, as the daughter of Habsburg parents, Philip III, king of Spain, and Margaret of Austria. She bore the titles of infanta of Spain and of Portugal, archduchess of Austria, princess of Burgundy and of the Low Countries. Plaza Mayor and city hall, Valladolid Valladolid is an industrial city and its municipality in central Spain, upon the Rio Pisuerga and within the Ribera del Duero region. ... Flag of the Habsburg Monarchy; also used as the flag of the Austrian Empire until the Ausgleich of 1867. ... Philip III of Spain Philip III (Spanish: Felipe III) (April 14, 1578 – March 31, 1621) was the king of Spain and Portugal (as Philip II Portuguese: Filipe II), from 1598 until his death. ... Margaret of Austria, 1609, by Bartolomé González y Serrano Margaret of Austria (1584-1611), Queen of Spain and Portugal, was the daughter of the Archduke Charles II of Austria and Maria Anna of Bavaria, and the sister of the Emperor Ferdinand II. She married Philip III of Spain on...


She was affianced at the age of ten, and on November 24, 1615, at Burgos she was married by proxy to King Louis XIII of France (1601-1643), part of the Bourbon Dynasty, a purely political match. On the same day, at Bordeaux, Elisabeth of Bourbon, sister of Louis XIII married, also by proxy, the infante Philip, brother of Anne, destined to become Philip IV of Spain. These marriages followed a tradition of cementing military and political alliances between the Catholic powers of France and Spain with royal marriages. The tradition went back to the marriage of King Philip II of Spain with the French princess, Elisabeth of Valois, the daughter of King Henry II of France, in 1559 as part of the Peace of Cateau-Cambrésis. Like hostages, the two princesses were exchanged on the Isle of Pheasants in the river Bidassoa that divides France and Spain, near Hendaye. November 24 is the 328th day (329th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Events June 2 - First Récollet missionaries arrive at Quebec City, from Rouen, France. ... The cathedral Our Lady of Burgos. ... Louis XIII (September 27, 1601 – May 14, 1643), called the Just (French: le Juste), was King of France from 1610 to 1643. ... Also see:  Early Modern France The House of Bourbon is an important European royal house. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Philip IV of Spain Elisabeth of France, portrait by Diego Velázquez Élisabeth de Bourbon (November 22, 1602 - October 6, 1644), was the eldest daughter of King Henry IV of France and his second Queen Marie de Medici. ... Philip IV (), (April 8, 1605 – September 17, 1665) was King of Spain from 1621 to 1665 and also King of Portugal until 1640. ... Philip II (Spanish: Felipe II de Habsburgo; Portuguese: Filipe I) (May 21, 1527 – September 13, 1598) was the first official King of Spain from 1556 until 1598, King of Naples and Sicily from 1554 until 1598, King of England (as King-consort of Mary I) from 1554 to 1558, King... Elizabeth of Valois, by Sofonisba Anguissola, 1565 Elizabeth de Valois (April 2, 1545 – October 3, 1568) was a daughter of Henry II of France and Catherine de Medici. ... Henry II (French: Henri II) (March 31, 1519 – July 10, 1559), a member of the Valois Dynasty, was King of France from March 31, 1547, until his death. ... January 15 - Elizabeth I of England is crowned in Westminster Abbey. ... The Peace of Cateau-Cambrésis is an agreement reached between Elizabeth I of England and Henry II of France on April 2 and between Henry II and Philip II of Spain on April 3, 1559, at Le Cateau-Cambrésis, around twenty kilometres south-east of Cambrai, that ended... The Bidasoa (French: Bidassoa) is a river in the Basque country of northern Spain. ... Hendaye (Basque Hendaia) is the most southwesterly town in France. ...


The marriage was not a happy one, filled with mistrust. It started badly with the fourteen-year-old couple forced to consummate the marriage, to forestall any possibility of future annulment, a humiliation that resulted in Louis' refusal to touch his wife for the following several years.

Anne of Austria in her widowhood
Anne of Austria in her widowhood

Although installed with all propriety in her own suite of apartments in the Louvre, Anne was thoroughly ignored. Louis' mother, Marie de' Medici, continued to carry herself as Queen of France, without the least deference to her daughter-in-law, while the timid and private young king appeared profoundly uninterested. As a Spaniard, among her entourage of high-born Spanish ladies-in-waiting, Anne was out of the mainstream of French culture; she continued to live according to Spanish etiquette and failed to improve her stilted French. Image File history File links AnnaofAustria05. ... Image File history File links AnnaofAustria05. ... This article is about the museum: for building history, see Palais du Louvre, for higher education, see École du Louvre. ... Portrait of Marie de Medici. ...


In 1617, Louis conspired with Charles d'Albert, duc de Luynes to dispense with the influence of his mother in a virtual palace coup d'etat, having her favorite Concino Concini assassinated on April 26 of that year. During the years while he was in the ascendancy, the duc de Luynes attempted to remedy the formal distance between Louis and his queen. He sent away the Spanish ladies and replaced them with French ones, notably the princesse de Conti and Marie de Rohan-Montbazon, his wife, and organized court events that would bring the couple together under amiable circumstances. Anne began to dress in the French manner, and in 1619 Luynes pressed the King to bed his Queen: some love developed, to the point where it was noted that Louis was distracted during a serious illness of the Queen. Luynes by Moncornet Charles dAlbert, duc de Luynes (1578 - December 15, 1621), was constable of France and the first duke of Luynes. ... Concino Concini, Count della Penna, Marquis and Maréchal dAncre (Florence, 1575 - Paris, 24 april 1617), was an Italian politician, best known for being minister of Louis XIII of France. ... Marie de Rohan-Montbazon, duchesse de Chevreuse (1600-1679) was a French aristocrat at the center of all the intrigues of the first half of the 17th century in France. ...


A series of miscarriages disenchanted the King and served to chill their relations. On 14 March 1622, while playing with her ladies, Anne fell in a staircase and suffered her second miscarriage, for which Louis blamed her and found Mme de Luynes unforgivable for having encouraged the Queen in such negligent foolery. Henceforth, the King had less and less tolerance for the influence the duchesse de Luynes had over Anne, and the reciprocal antipathy between the two had serious consequences for the royal pair: the situation deteriorated after the death of Luynes (December 1621); the King's attention was monopolized by his war against the Protestants, while the Queen defended the remarriage of her inseparable companion, center of all court intrigue, to her lover, the duc de Chevreuse, in 1622.


Louis turned now to Cardinal Richelieu as his advisor; Richelieu's foreign policy of struggle against the Habsburgs, who surrounded France on two fronts, inevitably created tension between himself and Anne, who for her part remained childless for fully sixteen years, while Louis depended ever more on Richelieu, who was his first minister from 1624. Cardinal Richelieu was the French chief minister from 1624 until his death in 1642. ... Flag of the Habsburg Monarchy; also used as the flag of the Austrian Empire until the Ausgleich of 1867. ...


Under the influence of la Chevreuse, the Queen let herself be drawn into political opposition to Richelieu and became imbroiled in several intrigues against his policies. Vague rumors of betrayal circulated in the court, notably her supposed involvement with the conspiracies of the comte de Chalais that La Chevreuse organized in 1626, then of the king's traitorous lover, Cinq-Mars, who had been introduced by Richelieu. Henri de Talleyrand-Périgord, comte de Chalais (1599-1626) was a favourite of Louis XIII. He was accused of conspiracy against Richelieu, arrested at Nantes, and beheaded. ... Henri Coiffier de Ruzé, Marquis de Cinq-Mars (1620 - September 12, 1642) was a favourite of King Louis XIII of France who led the last and most nearly successful of the many conspiracies against the kings powerful first minister, the Cardinal Richelieu. ...


In 1635, France declared war against Spain, placing the Queen in an untenable position. Her secret correspondence with her brother Philip IV of Spain passed beyond the requirements of fraternal affection. In August 1637, Anne was suspected, with enough cause that Richelieu forced her to sign covenants regarding her correspondence, which was henceforth open to inspection. The duchesse de Chevreuse was exiled and close watch was kept on the Queen. Philip IV (), (April 8, 1605 – September 17, 1665) was King of Spain from 1621 to 1665 and also King of Portugal until 1640. ...


Surprisingly, in such a climate of distrust, the Queen was soon pregnant once more, a circumstance that contemporary gossip attributed to a single stormy night that prevented Louis from travelling to Saint-Maur and being obliged to spend the night with the queen[1]. The Dauphin Louis Dieudonné was born on 5 September 1638, securing the Bourbon line. Saint-Maur is the name of several communes in France: Saint-Maur, Cher, in the Cher département Saint-Maur, Gers, in the Gers département Saint-Maur, Indre, in the Indre département Saint-Maur, Jura, in the Jura département Saint-Maur, Oise, in the Oise département... Sun King redirects here. ... September 5 is the 248th day of the year (249th in leap years). ... Events March 29 - Swedish colonists establish first settlement in Delaware, called New Sweden. ...

Allegory of Prudence by Simon Vouet, part of a decor commissioned by the Queen, c. 1624 (Musée Fabre)
Allegory of Prudence by Simon Vouet, part of a decor commissioned by the Queen, c. 1624 (Musée Fabre)

The birth soon afterwards of a second son failed to reestablish confidence between the royal couple. Richelieu made Louis a gift of his palatial hôtel, the Palais Cardinal, north of the Louvre in 1636, but the King never took possession: Anne fled the Louvre to install herself there with her two small sons, and remained as Regent (hence the name Palais-Royal the structure still carries) Louis tried to prevent Anne from obtaining the regency after his death, which came in 1643, not long after that of Richelieu. Image File history File links PrudenceVouetc1624. ... Image File history File links PrudenceVouetc1624. ... Vouets allegory La Richesse was painted ca 1640 for one of the royal chateaux of France (Louvre) Simon Vouet (1590 - 1649) was the French painter and draftsman who introduced the Italian Baroque style to France. ... The Musée Fabre is a museum in the French city of Montpellier, capital of the Hérault département. ... Gardens of the Palais-Royal: The illustration, from an 1863 guide to Paris, enlarges the apparent scale. ...


Regent of France

Anne had herself named Regent. With the aid of Pierre Séguier, Anne had the Parlement de Paris break the will of the late king, which would have limited her powers. Their four-year-old son was crowned King Louis XIV of France. Anne assumed the regency but to general surprise entrusted the government to the chief minister, Jules Cardinal Mazarin, who was a protegé of Richelieu and figured among the council of the Regency. Mazarin left the hôtel Tuboeuf to take up residence at the Palais Royal near the queen. Before long he was believed to be her lover, and, it was hinted, even her husband. Pierre Séguier entering Paris with Louis XIV of France in 1660, painted by Charles Le Brun, c. ... Parlements in ancien régime France — contrary to what their name would suggest to the modern reader — were not democratic or political institutions, but law courts . ... Jules Mazarin, French diplomat and statesman, by Pierre-Louis Bouchart. ...


With Mazarin's support, Anne overcame the revolt of aristocrats, led by Louis II de Bourbon, Prince de Condé, that is called the Fronde. In 1651, when her son Louis XIV officially came of age, her regency legally ended. However, she kept much power and influence over her son until the death of Mazarin. In 1659, the war with Spain ended with the Treaty of the Pyrenees. The following year, peace was cemented by the marriage of the young King Louis to Anne's niece, the Spanish Habsburg princess Maria Theresa of Spain. Louis II de Bourbon, Prince de Condé Louis II de Bourbon, Prince de Condé (September 8, 1621 – November 11, 1686) was the most celebrated representative of Princes de Condé and one of the most brilliant generals of the 17th century. ... The Fronde (1648–1653) was a civil war in France, followed by the Franco-Spanish War (1653). ... // Events January 1 - Charles II crowned King of Scotland in Scone. ... // Events May 25 - Richard Cromwell resigns as Lord Protector of England following the restoration of the Long Parliament, beginning a second brief period of the republican government called the Commonwealth. ... The Treaty of the Pyrenees was a treaty signed in 1659 to end the war between France and Spain that had begun in 1635 during the Thirty Years War. ... Marie Thérèse redirects here. ...


In 1661, on the death of Mazarin, Anne, always a principal patron of the Compagnie du Saint-Sacrament, retired to the Compagnie's convent of Val-de-Grâce where she later died of breast cancer. Her lady-in-waiting, Madame de Motteville wrote the story of the queen's life in her Mémoires d'Anne d'Autriche. Many view her as a brilliant and cunning woman and she is one of the central figures in Alexandre Dumas, père's novel, The Three Musketeers. 1661 (MDCLXI) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... The Val-de-Grâce (Hôpital dinstruction des armées du Val-de-Grâce) is a military hospital located in the 5th arrondissement of Paris, France . ... Breast cancer is cancer of breast tissue. ... Alexandre Dumas, père, born Dumas Davy de la Pailleterie (July 24, 1802 – December 5, 1870) was a French writer, best known for his numerous historical novels of high adventure which have made him one of the most widely read French authors in the world. ... For other uses, see The Three Musketeers (disambiguation). ...


References

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Anna of Austria (1601-1666)
  1. ^ In fact the couple spent the week of 23 to 30 November 1637 together at Saint-Germain-en-Laye, the presumed time of the conception of the Dauphin Louis Dieudonné
Spanish Habsburgs
Born: September 22, 1601
Died: January 20, 1666
Preceded by
Marie de' Medici
Queen consort of France
May 24, 1615May 14, 1643
Succeeded by
Maria Theresa of Spain
Queen consort of Navarre
November 24, 16151620
Succeeded by
Unification; titularly Maria Theresa of Spain
Preceded by
Philip
(become Philip II of Portugal and
III of Spain)
Princess of Portugal
16011605
Succeeded by
Philip
(future Philip III of Portugal and
IV of Spain)

  Results from FactBites:
 
Anne of Austria - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1173 words)
Anne of Austria (September 22, 1601 - January 20, 1666) was Queen Consort of France and Navarre and Regent for her son, Louis XIV of France.
Anne began to dress in the French manner, and in 1619 Luynes pressed the King to bed his Queen: some love developed, to the point where it was noted that Louis was distracted during a serious illness of the Queen.
Anne assumed the regency but to general surprise entrusted the government to the prime minister, Jules Cardinal Mazarin, who was a protegé of Richelieu and figured among the council of the Regency.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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